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   invasive fungal infection 在 感染性疾病及传染病 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.189秒
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invasive fungal infection
相关语句
  侵袭性真菌感染
    Hepatic safety of itraconazole intravenous solution in treatment of invasive fungal infection
    伊曲康唑注射液治疗侵袭性真菌感染的肝脏安全性研究
短句来源
    Role of itraconazole in preventing invasive fungal infection
    伊曲康唑在侵袭性真菌感染中的预防作用
短句来源
    Refractory idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura complicated with invasive fungal infection:report of 2 cases and review of literature
    原发性血小板减少性紫癜合并侵袭性真菌感染2例报告附文献复习
短句来源
    Invasive fungal infection related to clinical departments
    涉及临床各科的侵袭性真菌感染
短句来源
    Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of itraconazole injection in treatment of invasive fungal infection in the patients with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.
    目的评价伊曲康唑注射液治疗多器官功能障碍综合征(mu ltip le organ dysfunction syndrom e,MODS)患者侵袭性真菌感染的疗效及副作用。
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  深部真菌感染
    Conclusion Mode of transplantation,neu- trophil engraftment,leukocyte count at day 0 and 14 after HSCT and use of ATG or ALG influences invasive fungal infection.
    结论移植方式、使用ATG或ALG、移植后0和14 d白细胞数是移植后早期深部真菌感染发生的危险因素。
短句来源
    Analysis on risk of invasive fungal infection at phase of preengraftment of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
    异基因造血干细胞移植后早期深部真菌感染风险因素分析
短句来源
    Efficacy of itraconazole oral solution in preventing invasive fungal infection in patients with acute leukemia
    伊曲康唑口服液预防急性白血病深部真菌感染的疗效
短句来源
    Objective To understand the risk of invasive fungal infection at phase of preengraft- ment of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT).
    目的提高对异基因造血干细胞移植后早期深部真菌感染风险的认识。
短句来源
    Method The correlation between invasive fungal infection and mode of transplantation,course of disease,neutrophil engraftment,leuko- cyte count at day 0,7,14 and 21 days after HSCT was analyzed.
    方法分析22例异基因造血干细胞移植患者的移植方式、病程、白细胞植入时间、移植后白细胞计数与早期深部真菌感染的相关性。
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  “invasive fungal infection”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Invasive fungal infection were present in 17.2% of liver transplant patients which occurred within 3 months after transplantation(38/43). The leading pathogens were Candida albicans, drug-resistant candida and Aspergillus. The most common infectious sites involved the respiratory tract, abdominal cavity and biliary tract.
    真菌培养率与感染率不平衡 ,真菌感染率仅为 17.2 % ,以 3个月内多见 (38/ 4 3例 ) ,感染的真菌主要为白色念珠菌、耐氟康唑酵母菌、曲霉菌 ,感染部位主要为呼吸道、腹腔、胆道。
短句来源
    Results 62 strains were isolated from 16 patients with invasive fungal infection,including 40 strains in urine cultivate,and 21 strains of tropic candida were primacy.
    结果16例患者共检出真菌菌株62株,其中尿培养40株,热带念珠菌占首位21株。
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  invasive fungal infection
The Microascus genus rarely causes invasive fungal infection in humans and can be very difficult to treat because of the resistance to available antifungal agents.
      
Voriconazole was administered for suspected or proven invasive fungal infection (IFI) (57%), as empirical treatment in patients with fever of unknown origin (21%) and secondary (19%) as well as primary (3%) prophylaxis of IFI.
      
Invasive fungal infection is one of the major causes of death in neutropenic patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT).
      
Definitive diagnoses of invasive fungal infection are too scarce at the national level.
      
The incidence of invasive fungal infection in these patients has increased dramatically in recent years.
      
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Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of amphoterin B colloidal dispersion (ABCD) for the treatment of invasive fungal infections.Methods:A total of 30 patients with respiratory tract infections, cryptococcus meningitis and septicemia caused by fungi infections were treated with ABCD (adult 2.5-3 mg·kg -1 d -1 ) in an open calinical study. Results:15 patients were cure, 14 patients marked improve, 1 failed. The total clinical efficacy rate of ABCD was 96.7%, with cure rate...

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of amphoterin B colloidal dispersion (ABCD) for the treatment of invasive fungal infections.Methods:A total of 30 patients with respiratory tract infections, cryptococcus meningitis and septicemia caused by fungi infections were treated with ABCD (adult 2.5-3 mg·kg -1 d -1 ) in an open calinical study. Results:15 patients were cure, 14 patients marked improve, 1 failed. The total clinical efficacy rate of ABCD was 96.7%, with cure rate of 50%. The fungi eradication rate of fung culture were 96.8%, eradication rate of fungus smar were 93.5%. Of the 34 safety evaluable patients, 33 adverse events occured in 24 patients, 23 events abnormal laboratory tests occured in 18 patients. Two patients discontiued treatment due to adverse reaction. Conclusions: Intravenous ABCD was effective in treating respiratory tract infection, meningitis and sepiticemia caused by candida, cryptococcus, et al. The adverse reactions were commen but most were mild and tolerable.

目的 :评价进口注射用两性霉素B胆固醇酰硫酸钠 (ABCD)治疗深部真菌感染的疗效和安全性。方法∶以本药 (成人每日 2 .5~ 3.5mg/kg)非对照开放试验治疗下呼吸道真菌感染、隐球菌脑膜炎、败血症等深部真菌感染 30例。其中隐球菌性脑膜炎及肺炎的部分患者联合应用氟胞嘧啶。结果∶痊愈 15例、显效 14例、无效 1例 ,有效率 96 .7%、痊愈率 5 0 % ,真菌培养阴转率 96 .8% ,涂片阴转率 93.5 %。作安全性评价的 34例中 ,出现不良反应者 2 4例、33例次 ,实验室异常者 18例、2 3例次 ,2例因不良反应中止治疗。结论∶注射用ABCD治疗念珠菌属、隐球菌属等真菌性下呼吸道感染、脑膜炎、败血症等深部真菌感染疗效确切 ,不良反应并非少见 ,但多数程度较轻 ,患者尚可耐受

OBJECTIVE To investigate the risk factors, incidence and disease spectrum of nosocomial fungal infections. METHODS A prospective survey of nosocomial fungal infections was conducted on target patients hospitalized between Oct 1997-Dec 1999. Fifty six strains of Candida albicans isolated from patients with invasive fungal infections were tested for susceptibility to common antifungal agents. RESULTS The rates of nosocomial infections and nosocomial fungal...

OBJECTIVE To investigate the risk factors, incidence and disease spectrum of nosocomial fungal infections. METHODS A prospective survey of nosocomial fungal infections was conducted on target patients hospitalized between Oct 1997-Dec 1999. Fifty six strains of Candida albicans isolated from patients with invasive fungal infections were tested for susceptibility to common antifungal agents. RESULTS The rates of nosocomial infections and nosocomial fungal infections were 12.30% and 2.57%, respectively. Nosocomial fungal infections occurred mainly in oral cavity (39.51%), lower respiratory tract (34.57%) and urinary tract (17.28%), the main pathogens of nosocomial fungal infections were Candida spp (90.62%). Developments of nosocomial fungal infections were closely associated with immunosuppressive therapy, endotracheal intubation or tracheotomy, coma (lasting more than 3 days), infusion of broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents (≥3 types of antimicrobial agents used simultaneously), malignancy and old age (≥65 years old). The rate of C. albicans susceptibility to amphotericin B, fluconazole, flucytosine (5-FC) and itraconazole were 100%, 94.6%, 92.86% and 57.1%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS The rate of nosocomial infections was higher in patients with immunosuppression, coma, indwelling catheters or receiving broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents therapy. Candida spp are still the main pathogens of nosocomial fungal infections. C. albicans has a high degree of susceptibility to amphotericin B, fluconazole and 5-FC and a lower degree of susceptibility to itraconazole.

目的 了解目标人群医院内真菌感染的危险因素、发病率和疾病谱。方法 对 1997年 10月~ 1999年 12月间在我院部分病房住院治疗的患者的医院内真菌感染进行前瞻性调查、分析 ,对分离到的其中 5 6株白色念珠菌进行药敏试验。结果 医院感染和医院内真菌感染的发病率分别为 12 .3%和 2 .5 7% ,医院内真菌感染的主要部位分别是口腔 ( 39.5 1% )、下呼吸道 ( 34.5 7% )和尿路 ( 17.2 8% ) ,主要的真菌为念珠菌 ( 90 .6 2 % ) ;医院内真菌感染的发生与免疫抑制剂治疗、多种广谱抗生素的使用 ( >3种 )、气管切开或插管、昏迷 ( >3d)、年龄≥ 6 5岁、留置导尿、恶性肿瘤性疾病等有关 ;白色念珠菌对两性霉素 B、氟康唑、氟胞嘧啶和伊曲康唑的敏感性分别为 10 0 %、94 .6 %、92 .86 %和 5 7.1%。结论 接受免疫抑制剂和多种广谱抗生素治疗、昏迷、体内留置导管的患者易发生医院内真菌感染 ;白色念珠菌仍是医院内真菌感染的主要病原 ;药敏试验表明 ,白色念珠菌对两性霉素 B、氟康唑、5 - FC高度敏感 ,而对伊曲康唑的敏感性较差

Objective To evaluate the epidemiology of fungal infections in liver transplantation, and to provide a fundamentism for prophylaxis and empirical therapy.Methods A retrospective survey of pathogen detection from recipient specimens in 250 operations for liver transplantation from January 2001 to July 2004. Results The most common pathogens were Candida accounted for 94%(119/126) in 126 fungal strains isolated from liver transplant recipients. The most prevalent candida cultured was Candida...

Objective To evaluate the epidemiology of fungal infections in liver transplantation, and to provide a fundamentism for prophylaxis and empirical therapy.Methods A retrospective survey of pathogen detection from recipient specimens in 250 operations for liver transplantation from January 2001 to July 2004. Results The most common pathogens were Candida accounted for 94%(119/126) in 126 fungal strains isolated from liver transplant recipients. The most prevalent candida cultured was Candida albicans and other drug-resistant candida were Candida krusei,Candida parapsilosis,Candida tropicalis and Candida guilliermondii. The non-candida found were Cryptococcus neoformans(2),Cryptococcus humicolus(4) and Aspergillus(1). Invasive fungal infection were present in 17.2% of liver transplant patients which occurred within 3 months after transplantation(38/43). The leading pathogens were Candida albicans, drug-resistant candida and Aspergillus. The most common infectious sites involved the respiratory tract, abdominal cavity and biliary tract.Conclusion The survey strengthening the surveillance on epidemiology of fungal infections in liver transplant repicients can guide rational clinical therapy. (Shanghai Med J, 2004,27∶802-804)

目的 探讨肝移植术后真菌感染的病原学特点 ,为临床经验性治疗提供参考。方法 回顾性分析2 0 0 1年 1月~ 2 0 0 4年 6月 2 5 0例肝移植受体标本中病原学的检出情况。结果  2 5 0例肝移植手术标本中共分离出 12 6株真菌 ,其中酵母菌占 94 % (119/ 12 6株 ) ,以白色念珠菌为主 ,但耐氟康唑酵母菌如克柔酵母菌、近平滑酵母菌、热带酵母菌、季也蒙酵母菌增多。非酵母菌有土生隐球菌 (4株 )、新隐球菌 (2株 )、曲霉菌 (1株 )。真菌培养率与感染率不平衡 ,真菌感染率仅为 17.2 % ,以 3个月内多见 (38/ 4 3例 ) ,感染的真菌主要为白色念珠菌、耐氟康唑酵母菌、曲霉菌 ,感染部位主要为呼吸道、腹腔、胆道。结论 加强肝移植受体真菌流行病学的监测可指导临床合理用药

 
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