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celiac axis
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  腹腔干
     Distal pancreatectomy combined with resection of celiac axis for pancreatic body and tail carcinoma:a report of 11 cases
     联合腹腔干切除的胰体尾癌扩大根治术(附11例报告)
短句来源
     Michels IX anatomy in 2 cases, celiac axis stenosis in 3 cases, small-caliber hepatic arterial vessels in 2 cases, SA aneurysms in 2 cases.
     MichelsIX型肝动脉2例,腹腔干狭窄3例,脾动脉瘤2例,肝动脉细小2例。
短句来源
     Studies on the Feasibility of Celiac Axis Ligation
     腹腔干结扎可行性临床研究进展
短句来源
     [WT5”HZ]Results[WT5”BZ] Diagnosis was made by spiral CT in 5 cases, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in 2, and digital substraction angiography (DSA) in 5. All patients underwent operation with hepatic reconstruction in 3, hepatic and splenic artery ligation plus splenectomy in 2 cases, and reconstruction of the celiac axis in 4. There was no perioperative mortality.
     结果 本组腹腔干动脉瘤 9例 ,位于起始部 2例 ,主干 2例 ,分叉处 5例 ,术前经CT证实5例 ,行磁共振造影 (MRA)检查证实 2例 ,数字减影动脉造影 (DSA)证实 5例。 均予手术治疗 ,其中肝动脉重建 3例 ,肝动脉及脾动脉结扎、脾切除 2例 ,腹腔干重建 4例 ,本组围手术期无死亡。
短句来源
     Results Celiac axis branches included common hepatic artery, splenic artery, left gastric artery which had many variation and collateral flow between celiac and mesenteric vessels by gastroduodenal artery and pancreaticoduodenal artery.
     结果腹腔干分为肝总动脉、脾动脉及胃左动脉3支,腹腔干分支的变异较多而且与肠系膜上动脉之间通过胃十二指肠动脉和胰十二指肠动脉形成广泛的侧支吻合。
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  “celiac axis”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results:Of 1000 cases, the infrequent hepatic artery was found in 25 cases (2.5%), which arise from the gastroduodenal artery, the celiac axis and the right gastric artery in 13 cases (1.3%, 13/1000), 10 cases (1%, 10/1000) and 2 cases (0.2%, 2/1000) respectively.
     起源于胃十二指肠动脉、腹腔动脉干、胃右动脉分别为 13例 ( 1.3 % ,13 /10 0 0 )、10例 ( 1% ,10 /10 0 0 )和 2例 ( 0 .2 % ,2 /10 0 0 )。
短句来源
     Replaced right hepatic arteries arose from the celiac axis in 0.6%, the common hepatic artery in 0.2%, gastroduodenal in 1.1% and splenic artery 0.1%.
     273例肝动脉变异中Michels分型未包括在内者为125例,占12.5%。
短句来源
     Replaced middle hepatic arteries arose from the common hepatic artery in 0.1%, gastroduodenal in 0.3% and right renal artery in 0.1%. Accessory right hepatic arteries originated from the celiac axis in 0.1%, the common hepatic artery in 0.3%and gastroduodenal artery in 1.2%.
     其中肝总动脉分叉变异54例,占5.4%:肝动脉起源变异66例,占6.6%:肝总动脉分叉变异+肝动脉起源变异5例,占0.5%。
短句来源
     In 2 cases the celiac axis angiography failed to demonstrate hemorrhage,but this was demonstrated by hepatic angiography.
     2例腹腔动脉造影阴性 ,而选择性肝动脉血管造影均显示病灶 ;
短句来源
     In the experimental group, gemcitabine(45 mg/kg) were infused via a transfemorally placed catheter into the celiac axis and superior mesenteric artery. IAC was given over 30 min with the help of DSA.
     实验组在数字减影动脉造影术 (DSA)引导下分别置管至腹腔动脉干和肠系膜上动脉并注射吉西他滨 (45mg/kg) ;
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  相似匹配句对
     Studies on the Feasibility of Celiac Axis Ligation
     腹腔干结扎可行性临床研究进展
短句来源
     Objective To summarize the study on the feasibility of celiac axis ligation.
     目的探讨腹腔干结扎的可行性。
短句来源
     (2)Axis;
     (2)枢椎组;
短句来源
     Errors in Y axis
     Y向偏差
短句来源
     ④Celiac disease.
     ④腹腔内病变等。
短句来源
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  celiac axis
CASE REPORT: Pancreaticoduodenal Artery Aneurysm Associated with Celiac Axis Stenosis
      
We report a case of dissecting aneurysm of the celiac axis and hepatic artery resulting in obstructive jaundice.
      
Obstructive jaundice by a dissecting aneurysm of celiac axis and hepatic artery
      
Celiac axis compression syndrome-Exceptions to a "critical review"
      
A 70-year-old Japanese woman received chemoradiation therapy for metastatic lymph nodes of the celiac axis.
      
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Three hundred hepatic artery angiographies were analysed. The common type of the hepatic arteries was found in 251 cases (83.7±2.13%) .There were 55 aberrant hepatic arteries in other 49 cases. Nine types were reported, the Iocation of origin of the celiac axis was observed and illustra ted. The causes of anomalies of the hepatic arteries and their clinical significance were briefly discussed.

本文分析了300例肝动脉造影片,有251例肝动脉为常见型,占83.7士2.13%,其余49例受检者中,共发现迷走肝动脉55条,对其中较少见的9种变异类型作了介绍。统计了本组腹腔动脉的起始高度及方向。对肝动脉变异的原因及熟悉这些变异的重要临床意义作了简要的讨论。

Objectives:To establish whole pancreatoduodenal allotransplantation model. Methods:Outbred white pigs weighting 20~25 kg were used.A whole pancreatoduodenal graft was harversted with the arterial supply derival from a Carrel patch or aortic conduit containing the celiac axis and the superior mesenteric artery and the portal vein.Cooling of the grafts was accomplished with in situ flush with 4℃ preservation solution via a aortic cannula. Results:The proper techniques of porcine pancreatoduodenal allotransplantation...

Objectives:To establish whole pancreatoduodenal allotransplantation model. Methods:Outbred white pigs weighting 20~25 kg were used.A whole pancreatoduodenal graft was harversted with the arterial supply derival from a Carrel patch or aortic conduit containing the celiac axis and the superior mesenteric artery and the portal vein.Cooling of the grafts was accomplished with in situ flush with 4℃ preservation solution via a aortic cannula. Results:The proper techniques of porcine pancreatoduodenal allotransplantation is that the Carrel patch is sutured to the aorta,the portal vein is anastomosed to the inferior vena cava by end toside fashing,the graft is placed on the left of desending colon. Conclusions:Avoiding vascalar compress,kinkle and stricture of anastomosis is important for the successful transplantation.The survival pancreas can restore endocring and exocrine function.

目的:建立稳定的全胰十二指肠移植动物模型。方法:采用原位低温灌洗的方法,获取猪胰腺十二指肠,然后采用不同的方法作同种异体全胰十二指肠移植。供胰放适当位置,采用带有腹腔动脉和肠系膜上动脉的腹主动脉片或腹主动脉段与受体腹主动脉或髂总动脉吻合,门静脉与下腔静脉或髂总静脉吻合,重建血液循环。结果:移植物置腹腔左侧,胰尾向左上,腹主动脉片与腹腔动脉吻合,门静脉与下腔静脉吻合,成功率高,模型稳定。结论:避免血管扭曲、受压,保证吻合口通畅及采用腹主动脉片是移植成功的关键,成活的胰腺可恢复内外分泌功能。

In the present stude, patients with pancreatic carcinoma were examined using US (ultrasonography), CT(computed tomography), MRI(magnetic resonance imaging), ERCP(endoscopic retrograded cholangiopancreatography). US is first employed. If US findings indicate the presentce of pancreatic carcinoma. CT and MR imaging are performed for staging the carcinoma, ERCP follow. All of these were examined to evaluate the characteristics of pancreatic carcinomas. CT is the preferred investigative technique because when used...

In the present stude, patients with pancreatic carcinoma were examined using US (ultrasonography), CT(computed tomography), MRI(magnetic resonance imaging), ERCP(endoscopic retrograded cholangiopancreatography). US is first employed. If US findings indicate the presentce of pancreatic carcinoma. CT and MR imaging are performed for staging the carcinoma, ERCP follow. All of these were examined to evaluate the characteristics of pancreatic carcinomas. CT is the preferred investigative technique because when used with contrast enhancement, it displays in detail not only the entire pancreas and surrouding tissues but also other structure likely to be affected by the pancreatic tumor .Critical factors in staging include the presence of adjacent organ invasion, local arterial encasement or invasion (celiac axis and its branches and superior mesenteric artery), local venous encasement or invasion(superior mesenterie vein, portal vein, inferior mesenteric vein, or splenic vein), and peri-pancreatic lymphadenopathy, In today's, for staging pancreatic carcionma with advantages in helical CT technology. The increases speed allows for several important advantages over conventional CT. Investigation is also under way to determine the utility of MRI, which has considerable potential because it combines evalution of the pancreas and peripancreatic tissue with examination of the liver, as well as assessment of the abdominal vasculature with MRA. MR cholangiopancreatography(MRCP) is an exiting new application of MR imaging that combines the advantages of projectional and cross-sectional imaging techniques. The technique is capable of depicting the pancreatic-bile duct. That requires neither the use contrast agent nor any biliary intervention and high accuracy in the diagnosis of pancreatic-bile disease.

近十年中胰腺的影像学检查,由于技术的飞跃发展,发生了显著的变化。高分辨率CT 及磁共振成像( MRI) 的发展均为胰腺的检查诊断的进展作了贡献。胰腺癌的CT:胰腺癌的CT 诊断标准是:1 .胰腺肿块。2 .胰管和/ 或胆管扩张。3 .局部淋巴结增大。4 .血管( 下腔静脉、腹腔动脉和/ 或肠系膜上动脉) 周围脂肪内肿瘤浸润。5 .腹水。6 .肝和远处转移。胰腺癌CT 的新进展:1 .螺旋CT 增强扫描:是胰腺癌CT 的新发展,能良好显示强化的胰实质及血管结构改善了对小癌瘤的检出,且能准确地评价胰周血管,从而准确地预测胰腺癌的可切除性。2 .CT 导引下细针穿刺活检,可减少确定诊断的时间。胰腺癌的 MRI:胰腺的MRI 检查技术不很成熟,尚在发展中。常规横断面 MRI 可以显示胰腺实质,胰周血管及上腹部邻近实质器官的解剖结构。MRI 的新进展:(1) MR 胰胆管造影:它无需造影剂,安全、无创伤、诊断正确性高,是极有效的影像学检查手段,可提供临床有价值的诊断信息。此技术可作为传统的影像学检查的补充,在某种程度上有可能替代经内窥镜逆行胰胆管造影(ERCP) 。(2) MR 导引下经皮穿刺活检:此技术在国际上刚开展...

近十年中胰腺的影像学检查,由于技术的飞跃发展,发生了显著的变化。高分辨率CT 及磁共振成像( MRI) 的发展均为胰腺的检查诊断的进展作了贡献。胰腺癌的CT:胰腺癌的CT 诊断标准是:1 .胰腺肿块。2 .胰管和/ 或胆管扩张。3 .局部淋巴结增大。4 .血管( 下腔静脉、腹腔动脉和/ 或肠系膜上动脉) 周围脂肪内肿瘤浸润。5 .腹水。6 .肝和远处转移。胰腺癌CT 的新进展:1 .螺旋CT 增强扫描:是胰腺癌CT 的新发展,能良好显示强化的胰实质及血管结构改善了对小癌瘤的检出,且能准确地评价胰周血管,从而准确地预测胰腺癌的可切除性。2 .CT 导引下细针穿刺活检,可减少确定诊断的时间。胰腺癌的 MRI:胰腺的MRI 检查技术不很成熟,尚在发展中。常规横断面 MRI 可以显示胰腺实质,胰周血管及上腹部邻近实质器官的解剖结构。MRI 的新进展:(1) MR 胰胆管造影:它无需造影剂,安全、无创伤、诊断正确性高,是极有效的影像学检查手段,可提供临床有价值的诊断信息。此技术可作为传统的影像学检查的补充,在某种程度上有可能替代经内窥镜逆行胰胆管造影(ERCP) 。(2) MR 导引下经皮穿刺活检:此技术在国际上刚开展,正在探索中,也应用于腹部,?

 
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