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bile
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  胆汁
     Study on the Black Pigment Gallstone Formation Caused by Nanobacteria Infection of Bile in Rabbit
     胆汁纳米细菌感染致兔胆囊黑色素结石的实验研究
短句来源
     Reasearch about Bile ACID、TBHQ Affect on UGT Gene Expression
     胆汁酸、TBHQ调节结肠癌细胞UGT表达的实验研究
短句来源
     The Study of Tumor Markers and Gene Mutations in the Bile for Differential Diagnosis of Cholangiocarcinoma and Benign Bile Duct Stricture
     胆汁肿瘤标志物和基因突变对胆管癌和胆管良性狭窄鉴别诊断价值的研究
短句来源
     The Study of Mechanism of Endogenous Toxic Bile Formation and Its Role in Bile Duct Injury after Liver Transplantation
     移植肝“毒性胆汁”形成及导致胆管损伤机制的实验研究
短句来源
     Detection of Cytokines and Adhensive Molecules in Serum and Bile after Orthotropic Liver Transplantation
     原位肝移植术后血及胆汁中细胞因子及粘附分子检测的意义
短句来源
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     Association of Duodenal-Biliary Reflux and Pigment Calculus in Bile Duct and Significance of Cholecyst GUSB mRNA Expression in Cholecystolithiasis
     肠反流与管色素结石关系及囊GUSB mRNA表达在囊结石中意义研究
短句来源
     Diagnosis of Cystic Diseases of Liver, Bile Duct and Pancreas by B-mode Realtime Ultrasonograph
     肝、、胰囊性疾病B型超声显象诊断
短句来源
     AN EXPERIMENTAL PATHOLOGICAL STUDY OF FISH BILE POISONING
     鱼中毒的实验病理研究
短句来源
     DETERMINATION OF BILE ACID IN BILE UNGUENT AND ITS MEDICINE PREPARATION BY UV SPECTROPHOTOMETER
     紫外分光光度法测定膏及其制剂中猪汁酸的含量
短句来源
     Establishment of the Best Surgical Procedure for Bile Drainage and ItS Influence over the Body in Living Bears
     活熊取最佳手术程序的建立及对机体某些指标的影响
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  胆管
     The experimental study on the mode of invasion and metastasis of hilar bile duct carcinoma
     肝门部胆管癌浸润与转移方式的实验研究
短句来源
     Establishment of the Human Bile Duct Carcinoma Model in Nude Mice and Its Application
     人胆管癌裸小鼠移植瘤模型的建立及其应用
短句来源
     Study of Effect and Mechanism of CD147 on the Invasion and Metastasis of the Bile Duct Carcinoma
     CD147分子在胆管癌浸润及转移中作用及机制的研究
短句来源
     Association of Duodenal-Biliary Reflux and Pigment Calculus in Bile Duct and Significance of Cholecyst GUSB mRNA Expression in Cholecystolithiasis
     肠胆反流与胆管色素结石关系及胆囊GUSB mRNA表达在胆囊结石中意义研究
短句来源
     A Study on Expression of Human Gene fxyd6 and Membranous Ion Channel Proteins FXYD2 and FXYD4 in Bile Duct and Cholangiocarcinoma
     人fxyd6基因与膜离子通道蛋白FXYD2、4在胆管胆管癌中的表达研究
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  “bile”译为未确定词的双语例句
     SHIFT OF THE 7,9-DIUNSATURATION IN THE BILE ACID SERIES
     7,9双重不饱和胆酸的移位反应
短句来源
     STUDIES ON ANTIBILHARZIAL DRUGS ⅩⅩⅩⅡ.MUTUAL INHIBITION BETWEEN ANTIMONY AND SULFOBROMOPHTHALEIN DURING THEIR TRANSPORT INTO BILE
     防治血吸虫病药物的研究 ⅩⅩⅩⅡ.锑与磺溴酞钠等经肝排泄的相互抑制
短句来源
     Studies of Bile Stone Specimens with Infrared Absorption Spectrum and X-Ray Diffraction
     胆石红外吸收光谱和X线衍射分析
短句来源
     COMPLICATIONS OF BILE DUCTS AFTER SUBTOTAL GASTRECTOMY: REPORT OF FIVE CASES
     胃大部切除术后胆道并发症(附五例报告)
短句来源
     CONGENITAL CYSTIC DILATATION OF THE INTRAHEPATIC BILE DUCTS (CAROLI'S DISEASE) IN ADULTS: report of 19 cases and review of literatures
     成人先天性肝内胆管囊性扩张症(Caroli病)(19例报告及文献复习)
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  bile
In the 70th-80th days, hepatocirrhosis and bile duct proliferation were observed in the liver.
      
CK7 expression was limited in the ductal plate cells and bile ducts cells from the 14th week.
      
Cholesterol bioconversion yields important metabolites: steroid hormones, the vitamin-D group, and bile acids [1, 2].
      
Restored bile flow after a 9-day hepatic cholestasis normalized sphingomyelinase (SMase) activity and levels of TNFα and LPO products.
      
The obtained data indicate that hepatocyte apoptosis after bile outflow restoration in late cholestasis can be due to the activation of the sphingomyelin cycle, LPO, and TNFα expression.
      
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Observations made on the cystic arteries of 120 cadavers (62 adults,48children and 10 newborns) showed 85 (70.83±4.1%)to be simple cystic arteryand 35 double (29.07±4.1%).The percentages of the double cystic artery arehigher in children and newborns(20 cases,57.14%,in children and newbornsas compared with 15 cases,42.86%,in adults).In 64 cases,or 53.33±4.5 percent,the simple cystic aretry arises in theCalot's triangle from the typical coeliac right hepatic artery,and in 24 casesor 20.0±3.6 per cent,the superficial...

Observations made on the cystic arteries of 120 cadavers (62 adults,48children and 10 newborns) showed 85 (70.83±4.1%)to be simple cystic arteryand 35 double (29.07±4.1%).The percentages of the double cystic artery arehigher in children and newborns(20 cases,57.14%,in children and newbornsas compared with 15 cases,42.86%,in adults).In 64 cases,or 53.33±4.5 percent,the simple cystic aretry arises in theCalot's triangle from the typical coeliac right hepatic artery,and in 24 casesor 20.0±3.6 per cent,the superficial or deep branches or both have the sameorigin.The single and double cystic arteries,or one branch of the double cysticartery from the replaced right hepatic artery occurs in 12 cases or 10.0±2.7per cent,and from an artery other than the right hepatic,23 cases or 19.7±3.5per cent.In 74 cases,or 61.67±4.2 per cent,the origin of the single and one or twobranches of the double cystic artery is in Calot's triangle;in 49 cases,or 40.83±4.4 per cent,it is from the right hepatic artery or other sources to the leftof the hepatic duct and crossing the hepatic duct or common bile duct posteriorlyor anteriorly.17 cases or 14.17±3.2 per cent are in other locations.The single and dual cystic arteries or one branch of the dual cystic arteryare attached to the gall bladder from the neck in 100 cases,or 83.33±3.3 percent;and from the body in 51 cases,or 42.5±4.5 per cent.The series was classified into 8 types,their relation to the clinical opera-tion was discussed.

1.本文检查了120例尸体的胆囊动脉,其中62例成年尸体,48例童尸和10例胎儿。2.在此120例中有85例单胆囊动脉,占70.83±4.1%;35例双胆囊动脉,占29.17±4.1%,百分率较高,其原因也曾讨论。3.胆囊动脉的起始。(见表1)(1)起始于典型肝右动脉的:单胆囊动脉64例;双胆囊动脉的两支起于此者22例,1支起于此者7例;共93例,占77.50±3.8%。(2)起于变异肝右动脉的:(包括肠系膜肝右动脉、肠系膜肝总肝右动脉、腹腔肝右动脉及腹主肝右动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者4例,1支起于此者1例。共12例,占10.00±2.7%。(3)起于肝左或肝中动脉的:单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者1例,1支起于此者7例。共15例,占12.50±3.0%。 (4)起于其它动脉的:(包括肝总、肝固有及胃十二指肠动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉1支起於此者1例,2支起於此者无。共8例,占6.67±2.3%。4.胆囊动脉起始的位置(见表2)(1)位在Calot氏三角内者:单胆囊勤脉48例,双胆囊动脉两支位于此者9例,1支位于此者17例,共74例。占61.67±4.4%。(2)位于肝总管...

1.本文检查了120例尸体的胆囊动脉,其中62例成年尸体,48例童尸和10例胎儿。2.在此120例中有85例单胆囊动脉,占70.83±4.1%;35例双胆囊动脉,占29.17±4.1%,百分率较高,其原因也曾讨论。3.胆囊动脉的起始。(见表1)(1)起始于典型肝右动脉的:单胆囊动脉64例;双胆囊动脉的两支起于此者22例,1支起于此者7例;共93例,占77.50±3.8%。(2)起于变异肝右动脉的:(包括肠系膜肝右动脉、肠系膜肝总肝右动脉、腹腔肝右动脉及腹主肝右动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者4例,1支起于此者1例。共12例,占10.00±2.7%。(3)起于肝左或肝中动脉的:单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉两支起于此者1例,1支起于此者7例。共15例,占12.50±3.0%。 (4)起于其它动脉的:(包括肝总、肝固有及胃十二指肠动脉等)单胆囊动脉7例;双胆囊动脉1支起於此者1例,2支起於此者无。共8例,占6.67±2.3%。4.胆囊动脉起始的位置(见表2)(1)位在Calot氏三角内者:单胆囊勤脉48例,双胆囊动脉两支位于此者9例,1支位于此者17例,共74例。占61.67±4.4%。(2)位于肝总管左侧,且越其前面或后面者:单胆囊动脉25例;双胆囊动脉1支位于此者13例,两支位于此者无。共38例,占31.67±4.2%。(3)位输胆总管左侧,且越其前面或后面者:单胆囊动脉6例,双胆囊动脉的1支位于此者5例,共11例。占9.17±2.6%。(4)位于其它位置的:单胆囊动脉5例;双胆囊动脉两支位于其它位置的6例,1支位于其它位置的5例,共16例,占13.33±2.9%。5.胆囊动脉进入胆囊的部位(见表3)(1)从胆囊颈入胆囊的:单胆囊动脉62例,双胆囊动脉两支从颈进入者4例,1支从颈进入者34例。共100例,占83.33±3.30%。(2)从胆囊体进入者:单胆囊动脉23例,双胆囊动脉的1支从体进入胆囊的28例;共51例,占42.50±4.5%。6.胆囊动脉的类型(见表4)正常的第Ⅰ型占57.60±4.5%;第Ⅱ型估25.00±3.9%;第Ⅲ型占8.33±2.5%;第Ⅳ型占12.50±3.0%;第Ⅴ型占3.33±1.6%;第Ⅵ型占3.33±1.6%;第Ⅷ型占1.67±1.2%;第Ⅶ、Ⅸ、Ⅹ、Ⅺ、Ⅻ型作者未曾见到。双胆囊动脉深支的配布类型:浅深支同一起始动脉的为第Ⅰ型有27例;不同起始的为第Ⅱ型有8例。7.进行胆囊手术时应注意下列几点:(1)双胆囊动脉占29.17±4.1%,分离胆囊管和动脉时应充分注意。(2)正常典型的胆囊动脉仅占57.50±4.5%,馀均异常。在胆囊颈分离时,应注意常有肝右动脉的分枝位其下面;胆囊动脉有时很短,几与其所起始的肝动脉在一处。在胆囊管和动脉未分离清楚以前,勿结紮切断,以免误损肝动脉。(3)胆囊动脉位于肝总管左侧,越肝总管和输胆总管前面的占36.66±4.4%,位其后面者占4.17±1.8%,在分离胆囊管和动脉时应注意之。(4)胆囊动脉从胆囊颈左缘进入是正常的,占65.83±4.2%,另有异常的为从颈右缘或后方进入胆囊的有21例,从体进入胆囊的有51例,共占60.00±4.2%。在分离胆囊时也应注意胆囊颈的右下缘及胆囊体。

An investigation made on the common hepatic artery of 112 cadavers showedthat the common hepatic artery arises from the coeliac axis in 94.64±2.1%,from the superior mesenteric artery in 5.36±2.1%.It divides into the properhepatic artery and the gastroduodenal artery.The proper hepatic artery dividesinto left and right hepatic arteries in 63.39±4.5%;into left,middle and righthepatic arteries in 11.61±3.0%;it is absent in 25.00±4.7%.The normal righthepatic artery originates from the normal proper hepatic artery...

An investigation made on the common hepatic artery of 112 cadavers showedthat the common hepatic artery arises from the coeliac axis in 94.64±2.1%,from the superior mesenteric artery in 5.36±2.1%.It divides into the properhepatic artery and the gastroduodenal artery.The proper hepatic artery dividesinto left and right hepatic arteries in 63.39±4.5%;into left,middle and righthepatic arteries in 11.61±3.0%;it is absent in 25.00±4.7%.The normal righthepatic artery originates from the normal proper hepatic artery in 70.54±4.3%;from the coeliac common hepatic aretry in 16.79±3.5%;the right hepatic arteryarises from the other arteries in 12.50±3.1%;accessory right hepatic arteryis noted in 8.93±2.6%.The normal left hepatic artery arises from the proper hepatic artery in70.50±4.3%;from the coeliac common hepatic artery in 18.75±3.6%.The re-placing type of left hepatic artery is seen in 10.71±2.9%;accessory left hepaticartery is noted in 25.00±4.0%.The middle hepatic artery arises from the lefthepatic artery in 43.75±4.6%;from the right hepatic artery in 30.35±4.3%;from the proper hepatic artery in 14.29±3.3%;the middle hepatic artery arisesfrom the other arteries in 4.46±1.9%.The gastroduodenal artery arises fromthe normal common hepatic artery in 90.17±2.8%;from the superior mesentericartery in 4.46±1.9%;from the right hepatic artery in 4.46±1.9%;it is absentin 0.89±0.84%.The right gastric artery arises from the proper hepatic arteryin 31.00±4.6%;from the left hepatic artery in 22.00±4.1%;from the gastroduo-denal artery in 25.00±4.2%;the right gastric artery arises from other arteriesin 22.00±4.1%.The location and course of the hepatic arteries to the bile ductsystem were discussed.

1.作者观察了112例国人肝总动脉各分枝的类型,计有肝总动脉,肝固有动脉,肝右动脉、肝左动脉、肝中动脉、胃十二指肠动脉和胃右动脉等七项内容。2.肝总动脉起于腹腔动脉的占94.64±2.1%,起于肠系膜上动脉的占5.36±2.1%。肝总动脉的分枝为正常型而分为胃十二指肠动脉和肝固有动脉的,占75.00±4.0%;未发肝固有动脉的占19.64±3.7%,未发肝固有动脉和胃十二指肠动脉,而为其它分枝的占5.35±2.1%。3.肝固有动脉分为肝左和肝右动脉的,占63.39±4.5%:分为肝左、中及肝右动脉的占11.61±3.0%,没有肝固有动脉的占25.00±4.0%。4.肝右动脉起于正常肝固有动脉的占70.54±4.3%,起于腹腔肝总动脉的占16.96±±3.5%,共87.50±3.1%。另12.5±3.1%起于其它动脉。副肝右动脉的出现率为8.93±2.6%。肝右动脉的位置及行程与胆道的关系和临床有很大的关系,应注意各种变异,避免误损肝右动脉。肝右动脉位于肝总管后面的百分率,占66.07±4.4%,位于其它位置的占33.93±4.4%。5.肝左动脉起于正常肝固有动脉的,占70.54±4.3%,起于腹腔肝总动脉的占...

1.作者观察了112例国人肝总动脉各分枝的类型,计有肝总动脉,肝固有动脉,肝右动脉、肝左动脉、肝中动脉、胃十二指肠动脉和胃右动脉等七项内容。2.肝总动脉起于腹腔动脉的占94.64±2.1%,起于肠系膜上动脉的占5.36±2.1%。肝总动脉的分枝为正常型而分为胃十二指肠动脉和肝固有动脉的,占75.00±4.0%;未发肝固有动脉的占19.64±3.7%,未发肝固有动脉和胃十二指肠动脉,而为其它分枝的占5.35±2.1%。3.肝固有动脉分为肝左和肝右动脉的,占63.39±4.5%:分为肝左、中及肝右动脉的占11.61±3.0%,没有肝固有动脉的占25.00±4.0%。4.肝右动脉起于正常肝固有动脉的占70.54±4.3%,起于腹腔肝总动脉的占16.96±±3.5%,共87.50±3.1%。另12.5±3.1%起于其它动脉。副肝右动脉的出现率为8.93±2.6%。肝右动脉的位置及行程与胆道的关系和临床有很大的关系,应注意各种变异,避免误损肝右动脉。肝右动脉位于肝总管后面的百分率,占66.07±4.4%,位于其它位置的占33.93±4.4%。5.肝左动脉起于正常肝固有动脉的,占70.54±4.3%,起于腹腔肝总动脉的占18.75±3.6%,共89.29±3.0%;起于其它动脉的有10.71±2.9%。副肝左动脉的出现率为25.00±4.0%。6.肝中动脉起于肝左动脉的占43.75±4.6%,起于肝右动脉的占30.35±4.3%,起于肝固有动脉的占14.29±3.3%,起于其它动脉的占4.46±1.9%。7.胃十二指肠动脉起于正常肝总动脉的占90.17±2.8%,起于肠系膜上动脉的肝总动脉占4.46±1.9%,起于肝右动脉的占4.46±1.9%。无胃十二指肠动脉的占0.89±0.84%。8.胃右动脉(100例)起于正常肝固有动脉的占31.00±4.6%,起于肝左动脉的占22.00±4.1%,起于胃十二指肠动脉的占25.00±4.2%,另有22.00±4.1%起于其它动脉。

Antimonyl quinine hydrochloride (AQH) is a complex prepared by mixing alcoholic solutions of quinine hydrochloride and antimony trichloride in a molecular proportion of 1:2.Oral administration of this complex has been shown to be effective for Schistosomiasis iaponicum in experimental animals as well as in patients. When AQH was given orally to rats,antimony disappeared very slowly from the gastrointestinal tract.About 90% of the administered antimony was still present in the gastrointestinal tract after 8 hours.When...

Antimonyl quinine hydrochloride (AQH) is a complex prepared by mixing alcoholic solutions of quinine hydrochloride and antimony trichloride in a molecular proportion of 1:2.Oral administration of this complex has been shown to be effective for Schistosomiasis iaponicum in experimental animals as well as in patients. When AQH was given orally to rats,antimony disappeared very slowly from the gastrointestinal tract.About 90% of the administered antimony was still present in the gastrointestinal tract after 8 hours.When a ligature was applied to the part between the duodenum and the pylorus before AQH was administered by stomach tube,large amounts of antimony could be recovered from the intestinal tract within a few hours.Antimony was found in the bile a few minutes after AQH was given to rats.Antimony was excreted mainly in the feces,less than 1% was excreted in the urine.Twenty four hours after oral administration of AQH to rats,antimony could be found in all tissues.Beside the gastrointestinal tract,the highest level was found in the liver,lower levels were found in the kidney and spleen;the antimony levels in the lungs,heart,brain and blood were very low. Apparently,the slow disappearance of antimony from the gastrointestinal tract does not mean that the absorption of AQH is slow.It seems that antimony is absorbed fairly rapidly and is excreted in the feces at least in part via the bile,

大白鼠口服盐酸奎宁锑后,锑自胃肠道消失得很慢,八小时后;仍有约90%的锑在胃肠道存留.如先将胃与小肠间以线结扎,再使动物口服本品,肠道的锑含量仍逐渐增加.大鼠口服盐酸奎宁锑后,锑很快进入胆汁中,锑的排洩以粪为主,自尿排出者,为量极微.大白鼠口服盐酸奎宁锑24小时后,各脏器均合有锑.除胃肠外,锑的浓度以肝脏为最高,肾和脾的浓度约为肝脏的一半,而肺、心、脑和血中的锑浓度极小.可见,口服盐酸奎宁锑后锑之所以自胃肠道消失得很少,并不一定由于锑的吸收很少,部分已吸收的锑经胆管又排洩至肠道.

 
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