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hospital
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  医院
    On Serum Typing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa(118 Strains)Isolated from Hospital in Xi'An District
    自西安地区医院分离的118株绿脓杆菌的“O”血清分型(群)
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    Isolation and Identification of L-form Bacteria and Its Significance in Hospital Infections
    医院环境中细菌L型的分离、鉴定及其在医院感染中意义的探讨
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    Investigation of Pathogenic Bacteria of Hospital Environment and Hospital Infection
    医院环境和医院感染病原菌的调查
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    Identification and phagoype of MRSA in hospital environment
    医院环境中耐甲氧西林金黄色葡萄球菌的鉴定及噬菌体分型
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    Antibiotic suscptibility test and plasmid analysis of 159 strains P. aenuginosa in a children's Hospital
    儿童医院159株绿脓杆菌药敏试验及质粒分析
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  院内
    A Controlled Study on Hospital Infection of Patients with Mental Disease and Its Relative Factors
    精神病患者院内感染及其相关因素的对照研究
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    Analysis and Care of Hospital Infection in Burn Patients
    烧伤病人院内感染分析及护理
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    Analysis on the Hospital Acquired Pneumonia in the Neurosurgical Patients and Nursing Countermeasures
    神经外科患者院内获得性肺炎的分析及护理对策
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    Hazards and Nursing Countermeasure about Urinary Tract Hospital Infection Postoperative Renal Transplantation
    肾移植术后院内泌尿系感染危险因素及护理对策
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    Causes Analysis and Nursing Countermeasures of 63 Cases of Urinary Tract Infection in Hospital
    63例院内尿路感染原因分析及护理对策
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  “hospital”译为未确定词的双语例句
    HOST SERUM AGGLUTINATING BACTERIA TO DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN PATHOGENIC AND CONTAMINATED BACTERIA IN HOSPITAL LABORATORY
    宿主血清对细菌的凝集试验鉴别病原菌与污染菌
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    The Relationship between Problem of Accompanying Patients in the Hospital and Defects in the Nursing Service Mechanism
    从陪伴问题看护理服务机制的缺陷
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    There was no difference between the two groups in hemoglobin value change of each time point and hospital stay (P>0.05).
    2组术后各时间点的血红蛋白值无显著性差异(P>0.05);
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    Results:65 examples have 64 examples to be recovered leaving hospital in the patient , 1 example leaves hospital because of economy cause automation , there are no death , grave complication happened.
    结果:65例病人中有64例痊愈出院,1例因经济原因自动出院,除1例自动出院外无死亡,未发生严重并发症。
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    Objective To probe into the relationship between life quality and social support of traumatic paraplegia patients after they leave hospital, and to offer information for further improvement of the life quality of the patients.
    目的探讨外伤性截瘫患者出院后生存质量与社会支持的关系,为提高患者的生存质量提供参考。
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  hospital
Eight-three patients with pancreaticoduodenectomy in the 3rd Hospital, Jilin University from 2001 January to 2006 April were reviewed.
      
From January 2002 to September 2006, 56 adult patients underwent LDLT using right lobe grafts at the West China Hospital, Sichuan University Medical School, China.
      
This paper reported the epidemiology of the colistin-only-sensitive Acinetobacter baumannii (COS-AB) in a tertiary teaching hospital in China.
      
We retrospectively reviewed three cases of thyroglossal duct carcinoma diagnosed in Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from January 1986 to August 2006.
      
To investigate the biological behavior of GIST, we collected 83 cases of gastric and 62 cases of small intestinal GIST from the Department of Pathology of the Chinese PLA General Hospital.
      
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Basing upon investigation on surgical metabolism and nutrition made by Moore, Rhoads, Wretlind and other scientists in the 1950's, Dudrick and his colleagues first reported their successful use of long term parenteral nutrition ( TPN ) in 1968. This new advance has been now widely accepted in larger hospitals, but complications still remain a problem in clinical practice.During the period of 1971-1979, 57 patients received TPN treatment in our hospital, including; gastrointestinal fistula, 19 cases...

Basing upon investigation on surgical metabolism and nutrition made by Moore, Rhoads, Wretlind and other scientists in the 1950's, Dudrick and his colleagues first reported their successful use of long term parenteral nutrition ( TPN ) in 1968. This new advance has been now widely accepted in larger hospitals, but complications still remain a problem in clinical practice.During the period of 1971-1979, 57 patients received TPN treatment in our hospital, including; gastrointestinal fistula, 19 cases ( 33% ) ; severe infection and burn, 10 cases ( 18% ) ; inflammatory bowel diseases, 5 cases (9%) ; cancer of GI tract, 7 cases ( 12% ) ; renal failure, necrotizing pancreatitis and miscellaneous conditions 16 cases (28%) . The total therapeutic days were 2,004 with an average of 35. In this paper, we discuss briefly the guidelines for calculating TPN requirements as well as the regimens for clinical observations and laboratory monitoring. The nature and prevention of complications are discussed. Complications related with sepsis appeared five times, thus aseptic technique in every step of TPN treatment can not be over emphasized.In formulating the TPN solutions, we emphasizet he importance of supplying trace elements, especially Zn and Cu. Clinical application of this modern technique necessitates the use of various apparatus, complex monitoring methods and specially trained personnels.

本文报道了应用胃肠外营养治疗57例重病人的结果,并对胃肠外营养的适应症、临床应用准则、临床和实验室监测和并发症等问题,进行了扼要的介绍和讨论。

1,146 swab rinse samples of 6 medical institutions in Shanghai were collected from their laboratories and stomatological clinics. The occult blood was traced by benzidine method and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Prevalence of serum HBsAg among out-patients was 9.8-14.3% while in the blood smears was about 5.5%. HBsAg was also detected from the surfaces of tables, basins, needles, hands and some medical apparatus. These findings showed that a variety...

1,146 swab rinse samples of 6 medical institutions in Shanghai were collected from their laboratories and stomatological clinics. The occult blood was traced by benzidine method and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) was detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Prevalence of serum HBsAg among out-patients was 9.8-14.3% while in the blood smears was about 5.5%. HBsAg was also detected from the surfaces of tables, basins, needles, hands and some medical apparatus. These findings showed that a variety of objects in hospitals had been contaminated by blood. The presence of HBsAg on various surfaces was directly correlated with the contamination of occult blood. The rate of detection of HBsAg was 3-9%, higher than those without blood contamination (0.9-1.6%). In addition, laboratory experiments verified that HBsAg was relatively stable even after 6 weeks under various environmental conditions. The speed of decline in titers of HBsAg under 25℃ was faster than under 4℃. This contamination might serve as an important role of transmission, therefore, strict disinfection should be practised as a routine in the hospitals so as to further control the spread of viral hepatitis B.

本文介绍了上海市6个医疗机构中的化验室、口腔科进行HBsAg污染情况调查和稳定性研究结果。在1,146份采样中,门诊病人血检标本的HBsAg阳性率为9.8~14.3%,血玻片的阳性率5.5%,尤其在工作台、水斗表面、口腔科器械、工作人员的手以及“消毒”器械均查到HBsAg。以上情况已成为乙型肝炎传播的一条重要途径,因此,医疗机构中严格执行消毒制度,对控制乙型肝炎的发病有一定的流行病学意义。

Tetracyclines are a group of antibiotics which are widely used clinically. Their oral preparations are most extensively employed in this country. However, the therapeutic effect of tetracyclines is found to be poor in recent years, and resistant bacterial strains are increasing. In order to evaluate the clinical efficacy of tetracyclines, bacterial sensitivity testing of tetracycline and doxycycline were carried out against 605 clinical isolates including gram-positive, gram-negative bacteria and anaerobes collected...

Tetracyclines are a group of antibiotics which are widely used clinically. Their oral preparations are most extensively employed in this country. However, the therapeutic effect of tetracyclines is found to be poor in recent years, and resistant bacterial strains are increasing. In order to evaluate the clinical efficacy of tetracyclines, bacterial sensitivity testing of tetracycline and doxycycline were carried out against 605 clinical isolates including gram-positive, gram-negative bacteria and anaerobes collected from 21 hospitals in urban and rural areas in Shanghai from 1979-1981. The data obtained showed that the percentage of resistance was high, Out of the 605 strains, 88% were resistant to tetracycline, the resistance rate of staphylococci was also high, being 82.2%. The resistance rates of E. coli, B. dysentery, Kleb. aerogenes, Proteus spp. and Kleb. pneumoniae etc. against tetracycline were high too, being 70%to

四环素类抗生素是临床上常用抗生素之一,其口服制剂在国内应用极广。但近年来发现其疗效差,细菌对四环素族的耐药现象严重。为了对四环素族的临床应用进行确切评价,我室在1979~1981年间收集上海市区及郊县临床分离的革兰氏阳性菌、苹兰氏阴性菌和厌氧菌共605株,对它们进行了四环素和强力霉素的药敏测定。结果显示88%的菌株对四环素耐药,金葡菌的耐药率达82.2%,大肠杆菌、痢疾杆菌、产气杆菌、变形杆菌、肺炎杆菌等对四环素的耐药率均达70~90%以上。强力霉素的体外抗菌活性略高于四环素,大多数金葡菌对本品敏感,敏感率为81.2%,对四环素耐药者仍可对强力霉索敏感。测定四环素、土霉素和强力霉素各种口服制剂的生物利用度,发现四环素盐酸盐的生物利用度低,口服1g后血浓度低于对大多数常见致病菌的最低抑菌浓度(MIC),其他四环素和土霉素口服制剂的生物利用度更低于四环素盐酸盐,提示四环素口服制剂尤其是四环素碱已不宜作为临床上大多数常见致病菌感染的选用药物;其主要指征为某些病原如立克次体、衣原体、布氏杆菌等所致的各种感染,而强力霉素则尚可选用于葡萄球菌所致的一般感染。

 
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