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improve the operative
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  改进手术
     Extended pancreaticoduodenectomy should be performed rationally in the patients with the definite diagnosis to increase the resection rate and improve the operative quality.
     对于诊断明确的病人 ,宜采用合理扩大的胰十二指肠切除术 ,以提高手术切除率 ,改进手术质量。
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     Conclusion:The occurrence of gastric stump cancer is closely correlated with the changes of gastrointestinal anatomical physiology after operation. Prevention should improve the operative mode and prevent the bile regurgitation.
     结论:残胃癌的发生与胃术后改变了胃肠解剖生理有密切关系,预防应从改进手术方式,防止胆汁反流等着手。
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  “improve the operative”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Objective To summarize the experience of surgical treatment for chronic pancreatitis (CP) and improve the operative outcome.
     目的 总结慢性胰腺炎 (chronic pancreatitis,CP)的外科治疗经验 ,提高手术疗效。
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     ve: To analyze the reasons of dacryocyst and nasal cavity anastomosis failure and management so that to improve the operative successful rate. Methods: 12 cases were analyzed in operative failure reasons. Results: The reasons in 4/12 were small bone foramina and improper location of bone brigde, in 4 of them were un-incision of dacryocyst.
     目的:报告12例泪囊鼻腔吻合术失败原因分析及处理方法,以提高本手术的成功率.方法:对12例手术失败病例进行原因分析.结果:手术失败的病历有4例为骨孔过小,骨桥,位置不当,4例泪囊未切开,另外4例为先天异常,血块阻塞,前后壁粘连.结论:12例手术失败多为手术技巧问题而造成,如能认识到这些问题,将提高手术成功率.
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     Objective To discuss the perioperative nursing care for children with severe tetralogy of Fallot so as to improve the operative success.
     目的 探讨重症法洛四联症患儿围手术期的护理措施 ,以期提高手术成功率。
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     Results: Low cardiac output syndrome developed postoperatively 29 9%, of patients in atrial tachycardia in 24 6%, nonparoxysmal junctional tachycardia in 14 2%, hypoxemia in 19 4%, and brain complication in 14 9%. There were 24 operative deaths with a hospital mortality of 17 9%. Conclusion: To improve the operative results, the indication must be strict.
     结果 术后合并低心输出量综合征 4 0例 (2 9 9% ) ,房性心动过速 33例 (2 4 6 % ) ,非阵发性交界性心动过速 19例 (14 2 % ) ,低氧血症 2 6例 (19 4 % ) ,脑部并发症 2 0例 (14 9% )。
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     Objective: To improve the operative procedure of the left renal vein nutcracker syndrome.
     目的 :改进治疗左肾静脉胡桃夹综合征的手术方法。
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     improve the hemorheology.
     改善血液流变性而止血。
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     How to improve it?
     如何才能改善这种状况呢?
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     improve the symptoms;
     改善症状;
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     improve oneself;
     (三 )潜心学习提高 ;
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     OPERATIVE HYSTEROSCOPY
     手术性宫腔镜
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  improve the operative
We conducted the present study to evaluate the validity of our grading system prospectively, and to improve the operative outcome.
      
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether gastric balloon therapy (GBT) can improve the operative conditions for laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) in extremely obese patients.
      
Routine measurement of the IgA isotype of both aCL and aβ2-GP1 does not improve the operative characteristics of aCL and aβ2-GP1 and therefore is not recommended at present.
      
Previously suggested ways to improve the operative result include variations in the anastomic technique, duodenal tapering, and the omission of gastrostomy.
      
In this regard, early diagnosis and timely treatment may improve the operative mortality of AAD complicated with perioperative intestinal ischemia.
      
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Data from 105 transurethral resection of prostates (TURP) in 103 cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (PPH) performed over the past three yearsare reviewed. The patients ranged in age from 46 to 91 years, with a mean of 68.J years. The average duration of the operation was 62.95 minutes,ranging from,. 18 to 118 min.,and the average weight resected was 21.4gm,ranging from 4.6 to 63.3gm. All patients had normal urinary stream with complete sensaton of bladder emptying after urination at 2 to 3 months fallowing...

Data from 105 transurethral resection of prostates (TURP) in 103 cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (PPH) performed over the past three yearsare reviewed. The patients ranged in age from 46 to 91 years, with a mean of 68.J years. The average duration of the operation was 62.95 minutes,ranging from,. 18 to 118 min.,and the average weight resected was 21.4gm,ranging from 4.6 to 63.3gm. All patients had normal urinary stream with complete sensaton of bladder emptying after urination at 2 to 3 months fallowing TURP. Only one case experienced partial incontinence postoperativly. To assure the safety and satisfactory result , it cannot be overemphasized to select the patient follow the indications of open prostatectomy strictly, avoid emergency operation, and improve the operative skill to prevent technical complications.

本文总结了我院1983年10月以来开展TURP103例105次的临床资料。全组平均年龄68.1岁、平均切除前列腺组织21.4克、平均电切时间62.95分钟。术后膀胱出口梗阻症状均显著改善。1例术后二月仍感咳嗽时轻微尿失禁。为了保证疗效及安全,主张应坚持手术适应症、严格选择病人、避兔急症手术,改进操作、防止损伤性并发症等。

This paper studies the modelling of an AAG(Anti-Aircraft Gun)man-machine tracking system by using the human-operator's OCM(Optimal Cont-rol Model),and with the model prediction approach analyses the dynamic perfor-mances and tracking errors of the system,when it tracks the air-target flying alonethe different paths.Predictional results are validated by measured data obtainedfrom the simulating test system,and used as basis to improve the operative conditionof the human-operator and to perfect the performance...

This paper studies the modelling of an AAG(Anti-Aircraft Gun)man-machine tracking system by using the human-operator's OCM(Optimal Cont-rol Model),and with the model prediction approach analyses the dynamic perfor-mances and tracking errors of the system,when it tracks the air-target flying alonethe different paths.Predictional results are validated by measured data obtainedfrom the simulating test system,and used as basis to improve the operative conditionof the human-operator and to perfect the performance analysis of the AAG man-machine system.

本文以某高炮人-机系统为对象,以人的最优控制模型为基础,建立该人-机跟踪系统部分的数学模型,利用计算机求解——即模型预测方法,研究操作者(炮手)在跟踪沿不同航路飞行的空中目标时系统的跟踪误差和动态性能;与此同时研制一套模拟原高炮人-机系统的仿真试验装置,以获取的试验数据做为检验上述模型预测结果和进行全系统性能分析的依据。

Three hundred and ten high risk patients with valvular heart disease were operated on in our hospital from December 1978 through June 1991. All the high risk patients were classified into three types: 1. those with mitral lesions, or combined with aortic lesions, and severe left or right ventricular dysfunctions (139 cases); 2. mitral lesions and aortic lesions combined with organic tricuspid lesions, and severe left and right ventricular dysfunctions (19 cases); 3. valvular lesions combined with dysfunction...

Three hundred and ten high risk patients with valvular heart disease were operated on in our hospital from December 1978 through June 1991. All the high risk patients were classified into three types: 1. those with mitral lesions, or combined with aortic lesions, and severe left or right ventricular dysfunctions (139 cases); 2. mitral lesions and aortic lesions combined with organic tricuspid lesions, and severe left and right ventricular dysfunctions (19 cases); 3. valvular lesions combined with dysfunction of other important organs and/or acute hemodynamic changes or cardiogenic shock (152 cases). Perioperative managements: Preoperatively digoxin, diuretics and vasodilator were used to improve the cardiac function and systemic state. During operation, myocar-dial protection, thorough correction of the cardiac valve lesions, and optimum and match of synthetic cardiac valve were emphasized. The major points of early postoparative care included mechanical assistant ventilation, the use of positive myocardial inotropic drugs, vasodilator and diuretics. There were thirty two early deaths (10.32%) postoperatively. Among them, 56.2% died of cardiogenic causes and 43.8% of dysfuntions of other important organs. This paper emphatically discussed the perioperative managements of high risk patients with valvular heart disease in an effort to improve the operative results.

自1978年12月至1991年6月,为高危心脏瓣膜病病人施行瓣膜替换术310例。高危病人分为3个类型:(1)二尖瓣或合并主动脉瓣病变,引起左或右室功能严重障碍者(139例)。(2)二尖瓣与主动脉瓣病变合并三尖瓣器质性病变,引起左右心室双室功能障碍(19例)。(3)其他高危病人,包括二尖瓣病变合并其他重要脏器功能障碍(84例),风湿活动发作合并风湿性心肌炎(43例),瓣膜病变因各种原因发生血液动力学的急性改变,引起心原性休克(25例)。本组早期死亡32例(10.3%),其中心原性原因占56.2%,其他重要脏器功能衰竭占43.8%。

 
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