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historical     
相关语句
  历史
     Complexity of Historical Climate
     历史气候复杂性
短句来源
     The Idea of Historical Existentialism
     历史生存论的观念
短句来源
     Historical Geographical Study of Buddhist Culture in Northwest China
     西北佛教历史文化地理研究
短句来源
     Historical Study on the Characteristics of the Western Contemporary Primary Education
     西方近代初等教育特性之历史研究
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     Man in Reality: The Dynamics of Historical Development
     现实的人:历史发展的动力
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  历史的
     The Development of Insect Cell Lines: A Historical Perspective
     昆虫细胞系的发展:历史的回顾
短句来源
     Bhutan:A Historical Sketch
     略论不丹历史的发展
短句来源
     HISTORICAL THROES AND REVERBERATION --EXPLORING THE ISLAM FUNDAMENTALISM FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF MODERNIZATION
     历史的阵痛与回应——从现代化角度探讨当代伊斯兰原教旨主义
短句来源
     historical text is a form of existence of history.
     历史文本是历史的存在形式。
短句来源
     However,with the advent of the age of knowledge economy,while scientific management gradually showed its historical limitations,human-oriented management is becoming more and more important.
     但随着知识经济时代的到来,科学管理逐渐显示出其历史的局限性,人本管理则变得越来越重要。
短句来源
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  历史性
     TREND OF HISTORICAL REFORM ABOUT SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH MANAGEMENT——FOUR CONVERSIONS
     科研管理历史性变革的趋势——“四个转化”
短句来源
     A Data Model for Processing Historical Record
     处理历史性记录的数据模型
短句来源
     Chinese Railway Needs Historical Great Development
     中国铁路需要历史性大发展
短句来源
     The Historical Turn of Development of Chinese Automobile Industry
     中国汽车工业发展的历史性转折
短句来源
     Chinese Information Science Journals: Historical Adjustment and System Reconstruction
     中国情报学期刊:历史性调整与体系重构
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  史学
     Analysis of Authors in Journal of Historical Science from 1998 to 2002
     1998—2002年《史学月刊》作者队伍状况分析
短句来源
     On Studies of Western Historical Theory in China in the 21~(st ) Century
     21世纪中国的西方史学理论研究刍议
短句来源
     Starting from the discussion of historical conditions for the school coming into being and the background of world trend of thought, the chapter expounds the interaction between New Western historiography and Marxist historiography, which is the important academic premise for the emergence and development of the British Marxist historiographic school led by Hobsbawm.
     第一章 本章以学术流派与社会变革相互关系为总体框架,具体考察以霍布斯鲍姆为代表的英国马克思主义史学派的学术渊源。 从学派形成的历史条件及其发展的国际思潮背景入手,阐明西方新史学与马克思主义史学之间的交互作用和相互影响,这是以他为代表的英国马克思主义史学派产生与发展的重要学术前提。
短句来源
     In practice,teaching must be combined with analysis of historical events,with exerices and drills,with ideological education,and with outside class activities.
     在运用史学理论进行教学中 ,必须做到 :要与史实分析相结合 ,要与习题训练相结合 ,要与思想教育相结合 ,要与历史课外活动相结合
短句来源
     Legend, History and Historical Memory ——From the New Historical Studies in the 20~(th) Century to Postmodern Historical Studies
     传说·历史·历史记忆——从20世纪的新史学到后现代史学
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      historical
    This paper is devoted to a study of the Hausdorff-Young theorems from a historical perspective, beginning with the F.
          
    The paper is written in part from an historical, survey-type perspective.
          
    Historical forest fire records from Alaska State (1950-2000), California State (1895-2001), USA and Heilongjiang Province (1980-1999), China were used to calculate the longitude and latitude of the annual burned area's centroids for these regions.
          
    KPCA is good at detection of machine abnormality while GDA performs well in multi-faults classification based on the collection of historical faults symptoms.
          
    The technology of continuous manufacturing is discussed according to both historical and modern perspectives.
          
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    1. Firmiana simplex has been cultivated by our Chinese people in both ancient and modein times for medical use, and for the making of furnitures and musical instruments, as well as ornamental tree.2. The distribution of this plant is wide-spread almost through entire China. According to the writer's observation it grows vigorously and reaches its maximum height in the lower part of the Yangtze basin.3. In 1929 Yen states that sex differentiation of Firmiana simplex might be due to the fact of nutrition, the...

    1. Firmiana simplex has been cultivated by our Chinese people in both ancient and modein times for medical use, and for the making of furnitures and musical instruments, as well as ornamental tree.2. The distribution of this plant is wide-spread almost through entire China. According to the writer's observation it grows vigorously and reaches its maximum height in the lower part of the Yangtze basin.3. In 1929 Yen states that sex differentiation of Firmiana simplex might be due to the fact of nutrition, the writer, after visiting various parts of China, discovered that everywhere this plant has the same phenomenon of sex differentiation. This fact leads to a new conclusion that sex differentiation in this plant is certainly not entirely influenced by nutrition; it may be due to the historical factor of the plant it-self.4. No phcllum is developed in the hypodermis except in the region of Icnticels. Epidermis, therefore, may grow permanently and never break off. These are very rare even among the perennial woody plants.5. Characteristics which are considered peculiar to Firmiana simplex are: (1) closely arranged epidermal cells may become loose during the increase of the diameter of the branches, (2) rupturing of the fissures on the bark while the branch grows, (3) development of secondary epidermis from the hypodermal cells within the fissures and the lenticels, and (4) continuous division of the epidermal cells. All these characteristics are facts which explain the permanence of epidermis.

    1、梧桐具有观赏,药用,制造器物等价值,我国民众自古就加栽培利用。 2、梧桐上分布几遍及全国,据我所见到的是长江中、下游地区所生长的比较繁茂高大,北京的最为矮小,厦门比北京的高大些,昆明虽然不及长江流域的但比厦门的似乎又茂盛高大些。 3、关于梧桐花两性分异,以前以为是养料的关系,但是现在观察了各地的梧桐花,发现它们对于性的分异都是一样之后,我认为造成性的分异可能下仅是单纯养料的问题。也许和有机体自身的历史发展因素有关。 4、苹婆和大多数多年生木本植物相同,它们茎部表皮的寿命不过1年。新枝条的下皮层在当年夏秋之际分化木栓组织。以后,表皮细胞就会枯死脱落。 5、梧桐,除皮孔而外,枝干表皮层之下一概不发生木栓组织,表皮层与枝干同寿,这是多年生树木中少有的微状。 6、梧桐表皮细胞,随枝干之加粗而疏离,又可分裂增多,同时条状裂纹也可以随枝杆直经之增加而开裂加宽,这些都是表皮长生不老的因素。 7、梧桐树皮裂纹中的下皮细胞向外分裂成为次生表皮组织,这是很特别的。

    Ⅰ. The Yinshan district as an example of "activizing region" in the Chinese platform One of the most typical localities that show clearly the phenomenon of"activization of platform" (активи. зация платформы) is the Yinshan region, aneast western mountain range on the border between the North-China plain andthe Mongolian plateau. It has long been recognized as a platform because ofthe presence of a folded foundation Pre-Sinian in age. However, owing to thefacts that Mesozoic crustal movements and magmatic activities...

    Ⅰ. The Yinshan district as an example of "activizing region" in the Chinese platform One of the most typical localities that show clearly the phenomenon of"activization of platform" (активи. зация платформы) is the Yinshan region, aneast western mountain range on the border between the North-China plain andthe Mongolian plateau. It has long been recognized as a platform because ofthe presence of a folded foundation Pre-Sinian in age. However, owing to thefacts that Mesozoic crustal movements and magmatic activities are importantwithin this area, some geologists including G Schoenmann, hold that it is ageosynclinal region. It is Ю. М Шейманн who first noticed the phenomenon of activizationappearing in the Chinese platform. В. М. Синицын in his "Строенив и развитиекитайской платформы" indicates that some of the mountain ranges includingYinshan, which have been formerly referred to the folding belts developingfrom geosynclines, are in fact the internal structures of the Chinese platform. In this paper the writer after the opinion of В. М. Синицын, assigns theYinshan area as one of the "activizing regions" in the Chinese platform, andgives more detailed descriptions and discussions mainly on the point of thehistory of its stratigraphic development. Really it is a fact that the Yinshan region has an old folded foundationwhich is composed of metamorphic complex including chiefly gneisses, schists,and old granitic intrusions apparently Pre-Sinian in age. Since the formationof this folded foundation during the Luliang movement (=Goto-Karelian mo-vement), the old land of the Yinshan region has "activized" or "resurrected"several times. As early as in the Sinian period, a depression prolonging in E-Wdirection happened on its southern border, where Sinian limestone 900 metresin thickness and in some places up to 9,620 metres was so deposited. During a long time of the Palaeozoic era, the Yinshan old land was in the poriod ofdenudation except some Cambrian marine limestones only 144 metres in thick-ness deposited in the western part. At the end of the Palaeozoic era, local acti-vization with the formation of continental basin-deposits of Permian age, up to1,380 metres in thickness, as found in the Tachingshan area again happened.In the middle Mesozoic era, the Yinshan region came to a period of strongactivity. Structural depressions duo to "Процесс аркогенеза" occurred universallywithin the whole area and magmatie activities in large magnitude associatedthis crustal movement, so that a great sequence of freshwater basin-depositswith intercalations of volcanic beds, up to 8,000 metres in total thickness wereformed. During the formation of these strata, especially at the end of Mesozoic,interruptions of depositon happened frequently, folds and thrusts were abund-antly formed, and intrusive bodies of "young granite" were produced hereand there. In the Tertiary period, the Yinshan region was violently faulted, andvolcanic activities still happened, producing the basalt lava flow spreading ina wide area. The activity of the Yinshan old land has not ceased even to-dayas shown by the facte that its whole area is in the process of uplift and by thepresence of an earthquake zone known in the historical time. Ⅱ. To what Geotectonic Unit does the Southeastern Coastal Region of China Belong? On the Southeastern coast of China there is a district where geotectoniccharacteristics have never been recognized clearly. It is A. W. Grabau who firstreferred it to an old land named "Cathaysia". J. S. Lee holds the same opinion.In his geotectonic map of China, B. M. Синицын also assigns this region to aplatform and marks it as a part of his "Южно-китайский платформенный массив".However, there is still another opinion opposed to this. A. C. Хоминтовский, forinstance, renders recently this district to a geosynclinal region and proposes thename "Minche Pacific folding zone" for it. H. T. Yang and T. Y. Yu agreewith him. In the year 1954, the writer in his compilation-work connected with thegeology of Fukien and Kwangtung, found that the geotectonic characteristics ofthe southeastern coastal region of China are not only unagreeable with thosefound in a common platform on the one hand, but also contrasting, with thoseof a geosynclinal region on the other. In fact, it cannot be referred suitably toany geotectonic unit except to the intermediate type as shown by the history ofits geological development. Apparently it is an "activizing" or "resurrected" platform. During the Pre-Sinian crustal movement (the Luliang movement), a foldedfoundation composed of old gneisses, schists, and phyllites was completely for-med. Obviously this is a part of the broad old land of Southern China. In the earlier stage of the Palaeozoic era, the whole area of this region wasexposed in the air and under denudation. Hence, no deposit of any kind wasformed. After the Caledonian movement, depressions happened in the western partof this region, where the Devonian-Lower carboniferous continental deposit, theNanching series consisting mainly of quartzite, conglomerate and shale has beenformed, but the other parts were still under denudation. These facts show thatthis region was still a land at that time. Uralian and Lower Permian limestones, known respectively as the Chuan-shan limestone and the Chihsia limestone, separated from each other by adisconformity, spread widely in this region. This indicates that the marine trans-gressions really happened in the southeastern coastal region of China. However,the thicknesses of these limestones (only 30 metres and 150 metres respectively)and their uniformity in the horizontal direction show that the sea at thosetimes was shallow, and the magnitude of subsidence of the earth crust withinthis region was small. The unnoticed lateral changing of lithological charactersof these limestones proves the same fact. Undoubtedly these limestones arenothing but the marine deposits of platform-type. From Upper Permian toTriassic, this region was under a condition of alternation of transgression andregression of the sea. Owing to the fact that the amplitude of oscillation of theearth crust of this region at that time was small, the deposits formed duringthe marine transgression were thin and interrupted again and again by disconfor-mities (or even unconformities). Sometimes continental deposits are intercalated. Since the later period of Triassic, the southeastern coastal region has neverbeen covered by the sea again. And, a new condition began to happen in LowerJurassic. Here, the old land became to "resurrected", so that a series of depres-sing belts were formed as a result of "Процесс аркогенеза". In association withthe subsidence of these depressions, continental beds with a total thicknessup to 3,000 metres were deposited. In the beds interruptions frequently occurred.Folds were abundants, although they or at least some of them were intermediatetype. At the same time, magmatic activities were significant. Itappearedfirstly in the form of volcanic eruptions as recorded by a great sequence of beds consisting of tuff and rhyolite intercalating in the continental bedsmentioned above. And then, at the end of the Mesozoic, numerous graniticbodies were produced. Coming to the Cenozoic era, this region still sufferedfrom rather strong crustal movements accompanied by basalt lava eruptions. Theactivity of the old land has not yet been ceased even to-day as marked by thepresence of a famous earthquake zone between Kwangtung and Fukien, and theabundance of hot springs which widely spread within this region. All theseshow the typical characters of an "activizing" or "resurrected" platform. Final-ly, the complexity of the types of mineral deposits found in Fukien and Kwang-tung also proves the geotectonic nature of this region. Summarizing the whole matter, we may say that the southeastern coastalregion of China was originally an old land. Although it has been agian andagain submerged by the sea, the resulting marine deposits are entirely differentfrom those of geosynclinal region. In the middle of Mesozoic, this region beganto be active violently again, producing a series of depressions or "secondarygeosynclines", in which thick continental beds were deposited, and, at the sametime, folds of intermediate type, serious volcanic eruptions and magmatic intru-sions were produced. Hence, to refer the southeastern coastal region of China toan "activizing" platform is quite strongly proved. The northwestern boundary of this "activizing" platform is generally onthe line starting from central Chekiang through central Kiangsi to the Sou-thwestern part of Kwangtung, because the history and characteristics of geolo-gical development of the Southeastern Kiangsi and Central-southern Kwangtungare quite similar to those of Fukien and Eastern Kwangtung. As to the nomination of this geotectonic unit, the writer proposes to callit "Cathaysian activizing region". This name is derived from the "Cathaysia"of A. W. Grabau but adds, according to necessity, the meaning of activizing or"resurrected" characters of this region. The so-called "Minche Pacific foldingzone" of A. C. Хоминтовский is obviously unacceptable because it entirely doesnot coincide with fact. Compared with the "aetivizing" platforms found in other parts of theworld, the Cathaysian coastal "activizing" platform has its own characteristics,especially shown by the presence of numerous, widely spread, small depressionsor "secondary geosynclines", and the acidic magmatic activities appearing on alarge scale. All these indicate that this is a special type differing from all theknown "activizing" plat

    ~~

    Maps purporting to show the distribution of seismicity are generally based on histroical data or results of instrumental seismology or both and sometimes associated with the geological evidence that may account for the cause of earthquake. The present work was based on a large body of materials. For the historical data, we have traced back to three thousand years. In Chinese historical anuals as well as other literary works, there is a wealth of informations on earthquakes in ancient China. It is...

    Maps purporting to show the distribution of seismicity are generally based on histroical data or results of instrumental seismology or both and sometimes associated with the geological evidence that may account for the cause of earthquake. The present work was based on a large body of materials. For the historical data, we have traced back to three thousand years. In Chinese historical anuals as well as other literary works, there is a wealth of informations on earthquakes in ancient China. It is a formidable task to look over thousands of volumes page by page, but it has been eompleted by The Third Institute of History, Academia Sinica.

    为国家工業建設地点提供地震参考資料,和全国地震危險地区的划分,是中国科学院地球物理研究所解放以来重点工作之一,承各方面的协助,笔者和徐煜坚等九人在苏联顧問帮助下編成了我国的“全国地震区域划分圖”。現在提出,作簡单的說明,請讀者提意見,以便作进一步的修正。

     
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