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     male;
     男性;
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     TROUBLE OF MALE
     男性压力知多少
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  male
Picroliv significantly reverted most of the above said altered blood and hepatic parameters in the alcohol-fed male and female rats to almost normal levels.
      
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cough-cold drugs on the uptake of ascorbic acid using 99mTc-ascorbic acid (99mTc-AA) in male albino Wistar rats.
      
Male Wistar rats were treated with both La(NO3)3 and Ce(NO3)3 at doses of 2, 10, and 50 mg/kg body weight.
      
A pair of primers were designed according to published literature on Populus trichocarpa gene (PTD), and PtAP3, an AP3 homologous gene from Populus tomentosa was isolated by PCR using genomic DNA of the male clone of P.
      
tomentosa (L50, male) genomic DNA, and there was single copy PtAP3 in P.
      
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1. The conformity of the pattern of Cicindela anchoralis to what has been considered typical of the genus becomes in- telligible if the middle band, which is undoubtedly the most variable of the markings of this species, is assumed to have shifted forward and to have developed extensions both cephaled and caudad along the lateral margin and on the disc of the eIytron.2. The variation of the pattern is of the continuous type and proceeds in one principal direction. As expected, some in- dividuals depart from...

1. The conformity of the pattern of Cicindela anchoralis to what has been considered typical of the genus becomes in- telligible if the middle band, which is undoubtedly the most variable of the markings of this species, is assumed to have shifted forward and to have developed extensions both cephaled and caudad along the lateral margin and on the disc of the eIytron.2. The variation of the pattern is of the continuous type and proceeds in one principal direction. As expected, some in- dividuals depart from this main series, in one way or another and ten such sub-types have been recognized in this study. The range of variation is very considerable.3. The male sex is found to have a greater tendency to lose its pigmentation, and this fact is interpreted as indicating its having a more variable middle band.4. Mating between the different types is entirely at random, the frequency of any given combination is apparently a function of the abundance of the individuals in a given class.5. In describing the elytral pattern of this species, Chevrolat (1845) used these words: "vitta anchorali, cum lienola pone humerum (femina amplioribus); cupreis". He evidently had regarded as typical the pattern showing fullest pigmentation. The present study shows, on the other hand, that such a pat- tern, while most primitive, is not the most representative. The typical pattern is to be sought in Class Ⅳ, the model class. This last remark certainly has wider application and merits the consideration of taxonomists describing highly variable forms.

斑蝥科甲虫翅鞘色型之差異,在一部份種類中,極为顯著。本篇所論,根據中國种錨紋斑蝥,於廿二年夏採於厦門北岸,計雌雄共九百餘個,內有交配者六十二對,所得結論如下: (一)本種色型,甚为異特。若以美人薛福特氏所立之本屬理想模式色型推解,則其中間淡色横斑,較为移前,其左右則向上下分枝成H形。 (二)此種色型之變異為連續式仝趨一主要方向,但依其變異之分岐,可别为十種副式色型,詳情已於西文中加以討論。 (三)雄虫翅鞘之中間淡色横斑變異較大,其深色紋斑之傾向於縮小亦因之較雌性为甚。 (四)兩性交配,与色型之差異,全無關係。 (五)大部份個數皆呈現中間色型。其趨向於兩極端者(深色或淡色特别發達者)乃屬少数。因此分類學者於記述变異極大之種類時,應发中間色型者為代表。

The pterion of 400 Chinese adult skulls, 252 males and 148 females, wasstudied. It was found that the epipteric bone was rather common. When cal-culated according to A. J. P. von Broek's classification which includes epiptericumanterius, epiptericum posterius, in addition to the most common epiptericumtypicum, the frequency was 42% in terms of number of skulls ed 27% interms of number of sides. The fronto-temporal suture type, however, was smallin number (3.0% in terms of the number of skulls and 1.75% in terms...

The pterion of 400 Chinese adult skulls, 252 males and 148 females, wasstudied. It was found that the epipteric bone was rather common. When cal-culated according to A. J. P. von Broek's classification which includes epiptericumanterius, epiptericum posterius, in addition to the most common epiptericumtypicum, the frequency was 42% in terms of number of skulls ed 27% interms of number of sides. The fronto-temporal suture type, however, was smallin number (3.0% in terms of the number of skulls and 1.75% in terms of thenumber of sides), due to the presence of a frontal process of the temporalbone. Both the epipteric bone and the fronto-temporal suture were found to bemore common in the female than in the male. Various theories regarding theorigin of these alterations are introduced and discussed.

检查了400个中国成人头颅的翼上骨及额颞缝,以侧为单位计算,发现翼上骨的数目为216侧合27%,以头颅为单位计算,发现翼上骨的数目两侧者48例(两侧同型及非同型)一侧者120例共168例合 42%,男女分开计算,以侧为单位,男性23%,女性33.8%,以头颅为单位,男性35.71%,女性52.7%,女性占多数。额颞缝以侧计算共14例合1.75%,以头颅数计算,两侧者2例一侧者10例共12例合3%。我们这个工作承张鋆教授的指导特此志谢。

Ericerus pela Chavannes, the insect producing white wax,belongs to Coccidae,Homoptera. The female adult lays eggs while the male larva produces wax, whichis a well-known product from Southwest China. The wax secreted by the malelarvae may be boiled and extracted to result in something known as white wax.Its boiling point reaches above 82-83℃. It has manifold uses. Before WorldWar Ⅱ, besides the consumption at home, th greater part of this product wasexported abroad. The supply of the female adults of this...

Ericerus pela Chavannes, the insect producing white wax,belongs to Coccidae,Homoptera. The female adult lays eggs while the male larva produces wax, whichis a well-known product from Southwest China. The wax secreted by the malelarvae may be boiled and extracted to result in something known as white wax.Its boiling point reaches above 82-83℃. It has manifold uses. Before WorldWar Ⅱ, besides the consumption at home, th greater part of this product wasexported abroad. The supply of the female adults of this wax insect in the wax-producing districtusually appears short annually, due to a peculiarity in the growth of this creature;and therefore naturally exist two correlative districts, that is a district of adultproduction and one of wax production. As these two.districts are located morethan 500 kilometres apart,every year the female adults ready to be transplantedon he feeding trees in the district of wax production have to be supplied bythe district of adult production, and they must be carried over a long distance.The carriage of the female adults of the wax insect from one place to theother has been practiced for about five hundred years by the people engaged inwax production. This article reports on a test of transportation of the female adults of the wax insect from Paikuowan (白菓湾) in Hweili County (会理县), formerly of SikangProvince to Huhtaokou (核桃沟) in Omei County (峨眉县), Szechwan Province.Investigations in this connection were made from the April 30 to May 13, 1941. It has long been the aim of the growers to produce the female adults of theinsect and the wax in the same locality. With this realized, the area of wax pro-duction would be enlarged, and the quantity of wax increased. However, as the female adults of the insect in the distr .ct of wax produc-tion are subject to such natural adversities as geographical features, temperatureand humidity, parasitic enemies etc., up to the present they cannot be raised andsapplied insufficient quantity in this district. For this reason, to in prove themethod of transporting the adults female insects to the wax-producing district, toShorten the time on the way,and to increase the vitality of the male larvae-all these have become the crucial questions in the promotion of wax production. The principal explanation, knowh for centuries, with regard to the impossi-bility to raise the female adults of the insects in the district of wax productionhas been the peculiar fact that the female larvae could not be carried in quickorder to a place over 500 kilometres apart. The present test has proved that al-though the female larvae were, in the greater part, hatched out on the way, therewere still a part of them reaching the destination in safety. Valuable informat-ion was also obtained on the hatching rate of the male and female larvae on theway, the influence of environmental factors on the sex ratio, the different speciesof parasitic enemies, etc.. It is hoped thet the facts thus ascertained will be ofservice to improving the methods of wax production.

白蜡虫是我国的特产,古代农民远在元朝已有饲养。在过去全国的白蜡年产量约在五万至十万担间,据1918年重庆海关报告有一万一千余担,值银七十七万余海 关两。解放前一、二十年来,由于国民党反动派的不重视和摧残,已逐渐衰落。白蜡是化学工业上的重要原料,用途很广,饲养蜡虫又是西南各省农民的主要副业,而且农民群众已积累了非常丰富的传统经验。因此,为了总结群众经验,发扬科学遗产,改进饲养技术,振兴蜡业,我们希望能引起有关方面的注意和进一步研究,除研究改进白蜡虫的经管技术外,又须注意白蜡在工业上的用途。 白蜡虫的种蜡异地繁荣,在目前已成为自然的形势,而蜡区种虫不能自给,是白蜡业发展上的基本障碍。我们通过本次测验之后,认为我国适于蜡虫(雄虫)繁育的地方很多,如四川、湖南、浙江、安徽、福建、江西、江苏等丘陵地带都可扑虫产蜡,关键问题在于改善运种方法。在目前我国交通运输业已有普遍发展的基础上,只要用航空运种即可在短时间内将种虫运送至全国蜡区。扩大蜡区,增加农民副业收入,发扬我国科学遗产,为国家创造财富,利用益虫为生产服务,在目前已完全有实现的可能。

 
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