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  concentration
More generally, these results apply both to Gabor frames and to systems of Gabor molecules, whose elements share only a common envelope of concentration in the time-frequency plane.
      
aureus in lower concentration of chloroform extract.
      
Transfersomal formulation with optimal concentration of Soya phosphatidylcholine (SPC) and sodium deoxycholate (85:15 w/w) showed entrapment efficiency of 39.8±0.032 and deformability index of 16.4.
      
None of the synthesized compounds appear to be more potent than 1 at a concentration of 10 μM.
      
Only two of the evaluated compounds (2 and 8) appeared to be allosteric enhancers at high concentration (10 μM).
      
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This communication reports the results of a study of the gravimetric deter- mination of lead as normal phosphate, known as Vortmann and Bader method, which has been recently examined by Hubicki and Rys. According to our findings, tartaric acid should be added only when antimony is present. With the addition of tarearic acid unusual large excess of precipitant as suggested by Vortinann and Bader is required for complete precipitation. The suitable pH range for the precipitation of tertiary lead phosphate is 6.5...

This communication reports the results of a study of the gravimetric deter- mination of lead as normal phosphate, known as Vortmann and Bader method, which has been recently examined by Hubicki and Rys. According to our findings, tartaric acid should be added only when antimony is present. With the addition of tarearic acid unusual large excess of precipitant as suggested by Vortinann and Bader is required for complete precipitation. The suitable pH range for the precipitation of tertiary lead phosphate is 6.5 to 10. Below pH 6.5, the precipitation will be incomplete, owing apparently to the formation of acid phosphate(s). Beyond pH 10, no experiment has been made, because no advantage is gained by working in such alkaline media. The concentration of the precipitant in sdlution after reaction should be within 0.00085-0.0033 molar in order to obtain good results. The precipitates may be ignited at any temperature from 650℃ up to at least 900℃. The practice of drying the pre- cipitates at 130℃ to constant weight suggested by Hubicki and Rys should be discarded, since the precipitates still contain noticeable amounts of water after drying to constant weight at that temperature. It is preferred to use the method of precipitation from homogeneous solution. With this technique in practice dense, crystalline and easily filterable precipitates are obtained; and small quantity of lead, as low as 5 mg, may be determined satisfactorily. The effect of presence of some alkali and ammonium salts has also-been studied.

本文報告用磷酸根測定鉛重量法的各種適宜條件。溶液的pH值應在6.5至10之間。過剩沉澱劑在溶液中的濃度應為0.00085——0.0033M。沉澱應在650℃-900℃間灼燒之;如在130℃乾燥,則沉澱內的水份不能完全驅盡。均勻沉澱可改善沉澱的性質,並可测定少至5毫克的鉛。如溶液中無銻,則不必加酒石酸。

The pine caterpiller,Dendrolimus punctatus Walker, has the habit of leav-ing the crown part of a tree and hibernating under the loose bark of thetrunk. The present paper reports the successful control of this pest by treatinga part of the trunk with a DDT suspension. All experiments were carried outat Nanking, 1947-48. When solutions and water suspension containing 5% DDT, 1%γ 666,or 5% 1068 were applied with a brush to the trunk for a width of one footand over-wintering larvae were allowed to crawl over the...

The pine caterpiller,Dendrolimus punctatus Walker, has the habit of leav-ing the crown part of a tree and hibernating under the loose bark of thetrunk. The present paper reports the successful control of this pest by treatinga part of the trunk with a DDT suspension. All experiments were carried outat Nanking, 1947-48. When solutions and water suspension containing 5% DDT, 1%γ 666,or 5% 1068 were applied with a brush to the trunk for a width of one footand over-wintering larvae were allowed to crawl over the treated area, all theinsecticides tested were found to be effective when freshly applied. After oneweek, how-ever, only preparations containing DDT remained effective. DDTwater suspension was markedly better than DDT in kerosene, soybean oil, oracetone. Trees treated with a 5% DDT water suspension were still very toxic tothe caterpillars at the end of six weeks. The number of caterpillars crawling over a DDT-treated area would notinfluence the toxicity of the DDT film under practical field conditions. In oneexperiment all area of twenty inches square, treated with a 5% DDT suspension,still showed high toxicity to the caterpillars after 1,800 larvae had crawled overthe area in a period of nine days. Caterpillars were found to be more resistant to DDT in summer than inwinter. By increasing either the concentration of DDT to 10-15% or thewidth of the treated area to 2-3 feet, the "trunk treatment method" could beused as well in summer, if the caterpillars were beaten down to the grounedafter the trees had been treated with DDT. Under the field conditions in Nanking, 1947-48, the pine caterpilIars beganto leave the crown part of the trees and seek hibenation quarters in November.They became active again early in March, hence tree should he treated withDDT not later than the dates mentioned above. A total of 157,658 trees were treated with DDT on the Purple Mountain,Nanking, 1948. Examinations showed that larval population decreased 90-99%in the treated area, while in the check area an increase in population of16-350% had been observed.

本文研究在松树干上涂刷有持久性的药剂以防治越冬松毛虫的可能性。1947—48年在南京试验及实施防治的结果简述如下: (一)在实验室内使越冬松毛虫爬行越过涂有一市尺宽各种药液的松树干的结果,证明5% DDT,1%γ666,与5% 1068的悬液或溶液。在涂药的当天均 有相当高的杀虫效力,惟一周以后γ666与1068完全失效,仅DDT仍保持强大的毒力。DDT水悬液显著较DDT火油、大豆油或丙酮溶液为佳。涂有5%DDT悬液的松树杆曝露田间六星期后,杀死松毛虫能力仍达100%。 (二)据试验的结果,自制的可湿性DDT,内含DDT50%,稀释剂45%,与肥皂5%,尚适宜于防治松毛虫之用。 (三)松毛虫爬行的次数对涂药面积上DDT毒力的影响极微,在二十平方市寸涂有5% DDT悬液的小面积上,9天之内经过1800头松毛虫爬行后,毒力仍未减小,死亡率尚在90%以上。 (四)夏季松毛虫较越冬松毛虫不易杀死。夏季松毛虫抵抗DDT的能力随龄期而增强。试验中显示如增加药液浓度至含DDT 10—15%,或增加涂药的宽度至2—3市尺,夏季幼虫亦能中毒死亡。故树干涂药法亦可应用在夏季防治上,惟必须在涂药后将松毛虫从树上击落,使其在爬返树冠...

本文研究在松树干上涂刷有持久性的药剂以防治越冬松毛虫的可能性。1947—48年在南京试验及实施防治的结果简述如下: (一)在实验室内使越冬松毛虫爬行越过涂有一市尺宽各种药液的松树干的结果,证明5% DDT,1%γ666,与5% 1068的悬液或溶液。在涂药的当天均 有相当高的杀虫效力,惟一周以后γ666与1068完全失效,仅DDT仍保持强大的毒力。DDT水悬液显著较DDT火油、大豆油或丙酮溶液为佳。涂有5%DDT悬液的松树杆曝露田间六星期后,杀死松毛虫能力仍达100%。 (二)据试验的结果,自制的可湿性DDT,内含DDT50%,稀释剂45%,与肥皂5%,尚适宜于防治松毛虫之用。 (三)松毛虫爬行的次数对涂药面积上DDT毒力的影响极微,在二十平方市寸涂有5% DDT悬液的小面积上,9天之内经过1800头松毛虫爬行后,毒力仍未减小,死亡率尚在90%以上。 (四)夏季松毛虫较越冬松毛虫不易杀死。夏季松毛虫抵抗DDT的能力随龄期而增强。试验中显示如增加药液浓度至含DDT 10—15%,或增加涂药的宽度至2—3市尺,夏季幼虫亦能中毒死亡。故树干涂药法亦可应用在夏季防治上,惟必须在涂药后将松毛虫从树上击落,使其在爬返树冠时接触药剂而死亡。 (五)自然情形下,南京松毛虫在十一月即开始下树越冬,至来年三月初开始活动上树,故采用树干涂药法防治下?

The present work extends the obserwtion of an earlier report and Shows that the conduction block in nerve produced by cocaine, procaine, urethane, isotonic choline chloride, TEPP and DFP, though not accompanied by any lowering of membrane potential, can be relieved by anodal current. It follows that the mechanism of anodal relief of block can not be supposed to be simply a restoration of previously lowered membrane potential. With eserine, although depolarization occurs, the block develops. long before, the...

The present work extends the obserwtion of an earlier report and Shows that the conduction block in nerve produced by cocaine, procaine, urethane, isotonic choline chloride, TEPP and DFP, though not accompanied by any lowering of membrane potential, can be relieved by anodal current. It follows that the mechanism of anodal relief of block can not be supposed to be simply a restoration of previously lowered membrane potential. With eserine, although depolarization occurs, the block develops. long before, the start of the depolarization; thus the anodal relief of the block produced by eserine likewise cannot be simply due to a restoration of polarization. Successful anodal relief of block somehow depends upon the initial state of the nerve. For instance, it is better in a freshly dissected nerve than in a nerve after several hours soaking in Ringer; better in a nerve having had prolonged soaking in Ringer with somewhat raised potassium concentration than in a potassium-free Ringer. It seems that any prior treatment causing a decrease of the potassium content of the nerve, tends to make anodal current less effective in relieving conduction block.

本文研究可卡因、普魯卡因、氨甲酸乙酯、氯化膽鹼、依色林、TEPP及DFP在兩棲類神經所產生的傳導阻遏。上述各種傳導阻遏的特點,是或者根本沒有膜電位的降低与之相伴,或者膜電位的降低發生在傳導阻遏之後。但是在一定條件下,陽極電流對於這些傳導阻遏都有解除作用。陽極電流對上述由於可卡因、普魯卡因、氨甲酸乙酯及氯化膽鹼所產生傅導阻遏的解除效應,與神經原來的狀態有关。一般地說,凡試驗前的預先處理,有減低神經鉀含量的影響者,亦有使陽極電流的解除效應減弱的傾向。

 
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