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inter-firm
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  企业间
     Empirical Research on Inter-firm Knowledge Transfer Cost in the Supply Chain
     供应链企业间知识传导成本的实证研究
短句来源
     The Measurement and Performance Analysis of Inter-firm RelationshipQuality:Based on Close Relationship Theory
     企业间关系质量的测度与绩效分析——基于近关系理论的研究
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     Conceptual Models for Inter-firm Trust in China's Marketing Channels
     中国营销渠道中企业间信任的概念模型
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     Industrial clusters help to promote inter-firm interaction and information sharing,and thus foster corporate competitiveness and behaviors within the cluster.
     产业集群促进了企业间的互动机制与知识流通,进而促进集群内企业竞争力的提高,与此同时集群内企业的行为也会发生变化。
短句来源
     Knowledge creation in firms can be divided into four levels:individual,group or team,firm and inter-firm enviroinment.
     企业的知识创造分为个人、团队、企业和企业间环境四个层次,个人知识具有专用性、动态性、互补性和互动性等特点。
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  公司间
     Inter-firm relationships introduce new challenges for management accounting. One such challenge is to provide the information for the coordination and optimization of activities across firms in a value chain.
     公司间的关系给管理会计带来了新的课题,如何提供信息以达到协调和优化供应链上的企业之间的活动就成为其中一个挑战。
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  “inter-firm”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Research Reviews of Inter-firm Relationships Based on Transaction Cost Economic Theory
     基于交易成本理论的企业关系研究
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     Inter-firm Networks in Industrial Clusters:System Construction and Structure Analysis
     产业集群企业网络体系:系统建构与结构分析
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     The synergic competition which unifies competition and cooperation has become the inevitable trend of the development of competition strategy for the inter-firm networks.
     竞争与合作相统一的协同竞争已成为企业网络竞争战略发展的必然趋势。 通过对企业网络组织协同竞争研究脉络的梳理,可构建协同竞争研究的评析架构。
短句来源
     Organizational Learning and Governance Based on Inter-firm Network
     基于网络的企业学习与治理机制
短句来源
     In empirical analysis, using national tax database, the study analyses network structure of inter-firm network of clusters by UCINet, 1186 firms are included. And the research gained data from 2001 to 2004 in nine textile clusters in Zhejiang province.
     在实证分析中,本研究创新性的通过国税数据库系统考察企业网络结构属性,在浙江省纺织业集群中获得了9个集群2001至2004年的相关数据,在企业网络层面分析了1186家企业4年间的相互交易关系数据,运用UCINet第一次大范围定量测度了集群企业网络结构属性;
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  inter-firm
We also suggest that these processes operate in parallel at multiple levels, including the self, the business and inter-firm networks.
      
Two reasons suggested for these cost asymmetries are inter-firm differences in efficiency and differences in product quality.
      
Inter-firm relations can bring to the companies involved an important contribution in the innovation processes: stimulating the division and sharing of scientific and technical information.
      
Second, in SMEs, EA software facilitating the inter-firm relationship is more effective than EA software focusing on the internal efficiency.
      
Our empirical findings indicate that firms with inter-firm partnership arrangements with members of their supply chain experienced significantly higher growth rates.
      
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Based on the introduction to the lean,agile and flexible (LAF)manufacturing,the paper explores the types of organizations and management thoughts, and concludes that the core of LAF manufacturing is a more flexible approach to inter-firm cooperation taking the form of 'virtual companies' and the creative skills of future systems. China's enterprises should promote technological innovation by means of management and organizational innovation,when making use of LAF manufacturing, combine innovation of...

Based on the introduction to the lean,agile and flexible (LAF)manufacturing,the paper explores the types of organizations and management thoughts, and concludes that the core of LAF manufacturing is a more flexible approach to inter-firm cooperation taking the form of 'virtual companies' and the creative skills of future systems. China's enterprises should promote technological innovation by means of management and organizational innovation,when making use of LAF manufacturing, combine innovation of goal-orientation organically with process-orientation and avoid doing it perfunctorily or superficially so as to face the competition and challenges in the 21st century and catch at the strategic opportunity in time.

在介绍精简、灵捷、柔性生产系统的基础上,对其组织形式、管理思想进行了探讨,认为该系统的核心是以虚拟公司为代表的企业间更加灵活的合作方式,而管理者与职工的创造能力则是该系统的关键属性。我国企业在借鉴灵捷制造时应以管理和组织创新来带动技术创新,将目标导向的创新与过程导向的持续改进有机结合。

Based on the introduction to the lean , agile and flexible (LAF) manufacturing,the paper explores the types of organizations and management thoughts ,and concludes that the core of LAF manufacturing is a more flexible approach to inter-firm cooperation taking the form of、virtual companies and the creative skills of future systems. China's enterprises should promote technological innovation by means of management and organizational innovation ,when making use of LAF manufacturing ,combine innovation of...

Based on the introduction to the lean , agile and flexible (LAF) manufacturing,the paper explores the types of organizations and management thoughts ,and concludes that the core of LAF manufacturing is a more flexible approach to inter-firm cooperation taking the form of、virtual companies and the creative skills of future systems. China's enterprises should promote technological innovation by means of management and organizational innovation ,when making use of LAF manufacturing ,combine innovation of goal-orientation organically with process-orientation and aviod doing it perfunctorily of superficially,so as to face the competition and challenges in the 2lst century and catch at the strategic opportunity in time.

本文在介绍简捷柔制造的基础上,对其组织形式、管理思想进行了探讨和归结,认为简捷柔制造的核心是以虚拟公司为代表的企业间更加灵活的合作方式,而管理者与职工的创造能力则是该系统构造中的关键属性,我国企业在借鉴简捷柔制造时应以管理和组织创新来带动技术创新,将目标导向的创新与过程导向的持续改进有机结合,不失时机地抓住这一战略机遇,迎接二十一世纪的竞争和挑战。

This paper examines the Beijing's new-tech agglomeration centered on Beijing New-tech Experimental Zone which is proved to be China's most intense concentration of innovative business activity.It analyzes the spin-off process of new-tech firms,illustrates the factors influencing the agglomeration and dispersion of the new-tech firms and detects their dispersion patterns and ongoing changes.Five agglomeration factors are:access to universities and research institutes,information availability,access to market,tax...

This paper examines the Beijing's new-tech agglomeration centered on Beijing New-tech Experimental Zone which is proved to be China's most intense concentration of innovative business activity.It analyzes the spin-off process of new-tech firms,illustrates the factors influencing the agglomeration and dispersion of the new-tech firms and detects their dispersion patterns and ongoing changes.Five agglomeration factors are:access to universities and research institutes,information availability,access to market,tax policy and ability to link public and private entites(network relationships,regulations).Among them the first and second ones are major agglomeration factors.Two dispersion factors are:high land costand house rent:and poor traffic conditions.Since the Electronic Street came out,there has been a tendency for some research and development facilities and production operations to migrate from Beijing to coastal cities in southeastern China.At present time there are branch plans of the companies all over the country except Tibet and Ningxia autonomous region.The distribution of the total revenues is highly concentrated In southeastern China.Not withstanding the many benefits that China derives from the Beijing New-Tech Experimental Zone,contentions issues remain.Because R&D expenditures are very low,the companies have to involve in a lot of commercial activities.The commercialization of Zhongguancun area is clearly seen.There is a danger that Zhongguancun area could turn into an electronic commercial area but not into a new-and high-tech innovation area.Beijing's experience emphasizes the importance of establishing an new financial mechanism to support Chinese new-and high-tech enterprises.Creating industrial dynamism,fostering innovation and effective inter-firm linkage,upgrading industrial structure and achieving competitive advantageare the key to the economic performance of Beijing's new-tech agglomeration.

本文在调查研究的基础上,对北京中关村新技术企业集聚区域的企业衍生、集聚与扩散因素,以及企业的异地发展和地区内的商业区化趋势进行了讨论。结论指出,中关村新技术集聚体是我国高新技术产业的重要基地,国家对高新技术企业必须进行及时的有效支持和引导,使之获得健康的持续发展。和国外高技术综合体类似,培育企业家创新能力以及加强本地的企业联系和合作是北京新技术集聚体成功的两个最重要的保证。

 
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