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susceptible rates
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  敏感率
    Results The susceptible rates of gram- positive coccobacteria(staphylococcus aureus,micrococcus, staphylococcus epidermidis) to amikacin and cefazolin were 76.8% and 74.7%.
    结果革兰氏阳性球菌(金黄色葡萄球菌、微球菌、表皮葡萄球菌)对丁胺卡那霉素和先锋5号的敏感率为76.8%和74.7%。
短句来源
    The susceptible rate of pseudomonasaeruginosa to piperacillin was 89.0% . The susceptible rates of eberth bacillus to chloromycetin ,amikacin and piperacillin were 88.4%,93.3% and 83.1% respectively.
    铜绿假单胞菌对氧哌嗪青霉素的敏感率为89.0%,伤寒沙门氏菌对氯霉素、卡那霉素和氟哌酸的敏感率也很高,分别为88.4%,93.3%和83.1%。
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  susceptible rates
The non-susceptible rates for chloramphenicol, and co-trimoxazole were similar for the two groups.
      


Objective To study the pathogenic bacteria of hematological system in children andtheir susceptibility to antibiotics in this area and five years , in order to offer a guide for rationaluse of antibiotics in clinical practice. Methods We determine the susceptibility of nine kinds ofantibiotics to 836 strains pathogenic bacterium isolated from children blood by Kirby- Bauer test,and analysis the susceptible rate of gram- positive bacteria and gram- negative bacteria in the dif-ferent annual. Results The susceptible...

Objective To study the pathogenic bacteria of hematological system in children andtheir susceptibility to antibiotics in this area and five years , in order to offer a guide for rationaluse of antibiotics in clinical practice. Methods We determine the susceptibility of nine kinds ofantibiotics to 836 strains pathogenic bacterium isolated from children blood by Kirby- Bauer test,and analysis the susceptible rate of gram- positive bacteria and gram- negative bacteria in the dif-ferent annual. Results The susceptible rates of gram- positive coccobacteria(staphylococcus aureus,micrococcus, staphylococcus epidermidis) to amikacin and cefazolin were 76.8% and 74.7%. Thesusceptible rates of gram- negative bacteria (Escherichia coli, bacterium typhosum and non- zymo-cyte ) to amikacin and cefazolin were 82.4% and 74.3% . The susceptible rate of pseudomonasaeruginosa to piperacillin was 89.0% .The susceptible rates of eberth bacillus to chloromycetin ,amikacin and piperacillin were 88.4%,93.3% and 83.1% respectively. The resistant rates ofgram- positive coccobacteria to penicillin,erythromycin and ampicillin were 83.6% ,82.7% and76.5% . The resistant rates of bacterium coli to streptomycin , ampicillin, chloromycetin and car-benicillin were 82.4%,99.4%,95.0% and 80.0%. Conclusion It is necessary to enhance train ofantibiotics usage for pediatricians.

目的了解本地区近5年小儿血液系统感染的常见病原菌及抗菌药物的敏感性情况,以便指导临床医师合理使用抗生素。方法将小儿血液系统分离出的836株病原菌应用K-B法做了9种抗菌药物敏感性测定,并对不同年度的革兰氏阳性菌和革兰氏阴性菌的敏感率进行了分析。结果革兰氏阳性球菌(金黄色葡萄球菌、微球菌、表皮葡萄球菌)对丁胺卡那霉素和先锋5号的敏感率为76.8%和74.7%。革兰氏阴性杆菌(大肠埃希氏菌、伤寒沙门氏菌、非发酵菌)对丁胺卡那霉素和先锋5号的敏感率为82.4%和74.3%。铜绿假单胞菌对氧哌嗪青霉素的敏感率为89.0%,伤寒沙门氏菌对氯霉素、卡那霉素和氟哌酸的敏感率也很高,分别为88.4%,93.3%和83.1%。革兰氏阳性球菌对青霉素、红霉素、氨苄青霉素的耐药率很高分别为83.6%,82.7%,76.5%。大肠埃希氏菌对链霉素、氨苄青霉素、氯霉素和羧苄青霉素的耐药率也很高,分别为82.4%,99.4%,95.0%和80.0%。结论加强对儿科医师合理使用抗生素知识的培训、指导和评价是必要的。

Objective:To study the natural infectious rate of viral hepatitis A in children of Changchun area.Methods:Adopting competitive inhibition Enzyme-linked immunoadsordent assay(ELISA),we detected the antibody to hepatitis A in serum.Results:In 417 children,the positive rate of antibody to hepatitis A-IgG is 42.21%(176/417),the natural infectious rate of children preschool age and school age are 36.47% and 63.64%,respectively.There are the significant difference between children preschool age and...

Objective:To study the natural infectious rate of viral hepatitis A in children of Changchun area.Methods:Adopting competitive inhibition Enzyme-linked immunoadsordent assay(ELISA),we detected the antibody to hepatitis A in serum.Results:In 417 children,the positive rate of antibody to hepatitis A-IgG is 42.21%(176/417),the natural infectious rate of children preschool age and school age are 36.47% and 63.64%,respectively.There are the significant difference between children preschool age and school age.The susceptible rate of the natural infectious of viral hepatitis A in school age is higher than others.Conclusions:The level of antibody to hepatitis A in serum is lower between 0 and 6 ages.With the age increasing,the positive rate of IgG of antibody to hepatitis A show a rising tendency.

目的为了了解长春地区儿童甲型肝炎自然感染情况。方法采用竞争性抑制ELISA法检测甲型肝炎抗体。结果对417名儿童进行甲肝抗体检测,甲肝病毒抗体-IgG阳性176例,自然感染率为42.21%,学龄前儿童与学龄后儿童自然感染率分别为36.47%和63.64%,统计学分析差异显著,表明甲型肝炎的自然感染率学龄后儿童甲型肝炎的易感率较高。结论0~6岁儿童抗体水平较低,随着年龄的增长,甲肝抗体阳性率呈现上升趋势。

 
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