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forearm
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  “forearm”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The incidence rates of fracture in femur neck,spine and forearm were 1 42%,2 14%,and 4 71%,respectively.
     股骨颈、脊柱和前臂的骨折率分别为 1.42 %、 2 .14%及 4.71%。
短句来源
     Methods 358 cases with skin and soft tissue defects of hand or forearm were treated with the ilioinguinal flap in our department from October 1998 to December 2002. The areas of the skin and soft tissue ranged from 4cm×4.5cm to 15cm×22cm.
     方法对358例手部及上肢软组织缺损伴深部组织外露应用该皮瓣进行修复,面积4cm×4.5cm~15cm×22cm。
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     VCG analysis in 100 cases with conduction block in left forearm diagnosed by ECG
     ECG诊断左前分支传导阻滞100例VCG分析
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     X ray films of bilateral forearm were taken before injection and 1 2 3 4 12 weeks after injection.
     于注射前及注射后1、2、3、4、12周行双侧桡骨骨缺损部位的X线检查。
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     Examining BMD simultaneously at 1/3 and 1/10 sites of distal forearm may overall reflect the bone mineral contant of the whole body(including cortical and trabecular bone),and contribute to the diagnosis and treatment of OP.
     同时测定1/3和1/10部位BMD,可较全面反映全身(包括皮质骨和松质骨)的骨量水平,有助于OP的诊断和防治。
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  相似匹配句对
     ARTERIES OF THE ARM AND THE FOREARM
     臂和前臂的动脉的观察
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     The Bridge-Replantation of forearm and elbow
     前臂和肘的桥接再植
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  forearm
Significant alterations in the arterial tone and in volumetric velocity of the blood flow (VVBF) in the forearm were observed at the age of six, seven, and nine years.
      
The effect of local isometric exercise on hand and forearm blood flow was studied.
      
With maximum muscular exercise performed by both males and females, a decrease in hand and forearm blood flow was due to vasoconstriction caused by the mechanical pressure of working muscles.
      
With 75 and 50% loads, marked hyperemia was observed in the main and microcirculatory vessels in the hand and forearm, which was rather long-lasting in the hand because of the difficulty of the forearm venous outflow.
      
Specific features of the microcirculation were found in the forearm and crus depending on the blood pressure level.
      
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Among 150 Chinese forearms dissected, an accessory tendon or tendons in the abductor pollieis longus muscle were found in 140 sides (93.3%), while in the rest (6.7%) the anomaly did not exist. In these 140 forearms, one accessory tendon was found in 97 (64.7%)and in the remaining 43 (28.7%) two accessory tendons were present. As regards the extensor pol- licis brevis muscle, one accessory tendon was found in only two cases (1.3%) in the whole series. It was noted that the two tendons of the abductor...

Among 150 Chinese forearms dissected, an accessory tendon or tendons in the abductor pollieis longus muscle were found in 140 sides (93.3%), while in the rest (6.7%) the anomaly did not exist. In these 140 forearms, one accessory tendon was found in 97 (64.7%)and in the remaining 43 (28.7%) two accessory tendons were present. As regards the extensor pol- licis brevis muscle, one accessory tendon was found in only two cases (1.3%) in the whole series. It was noted that the two tendons of the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis pass through the same osteofibrous canal in 59 (39.4%), through two completely separated osteofibrous canals in 12 (8%), and in 79 out of the 150 forearms dissected. The two osteofibrous canals were partially separated as follows: in 32 (21.3%), the distal half only was separated by a thick fibrous band while in the other 47 (31.3%) only the distal third or even less was separated. The insertions of the main tendon and accessory tendons of the abductor pollicis longus muscle was even more extensive and complicated. Only in 3 cases the insertion could be regarded as normal, in the other 147 (98%), the insertion was either into the base of the 1st metacarpal bone, the abductor pollicis brevis muscle, the capsule of the 1st carpo-metacarpal joint, the greater multangular bone, the opponens pollicis muscle, the fascia over the thenar eminence or the navicular bone. The implications of the variations were discussed.

(一)在150側國人上肢中,拇長展肌有副腱者爲140側,佔93.3%,無副腱者10側,佔6.7%,拇長展肌有一個副腱者爲97側,佔64.7%,有兩個副腱者爲43側,佔28.7%。拇短伸肌僅2側有副腱,佔1.3%。 (二)拇長展肌與拇短伸肌肌腱同位於一個骨性纖維管內者爲59側,佔39.4%,分別位於兩個不同的骨性纖維管者爲12側,佔8%,遠側1/2不同管者32側,佔21.3%,遠側1/3(或不及1/3)不同管者47側,佔31.3%。 (三)拇長展肌肌腱與副腱的抵止範圍頗爲廣泛,且非常錯綜複雜,僅3側(2%)與一般敎科書的描述相符,其餘147側(98%)在不同程度上分別抵止於第一掌骨底、拇短展肌、拇指腕掌關節囊、大多角骨、拇指對掌肌、魚際筋膜及舟骨。

The arrangement of the superficial veins on the both sides of the cubital region of500 male Chinese medical students were examined. It was found that the arrangementis very variable and can be grouped into 8 types. Type Ⅰ or the most common type iswith a large median cubital vein running obliquely upwards and medially from the cep-halic vein to the basilic vein. This type occurs in 400 limbs or 40.0±1.55%. The typeⅡ or the next common type in which the cephalic vein is interrupted in the upper partof the forearm...

The arrangement of the superficial veins on the both sides of the cubital region of500 male Chinese medical students were examined. It was found that the arrangementis very variable and can be grouped into 8 types. Type Ⅰ or the most common type iswith a large median cubital vein running obliquely upwards and medially from the cep-halic vein to the basilic vein. This type occurs in 400 limbs or 40.0±1.55%. The typeⅡ or the next common type in which the cephalic vein is interrupted in the upper partof the forearm so that its distal portion or the antibrachial cephalic vein joins the basilicvein. It occurs in 28.9±1.43%. Other types are rare. The number and mode of termination of the median antibrachial vein also varygreatly. In majority of the cases the median antibrachial vein occur singly and joinsmostly the basilic or the median cubital vein. The median antibrachial vein is absent in19 cases. The accessory cephalic vein occurs in 71.2% and the 'Inselbildung' cephalic vein in2.5%. Side is of no significent importance in regard to the distribution of the varioustypes of the superficial veins in the cubital fossa.

我们观察了汉族成年男性500人(即1000侧上肢)活体的肘浅静脉,根据我们的材料,将肘浅静脉归纳为八型,其中以第Ⅰ型,即头静脉借在肘窝部的肘正中静脉而与贵要静脉相连的最多,占40.0±1.55%,第Ⅱ型即前臂头静脉和上臂头静脉不相连接,前臂头静脉直接注入贵要静脉的次之,占28.9±1.43%,第Ⅷ型即头静脉借在肘窝部成对的肘正中静脉而与贵要静脉相连的最少,只占1.8±0.42%。本文还根据前臂正中静脉的存缺、支数和注入部位,又归纳为八类,以B类即1—3支前臂正中静脉注入贵要静脉的最多,占27.7±1.42%,C类即1—3支前臂正中静脉注入肘正中静脉的次之,占26.2±1.39%,这两类中都是1支的占最多(B_1:21.1%,C_1:16.6%)。如将型与类合并统计之,则Ⅰ型C类居首位,Ⅱ型A类居次位。副头静脉出现例数很多,占71.2%,岛头静脉出现例数较少,占2.5%。各型中的左右侧差和广东福建两省人的地区差,均不显著。左右两侧的不对称型多于对称型,且有显著的差别。各种族各型的出现率,除苏联的一部分材料外,都是以第Ⅰ型为最多,以第Ⅶ型或第Ⅷ型为最少。

The electromyographies were made on 12 healthy young adult males to investigate the function of supinators and pronators in the extended and flexed elbows during pro- nation and supination.The potentials were picked up with the needle electrode from the pronator teres,pronator quadratus,the supinator,the biceps brachialis and the bra- chioradialis.The study revealed the following facts: 1.During slow pronation,regardless whether the elbow was flexed or extended, the potentials from the pronator quadratus were...

The electromyographies were made on 12 healthy young adult males to investigate the function of supinators and pronators in the extended and flexed elbows during pro- nation and supination.The potentials were picked up with the needle electrode from the pronator teres,pronator quadratus,the supinator,the biceps brachialis and the bra- chioradialis.The study revealed the following facts: 1.During slow pronation,regardless whether the elbow was flexed or extended, the potentials from the pronator quadratus were always more active than that from the pronator teres.The former showed the activities from “marked” to “most marked” and the latter from “slight” to “moderate”.When the pronation was resisted,the activities increased in both muscles. 2.During slow supination,both pronators showed activities of various degree as antagonistic muscles.During slow supination in the extended elbow,the potentials ap- peared in the supinator alone,but no activities were seen in the biceps unless the supina- tion was resisted.The biceps was,therefore,not proved to be a supinator when the elbow was in an extending position.When the flexed elbow was supinated from a prone position,the activities were recorded from the supinator immediately but none from the biceps at first.When the forearm reached an intermediate position,it began to show “slight” activity whereas the supinator showed “marked”.When the forearm moved to- ward full supination the activities of the supinator decreased gradually,reaching “no activity” at the end,but the activities of the biceps increased gradually.It was proved that the supinator was a primary supinator and the biceps a reinforcer. 3.The brachioradialis is usually described as a pronator when the forearm is in supine position and a supinator in prone position.This present study showed it was neither a pronator nor a supinator in the extended forearm,and it was only so when supinating a flexed forearm from a prone to semiprone position.In the further course of supination the activities were not increased at all.Thus the brachioradialis could be considered as an axillary supinator from prone to semiprone position.

本文在12个健康男性青年的旋前方肌、旋前圆肌、旋后肌、肱二头肌及肱桡肌,以Ediswan脑电墨水描记仪,用肌内电极引出电位进行分析,结果认为:旋前方肌无论在肘的伸位或屈位,当前臂慢旋前时,它的电位都比旋前圆肌更活动。给以抵抗力时二肌电位活动都增加。旋后肌在肘伸位前臂慢旋后时,即出现了电位活动,但肱二头肌无活动只是给以抵抗力时始出现电位活动。肘屈位,前臂从旋前位旋后时,旋后肌首先出现电位活动。肱二头肌自中间位到完全旋后位电位活动逐渐增加,而旋后肌则逐减小。肱桡肌使旋前位或旋后位的前臂迴旋到中间位的作用,只是在肘屈位特别自旋前位旋后至中间位的电位较明显。

 
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