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forearm
相关语句
  前臂
    A Study on the Architecture of the Human Forearm Muscles
    人前臂肌群的构筑学研究
短句来源
    Applied anatomy of medial forearm fasciocutaneous flap pedicled medial forearm cutaneous neural vessels
    以前臂内侧皮神经及营养血管为蒂的前臂内侧皮瓣的应用解剖
短句来源
    The anatomy and clinical manifestations of the compressed radial nerve superficialis in the forearm
    前臂桡神经浅支卡压的解剖与临床表现
短句来源
    Clinical anatomical study of the entrapment syndrome of median nerve at elbow and proximal forearm
    肘部及前臂上段正中神经卡压综合征的临床解剖学研究
短句来源
    Applied Anatomy of Medial and Lateral Cutaneous Nerve Graft of the Forearm
    前臂内侧及外侧皮神经移植的应用解剖
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  “forearm”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Tibial SOS was significantly correlated with BMD at distal 1/3 site of the forearm (r=0657,P<0001). The rate of OP detected were 494% by QUS or 551% by DEXA. The coincidence in the diagnosis of OP between QUS and DEXA was 600%.
    QUS与DEXA的相关系数(r)为0.657(P<0.001),OP检出率分别为49.4%和55.1%,诊断符合率为60.0%。
短句来源
    Conclusion The aponeurosis and thickened fascia at elbow and upper segment of the forearm are the anatomic basis of median nerve entrapment.
    结论 腱膜和较厚筋膜是卡压正中神经的解剖基础。
短句来源
    The results showed that the mean percentages of type Ⅰ fibers ranged from 59% to 67% in these thenar muscles and the total mean percentage was 62% The thenar muscles have significantly higher proportions of type Ⅰ fibers than those of the muscles in the arm and the forearm (P<0 05).
    结果表明 :人类鱼际肌中I型 (慢缩 )纤维的平均百分率在 59%~ 67%之间 ,平均为 62 %显著高于上肢其它各肌群I型纤维的平均百分率 (P<0 0 5)。
短句来源
    RESULTS: ①The origins of nutrient vessel of the saphenous nerve-great saphenous vein forearm was as follows: The cutaneous branches of saphena artery 3-5 branches, cutaneous branches of artery genu inferior medialis and spatium intermusculare branches of posterior tibial artery 2-7 branches, bone cutaneous perforating branches 1-2 branches, cutaneous perforating branch of anterior medialis of ankle, cutaneous perforating branch of upper of ankle and fascia perforating branch of ankle tube 4-5 branches.
    结果:①隐神经-大隐静脉营养血管来源:隐动脉(3~5支)穿皮支、膝下内动脉穿皮支、胫后动脉肌间隙支(2~7)、骨皮穿支(1~2)支、踝前内侧穿皮支、踝上穿皮支和踝管筋膜穿皮支(4~5支)。
短句来源
    ②The origin of nutrient vessel of nervus suralis-small saphenous vein forearm was as follows: The muscle interval perforating branch of peroneal artery 4-8 branches. The perforating branch of ext lateral artery of calcar pedis is 1.0±1.3 cm part from lateral malleolus point with diameter of 0.6±0.2 mm.
    ②腓肠神经-小隐静脉营养血管来自腓动脉肌间隔穿支4~8支,最远的跟外侧动脉穿支距外踝尖上(1.0±1.3)cm,外径(0.6±0.2)mm。
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  forearm
Significant alterations in the arterial tone and in volumetric velocity of the blood flow (VVBF) in the forearm were observed at the age of six, seven, and nine years.
      
The effect of local isometric exercise on hand and forearm blood flow was studied.
      
With maximum muscular exercise performed by both males and females, a decrease in hand and forearm blood flow was due to vasoconstriction caused by the mechanical pressure of working muscles.
      
With 75 and 50% loads, marked hyperemia was observed in the main and microcirculatory vessels in the hand and forearm, which was rather long-lasting in the hand because of the difficulty of the forearm venous outflow.
      
Specific features of the microcirculation were found in the forearm and crus depending on the blood pressure level.
      
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The arrangement of the superficial veins on the both sides of the cubital region of500 male Chinese medical students were examined. It was found that the arrangementis very variable and can be grouped into 8 types. Type Ⅰ or the most common type iswith a large median cubital vein running obliquely upwards and medially from the cep-halic vein to the basilic vein. This type occurs in 400 limbs or 40.0±1.55%. The typeⅡ or the next common type in which the cephalic vein is interrupted in the upper partof the forearm...

The arrangement of the superficial veins on the both sides of the cubital region of500 male Chinese medical students were examined. It was found that the arrangementis very variable and can be grouped into 8 types. Type Ⅰ or the most common type iswith a large median cubital vein running obliquely upwards and medially from the cep-halic vein to the basilic vein. This type occurs in 400 limbs or 40.0±1.55%. The typeⅡ or the next common type in which the cephalic vein is interrupted in the upper partof the forearm so that its distal portion or the antibrachial cephalic vein joins the basilicvein. It occurs in 28.9±1.43%. Other types are rare. The number and mode of termination of the median antibrachial vein also varygreatly. In majority of the cases the median antibrachial vein occur singly and joinsmostly the basilic or the median cubital vein. The median antibrachial vein is absent in19 cases. The accessory cephalic vein occurs in 71.2% and the 'Inselbildung' cephalic vein in2.5%. Side is of no significent importance in regard to the distribution of the varioustypes of the superficial veins in the cubital fossa.

我们观察了汉族成年男性500人(即1000侧上肢)活体的肘浅静脉,根据我们的材料,将肘浅静脉归纳为八型,其中以第Ⅰ型,即头静脉借在肘窝部的肘正中静脉而与贵要静脉相连的最多,占40.0±1.55%,第Ⅱ型即前臂头静脉和上臂头静脉不相连接,前臂头静脉直接注入贵要静脉的次之,占28.9±1.43%,第Ⅷ型即头静脉借在肘窝部成对的肘正中静脉而与贵要静脉相连的最少,只占1.8±0.42%。本文还根据前臂正中静脉的存缺、支数和注入部位,又归纳为八类,以B类即1—3支前臂正中静脉注入贵要静脉的最多,占27.7±1.42%,C类即1—3支前臂正中静脉注入肘正中静脉的次之,占26.2±1.39%,这两类中都是1支的占最多(B_1:21.1%,C_1:16.6%)。如将型与类合并统计之,则Ⅰ型C类居首位,Ⅱ型A类居次位。副头静脉出现例数很多,占71.2%,岛头静脉出现例数较少,占2.5%。各型中的左右侧差和广东福建两省人的地区差,均不显著。左右两侧的不对称型多于对称型,且有显著的差别。各种族各型的出现率,除苏联的一部分材料外,都是以第Ⅰ型为最多,以第Ⅶ型或第Ⅷ型为最少。

The electromyographies were made on 12 healthy young adult males to investigate the function of supinators and pronators in the extended and flexed elbows during pro- nation and supination.The potentials were picked up with the needle electrode from the pronator teres,pronator quadratus,the supinator,the biceps brachialis and the bra- chioradialis.The study revealed the following facts: 1.During slow pronation,regardless whether the elbow was flexed or extended, the potentials from the pronator quadratus were...

The electromyographies were made on 12 healthy young adult males to investigate the function of supinators and pronators in the extended and flexed elbows during pro- nation and supination.The potentials were picked up with the needle electrode from the pronator teres,pronator quadratus,the supinator,the biceps brachialis and the bra- chioradialis.The study revealed the following facts: 1.During slow pronation,regardless whether the elbow was flexed or extended, the potentials from the pronator quadratus were always more active than that from the pronator teres.The former showed the activities from “marked” to “most marked” and the latter from “slight” to “moderate”.When the pronation was resisted,the activities increased in both muscles. 2.During slow supination,both pronators showed activities of various degree as antagonistic muscles.During slow supination in the extended elbow,the potentials ap- peared in the supinator alone,but no activities were seen in the biceps unless the supina- tion was resisted.The biceps was,therefore,not proved to be a supinator when the elbow was in an extending position.When the flexed elbow was supinated from a prone position,the activities were recorded from the supinator immediately but none from the biceps at first.When the forearm reached an intermediate position,it began to show “slight” activity whereas the supinator showed “marked”.When the forearm moved to- ward full supination the activities of the supinator decreased gradually,reaching “no activity” at the end,but the activities of the biceps increased gradually.It was proved that the supinator was a primary supinator and the biceps a reinforcer. 3.The brachioradialis is usually described as a pronator when the forearm is in supine position and a supinator in prone position.This present study showed it was neither a pronator nor a supinator in the extended forearm,and it was only so when supinating a flexed forearm from a prone to semiprone position.In the further course of supination the activities were not increased at all.Thus the brachioradialis could be considered as an axillary supinator from prone to semiprone position.

本文在12个健康男性青年的旋前方肌、旋前圆肌、旋后肌、肱二头肌及肱桡肌,以Ediswan脑电墨水描记仪,用肌内电极引出电位进行分析,结果认为:旋前方肌无论在肘的伸位或屈位,当前臂慢旋前时,它的电位都比旋前圆肌更活动。给以抵抗力时二肌电位活动都增加。旋后肌在肘伸位前臂慢旋后时,即出现了电位活动,但肱二头肌无活动只是给以抵抗力时始出现电位活动。肘屈位,前臂从旋前位旋后时,旋后肌首先出现电位活动。肱二头肌自中间位到完全旋后位电位活动逐渐增加,而旋后肌则逐减小。肱桡肌使旋前位或旋后位的前臂迴旋到中间位的作用,只是在肘屈位特别自旋前位旋后至中间位的电位较明显。

By using the onset of sweating on the volar surface of the forearm as anindicator,the oral threshold temperatures of sweating(with reference to set-pointsweating temperatures,SP)in 3 males and 2 females were measured under twoconditions,by heating the head and neck with tuber bags filled with 55℃water or by immersing both legs and feet in a 42℃ water bath.Thesetemperatures did not show significant difference(P>0.25).The mean circadianvariation of oral temperature induced by either method was 0.77℃ and...

By using the onset of sweating on the volar surface of the forearm as anindicator,the oral threshold temperatures of sweating(with reference to set-pointsweating temperatures,SP)in 3 males and 2 females were measured under twoconditions,by heating the head and neck with tuber bags filled with 55℃water or by immersing both legs and feet in a 42℃ water bath.Thesetemperatures did not show significant difference(P>0.25).The mean circadianvariation of oral temperature induced by either method was 0.77℃ and wassimilar to that of basic body temperature SP,determined by Cabanac andhis colleagues with the method of operant behaviour and vote.When the skin temperature of the volar surface of the forearm(also withreference to SP)was measured,this was much higher in the condition ofheating the head and neck than that of heating the legs and feet.But the meancircadian variation of both heating method differed significantly from Cabanac'sresults.The results indicate that to measure the oral temperature by appropria-tely heating legs-feet is a simple and accurate means for indirect measurement ofthe SP of human body temperature.

本工作是在空气温度和湿度相对恒定的环境中进行的。受试者5人,共进行了18次对比观测,分別测定了用42℃温水浸泡两侧腿足或用充满55℃温水的橡皮囊围绕头和颈部,因而导致前臂内侧皮肤开始发汗时的口腔温度(发汗调定点参考值 ToSSP)。结果证明:二者之间并无显著的差异(P>0.25)而是紧密相关的(r=0 96,P<0.0005)。ToSSP 的昼夜均值差为0.77℃,与 Cabanac 等以行为评定法测定的基础体温调定点的昼夜差值0.7℃极相近。但加热头颈时记录的前臂屈侧皮温阈值明显较加热腿足时的为高,其昼夜均值差与 Cabanac 等的结果相差悬殊。由此作者认为:采用加热两侧腿足检测 ToSSP 可作为测定间接反映人体体温调定点的简便方法。

 
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