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forearm
相关语句
  前臂
    VASCULAR STUDY ON SKIN FLAP OF FOREARM
    前臂皮瓣血管的研究
短句来源
    Blood supply to the fasciocutaneous island flap of forearm and its
    前臂筋膜远端蒂岛状皮瓣的血供依据及临床应用
短句来源
    A Study on the Architecture of the Human Forearm Muscles
    人前臂肌群的构筑学研究
短句来源
    Applied anatomy of medial forearm fasciocutaneous flap pedicled medial forearm cutaneous neural vessels
    以前臂内侧皮神经及营养血管为蒂的前臂内侧皮瓣的应用解剖
短句来源
    The anatomy and clinical manifestations of the compressed radial nerve superficialis in the forearm
    前臂桡神经浅支卡压的解剖与临床表现
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  “forearm”译为未确定词的双语例句
    MEDIAN-ULNAR NERVE ANASTOMOSIS IN THE FOREARM AND ITS CLINICAL APPLICATION
    正中神经与尺神经在前臂的吻合及其临床意义
短句来源
    The sizes of the motoneurons are in the range from 20×12 μm to 64 × 44 μm, the average is 37. 93 × 26. 49μm. The motoneurons innervating forepaw muscles and the posterior group of the forearm muscles are much smaller than those innervating the rest of the forelimb muscles.
    这些运动神经元的大小介于20μm×12μm~64μm×44μm之间,平均为37.93μm×26.49μm。
短句来源
    Tibial SOS was significantly correlated with BMD at distal 1/3 site of the forearm (r=0657,P<0001). The rate of OP detected were 494% by QUS or 551% by DEXA. The coincidence in the diagnosis of OP between QUS and DEXA was 600%.
    QUS与DEXA的相关系数(r)为0.657(P<0.001),OP检出率分别为49.4%和55.1%,诊断符合率为60.0%。
短句来源
    Conclusion The aponeurosis and thickened fascia at elbow and upper segment of the forearm are the anatomic basis of median nerve entrapment.
    结论 腱膜和较厚筋膜是卡压正中神经的解剖基础。
短句来源
    Methods: The nerve stem diameter of PQ branch of AIN, thenar muscle branch of MN, and deep branch of the UN, as well as distance between the upper margin of PQ and the origin of thenar muscle branch and deep branch of UN were measured in 6 adult forearm specimens respectively.
    方法:观察6具成人上肢标本,测量其旋前方肌支、正中神经鱼际肌支和尺神经深支的横径,以及正中神经鱼际肌支起始处、尺神经深支起始处至旋前方肌上缘的距离。
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  forearm
Significant alterations in the arterial tone and in volumetric velocity of the blood flow (VVBF) in the forearm were observed at the age of six, seven, and nine years.
      
The effect of local isometric exercise on hand and forearm blood flow was studied.
      
With maximum muscular exercise performed by both males and females, a decrease in hand and forearm blood flow was due to vasoconstriction caused by the mechanical pressure of working muscles.
      
With 75 and 50% loads, marked hyperemia was observed in the main and microcirculatory vessels in the hand and forearm, which was rather long-lasting in the hand because of the difficulty of the forearm venous outflow.
      
Specific features of the microcirculation were found in the forearm and crus depending on the blood pressure level.
      
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Among 150 Chinese forearms dissected, an accessory tendon or tendons in the abductor pollieis longus muscle were found in 140 sides (93.3%), while in the rest (6.7%) the anomaly did not exist. In these 140 forearms, one accessory tendon was found in 97 (64.7%)and in the remaining 43 (28.7%) two accessory tendons were present. As regards the extensor pol- licis brevis muscle, one accessory tendon was found in only two cases (1.3%) in the whole series. It was noted that the two tendons of the abductor...

Among 150 Chinese forearms dissected, an accessory tendon or tendons in the abductor pollieis longus muscle were found in 140 sides (93.3%), while in the rest (6.7%) the anomaly did not exist. In these 140 forearms, one accessory tendon was found in 97 (64.7%)and in the remaining 43 (28.7%) two accessory tendons were present. As regards the extensor pol- licis brevis muscle, one accessory tendon was found in only two cases (1.3%) in the whole series. It was noted that the two tendons of the abductor pollicis longus and extensor pollicis brevis pass through the same osteofibrous canal in 59 (39.4%), through two completely separated osteofibrous canals in 12 (8%), and in 79 out of the 150 forearms dissected. The two osteofibrous canals were partially separated as follows: in 32 (21.3%), the distal half only was separated by a thick fibrous band while in the other 47 (31.3%) only the distal third or even less was separated. The insertions of the main tendon and accessory tendons of the abductor pollicis longus muscle was even more extensive and complicated. Only in 3 cases the insertion could be regarded as normal, in the other 147 (98%), the insertion was either into the base of the 1st metacarpal bone, the abductor pollicis brevis muscle, the capsule of the 1st carpo-metacarpal joint, the greater multangular bone, the opponens pollicis muscle, the fascia over the thenar eminence or the navicular bone. The implications of the variations were discussed.

(一)在150側國人上肢中,拇長展肌有副腱者爲140側,佔93.3%,無副腱者10側,佔6.7%,拇長展肌有一個副腱者爲97側,佔64.7%,有兩個副腱者爲43側,佔28.7%。拇短伸肌僅2側有副腱,佔1.3%。 (二)拇長展肌與拇短伸肌肌腱同位於一個骨性纖維管內者爲59側,佔39.4%,分別位於兩個不同的骨性纖維管者爲12側,佔8%,遠側1/2不同管者32側,佔21.3%,遠側1/3(或不及1/3)不同管者47側,佔31.3%。 (三)拇長展肌肌腱與副腱的抵止範圍頗爲廣泛,且非常錯綜複雜,僅3側(2%)與一般敎科書的描述相符,其餘147側(98%)在不同程度上分別抵止於第一掌骨底、拇短展肌、拇指腕掌關節囊、大多角骨、拇指對掌肌、魚際筋膜及舟骨。

1. Arterial trunk: Based on the developmental variations, the arm arterial trunksmay be divided into double trunk, single trunk and transitional patterns. The single trunkpattern appears in 87. 06% of 340 sides. The superficial brachial artery is present in28.53%, among which 2.177% of them divide into radial and ulnar arteries in the fore-arm. The superficial radial artery is only present in both arms of 1 body in 170 cases.In 3.74% of 374 sides the median artery extends into the palm. The caliber ofthe arterial...

1. Arterial trunk: Based on the developmental variations, the arm arterial trunksmay be divided into double trunk, single trunk and transitional patterns. The single trunkpattern appears in 87. 06% of 340 sides. The superficial brachial artery is present in28.53%, among which 2.177% of them divide into radial and ulnar arteries in the fore-arm. The superficial radial artery is only present in both arms of 1 body in 170 cases.In 3.74% of 374 sides the median artery extends into the palm. The caliber ofthe arterial trunk in the forearm diminishes from the elbow to the wrist At the elbowthe caliber of the ulnar artery is larger than that of the radial artery and vice versa atthe wrist. 2. Arterial branches: The brachial profundal artery and the superior ulnar col-lateral artery originate directly from the axillary or brachial artery in 47.88% of 330sides. The mean distance between the origin of the inferior ulnar collateral artery andthe bifurcation of the brachial artery is 6.94 cm. in 224 sides. The origins of the recur-rent ulnar artery and the interossous artery stand side by side. The anterior and posteriorulnar recurrent arteries originate separately from the ulnar artery in 18.67% of 225sides. The common interosseous artery is present in 85.15% of 330 sides, among whichthe recurrent interosseous artery originating from the common or posterior interosseousartery in 43.94% and 41.21% respectively.

1.动脉干根据胚胎发育的不同情况,将340侧臂部动脉干分成双干型、单干型和过渡型三型。单干型共占87.06%,其中只一支肱动脉的占71.47%。浅肱动脉总的出现率为28.53%较欧美等人的高,其中浅肱动脉向下分成桡、尺动脉的最多占21.77%,而欧美等人浅肱动脉延续为桡动脉者和分叉成桡、尺动脉者极相近。340侧标本中浅桡动脉仅出现2侧。正中动脉向下延伸入手掌的在374侧标本中占3.74%。左右侧动脉干管径的差别自肘部向腕部递减,此外在肘部尺动脉的管径大于桡动脉,到腕部则相反。 2.动脉分支在330侧标本中,分析了肱深动脉和上尺副动脉的起源状况,以两支动脉分别单独起始的最多占47.88%。下尺副动脉起点与肱动脉分叉点之间的距离,平均约为7厘米(224侧)。尺返动脉的起点多接近骨间总动脉的起点,前、后尺返动脉分别起自尺动脉的,在225侧标本中占18.67%。有骨间动脉干的在330侧标本中占85.15%,其中骨间返动脉起自骨间总动脉或骨间后动脉的,分别占43.94%和41.21%。桡返动脉的起点多位于桡动脉近侧段1厘米的范围内。

Distributions of cutaneous nerves of the hand were observed by dissection methodin the 200 hands of 100 Chinese adult cadavers (male 67, female 33). Incidences ofdistribution of individual nerves on the dorsum of hands were as following: Superficialbranch of the radial nerve: 98.5±0.90%; dorsal branch of the ulnar nerve: 99.0±0.7%;lateral cutaneous nerve of the forearm: 23.5±3.00%; posterior cutaneous nerve of theforearm: 1.0±0.7%; and medial cutaneous nerve of the forearm: 1.0±0.7%. According to...

Distributions of cutaneous nerves of the hand were observed by dissection methodin the 200 hands of 100 Chinese adult cadavers (male 67, female 33). Incidences ofdistribution of individual nerves on the dorsum of hands were as following: Superficialbranch of the radial nerve: 98.5±0.90%; dorsal branch of the ulnar nerve: 99.0±0.7%;lateral cutaneous nerve of the forearm: 23.5±3.00%; posterior cutaneous nerve of theforearm: 1.0±0.7%; and medial cutaneous nerve of the forearm: 1.0±0.7%. According to the range of distribution of relevant nerves, patterns of distribution ofcutaneous nerves on the dorsum of hands can be classified into 6 types. The type withthe superficial branch of the radial nerve distributing on the dorsum of radial 2(1/2) fingers,and the dorsal branch of the ulnar nerve distributing on the ulnar 2(1/2) fingers was foundin 57.0±3.5% of the 200 hands. This type was considered as the prevalent type ofChinese subjects. Cases with the ulnar nerve entirely or almost entirely substituted bythe superficial branch of the radial nerve were grouped as type V, which was found in3.5±1.3% of cases. Cases with the radial nerve completely or almost completely re-placed by the lateral cutaneous nerve of the forearm while the dorsal branch of the ulnarnerve remaining unchanged were found in 5.0±1.54% of cases. The significance ofthese rare cases was discussed. Pattern of cutaneous distributions on the palm was quite constant. In 98.5±0.85%of cases showed to be the median nerve supplying the radial 3(1/2) fingers while the ulnarnerve supplying the ulnar 1(1/2) fingers.

1.用解剖法观察了100具中国成年尸体(200侧)的手背和手掌的皮神经分布区域。 2.桡神经浅枝在手背各指侧的分布可分为六型和“其他”一项。其中Ⅰ型(分布于由拇指外侧缘到中指外侧缘的区域内)的出现率占51.5±3.53%为最高。 3.尺神经背侧枝在手背各指侧的分布可分为八型。其中Ⅰ型(分布于由小指内侧缘到中指内侧缘的区域内)的出现率占67.0±3.33%为最高。 4.前臂外侧皮神经分布于手背各指侧的出现率为23.5±3.0%;不分布于手背的占76.5±3.0%。 5.整个手背皮神经的分布,可按各有关神经分布区域的大小分为六型。其中以Ⅰ型(桡、尺神经各分布于2(1/2)指)的出现率占57.0±3.5%为最高。 6.手掌皮神经分布区域极为恒定。在98.5±0.85%的标本中,均为正中神经分布于桡侧3(1/2)指;尺神经分布于尺侧1(1/2)指。

 
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