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forearm
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  前臂
    The treatment of forearm ischemic contracture in children
    儿童前臂缺血性挛缩的治疗
短句来源
    Also there was no elbow pain or recurrent dislocation of the radial head. The mean flexion and extension range of motion of the elbow joint was 140.0°±7.1°. The mean rotation range of motion for the forearm was 129.0°±18.4°.
    肘关节屈伸活动度为(140.0±7.1)°,前臂旋转活动度为(129.0±18.4)°,患侧握力占健侧握力的百分比为(96.9±3.5)%。
短句来源
    The distribution of muscle fiber type of forearm and autologous skeletal muscle transplantation for treatment of volkmann's stricture in children
    采用相似肌纤维型的骨骼肌移植治疗小儿前臂Volkmann挛缩
短句来源
    Single bone intramedullary fixation (IMF) with a kirschner wire for both bone forearm fractures in children
    单骨克氏针内固定治疗儿童前臂双骨折
短句来源
    Radial head dislocation with both radius and ulna or multiple bone fractures of forearm in children
    儿童桡骨头脱位伴前臂双骨折或多节段骨折
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  “forearm”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Methods The elboes were flexed 90°,forearm supinated 90°and abducted 15-25°.
    方法采用手法整复,屈肘90°、前管旋后90°和外展15°~25°位长臂石膏托矫形固定,必要时配合闭式穿针内固定。
短句来源
    Mallet score was applied for assessment of the shoulder , and improvement of attitude and function for the forearm. Results Of two cases with medial rotation osteotomy, one's Mallet score from pre - operation to postoperation was: shoulder abduction 3 to 3, lateral rotation 4 to 4,hand to neck 4 to 3,hand to spine 2 to 4,and hand to mouth 2 to 4;
    结果  2例行肱骨内旋截骨者 ,1例按Mallet评分 ,术前术后的改变为 :肩外展 3→ 3 ,外旋 4→ 4,手到颈后 4→ 3 ,手到背 2→ 4,手到嘴 2→ 4;
短句来源
    Methods 41 children scheduled for forearm operation were randomly divided into two groups. Artery pulsation group (P group, n=20) and nerve stimulator group(S group, n=21). 0.25% Ropivacaine (2.5mg/kg) were used in both groups.
    方法选择41例拟行上肢手术患儿,随机分为两组,腋入搏动组(P组)20例和腋入神经刺激器组(S组)21例,分别用0.25%罗哌卡因(2.5mg/kg)行腋入臂丛麻醉。
短句来源
    Methods After undergoing basal anesthesia with ketamine,36 children scheduled for hand and forearm surgery were randomly allocated to receive brachial plexus block with 0.375% ropivacaine(group A) and to receive intravenous anesthesia with ketamine(group B).
    方法选择小儿上肢手术患者36例,随机分为两组(n=18),分别采用氯胺酮基础麻醉下0.375%罗哌卡因用于小儿臂丛阻滞麻醉(A组)或氯胺酮静脉麻醉(B组)。
短句来源
    The Acute Osteofascial Compartment Syndrome of the Forearm in the Children——Report of 35 Cases
    小儿前臂骨筋膜间隙综合征的防治(附32例报告)
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  forearm
Significant alterations in the arterial tone and in volumetric velocity of the blood flow (VVBF) in the forearm were observed at the age of six, seven, and nine years.
      
The effect of local isometric exercise on hand and forearm blood flow was studied.
      
With maximum muscular exercise performed by both males and females, a decrease in hand and forearm blood flow was due to vasoconstriction caused by the mechanical pressure of working muscles.
      
With 75 and 50% loads, marked hyperemia was observed in the main and microcirculatory vessels in the hand and forearm, which was rather long-lasting in the hand because of the difficulty of the forearm venous outflow.
      
Specific features of the microcirculation were found in the forearm and crus depending on the blood pressure level.
      
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Including the failures of close reduction and those with neurovascular complication or open fracture, 34 cases of severe supracondylar fracture of the humerus were treated by open reduction and internal fixation through an anterolateral approach of the elbow. 25 postoperated cases were followed up for 13 years. The results were satisfactory except a 20 degree of limitation of elbow extension in 2 cases. Anterolateral approach gives the minimal tissue damage and protects the posterial periosteum of the humerus....

Including the failures of close reduction and those with neurovascular complication or open fracture, 34 cases of severe supracondylar fracture of the humerus were treated by open reduction and internal fixation through an anterolateral approach of the elbow. 25 postoperated cases were followed up for 13 years. The results were satisfactory except a 20 degree of limitation of elbow extension in 2 cases. Anterolateral approach gives the minimal tissue damage and protects the posterial periosteum of the humerus. It is good for the recovery of the elbow. function in extension type of numeral supracondylar fracture.Postoperatively, the upper limb should be immobilized in elbow extension to avoid displacement of the distal fragment in rotatory movement of the forearm. These measures would prevent the cubitus varus or valgus deformity.

采用肱骨前外侧入路手术复位及内固定治疗因闭合复位失败,血管、神经损伤,或属开放性严重伸直型肱骨髁上骨折34例。其中25例经随访1~3年,除2例肘伸直有20°受阻外,手术效果均满意。此手术入路组织损伤少,肱骨后侧骨膜保持完整,有利于伸直型肱骨髁上骨折肘功能的恢复。术后将上肢伸直固定可避免远端骨断片随前臂旋转而移位。上述措施可防止出现肘内翻或外翻畸形。

Ten children with old dislocation of the radial head were treated by reconstruction of the annular ligment with carbon fiber. 9 cases were followed up in 2-6 years. Results showed : all of the 9 cases had no redislocation and 8 cases had full range of motions of the forearm. The procedure with carbon fiber needs a shorter operative time and saves an additional operation on the thigh for taking iliotibial band graft. Physical exercise usually begins on the 10th-12th day after operation. The operative technique...

Ten children with old dislocation of the radial head were treated by reconstruction of the annular ligment with carbon fiber. 9 cases were followed up in 2-6 years. Results showed : all of the 9 cases had no redislocation and 8 cases had full range of motions of the forearm. The procedure with carbon fiber needs a shorter operative time and saves an additional operation on the thigh for taking iliotibial band graft. Physical exercise usually begins on the 10th-12th day after operation. The operative technique and the concerned factors were discussed.

采用碳素纤维重建环状韧带治疗小儿陈旧性桡骨头脱位10例。9例经过2~6年的随诊观察,无再脱位,其中8例肘关节屈伸和前臂旋转功能正常,1例稍差。用碳素纤维重建环状韧带与用髂胫束重建环状韧带比较,有缩短手术时间,患儿免受大腿手术痛苦,并能早期进行功能锻炼,有利于关节功能恢复等优点。对其手术方法、手术适应证和影响手术效果的因素进行了探讨。

Thirty-two cases of acute osteofascial compartment syndrome complicated to the distal humerus fracture in chileren were treated.Of them,28 were iatrogenic lesion.others were resulted from fracture of distal humerus complicated by brachial artery injury.The reasons of iatrogenic lesion were discussed in the paper.To protect the residual function of the upper extremity,surgery is essential.In acute stage,early decompression is necessary,including release of the fibrous adhesions around blood vessels,nerves and...

Thirty-two cases of acute osteofascial compartment syndrome complicated to the distal humerus fracture in chileren were treated.Of them,28 were iatrogenic lesion.others were resulted from fracture of distal humerus complicated by brachial artery injury.The reasons of iatrogenic lesion were discussed in the paper.To protect the residual function of the upper extremity,surgery is essential.In acute stage,early decompression is necessary,including release of the fibrous adhesions around blood vessels,nerves and muscles,in order to improve the blood supply of the nerves.For late sequelae.e.g.Ischemic constracture of the forearm,free vascularized medial gastrocnemius muscular flap with neurovascular microsurgical anastomosis was performed.Cases follow up for more than one year showed satisfactory result.

32例小儿前臂严重骨筋膜室综合征中,除4例为骨折直接合并肱动脉程度不同损伤继发外,余下之28例均为医源性处理不当所致。基于儿童上肢功能重建的特点,有必要选择外科综合治疗。早期采用骨筋膜室彻底减压,尤其强调早期恢复神经干革命的血运。对5例晚期缺血性挛缩处理,采用游离吻合血管神经的腓肠肌内侧头肌皮瓣重建手及前臂功能,随访1年以上结果满意。

 
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