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forearm bone
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  “forearm bone”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Methods The forearm bone mineral density(BMD),fasting urinary calcium/creatinine ratio(Ca/Cr),hydroxyproline/creatinine ratio(OHPr/Cr),serum estradiol(E 2),calcitonin(CT),parathyroid hormone(PTH) and alkaline phosphatase(ALP) were determined in 10 cases of primary amenorrhea.
     方法 对 10 例原发性闭经患者进行桡骨骨矿含量(BMC)和血清降钙素(CT)、甲状旁腺激素(PTH)、雌二醇(E2)、碱性磷酸酶(ALP)以及空腹尿钙与肌酐(Ca/Cr)、羟脯氨酸与肌酐(OHPr/Cr)比值的测定。
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     Results For postmenopausal women with the XX genotype the BMD of femoral neck was lower compared with ones with Xx or XX genotype (P<0.05),and the women with XX genotype tended to have the lowest BMD of lumber vertebrae and forearm bone,but the difference was statistically significant.
     结果绝经后妇女ER基因的XbaI多态性“XX”型的股骨颈骨密度最低(P<0·05),腰椎L2-4和前臂的骨密度虽然“XX”型倾向于最低,但没有达到显著性水平。
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     The distribution of distal and proximal forearm bone mass densities (BMD) with age was discribed and the environmental risk factors of rural female were analyzed. A group of 1432 rural female aged 15 and over were sellected.
     为描述农村妇女前臂近端及远端骨密度的年龄分布及可能的环境危险因素 ,用问卷收集 1432位15岁及以上农村妇女的一般人口学特征、生活习惯及饮食情况等资料 ,运用末梢双能X线吸收骨密度仪(pDEXA)测量前臂近端及远端骨密度。
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     Method:Since 1985,4 cases of forearm bone and soft tissue defect repaired with vascularized folded fibular osteoseptocutaneous flap.
     方法:自1985年以来,采用折叠腓骨段及复合组织瓣修复尺桡骨同时骨缺损4例;
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     In an attempt to evaluate the effect of diabetes on bone mass and the signiflcance of the factors associated with bone loss,forearm bone density of 300 diabetics and 1800 age-matched controls was measured by using single photon absorptiometry.
     为评估糖尿病对骨量的影响及各种相关因素对骨丢失的意义,本文对300例糖尿病患者和1800例正常人的前臂进行了骨密度测定。
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     Longitudinal study of characteristics of forearm bone loss in the elderly
     老年人前臂骨密度动态变化特点
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     Age and Menopausal Change of bone Mineral Density of Forearm
     女性前臂骨密度随年龄及月经状况的变化
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     The Dog and the Bone
     狗与骨头(英文)
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     Hemangiopericytoma of bone
     骨原发血管外皮瘤(附2例报告)
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     ARTERIES OF THE ARM AND THE FOREARM
     臂和前臂的动脉的观察
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  forearm bone
Partial body neutron activation analysis was applied for measuring hand bone phosphorus, single-photon absorptiometry for measuring forearm bone mineral content, and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry for measuring spinal bone mineral density.
      
It was found that neither the amount of phosphorus in hands (HBP) nor forearm bone mineral content (BMC) differ statistically from those of age-matched healthy subjects.
      
Osteoporosis is a major public health concern and its prevalence can be predicted based on forearm bone mineral density (BMD).
      
Familial aggregation of forearm bone mineral density in Chinese
      
Among 676 premenopausal women forearm bone density was no lower in smokers (95% confidence interval 1% lower, 4% higher).
      
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The forearm bone mineral content (BMC) were determined by single photon absorptiometry (SPA) in 490 cases of healthy Chinese Han women, aged 30-78, 78 premenopausal and 412 postmenopausal with menopausal years covering from 0.5 to 30. BMC decreased significantly after age 45 or the occurence of menopause (P<0.05),but the different age groups showed no significant difference before age 55 in the 78 premenopausal women (P>0.05). No sooner occured the menopause than bone loss accelerated, and 2.4~10.5%...

The forearm bone mineral content (BMC) were determined by single photon absorptiometry (SPA) in 490 cases of healthy Chinese Han women, aged 30-78, 78 premenopausal and 412 postmenopausal with menopausal years covering from 0.5 to 30. BMC decreased significantly after age 45 or the occurence of menopause (P<0.05),but the different age groups showed no significant difference before age 55 in the 78 premenopausal women (P>0.05). No sooner occured the menopause than bone loss accelerated, and 2.4~10.5% of BMC was lost a year within 3 year which followed by 2~3% annually while the rate in (he period of 10~15 years postmenopausal became less than 1%. The surgical menopause group had the same BMC as the natural menopause group (P>0.05). The incidence of postmenopausal osteoporosis was about 40% among the 412 postmenopausal women. Considering the varied age of menopause and the accelerating bone loss in the early postmeno pausal periods, we suggest that menopause play more important role than aging in the prediction of women 's bone loss.

以丹麦产~(125)I源单光子骨密度仪测量490例30~78岁汉族妇女的前臂骨密度,骨密度从45岁以后明显下降,70岁组只有30岁组的57.5~61.2%,每年下降1~2%,而绝经前妇女的骨密度随年龄的变化较小,绝经后骨质丢失速度加快.尤以绝经3年内明显。手术绝经使骨质丢失提前发生,但不加重。作者认为绝经比年龄对妇女骨质丢失的影响更大。

A prospective, double-blind clinical study has been carried out in 90 Chinese women with YSM (years since menopause) coverage of 0.5—21 by administering a synthetic longacting estriol derivative-Nylestriol (CEE3) in the dosage of 2mg every 2 weeks for I year (49 treated and 41 placebo). The result were: (1). Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP); ratios of calcium to creatinine (Ca/Cr) and hydroxyproline to creatinine (Hop/Cr) in fasting morning urine decreased significantly after 3 months of treatment (P<0.05)....

A prospective, double-blind clinical study has been carried out in 90 Chinese women with YSM (years since menopause) coverage of 0.5—21 by administering a synthetic longacting estriol derivative-Nylestriol (CEE3) in the dosage of 2mg every 2 weeks for I year (49 treated and 41 placebo). The result were: (1). Serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP); ratios of calcium to creatinine (Ca/Cr) and hydroxyproline to creatinine (Hop/Cr) in fasting morning urine decreased significantly after 3 months of treatment (P<0.05). (2). The menopause-related reduction rates of forearm bone mineral content (PBMC, DBMC) and bone density (PBD, DBD) were restrained, with 1.0~5.7% increased in those women with YSM beyond 5. (3). FSH were found decreased only in the treated group with YSM beyond 5 (P<0.01); which was in consistent with the change of bone mass. LH did not change significantly in all groups (P>0.05). (4). CEE3 exhibited slight side effects. 7 subjects bad breakthrough bleeding (10.3%). 1/3 of the women with intact uterus had spotly withdrawal bleeding and another 1/3 had moderate amount after the addition of medroxypiogesterone acetate (MPA) 6 mg daily for 7 days at the end of the 12 months of CEE3 treatment. The study has demonstrated that Nylestriol is a kind of effective, convenient and longacting estrogen for preventing postmenopausal bone loss. The long-term application need further observation.

本文用长效雌三醇衍生物——尼尔雌醇(每2周2mg)对90例绝经0.5~21年的汉族妇女进行了一年的前瞻性双盲研究。结果:治疗组3个月后的血碱性磷酸酶、空腹尿钙/肌酐和羟脯氨酸/肌酐比值显著下降(P<0.05),血钙、血磷变化不大,而安慰剂组无显著差异。治疗组的前臂骨密度下降趋势受到抑制,绝经5年以上妇女上升1.0~5.7%。治疗组的FSH下降,仅绝经5年以上组有意义(P<0.01)。各组的LH变化不大。本研究证实尼尔雌醇能有效的防治绝经后骨质疏松症,使用方便,副作用较低。长期疗效有待观察。

The effect of Bushen Migu Ye(BSMGY) on preventing the bone loss in postmenopausal women was observed.43 healthy women with the menopause within 5 years were randomly divided into the treated and control groups,which were basically similar in age and menopausal time.BSMGY and Rhizoma Dioscoreae decoction was given orally in two groups.Some biochemical parameters related to bone metabolism,serum estradiol and forearm bone density were taken before and after treatment.The results showed that 5 months after...

The effect of Bushen Migu Ye(BSMGY) on preventing the bone loss in postmenopausal women was observed.43 healthy women with the menopause within 5 years were randomly divided into the treated and control groups,which were basically similar in age and menopausal time.BSMGY and Rhizoma Dioscoreae decoction was given orally in two groups.Some biochemical parameters related to bone metabolism,serum estradiol and forearm bone density were taken before and after treatment.The results showed that 5 months after BSMGY treatment,the ulnar and radial bone mineral content was higher than that of pretreatmental value(P<0.05),while in control group this index was continually decreased.The change in bone density were also significant different(P<0.05).It seems that BSMGY is able to prevent the bone loss in postmenopausal women.In the treated group,ratio of fasting urinarycalcium and hydroxyproline to creatinine was lower than that of before treatment and the control group(P<0.05);the concentration of serum alkaline phosphatase had no significant difference(P>0.05).This preliminary study suggested that one of the therapeutic mechanism of BSMGY was probably due to declining of bone resorption,without affecting the bone formation in postmenopausal women.

本研究动态观察了中药补肾密骨液对23例绝经后妇女骨质丢失的预防作用,并与对照组20例进行比较。结果显示:治疗组口服补肾密骨液5个月后,其尺、桡骨骨矿物质含量较治疗前明显增加(P均<0.05),而对照组却呈进行性减少。治疗组空腹尿钙、羟脯氨酸与肌酐比值较治疗前下降,且低于对照组(P均<0.05);血清碱性磷酸酶含量治疗前后无显著性差异(P>0.05)。提示:补肾密骨液能够预防绝经后妇女的骨质丢失,其机理与其能降低骨的吸收,同时不影响成骨活动有关。

 
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