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brassica napus
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  甘蓝型
     orf224 is a mitochondrial gene discovered in Polima cytoplasm of rapeseed(Brassica napus),which is considered to be associated with cytoplasmic male sterility(CMS).
     orf224是在甘蓝型油菜(Brassica napus)波里马(Polima)胞质中发现的一个与细胞质雄性不育(Cytoplasmicmale sterility,CMS)相关的线粒体基因.
短句来源
     Construction of A Plant Expressing Vector for Antisense Suppression of TRANSPARENT TESTA 12 (TT12) gene Family in Oilseed Rape (Brassica napus)
     甘蓝型油菜透明种皮12(TT12)基因家族反义抑制植物表达载体的构建
短句来源
     Studies on Selections and Utilizations of Lower Erucic Self-incompatible Lines 1010-1 and 1010-2 of Rape(Brassica napus)
     甘蓝型油菜低芥酸自交不亲和系1010-1,1010-2的选育和利用
短句来源
     Zn utilization efficiency of the three varieties of rape was 12.3%(Brassica junce), 8.0% ( Brassica campestri), 4.9% (Brassica napus), respectively.
     锌积累量及锌利用率也以芥菜型远远大于其它2个品种,锌素利用效率分别为12.3%(芥菜型),8.0%(白菜型),4.9%(甘蓝型)。
短句来源
     The plot trial was conducted to study the effect of boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn) and their interactions on yield, quality and their forming process of rapeseed rape (Brassica napus).
     以甘蓝型油菜为研究对象,通过小区试验研究了硼(B)、钼(Mo)、锌(Zn)及其互作对油菜产量、品质及其形成的影响,同时利用盆栽试验研究了不同硼水平对两个油菜品种产量和品质的影响。 取得的主要结果如下:
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  “(brassica napus)”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Effect of ~(12)C Heavy Ion Beams Irradiation on Rapeseed(Brassica napus)
     ~(12)C重离子束辐照对油菜(Brassica napus)的影响
短句来源
     Effect of ~(12)C Heavy Ion Beams Irradiation on Rapeseed(Brassica napus)
     ~(12)C重离子束辐照对油菜(B.napus)的影响
短句来源
     Advances of studies on apetalous rapeseed (Brassica napus)
     无花瓣油菜(Brassica napus)研究进展
短句来源
     High Oleic Acid Content Materials of Rapeseed(Brassica napus) Produced by Radiation Breeding
     辐射育种获得油菜(Brassica napus)高油酸材料
短句来源
     Studies on the Mechanism of Interaction between Rapeseed(Brassica napus)Varieties and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum
     油菜(Brassica napus)品种(系)与菌核菌(Sclerotinia sclerotiorum)相互作用机理研究
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  相似匹配句对
     Rape (Brassica napus L.)
     油菜(Brassica napus L.)
短句来源
     , rape ( Brassica napus L.)
     、甘蓝油菜(Brassica napus L.)
短句来源
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  brassica napus
Rape (Brassica napus L.) was shown to be an appropriate sentinel plant, sensitive to phenanthrene, which can be used for testing the efficiency of phenanthrene degradation in soil.
      
Using the direct amplification of genomic DNA, we obtained a full-length CLV1 ortholog from canola plants (Brassica napus), and also three CLV1 fragments from rape (B.
      
The genetic basis of flowering time and photoperiod sensitivity in rapeseed Brassica napus L.
      
Doubled haploid (DH) lines were produced from an F1 between two spring Brassica napus cultivars Hyola 401 and Q2.
      
distichon (L.) Koern.) and dicot (Phaseolus vulgaris L., Brassica napus L.) plants.
      
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Two auto-allohexaploids with the respective constitution of aacccc and aaaacc were obtained following colchicine treatment with two F_1 triploid hybrids, which had been produced by crossing Brassica napus (aacc, 2n=38) with its two primary species, B. oleracea (cc, 2n=18) and B. chinensi8 (aa, 2n=20) respectively.Morphologically, the two hexaploids are characterized by the general gigantic appearance, diagnostic of the enhancing growth in horizontal direction of such organs as leaves, stems, various components...

Two auto-allohexaploids with the respective constitution of aacccc and aaaacc were obtained following colchicine treatment with two F_1 triploid hybrids, which had been produced by crossing Brassica napus (aacc, 2n=38) with its two primary species, B. oleracea (cc, 2n=18) and B. chinensi8 (aa, 2n=20) respectively.Morphologically, the two hexaploids are characterized by the general gigantic appearance, diagnostic of the enhancing growth in horizontal direction of such organs as leaves, stems, various components of flowers, fruits, et al. This is the feature also unique in autotetraploids. The somatic chromosome numbers of the two hexaploids as identified in the mitosis of root tip cells were found to be 56 and 58 respectively, which are just the doubling of the chromosome numbers of the respective triploids, 28 and 29.During the meiosis of pollen mother cells, both hexaploids form distinctly fewer univalents as compared with the triploids, but showed more trivalents and quadravalents instead.Fertilit s found apparently recovered in the two hexaploids, but it was by no means complete, obviously due to the autotetraploidy of one basic set of chromosomes.Tests on the compatibility of crosses were made between the hexaploids and triploids with three parental species, B. napus, B. oleracea and B. chinensis, and the results showed that the compatibility with any of the three species is much lower in the hexaploids as compared to the triploids. This suggests a more complete sexual isolation being established between the synthesised hexaploids and the parental species.

通过将欧洲油菜(B. napus, aacc)的二个品种分别与其二个基本种甘蓝(B. oleracea, cc)和白菜(B. chinensis, aa)进行杂交所产生的两种三倍体杂种acc和aac,经秋水仙素处理后,获得了两种同源异源六倍体aacccc和aaaacc.它们和同源四倍体一样,具有横向发育的巨大特性.它们的染色体数目,一般正好是两种三倍体数目28和29的加倍而为56和58.它们在减数分裂时的单价体数目比三倍体显著地减少了,但另外却有少量三价体和四价体出现.它们的可育性比三倍体显著地恢复了,但由于其中有同源四倍性部分的存在,因而并不能完全恢复;如再通过一定的选育,或者可有一定的利用希望.它们和欧洲油菜、甘蓝及白菜三种亲本类型之间的可杂交性比三倍体显著地降低了,表示其间的生殖隔离程度似乎是加强了.

The excised anthers of Brassica napus had been cultured on different culture media with various combinations of plant hormones and other supplements. The results obtained showed that the Gamborg's B5 and Miller's media were rather effective for the induction of callus formation from the planted anthers than other media tested. In most conditions, the callus happened to develop readily from the anther filaments and connective tissues. In the case of the differentiation of shoots from callus tissue, our...

The excised anthers of Brassica napus had been cultured on different culture media with various combinations of plant hormones and other supplements. The results obtained showed that the Gamborg's B5 and Miller's media were rather effective for the induction of callus formation from the planted anthers than other media tested. In most conditions, the callus happened to develop readily from the anther filaments and connective tissues. In the case of the differentiation of shoots from callus tissue, our results indicated that the MS medium supplemented with appropriate amount of BA and NAA appeared superior to the same midium supplemented with the combination of kinetin and IAA. The composition of the media used for induction of callus formation markedly affect the subsequent differentiation of anther callus. The temperature was found to be critical for successfully transplanting plantlets from culture vessel into pot. Among the antherderived plant population from F1 progeny of B. napus × B. campestris, different forms of plants were segregated. Besides this, among the second generation's plant populations of the antherderived plants from B. napus, only a few of them appeared uniform in field experiments. It indicated that the frequency of formation of the true pollen-derived plantlets were significantly low in the anther culture of B. napus. Questions remained to be resolved were discussed.

试验了不同培养基配方和不同的激素及附加成分对油菜花药培养的影响。结果表明,对于诱导油菜花药形成愈伤组织,Miller和B_5,配方较好。但在大多数情况下,愈伤组织易从花丝及药隔组织形成。在MS培养基中加入适量的BA和NAA以诱导芽的分化,明显优于用激动素及IAA的组合。诱导培养基的组或对形成的花药愈伤组织随后的分化有明显的影响。温度是提高小苗移栽成活率的关键因素。由甘蓝型油菜×白菜型油菜的F_1植株的花药培养诱导形成的部分植株中出现了明显的分离现象。对花药培养诱导形成的植株的第二代群体的观察表明少数植株的后代群体表现整齐一致。这些结果说明在油菜的花药培养中可能有少数花粉植株的形成。讨论了油菜花药培养中存在的问题。

Gross anatomical studies on the differentiation of floral primordium in rapeplant(Brassica napus L.)were made.It was found that the order of appearanceof the various cycles of floral organs agreed with the usual centripetal succes-sion,which was quite different from what was suggested by Dr.Yosizi Togariand others.In our studies,we found that the various whorls of the floral organin rape appeared in the order of sepals,petals,outer cycle stamens,inner cyclestamens and carpels.The short stamens developed...

Gross anatomical studies on the differentiation of floral primordium in rapeplant(Brassica napus L.)were made.It was found that the order of appearanceof the various cycles of floral organs agreed with the usual centripetal succes-sion,which was quite different from what was suggested by Dr.Yosizi Togariand others.In our studies,we found that the various whorls of the floral organin rape appeared in the order of sepals,petals,outer cycle stamens,inner cyclestamens and carpels.The short stamens developed from outer cycle stamens,andthe long stamens developed from inner cycle stamens.Dr.Yosizi Togari andothers reported that the differentiation of stamens and carpels appeared beforethat of petals and the two stamen primordia were divided into four stamens.Wedon't think that to be the real case.

作者用整体解剖法,对欧州油菜花原基分化过程进行研究,发现油菜花器分化为向心分化,而与户苅义次等人提出的分化顺序不一致。作者发现的油菜各轮花器分化顺序为:花萼、花瓣、外轮雄蕊、内轮雄蕊、心皮。外轮雄蕊原基发育成短雄蕊,内轮雄蕊原基发育成长雄蕊。油菜花原基分化的实际过程并不像户苅义次等人报告的那样:雄蕊和心皮分化在花辦分化之先,甚至4枚长雄蕊是由2枚雄蕊原基分裂变来的。

 
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