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  marx
In [3] the area of the heating zone ahead of the combustion front was calculated in accordance with the Marx-Longenheim model [4].
      
When used in the circuit of the Marx generator of the APCA accelerator operating at a voltage-rise time of 5-6 μs, they ensure a pulsed breakdown voltage of 120 and 150 kV, respectively.
      
A compact high-voltage nanosecond marx generator based on air-field dischargers
      
The key units of the setup are a shielded 600-kV Marx generator with a high-precision switching and a low-impedance high-voltage pulse former with a single or double coaxial line.
      
The lines are simultaneously charged up to 500 kV from 72 shielded Marx generators.
      
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This paper points out that Marx' s theory of function of scientific society occupies an important place in Marxist theoretical system. According to Marx' s idea of function of scientific society, the author advances that science is ideology and urges people's ideas to be revolutionized, science changes into direct productive forces and becomes material forces to push history for ward ,ience originates from practive of the human race,and is a powerful lever for changing society Therefore,it has tn...

This paper points out that Marx' s theory of function of scientific society occupies an important place in Marxist theoretical system. According to Marx' s idea of function of scientific society, the author advances that science is ideology and urges people's ideas to be revolutionized, science changes into direct productive forces and becomes material forces to push history for ward ,ience originates from practive of the human race,and is a powerful lever for changing society Therefore,it has tn important practicul significance in guiding our building socialist material civilization and spir tual civilization to probe into Marx's theory of function of scientific society.

本文认为,马克思关于科学社会作用的理论,在马克思主义理论体系中占有极其重要的地位,我们应当认真研究和发掘马克思理论宝库中这一光辉思想。作者根据马克思关于科学社会作用的思想,提出:科学作为观念形态,可以促使人们思想的革命化,科学转化为直接生产力,成为人类推动历史前进的物质力量;科学作为人类实践活动,是人类变革社会的有力杠杆。所以,探讨马克思关于科学社会作用的理论,对于指导我国社会主义物质文明和精神文明的建设具有重大现实意义。

The price of production according to K.Marx, includes two aspects: one of them is"distridution", that is, allocating surplus values in accordance with the law of average rate of profit, the capitalists of various industries should obtain the revenue that equals the price of production and the other is"exchange",that is, the capitalists of various industries will obtain the average profit only when they exchange their commodities based on the price of production. However, the author believes that if the...

The price of production according to K.Marx, includes two aspects: one of them is"distridution", that is, allocating surplus values in accordance with the law of average rate of profit, the capitalists of various industries should obtain the revenue that equals the price of production and the other is"exchange",that is, the capitalists of various industries will obtain the average profit only when they exchange their commodities based on the price of production. However, the author believes that if the commodities are exchanged with the price of production, the capitalists of various industries won't obtain the average profit but they will obtain it if the commoditiesare exchanged with the price of the average profit. In this article, the author analyses and criticizes the"corrective formula"put forward by Von Bortkiewcz.

马克思的生产价格概念包括两方面的含义:一是分配方面,即各部门资本家按平均利润率规律分配剩余价值,都应得到等于生产价格的收入;一是交换方面,即各部门资本家都要按生产价格进行交换才能得到平均利润。而作者认为:商品按生产价格交换,一般不能使各部门资本家都得到平均利润,而必须按平均利润价格交换,才能使其得到平均利润。本文还对丰·伯特基维奇提出的“纠正公式”进行了分析批判。

The author extends in the article the following points of view:1)The evaluation of mineral resources does not run counter to Marx's value theory;2)We cannot evaluate resources with marginal utility theory of western economics as the theoretical basis,whereas marginal analysis,as an mathematic approach,can be used;3)National wealth and GNP are two different economic concepts.The former represents the quantity of wealth a country possesses,a balanced value;the latter represents the country's indus- trial...

The author extends in the article the following points of view:1)The evaluation of mineral resources does not run counter to Marx's value theory;2)We cannot evaluate resources with marginal utility theory of western economics as the theoretical basis,whereas marginal analysis,as an mathematic approach,can be used;3)National wealth and GNP are two different economic concepts.The former represents the quantity of wealth a country possesses,a balanced value;the latter represents the country's indus- trial achievements,which belongs to added value;4)In evaluating cultivable land,the marginal cost of farm products are determined by sampling and computer simulation,while in mineral resources evaluation,price in the world market is chosen as the best planned price.By estimating the extra profit of resource exploitation according to the principle of price=marginal cost,we may obtain the value of resources.

作者在文中提出四个观点:(1)对自然资源的价值进行核算,与马克思主义的劳动价值学说并不予盾。(2)在资源价值核算中不能以西方经济学的边际效用学说作为理论基础,但边际分析作为一种数学分析方法可以借用。(3)区分国民财富和国民生产总值两个经济范畴。前者表述一国的财富家底,属于资产存量;后者表述一国产业活动的成绩,属于资产增量。(4)在耕地资源价值核算中,通过抽样调查和计算机模拟方法确定农产品边际成本;而在矿产资源价值核算中,以国际市场价格作为矿产品最优计划价格。根据价格=边际成本原则,估算资源开发利用的额外利润,据以确定资源价值量。

 
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