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recruits
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  新兵
     Results: ①There were significant difference in scores of Gm between armed police new recruits(10.44±4.49)and Chinese adult men norm(P<0.01);
     结果:①武警新兵Gm分10.44±4.49,显著低于我国成年男性常模(P<0.01);
短句来源
     Results No difference of CSA of Achilles tendon was found among the recruits before and after the intensified training and the soldiers enlisted over one year (0.64±0.05cm~2、0.67±0.07cm~2、0.65±0.07cm~2) (P=0.698, F=0.361), while the CSA showed a positive correlation with body weight (r=0.446).
     结果新兵训练前、强化训练8周后、第二年度士兵的跟腱横截面积(分别为0·64±0·05cm2、0·67±0·07cm2、0·65±0·07cm2)与体重呈正相关(r=0·446),消除体重因素后,各组间无明显差异(P=0·698,F=0·361);
短句来源
     There were no significant differences between candidates and recruits except Difference-seeking scale (S:8.00±5.61,7.33±5.05) and Dissociative scale (Dit:16.55±9.67,15.29±9.47).
     应征青年组与新兵组间比较,除求异性[S(8.00±5.61)分、(7.33±5.05)分]和分离特质[Dit(16.55±9.67)分、(15.29±9.47)分]外,其他各量表无显著差异;
短句来源
     The smoking rate in recruits from Guangdong province were signifi-cantly higher than that in those from Hubei and Shandong provinces(74.2%vs 48.9%, 46.8%, t=0.027, 0.025, P < 0.05), and it was also significantly higher in the recruits from Hainan province than in those from Hubei and Shandong provinces(t=0.042, 0.046, P < 0.05).
     广东新兵的吸烟率显著高于湖北、山东新兵74.2%,48.9%,46.8%(t=0.027,0.025,P<0.05),海南新兵的吸烟率(68.0%)也显著高于湖北、山东新兵(t=0.042,0.046,P<0.05)。
短句来源
     ②In Gm,the new recruits from cities and towns had higher scores than those from rural areas(P<0.05);
     ②城镇较农村来源的新兵Gm分高(P<0.05);
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  名新兵
     Investigation of the Training Injury in 860 New Recruits in 2002 Year
     2002年度860名新兵训练伤调查
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     PWC 170 and VO 2max of 244 recruits were measured by the stepping exercise test.
     采用踏梯运动试验法测量 2 4 4名新兵的PWC170 和VO2max。
短句来源
     Analysis of Status of Psychological Health in 375 Recruits
     某部375名新兵心理健康状况分析
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     Research on Self-efficacy of 5123 New Recruits
     5123名新兵自我效能的相关研究
短句来源
     A study on personality of 194 recruits and its relationship with anxiety and depression
     194名新兵的个性特征及其与焦虑和抑郁关系的研究
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  “recruits”译为未确定词的双语例句
     A case-control study on risk factors of stress fractures in military recruits during basic training
     A case-control study on risk factors of stress fractures in military recruits during basic training
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     There were 85.5% of recruits lacking confidence.
     有85.5%.
短句来源
     Of all the injured sites in air force recruits,the proportions of ankle and lumbus in special training period were significantly higher than in basic training (26.9%vs 12.9%,χ2=6.79,P< 0.01 for ankle;23.9%vs 5.6%,χ2=17.1,P< 0.01 for lumbus).
     空军新兵特殊训练期间的踝关节和腰部的损伤在所有受伤部位的构成比中显著高于基础训练期间犤踝关节为26.9%,12.9%,(χ2=6.79,P<0.01); 腰部为23.9%,5.6%,(χ2=17.1,P<0.01)犦。
短句来源
     The results showed that the recruits from Northeast China and North China were the tallest (170 3cm and 170 6cm on average), the heaviest (60 4kg and 61 6kg), their chest circumference largest(83 4cm and 84 6cm), and their BMI were the largest(20 8 and 21 5kg/m 2).
     结果显示 ,东北、华北地区平均身高最高(分别为 1 70 3、1 70 6cm)、体重最重 (分别为 6 0 4、6 1 6kg)、胸围最宽 (分别为 83 4、84 6cm)、BMI最大 (分别为 2 0 8、2 1 5kg/m2 )。
短句来源
     Therefore, we propose that the transcription factor Sp1 recruits deacetylase HDAC1 to repress ALAS2 gene transcription, and deacetylase
     因此,我们认为转录因子Sp1能招募去乙酰化酶HDAC1抑制ALAS2基因的转录,推测HDAC抑制剂NaBu通过抑制HDAC1的活性促进ALAS2基因的转录。
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  recruits
The receptor then recruits an adaptor and caspase-like proteins which lead apoptosis.
      
This was remarkably high, given that the study population had been screened for mental disease on several occasions, and a large number of recruits with symptoms of mental disease had been excluded before the survey began.
      
Recruits need help to cope with the complex psychosocial and transactional challenges of military service.
      
the prevailing policy of post-exposure ISG for the prevention of viral hepatitis was undertaken among 23,447 male and female military recruits in Israel, an endemic area for hepatitis A virus infection.
      
We present here a prospective study on infections following tickbites in military recruits in the province of Tyrol (Austria).
      
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In 1963, five neighbouring brigades with different cropping systems in Yuankiang and Nanhsien, Hunan were chosen for the comparative studies on the relations between the cropping system and the population of the paddy borer, Tryporyza incertulas (Wlk.), in order to look for the most economical and effective tactics and methods of control for this serious pest. The chief results were summarized as follows: 1. Among neighbouring brigades in the same region, a sharp difference in the amount of initial population...

In 1963, five neighbouring brigades with different cropping systems in Yuankiang and Nanhsien, Hunan were chosen for the comparative studies on the relations between the cropping system and the population of the paddy borer, Tryporyza incertulas (Wlk.), in order to look for the most economical and effective tactics and methods of control for this serious pest. The chief results were summarized as follows: 1. Among neighbouring brigades in the same region, a sharp difference in the amount of initial population of the paddy borer is one of the important factors influencing its population and damage in the current year. To destroy almost thoroughly the hibernating larvae of the paddy borer by means of cultural practices on a sufficient scale, not only the damage by the first and second generations could be prevented, but the population and damage of the later generations might also be reduced. On this basis, if it is possible to suppress further the population of the second generation by ploughing and flooding the early rice fields on proper time, the damage made by the later generations might be even more effectively repressed. 2. The degree of borer damage depends upon the combined effect of the degree of coincidence of the vunlerable growth stages of rice and the prevailing period of larval hatching and also the borer population. So far as cultural centrol is concerned, to regulate the growth stages of rice and the repression of borer population should be both utilized as much as possible. 3. The cultivation of double-cropping rice (with two crops on the same fields per year) brings not only advantageous but also disadvantageous effects to the development of the paddy borer. Under the conditions of Yuankiang and Nanhsien, Hunan, certain practices in the cultivation of double-cropping rice might be utilized as a part of the means of paddy borer control. 4. In rice belts with complicated cropping system, early planting of the medium-rice could not only avoid serious borer damage, but might also induce the second generation moths laying more eggs on small areas of late medium-rice or single cropping late rice, thus making it possible to kill more borers with less insecticides and save the burden of chemical control for the following generation. 5. It was suggested that the paddy borer control should be carried on the basis of cultural methods, that is, to supress the borer population and regulate the growth stages of rice by means of cultural practices as much as possible, and then recruited with necessary applications of insecticides.

1963年在湖南沅江及南县选择隣近的种植制不同的五个生产大队,調查对比、分析耕作栽培措施及其他生态因素,与三化螟种羣数量消长及为害程度的关系,探索最經济有效的稻螟防治策略和综合措施。各对比点結果一致証明,在同一地区相距不远的大队間,三化螟发生基数大小的悬殊差別,是决定当年发生数量及为害程度輕重的一个重要因素。在适当的面积(大队)上結合耕作栽培措施相当彻底地消灭三化螟越冬幼虫,不仅可控制第一、二代的为害,且对压低第三、四代的发生量和为害程度也有明显的作用。在此基础上如能进一步结合夏收灭茬連續压低虫源,更可加強对后期螟害的控制。螟害程度决定于水稻最易受害生育期与稻螟盛发期配合的程度和螟虫发生数量的綜合影响。因此,在农业防治方面,結合耕作栽培措施压低虫源及調节水稻生育期并恶化螟虫的生活条件,均应尽可能的利用。扩种双季稻对三化螟的发生为害有有利和不利的两面。在湘北滨湖稻区的情况下,可以結合双季稻的耕作栽培,連續压低虫源作为控制螟害的一項措施。在种植制复杂的稻区,中稻早栽既可避免第三代三化螟的为害,且可促使第二、三代三化螟更多地集中在小面积的迟中稻或单季晚稻上,有利于集中施药歼灭。稻螟的防治策略应以农业防治为基础,結合...

1963年在湖南沅江及南县选择隣近的种植制不同的五个生产大队,調查对比、分析耕作栽培措施及其他生态因素,与三化螟种羣数量消长及为害程度的关系,探索最經济有效的稻螟防治策略和综合措施。各对比点結果一致証明,在同一地区相距不远的大队間,三化螟发生基数大小的悬殊差別,是决定当年发生数量及为害程度輕重的一个重要因素。在适当的面积(大队)上結合耕作栽培措施相当彻底地消灭三化螟越冬幼虫,不仅可控制第一、二代的为害,且对压低第三、四代的发生量和为害程度也有明显的作用。在此基础上如能进一步结合夏收灭茬連續压低虫源,更可加強对后期螟害的控制。螟害程度决定于水稻最易受害生育期与稻螟盛发期配合的程度和螟虫发生数量的綜合影响。因此,在农业防治方面,結合耕作栽培措施压低虫源及調节水稻生育期并恶化螟虫的生活条件,均应尽可能的利用。扩种双季稻对三化螟的发生为害有有利和不利的两面。在湘北滨湖稻区的情况下,可以結合双季稻的耕作栽培,連續压低虫源作为控制螟害的一項措施。在种植制复杂的稻区,中稻早栽既可避免第三代三化螟的为害,且可促使第二、三代三化螟更多地集中在小面积的迟中稻或单季晚稻上,有利于集中施药歼灭。稻螟的防治策略应以农业防治为基础,結合重点药治。在种植制复杂的稻区建議采取結合耕作栽培連續压低虫源、調节水稻生育期及恶化螟虫生活条件的各項措施并药治二代桥梁田,对三、四代进行重点药治。

Six species of stem-borers injurious to rice plant have been hitherto known from China. The paddy borer, Tryporyza incertulas (Walker), does the greatest damage and is distributed in the principal rice area in Central and South China. The main factors influencing the fluctuation of population include climate, food, cropping system and biotic factors, among which rice as a food plant and its cropping system play a more marked role. In has been proven that the infestation, survival, reproduction and the degree...

Six species of stem-borers injurious to rice plant have been hitherto known from China. The paddy borer, Tryporyza incertulas (Walker), does the greatest damage and is distributed in the principal rice area in Central and South China. The main factors influencing the fluctuation of population include climate, food, cropping system and biotic factors, among which rice as a food plant and its cropping system play a more marked role. In has been proven that the infestation, survival, reproduction and the degree of damage done are closely related to the growth stages of rice. The tillering and booting stages are advantageous to this pest, while the seedling, transplanting to rejuvenating, prebooting, and ripening stages are disadvantageous. The initial population and living conditions of the paddy borer have a very profound in- fluence on the subsequent changes of the population, and both of which are affected by the cropping system of rice. The size of initial population is determined by the effective pest sources in spring, and has a close bearing on the population size of the current year, especially the first and the second generations. The degree of borer damage depends upon the growth stage of rice plants during the prevailing period of larval hatching and also the population size of the borers. In different regions, it is necessary to utilize as much as possible the cultural practices to eliminate the sources of infestation, repress the initial population and prevent the epidemic of the later generations. Moreover, it is important also to improve cultural practices, regulate the growth stage of rice and deteriorate the living conditions of the paddy borer in order to avoid or reduce borer injury. Chemical control plays also an important role in paddy borer control. The insecticide commonly used now is 6% γ BHC. The effective dosage is 1.5 carries~* per mow to prevent dead hearts and 2 catties each mow in preventing white heads. The essential methods used to apply BHC for borer control are splashing and toxic-earth-casting, both of which are equally effective for the prevention of dead hearts. Although splashing is less satisfactory in preventing white heads, but due to its higher efficiency it is also adopted. As to the proper time of applicaton, during the prevailing period of larval hatching, rice plants at tillering or booting stages should be carefully protected. However, if the borer damage is less than 1% according to forecasting, the application of insecticides will be unnecessary. For the prevention of dead hearts, the proper time of application is 1-2 days before the hatching peak under normal conditions. In an outbreak year, nevertheless, insecticides should be applied at the beginning of the peak. In order to prevent white heads, the booting as well as the early heading stages are recommended as the right time for BHC application. When the booting stage of the rice plant occurs before the hatching peak, the insecticide is usually applied at the beginning of the peak; while the hatching peak happens before the booting stage, application should be done at the beginning of booting. The paddy borer is the chief pest of rice in China, causing an annual loss not less than 10% in average years before liberation. Since the founding of New China, significant advances have been made in scientific research work. The paddy borer control work have been Carried out under the guidance of the policy of plant protection "to promote prevention and elimination simultaneously, with prevention playing the leading role". And the proper tactics of control "to carry on systematic control with cultural control as the basis and recruiting with necessary applications of insecticides", effective control measures and methods of prognosis have been adopted. The control campaign are carried on as mass movements. Therefore, the borer damage has been practically kept in check. In 1963, the average damage due to riceborers was reduced to around 29%, and in many localities even below 1%. All these were achieved by the cooperation among the leading cadres, techanical personnel and masses, under the light of the three red banners of the general line, the big leap forward and the people's communes.

在中国为害水稻較重的螟虫已知有6种,以三化螟 Tryporyza incertulas (Wlk.)最为重要,分布于我国中南部稻区。本文阐述了气候、食料、水稻栽培制度和生物等因素对三化螟种群数量变动的影响,并指出作为螟虫食料的水稻及其栽培制度的作用更为明显。研究証明,三化螟的产卵、侵入、成活、繁殖和为害都与水稻的生育期有密切关系,水稻的分蘖期及孕穗期,都是水稻最易受害的生育期,在这两个时期被害,会造成枯心或白穗;而秧田期、移植至回青期、圓稈期和成熟期都对螟虫不利。螟虫的发生基数和生活环境条件,密切影响种群数量的变动,而这些都受水稻栽培制度的影响。发生基数决定于春季螟虫的有效虫源,其数量的大小对当年的螟虫,尤其对第一、二代的发生量有密切关系。螟害程度主要决定于:(1)种群数量和(2)水稻最易受害的生育期与螟虫盛发期配合程度的综合作用。为了加強防治,各地区必须因地制宜,利用耕作栽培措施,一方面尽可能消灭虫源、压低发生基数、控制以后各代螟虫的发生;另一方面力求改进栽培技术、調节水稻生育期,恶化螟虫的生活条件,避免或減輕螟害。化学防治也是治螟的一項重要措施。目前广泛应用的药剂是6%丙体六六六,每亩用量在防治枯心时为1...

在中国为害水稻較重的螟虫已知有6种,以三化螟 Tryporyza incertulas (Wlk.)最为重要,分布于我国中南部稻区。本文阐述了气候、食料、水稻栽培制度和生物等因素对三化螟种群数量变动的影响,并指出作为螟虫食料的水稻及其栽培制度的作用更为明显。研究証明,三化螟的产卵、侵入、成活、繁殖和为害都与水稻的生育期有密切关系,水稻的分蘖期及孕穗期,都是水稻最易受害的生育期,在这两个时期被害,会造成枯心或白穗;而秧田期、移植至回青期、圓稈期和成熟期都对螟虫不利。螟虫的发生基数和生活环境条件,密切影响种群数量的变动,而这些都受水稻栽培制度的影响。发生基数决定于春季螟虫的有效虫源,其数量的大小对当年的螟虫,尤其对第一、二代的发生量有密切关系。螟害程度主要决定于:(1)种群数量和(2)水稻最易受害的生育期与螟虫盛发期配合程度的综合作用。为了加強防治,各地区必须因地制宜,利用耕作栽培措施,一方面尽可能消灭虫源、压低发生基数、控制以后各代螟虫的发生;另一方面力求改进栽培技术、調节水稻生育期,恶化螟虫的生活条件,避免或減輕螟害。化学防治也是治螟的一項重要措施。目前广泛应用的药剂是6%丙体六六六,每亩用量在防治枯心时为1.5斤,防治白穗为2斤。主要的施药方法为泼浇和撒毒土,两者对防治枯心的效果都很好;撒毒土防治白穗的效果虽稍差,但操作簡便易行。在螟虫发生期內,适值分蘖和孕穗的水稻田一般都要施药;但預测螟害低于1%的田块,可不防治。防治枯心的施药适期一般在孵化高峯前1—2天天开始,如虫量很大,要提前到盛孵始期用药。防治白穗的施药适期是:在蚁螟盛孵前孕穗的水稻,普通在盛孵始期开始施药;蚁螟盛孵后孕穗的水稻,在孕穗始期开始用药。稻螟是我国长期以来的一种严重害虫,解放前因螟害常年損失稻谷10%以上。解放后,在党和政府的領导下,科学技术有了显著的进展,治螟工作貫彻了“防治并举、以防为主”的方針,“以农业防治为基础,重点使用药剂綜合防治”的策略;采用了准确的預测預报;开展了群众性的防治活动,基本上控制了螟虫的危害,1663年的螟害率已压低到2%左右,不少地区已降低到1%以下。这都是在总路线、大跃进、人民公社三面紅旗光輝照耀下,領导、技术人員、群众三結合所取得的成果的

Beverton-Holt Model is used in fish population dynamics. It is based on some assumptions, such as, fish population recruit into an exploitable phase when they reach a certain age, the recruitment of the year class spreads evenly over the year, the abundance of recruitment is constant regardless of the spawning amount, the natural mortality keeps constant, the growth pattern of each year class is same and the yield over the lifespan of a certain age class is equal to the total yields of each age class in...

Beverton-Holt Model is used in fish population dynamics. It is based on some assumptions, such as, fish population recruit into an exploitable phase when they reach a certain age, the recruitment of the year class spreads evenly over the year, the abundance of recruitment is constant regardless of the spawning amount, the natural mortality keeps constant, the growth pattern of each year class is same and the yield over the lifespan of a certain age class is equal to the total yields of each age class in one year. But these assumptions sometimes do not conform to some fish population and the result of Beverton-Holt Model may be inappropriate, for example the cannibal fishes prey on their own juveniles. So the natural mortality coefficient treated as a constant is not suitable. The cannibal fishes begin to prey on their own juveniles at the age t_n. During the time of recruit, their natural mortality is related to the abundance of the cannibal fishes over the age t_n. If the number of survivors over the t_n age is large, then the mortality of predators also becomes large correspondingly. Under the condition (Ⅰ) t_n=t′_p, (Ⅱ) t_n>t′_p, (Ⅲ) t_n

自食性鱼类是一些捕食同种幼鱼的鱼类,在补充时期自食性鱼类的幼鱼大量被同种鱼作为饵料而捕食。自食性鱼类一般在长到一定年龄(t_n龄)后才开始捕食自己同种幼鱼,所以这种鱼类在补充时期的自然死亡和本种群的t_n。龄以上鱼的数量有关。如果t_n龄以上鱼的残存量愈大,补充群体被捕食死亡部分就愈多。本文分:(Ⅰ)t_n=t′_ρ;(Ⅱ)t_n>t′_ρ;(Ⅲ)tn

 
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