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inequality
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  不平等
    An Analysis of the Degrees of Inequality in Income between Those with High Income and Those with Low Income
    对低收入者和高收入者之间的收入不平等程度分析
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    Globalization and Inequality:Issues of conceptualization and of explanatory
    全球化与不平等:概念化与解释的论题
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    Income Inequality Analysis of Urban Residents in Xinjiang
    新疆城市居民收入不平等现状分析
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    The Relationship between Personal Income Inequality and Economic Growth
    收入不平等与经济增长的关系——兼议我国个人收入差距扩大对经济增长的影响
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    Economic Growth,Financial Development and Urban Income Inequality in China
    经济增长、金融发展与城镇居民收入不平等
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  “inequality”译为未确定词的双语例句
    A Case Study and Dynamic Research of Enlarging of Income Inequality of China's Residents
    当前中国居民收入差距扩大的实证分析与动态研究——基于多元线性回归模型的阐释
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    Structural Analysis of Evolvement of Intercounty Inequality in Jiangsu Province
    江苏省县域经济差异演变的结构分析
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    Globalization and Regional Inequality: Chinese Evidence
    全球化与地区间收入差距:来自中国的证据
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    Formation and Trend of Income Inequality in Urban China
    城镇居民收入差距的形成与趋势
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    The Nexus of Price and the Inequality of Urban Consumption in China: 1993-2004
    价格与我国城镇消费差距:1993-2004
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  inequality
In the spirit of work of Kerman and Sawyer, a condition is given that is necessary and sufficient for the Fourier transform norm inequality
      
On Bernstein's Inequality and Kahane's Ultraflat Polynomials
      
We prove a trigonometric inequality of Ingham's type for nonharmonic Fourier series when the gap condition between frequencies does not hold any more.
      
An important example is the Moser-Trudinger inequality where limiting Sobolev behavior for critical exponents provides significant understanding of geometric analysis for conformal deformation on a Riemannian manifold [5, 6].
      
It is proved that in the rectangle, the function h satisfies the followingfunctional inequality: where c is an absolute positive constant.
      
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Since Mao's death in 1976, China has undertaken a series of wide-ranging reforms. In agriculture the collective system based on the commune and the production team has been replaced by household farming. The autarkic policies of the 1960s and early 1970s have been abandoned in favor of an open economy policy based on a vigorous promotion of exports of manufactures. There have also been many reform efforts in the urban-industrial sector, but the reform process there has proved to be much more difficult and complex...

Since Mao's death in 1976, China has undertaken a series of wide-ranging reforms. In agriculture the collective system based on the commune and the production team has been replaced by household farming. The autarkic policies of the 1960s and early 1970s have been abandoned in favor of an open economy policy based on a vigorous promotion of exports of manufactures. There have also been many reform efforts in the urban-industrial sector, but the reform process there has proved to be much more difficult and complex than in agriculture. The goal is to move away from a system based on bureaucratic commands to one based on the greater use of markets and indirect government intervention. Making markets work efficiently, however, involves reforms in four distinct areas ranging from getting prices right to the more difficult process of getting enterprises to behave in accordance with the rules of well-functioning markets. China has made more progress in some of these five areas than in others, but major progress in all four is essential if China is to move toward a market system. The reforms to date have led to accelerated development in China with the Net Material Product growth rate averaging over 8 percent per year for the ten year period. The main source of this high growth rate has been high productivity growth as contrasted to earlier years when productivity growth was low. Reform and growth have been accompanied by structural changes in the economy that have moved China closer to the patterns of development experienced by other large countries. The data on income distribution are poor, but to date reforms do not appear to have significantly increased inequality as some have feared. The main negative influence of reform has been an acceleration in the rate of growth of prices. The success of the reforms to date has helped build political support for continued reform, but major sources of resistance to reform remain.

作者指出,中国正经历着一场广泛的改革.在农村,家庭责任制已取代了人民公社和生产队.实行经济开放,大大促进了制造业的出口.工业改革也取得了一定的进展,但要比农村改革更为困难和复杂.改革的目标应当是减少政府的行政干预,扩大市场的作用.要使市场能够有效地运行,改革必须在四个方面取得进展:1.企业的投入品和产出品可以在市场上购买和销售.2.企业决策行为必须与市场规则一致.3.企业面对的市场必须是竞争性的.4.价格必须反映经济中的相对稀缺.改革加快了中国经济发展,十年改革期间的年平均经济增长率超过了8%.经济增长主要来源于生产效率的提高.改革与经济增长伴随着经济结构的变化,使中国逐步接近其他大国的发展模式.改革的主要问题是通货膨胀的加速.然而,改革的成功已赢得政治上的支持.但是,改革的主要障碍依然是存在的.

The main purpose of this article is to reveal the trend and pattern of regional disparities in Guangdong province since China' s reform. Four parts are included in this research : 1 )a discussion and evaluation of recent studies on regional disparities in China, 2)Method and indicies used to measure regional disparties in this analysis.3)Messurement of regional disparties in Guangdong, in which three aspects of regional disparties in Guangdong, namely. regional disparities at the county level .regional disparites...

The main purpose of this article is to reveal the trend and pattern of regional disparities in Guangdong province since China' s reform. Four parts are included in this research : 1 )a discussion and evaluation of recent studies on regional disparities in China, 2)Method and indicies used to measure regional disparties in this analysis.3)Messurement of regional disparties in Guangdong, in which three aspects of regional disparties in Guangdong, namely. regional disparities at the county level .regional disparites between sub-regions in Guangdong and disparities within sub-re-gions, and analysis of their development during 1980?990. Ddisussion about the developing trend of regional disparities. The study revealed that significant regional disparities had existed in Guangdong before the reform. Since the reform .regional disparities in Guangdong has been great-ly increased. The incrcascing regional disparities was mainly resulted from the expanding differ ence between the Pearl River Delta and the rest of the province. Although the Pearl River Delta has the largest internal inequality , the development during 1980?990 showed a tendency to dc crease this difference. The process of regional disparities are closely related with the reform pro-cess in Guangdong. Finally measures to tackle the problems in economic development and increas-ing regional disparities are discussed.

本文主要研究改革开放以来广东省区域差异发展变化的趋势及特点。在确定了研究的方法,采用的指标后,文章从三个方面,及全省区域差异的总体状况;省内各区之间的差异;省内各区内部的差异,分析了广东省1980—1990年区域差异的发展变化。研究表明自改革开放以来广东省的区域差异迅速扩大,且主要体现在珠江三角洲与全省其余各地差异的扩大;虽然在改革开放的初期三角洲内部的差异就比较明显,但1980年以来三角洲呈现出很强的均衡发展的特点;区域差异发展的特点与广东改革开放以来实行的一系列政策有明显的因果关系。最后,文章探讨了缩小广东省区域差异的措施。

Although the problem of mode of economic growth was put forward at the time reform and open policy had just begun, up to now mode of extensive economy is the main form of economy. Transformation of mode of economic growth is restricted mainly by economic system. The primary factors which restrict the transform are as follows. Investments in science, technology and education are insufficient; Labours are inferior in quality; Technical equipments in enterprise are outdated; Enterprise is in lower state of managment;...

Although the problem of mode of economic growth was put forward at the time reform and open policy had just begun, up to now mode of extensive economy is the main form of economy. Transformation of mode of economic growth is restricted mainly by economic system. The primary factors which restrict the transform are as follows. Investments in science, technology and education are insufficient; Labours are inferior in quality; Technical equipments in enterprise are outdated; Enterprise is in lower state of managment; Composition of enterprise doesn' t conform to objective needs; Industrial structures have been disposed in a status of inequality; The industrial structures of a region are similar to each othe.r etc. Some policies and measures have to be adopted to transform mode of economic growth. These steps are as follows. To put more strength into reform in the transformation; To deepen reform in stateowned enterprises; To establish modernized enterprise system; To develop and improve commodity market; To help and standardize main factor market; In accordance with principle of separation of government administration and enterprise managment, transform government functions and improve macro-control system.

我国经济增长方式虽然在改革开放之初就提出来,但仍以粗放型为主要增长方式。制约我国经济增长方式转变主要是体制问题。主要表现在:科技教育投入不足、劳动者素质较低、企业技术装备落后、企业管理水平差、企业组织结构不合理、产业结合失衡、地区产业结构趋同化。围绕经济增方式转变加大改革力度。深化国有企业改革,建立现代企业制度;发展完善商品市场,培育和规范要素市场;按照政企分开的原则,切实转变政府职能,完善宏观调控体系。

 
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