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foreign language literature
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  外文文献
     Development Tactics of Medical and Biological Foreign Language Literature Resource Construction in Heilongjiang Province
     黑龙江省医学、生物学外文文献资源建设的发展策略
短句来源
     52.1%, foreign language literature, 46.6%…. The results of analyses revealed that ratios of different types of literature resource collection should be adjusted and paid great attention to by the literature security organizational structures in the institutions of higher learning. And meanwhile the undergraduates should strengthen their abilities to refer to and make use of foreign language literature resources.
     结果显示 ,该读者群对各类型文献利用率 :中文文献占 5 2 .1% ,外文文献占 4 6 .6 %……分析结果表明 ,高校文献保障机构应重视、调整不同类型文献资源的收藏比例 ,同时 ,本科生应强化对外文文献资源的查询与利用能力
短句来源
     Through the investigation of the reading circs of student reader of university librar,analze students' motivation of reading,their reading habits,sorts of their common used books N circs of borrowing books from library,main approach of obtaining literature, factors influencing their reading prefer, circs of frequently using foreign language literature (including Chinese and foreign language comparison readings) and estimate of service manner of university library.
     通过对高校图书馆学生读者阅读情况的调查,分析了大学生阅读文献的动机、阅读习惯、常用图书的类别、借阅情况、获取文献的主要途径、阅读倾向影响因素、是否经常利用外文文献(包括中外对照读物)以及对图书馆服务方式的评价。
短句来源
  “foreign language literature”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Foreign Language Literature and the Language Learning
     外语文学与外语学习
短句来源
     The original chiefly is the present situation that unites the foreign language data use in Guangzhou Library, and expounds how to lift utilization ratio of the foreign language literature data.
     本文主要是结合广州图书馆外文资料利用的现状 ,论述如何提高外文资料的利用率。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     ON FOREIGN LANGUAGE TESTING
     外语测试纵横谈
短句来源
     Syllabuses and Foreign Language Teaching
     教学大纲与外语教学
     G Language
     G语言
短句来源
     of language.
     通过语言可以研究文化,通过文化可以研究语言。
短句来源
     Elaboration on Literature
     “文献”芻议
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  foreign language literature
Reports in English and foreign language literature were abstracted.
      
In the foreign-language literature for review, three additional case studies have been reported.
      
Any foreign language literature course including those using English translations.
      


By the review of Chinise and foreign language literatures combined with author's experience in clinical application,a new technique for anastomosis of microvessels- telescoping (Sleeve,end-in-end) anastomosis has been described in detail.During the anastomosis,only a few extraluminal sutures were applied and no injury was inflicted to the intima.It was then concluded that the new anastomosis is simple to perform, saves the time,has high patency rate and is at least reliable compared with conventional end...

By the review of Chinise and foreign language literatures combined with author's experience in clinical application,a new technique for anastomosis of microvessels- telescoping (Sleeve,end-in-end) anastomosis has been described in detail.During the anastomosis,only a few extraluminal sutures were applied and no injury was inflicted to the intima.It was then concluded that the new anastomosis is simple to perform, saves the time,has high patency rate and is at least reliable compared with conventional end to end anastomosis.The low patency rate would not occur in spite of temporary change in hemodynamics,resulted from the decrease of the effective lumen diametre of the small vessels due to inserting the one end into the other which is exposed to the blood stream.Using the telescoping anastomosis,amputed fingers at the level of proximal phalanges were consecutively replanted,7 fingers survived.One failure was due to the severity of injury itself but not to the anastomosis technique.This technique was also used in the management of peripheral vascular injury,regarding the indications and some problems in its clinical use were discussed.

本文通过复习近年国内外有关文献,结合作者在临床应用中的初步体会,详细介绍了一种新的小血管吻合法——套叠缝接法。该法只固定血管断缘和外膜数针,血管腔内无缝线暴露,很少造成内膜损伤。缝合方法简便省时,容易掌握,通畅率高,与传统的对端吻合法同样可靠。应用这种方法,连续再植了8个近节指平面的断指,成活7指,失败1指与断指碾挫伤重有关.此外在处理急性四肢血管损伤中亦作了尝试。文中对临床应用的指征和存在的问题进行了讨论.

bjective:To provide a general information of article citation in the field of clinical anatomy and the authors utilization of scientific literatures.Methods:A statistical analysis of the Chinese Journal of Clinical Anatomy (CJCA) from 1992 to 1996 was carried out in regard to the average value of article citation and the type of literatires.Results:The average amount of articles cited in CJCA was 7.1,with a peak value of 8.6% in the third year after publication.The halflife of literature was 7~8...

bjective:To provide a general information of article citation in the field of clinical anatomy and the authors utilization of scientific literatures.Methods:A statistical analysis of the Chinese Journal of Clinical Anatomy (CJCA) from 1992 to 1996 was carried out in regard to the average value of article citation and the type of literatires.Results:The average amount of articles cited in CJCA was 7.1,with a peak value of 8.6% in the third year after publication.The halflife of literature was 7~8 years.The ratio of Chinese to foreign language literatures was 1.2 to 1. Periodicals took 86.5% of the total citations and selfcitation was 11.3%。 Conclusions:Periodicals were the main source of citation. 16 journals were defined in the field of clinical anatomy according to Bradfords′spreading rule.

目的:为了解我国临床解剖学领域论文引文的一般规律和著者吸收利用科技文献的实际情况。方法:利用文献计量学方法和引文分析法,对《中国临床解剖学杂志》1992~1996年5年论文引文的平均值、引文的类型等进行了统计分析。结果:《中国临床解剖学杂志》的论文平均引文量为7.1条,中外文比例为1.21,期刊占总引文量的86.5%,引文自引率为11.3%,被引文献峰值(8.6%)是在发表后的第3年,文献半衰期为7~8年。结论:期刊是本学科论文的主要引文源,并按照布拉德福的文献离散规律,找出该领域的16种核心期刊。

The citations in M Sc theses of Yunnan Agriculture University from 1984 to 1993 were analyzed using the methods of literature measurements.The results showed that there were 2 436 reference papers in fifty-three Msc theses.On average each thesis cited 45 96 references including Chinese references,accounted for 54 64 % of the total and foreign languages references accounted for 45.36 %. Among the citations,the top ratio of literature cited was journals,the second was books,and the third was special literature.The...

The citations in M Sc theses of Yunnan Agriculture University from 1984 to 1993 were analyzed using the methods of literature measurements.The results showed that there were 2 436 reference papers in fifty-three Msc theses.On average each thesis cited 45 96 references including Chinese references,accounted for 54 64 % of the total and foreign languages references accounted for 45.36 %. Among the citations,the top ratio of literature cited was journals,the second was books,and the third was special literature.The theoretic distribution of citations presented the skew distribution.Both Chinese and foreign language literature published in 1980s were the main information source in the aspect of writting theses.As to the years of literature cited,the decreasing ratio of foreign language literature was much lower than that of Chinese literature.

用文献计量学方法对1984~1993年10年间云南农业大学招收硕士研究生所做论文的引文进行统计分析.结果表明,53篇论文的总引文量为2436篇,平均引文量为4596篇,其中,中文占总引文量的5464%,外文占4536%.在引文中,期刊利用率最高,依次为图书、特种文献.引文量理论分布呈偏态.80年代的中、外文文献是论文写作的情报源,在年代分布上,外文文献衰减速度明显缓于中文文献.

 
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