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cirrhosis
相关语句
  肝硬化
    Study on Molecular Mechanism of the Effect of Liver Cirrhosis on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Carcinogenesis
    肝硬化在原发性肝癌的发生过程中所起作用的分子机制研究
短句来源
    The Clinical Application Study of 31P MRS wtih Hepatocellular Carcinoma,Cirrhosis and Normal liver Tissue
    肝细胞癌、肝硬化及正常肝组织~(31)P MRS的临床应用研究
短句来源
    A Study of Assessment of Reserve Function in Liver Cirrhosis by Using Functional CT and the Correlation between Functional CT and Angiogenesis in Liver Cancer.
    功能CT评价肝硬化储备功能及其与肝癌肿瘤血管生成相关性的研究
短句来源
    SPIO Enhanced and MT Contrast MR Imaging for the Rat with Cirrhosis and HCC: Relationship with Pathologic Changes
    大鼠肝硬化肝癌SPIO增强及磁化传递对比MR成像与病理改变的关系研究
短句来源
    The Abnormal Cytokeratin Expression in Hepatocytes in Hepatitis, Liver Cirrhosis and Hepatomas, Its Mechanisms and Significance
    肝炎、肝硬化和肝癌中肝细胞细胞角蛋白表达的改变及其发生机制和意义
短句来源
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  肝硬变
    Study on the Relationship between Hepatitis C Virus and the Development of Chronic Hepatitis、Liver Cirrhosis、Primary Hepatic Carcinoma
    丙型肝炎病毒与慢性肝炎、肝硬变、原发性肝癌关系的研究
短句来源
    EFFECT OF SUBTOTAL HEPATECTOMY IN RATS ON INDUCTION OF CIRRHOSIS OF LIVER AND HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA BY DIETHYLNITROSAMINE
    肝次全切除对二乙基亚硝胺诱发大鼠肝硬变及肝细胞癌的影响
短句来源
    Regeneration of Cirrhotic Liver after Partial Hepatectomy in Rats with Experimental Hepatic Cirrhosis
    实验性肝硬变大鼠肝部分切除后的再生
短句来源
    STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OVAL CELLS AND LIVER CIRRHOSIS
    卵圆细胞双向分化与实验性肝硬变组织发生关系的探讨
短句来源
    Immunocytochemical localization of insulin-like growth factor Ⅱ in human liver cirrhosis
    胰岛素样生长因子Ⅱ在人肝硬变中的免疫细胞化学定位
短句来源
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  “cirrhosis”译为未确定词的双语例句
    A STUDY ON PCNA AND C-ERBB-2P 185 ONCOGENE PROTEIN EXPRESSION IN CHRONIC HEPATITIS B, CIRRHOSIS AND HEPATOCILLULAR CARCINOMA
    PCNA、C-erbB-2P~(185)在 HBV 感染慢性肝炎 LC、HCC 中表达的对照研究
短句来源
    Objective To investigate the expressions of stromal cell-derived factor-1(SDF-1)and CX chemokine receptor-4(CXCR-4)in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma(HC)and liver cirrhosis.
    目的探讨肝癌患者外周血、腹水以及肿瘤组织中基质细胞衍化生长因子-1(SDF-1)及其特异性受体CXCR4的表达。
短句来源
    Expression of CD_(34) in Sinusoids of Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Liver Cirrhosis
    肝细胞癌血窦CD_(34)表达的意义
短句来源
    Correlation of expression VEGF to expression of protooncogenes of c-fos and c-myc at protein level among various grades of liver cirrhosis
    硬变肝组织VEGF的表达与原癌基因c-fos,c-myc以及肝功能分级的相关性研究
短句来源
    The indication and clinical result of treatment in TIPS for cirrhosis portal hypertension associate with hepatocellular carcinoma
    合并肝癌的门脉高压患者TIPS治疗适应证及临床结果
短句来源
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  cirrhosis
In treating hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with advanced cirrhosis, one of the most difficult problems is concomitant esophageal varices and hypersplenism.
      
The surgical treatment methods for cirrhosis patients complicated with portal hypertension are complicated.
      
From 1979 to 2005, 274 cirrhosis patients with portal hypertension who underwent the new treatment strategy were followed up to observe different clinical indexes, which were then compared with those of the traditional surgery treatment.
      
Postoperative hepatic insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) production may be severely disturbed in patients with liver cirrhosis.
      
Twenty-four patients with HCC with cirrhosis who underwent hepatectomy were randomly divided into two groups: a PN group (n = 12) and an rhGH + PN group (n = 12).
      
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The normal values of the serum γ-Gt activity in 110 healthy adultdonors were less than 50 units and those of the 9 newborns ranged from107 to 334 units. The γ-Gt of 48 patients suffermg from carcinoma of the liver increasedby 100%, those with γ-Gt over 200 units made up 79.5%. The α-FPdetermination and radioisotopic scanning simultaneously performed in 37cases were positive in 70.6% and 92.5% respectively. In comparison withγ-Gt determination it appeared that the latter was more sensitive thanthe formers. γ-Gt...

The normal values of the serum γ-Gt activity in 110 healthy adultdonors were less than 50 units and those of the 9 newborns ranged from107 to 334 units. The γ-Gt of 48 patients suffermg from carcinoma of the liver increasedby 100%, those with γ-Gt over 200 units made up 79.5%. The α-FPdetermination and radioisotopic scanning simultaneously performed in 37cases were positive in 70.6% and 92.5% respectively. In comparison withγ-Gt determination it appeared that the latter was more sensitive thanthe formers. γ-Gt of 1 patient of carcinoma of the pancreas was 1, 098 units,3 casesof carcinoma of the billiary tract ranged from 76.9 to 663 units. Therise of γ-Gt of these patients was closely related to the obstruction ofbilliary tract and/or metastasis into the liver. There were 13 cases of hepatitis with jaundice, of which 12 caseshad a rise of γ-Gt (66.5-446 units), but one case of severe hepatitisshowed only 50 units. Among 15 patients of cirrhosis of the liver,11 had a rise of γ-Gt, 4 of them returned to normal level in the latestage. One patient of acute schistosomiasis showed high levels of γ-Gt, butupon treatment it gradually decreased to normal. Among 15 cases of billiary tract diseases 13 showed rise in γ-Gt(101.5-516 units), while 2 were normal. In 2 patients with acute billiarydiseases γ-Gt was originally highly raised, later decreased gradually after the drainage. of common bile ducts. It therefore seemed that the rise ofγ-Gt was related to the obstruction of the billiary tract. To sum up, the determination of γ-Gt in serum was definitely valu-able for the diagnosis of diseases of the liver and billiary tract, espe-cially for primary as well as secondary carcinoma of the liver.

本文作者报告用自行合成的γ—L—谷氨酸—α萘胺为基质用改良法测定110名健康献血员、9名新生儿和167例患者血清γ—谷氨酰转肽酶(γ—GT)的结果。作者认为血清γ—GT的测定对肝胆系统疾病,特别是肝癌有一定的诊断价值。

Based on our ten years' experience in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of primary liver cancer (PLC), positivities of 18 parameters including history, symptoms, signs, alpha fetoprotein (AFP) level, laboratory findings, ultrasound, liversoan, etc. have been selected for differential diagnosis of the following diseases; namely subclini-cal PLC, clinical PLC, AFP negative PLC or secondary liver cancer, liver cirrhosis in active stage, liver cirrhosis with atrophy, chronic hepatitis in active stage,...

Based on our ten years' experience in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of primary liver cancer (PLC), positivities of 18 parameters including history, symptoms, signs, alpha fetoprotein (AFP) level, laboratory findings, ultrasound, liversoan, etc. have been selected for differential diagnosis of the following diseases; namely subclini-cal PLC, clinical PLC, AFP negative PLC or secondary liver cancer, liver cirrhosis in active stage, liver cirrhosis with atrophy, chronic hepatitis in active stage, liver hemangioma, hepatic cyst and liver abscess. The probability of the diagnosis was calculated using Bayes Theory and employing APPLESOFT BASIC as programming language.237 pathologically verified oases covering all of the diseases mentioned above had been testified by a 48K APPLE TYPE II microcomputer. The total accuracy of computer-aided diagnosis of 237 oases of 9 types of disorders was 91.6% as compared with pathological diagnosis. Among them 155 cases of AFP positive PLC gained the highest accuracy 99.4%, while AFP negative PLC 89.2%. The overall accuracy rata in different disorders was: liver cancer 97.4% (187/192), hepatic cyst 85.7% (12/ 14), liver hemangioma 75.0% (9/12) and liver abscess 60% (3/5). It was rather difficult to differentiate cirrhosis and chronic hepatitis from liver cancer that the accuracy was reduced to 43% (6/14) only, according to the false negative (2.6%) and false positive (4.6%) were insignificant. The overall accuracy of computer-aided diagnosis might be comparable with clinical diagnostic accuracy by high level specialists of liver caneer (90.7%). It seems that computer-aided certainly has the definite advanges in differential diagnosis, confirming the diagnosis and suggesting the proper treatment during the early stage of liver cancer.

电子计算机在医学上的应用已有二十年历史,国内也有所开展。目前电子计算机分为微型(Micro)、小型(mini)、中型(Midi)、大型(maxi)和超级机(Supercomputer)。近年微型机发展极快,其内存容量已超过二十年前最大的计算机,其速度快、体积小,价格便宜。国外很多医院部门、实验室,甚至诊所都已广泛应用。本文报告肝癌的电子计算机鉴别诊断及237例验证的结果。

In order to make an outline of the pathological classification of asbestosis,the lung changes in 20 autopsy cases of asbestosis were studied. Amongthese cases 6 were of asbestos miners and 14 of workers in textile mills.The extent of diffuse pulmonary fibrosis of the 20 cases may be dividedinto four stages: Stage 0/Ⅰ--the so called "asbestos tissue reaction", isless than 25 per cent of total lung tissue, 8 cases. Stage Ⅰ--25 to 50 percent, 6 cases. Stage Ⅱ--50 to 75 per cent, 5 cases. Stage Ⅲ--asbestosis is...

In order to make an outline of the pathological classification of asbestosis,the lung changes in 20 autopsy cases of asbestosis were studied. Amongthese cases 6 were of asbestos miners and 14 of workers in textile mills.The extent of diffuse pulmonary fibrosis of the 20 cases may be dividedinto four stages: Stage 0/Ⅰ--the so called "asbestos tissue reaction", isless than 25 per cent of total lung tissue, 8 cases. Stage Ⅰ--25 to 50 percent, 6 cases. Stage Ⅱ--50 to 75 per cent, 5 cases. Stage Ⅲ--asbestosis is over 75 per cent of lung tissue, Ⅰ case. There was only one case of stageⅢ asbestosis, a 52-year-old woman having multiple areas of massivefibrosis in both lungs without a trace of tuberculosis. By comparing thispathological classification with the radiographic classification it is notedthat early diagnosis of asbestosis by a plain chest x-ray film alone israther difficult. As regard to the causes of death, 8 died of malignant tumors and halfof them were endothoracic including Ⅰ case of malignant mesothelioma and3 cases of lung cancer, 9 died of secondary infections including 4 casesof tuberculosis, and 3 of coronary heart disease and liver cirrhosis. It is believed that subpleural fibrosis is a prominant feature of theasbestosis lungs, which implies the proccess of desquamative and oblite-rative bronchio-alveolitis in conjunction with asbestos fibre deposits atthe terminal air passages and sacs in the subpleural areas and an exten-sion across lobular boundaries .Ultimately, a widespread network of fibrosisthroughout the lungs is formed with accompanying obstructive collapse andhonycomb changes of local lung tissue. In the case of asbestos miners,however, the minute silica component of inhaled dusts may also takepart in the proccess of lung fibrosis. It is to be emphasized that the accumulation of asbestos dusts in theperipheral parts of the lungs and its corresponding diffuse pulmonaryfibrosis are typical of asbestosis lung changes and may be of help in dif-ferential diagnosis. The asbestos bodies and naked fibres as demonstratedin the lung tissue and the associated pleural plaques may also be of sig-nificance in the pathological diagnosis of this disease.

为石棉肺的病理诊断和分期,本文对20例石棉肺尸检资料进行了观察和分析。主要根据肺弥漫性纤维化程度将石棉肺按病理分为四期。强调肺外周部石棉粉尘沉积及其所致的胸膜下肺组织纤维化为石棉肺病变的一个突出特征。肺组织内发现石棉小体和裸纤维、胸膜斑形成在石棉肺病理诊断上具有重要意义。

 
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