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     Microwave Irradiation Processing Technique Adopted for Making Thermal Expansion and Glass Transition Gradient Temperature Materials
     采用微波辐照技术制备热膨胀及玻璃化温度渐变的梯度聚合物材料的研究
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     Transverse Zeeman Laser Adopted Mutually Orthogonal Magnetic Field
     采用正交磁场的横向塞曼激光器
短句来源
     Study on High performance wire feed Regulation System-PWM Regulator Adopted Power MOSFET
     高性能送丝调速系统的研究——采用功率MOSFET的PWM调节器
短句来源
     Development of Prestressed Reinforced Concrete Pipe Piles Adopted in High-level Piled Wharf in China
     我国高桩码头采用预应力钢筋混凝土管桩技术的开发和发展
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     Installation and running test or cadmium nickel battery adopted on passenger car
     客车采用镉镍蓄电池的装车运行试验
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     This paper analyzes on the present situation of the users' information demand and the service of the university library under the network environment,points out the existing problems,and advances some measures that should be adopted to improve the information service.
     分析了网络环境下高校图书馆用户信息需求与服务的现状,指出了存在的问题,提出了开展信息服务应采取的措施。
短句来源
     This paper introduces the network culture and its basic characteristics,analyzes on the impact of the network culture on the library,and puts forward some measures that should be adopted by the library to deal with the impact of the network culture.
     介绍了网络文化及其基本特征,分析了网络文化对图书馆的冲击,提出了图书馆应对网络文化冲击所应采取的策略。
短句来源
     Based on introducing the SECI model,this paper probes into the model of library's knowledge innovation,and points out the main contents of library's knowledge innovation and some measures that should be adopted in library's knowledge innovation.
     在介绍SECI模型的基础上,探讨了图书馆知识创新的模型,指出了图书馆知识创新的主要内容及图书馆知识创新应采取的措施。
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     Water-saving measures adopted in agricultural project include engineering measures,agronomic measures and management measures.
     农业节水项目所采取的节水措施主要包括工程措施、农艺措施和管理措施。
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     Through analyzing the influences of BOQ bidding on construction unit and risk factors,the article proposes suggestions for the measures should be adopted in investment risk management of construction unit,in order to effectively avoid risk or lower investment risk loss to the lowest.
     通过工程量清单招标对建设单位的影响和风险因素的分析,对建设单位投资风险管理中应采取的应对措施提出了建议,从而有效避免风险发生或将投资风险损失降到最低。
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     Synchronous and Parallel Processing Technigue Adopted by YH-F2
     YH—F2采用的同步和并行处理技术
短句来源
     Modern Communication Technique Adopted in New Type Communication Terminals of INMARSAT System
     INMARSAT系统新型通信终端采用的现代通信技术
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     The paper briefly describes the demerits of insufficient data sources adopted in the current Web mining,analyses the similarity between the XML document structure and the Web mining algorithm structure,proposes a data source model X-DIM of adopting the XML technology in the application service layer to sample users' access data,and analyes its advantages.
     本文在简要论述了当前Web挖掘采用的数据源不足后,分析了XML文档结构与Web挖掘算法结构的相似性,提出了采用XML技术在应用服务层采集用户访问数据的数据源模型X-DIM,并分析了它的优越性。
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     The method of DHT is widely adopted in existing structured P2P system,in which any resource can be located by its unique identification,and Tapestry is an overlay based DHT.
     分布式散列表(DHT)是现有结构化P2P系统普遍采用的一种方法,它能将资源的唯一标识映射到资源位置,Tapestry就是一个基于DHT的基础平台。
短句来源
     This paper introduces the characteristics of and the existing problems in the maximum-likelihood classification,advances some methods that should be adopted in solving these problems,and discusses on the classification technology of artificial neural network and the image texture features participating classification.
     介绍了最大似然分类法的特性及存在的问题,提出了解决这些问题需要采用的方法,论述了人工神经网络分类技术和图像纹理特征参与分类。
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  采用了
     A control system based on TMS320F240 was designed. PWM control mode was adopted to control output power and output characteristic of the machine.
     设计了以TMS320F240为核心的控制系统,为了控制焊机的输出功率和焊机的输出外特性,设计采用了脉宽调制型控制方式。
短句来源
     The common mode voltage for the output of three-level inverter is analyzed. To diminish the harm caused by the common mode voltage,two control strategies of SPWM are adopted.
     文章对三电平逆变器输出中的共模电压进行了分析,为了减小共模电压带来的危害,文中采用了两种SPWM控制策略即传统三电平SPWM控制策略和降低共模电压的三电平SPWM控制策略。
短句来源
     The article introduces the study application of BLDCM intelligent control system based on TMS320LF2407 DSP. The fuzzy control Strategy is adopted,the monitoring system is designed and the realization program is given on the digitize and intelligence. The practical result has proved that the steadiness and fastness of system satisfies the requirements.
     介绍了TMS320LF2407 DSP在无刷直流电机控制系统中的应用研究,采用了模糊控制策略,设计了上位监控系统,给出了数字化、智能化的实现方案,实践结果证明了系统的平稳性和快速性满足要求。
短句来源
     For pre-launch field radiometric calibration for the visible channel of scanning radiometer of satellite FY-2-05,the traditional radiation calibration method has been adopted,on the other hand,a novel method called Detector Based Reflectance Calibration(DBRC) which is independent of spectral response function of scanning radiometer has been advanced.
     为了对FY-2号05星扫描辐射计可见光通道进行发射前外场辐射定标,在采用了传统的辐亮度定标方法的同时,提出了一种新型的独立于扫描辐射计可见光通道光谱响应函数的基于标准探测器的反射比定标法(Detector Based Reflectance Calibration)。
短句来源
     Then subsectional softening model and parameter of dilatancy were adopted based on crash creep characteristics of joined rock masses and supporting strength index of anchorage body were put forward.
     然后,考虑巷道围岩的碎裂蠕变特性,研究采用了分段线性软化模型和剪胀特性参数,并探索提出了锚固体支护强度指标,定量考虑锚固围岩的强度效应;
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      adopted
    And the results have been adopted for practical use.
          
    Furthermore, the dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) was adopted to simulate the aggregation of CTAB in water and ethanol/water mixtures, and the energy difference was calculated for the surfactant tail groups after mixing with the solvent.
          
    FTIR was adopted to investigate the molecular structure of modified phenolic resins and SEM was used to observe the micro morphology of their impacted intersections.
          
    In NQGA, a novel approach for updating the rotation angles of quantum logic gates and a strategy for enhancing search capability and avoiding premature convergence are adopted.
          
    Meanwhile, data-driven linear transformation is adopted in visual feature extraction, and a general statistical VAD model is designed.
          
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    In this paper the logical structure of contactless telemechanical system for distributed objects is discussed. A simple method of variable system structure for transmitting and receiving telemechanical information is adopted. The idea is that the information oc-curred in every controlled point (station) and the information of some of those objects,which frequently change their states, are transmitted continually and cyclically, while for other objects their information is transmitted only after any change...

    In this paper the logical structure of contactless telemechanical system for distributed objects is discussed. A simple method of variable system structure for transmitting and receiving telemechanical information is adopted. The idea is that the information oc-curred in every controlled point (station) and the information of some of those objects,which frequently change their states, are transmitted continually and cyclically, while for other objects their information is transmitted only after any change in their states. Thus,the speed of operation will be increased, and also the error probability of system syn-chronization will be decreased. For the realization of the variable logical system struc-ture, several blocks are used repetitively. For example, two commutators and one sim-ple logical unit are used to construct a simple automatic sequential encoder, and at the same time, the two commutators are used also to operate as a matrix commutator for receiving telesignalling information etc. Therefore the system is comparatively simplified and attains a higher degree of "minimization".

    本文研究了无触点集中-分散目标远动系统的逻辑结构.文中提出了采用简单的系统变结构来发送和接收信息的逻辑结构方式.对被控制点及一部分比较重要或变化比较频繁的被控制目标的信息,保留了循环传送,而对大部分变化比较慢的被控制目标则采用目标有变化时才传送信号的方式,这样就提高了系统的平均动作速度,同时也减小系统的失步概率.文中采用环节的复合利用及简化的逻辑单元线路来实现这种系统的逻辑结构.例如用两个分配器和一个简单的逻辑单元“和”线路组成了很简化的选点自动程序编码器,同时这两个分配器又复合利用兼组成目标信号接收矩阵式分配器等,因而可以使得这种系统同时又具有较高的极简化度.

    It is pointed out in this paper that the following apparent discrepancies exist in Coulomb's Theory: (1) In any problem in mechanics, a force to be definite must have all the three factors involved under consideration. In Coulomb's Theory, however, the point of application of the soil reaction on the plane of sliding is somehow neglected, thus enabling the arbitrary designation of the obliquity of the earth pressure on the wall to be equal to the friction angle between the wall surface and soil. As a matter...

    It is pointed out in this paper that the following apparent discrepancies exist in Coulomb's Theory: (1) In any problem in mechanics, a force to be definite must have all the three factors involved under consideration. In Coulomb's Theory, however, the point of application of the soil reaction on the plane of sliding is somehow neglected, thus enabling the arbitrary designation of the obliquity of the earth pressure on the wall to be equal to the friction angle between the wall surface and soil. As a matter of principle, the point of application should never be slighted while the obliquity of the earth pressure could only have a value that is compatible with the conditions for equilibrium. (2) If the point of application of the soil reaction is taken into account in the problem, the sliding wedge would only tend to slide either on the plane of sliding or on the surface of wall but not on both at the same time, thus frustrating the very conceptidn of sliding wedge upon which Coulomb's Theory is founded. (3) The above discrepancies arise from the fact that the shape of the surface of sliding should be curvilinear in order to make the wedge tend to slide as desired, while Coulomb, however, adopted a plane surface instead. (4) Coulomb, in finding the plane of sliding, made use of the maximum earth pressure on the wall (for active pressure), which refers to the different magnitudes of pressure corresponding to different assumed inclinations of the plane of sliding. But from the relation between the yield of wall and amount of pressure, this maximum value is really the minimum pressure on the wall, which it is the purpose of the theory to find. In engineering books, however, this terminology of maximum pressure has caused considerable confusion, with the result that what is really the minimum pressure is carelessly taken as the maximum design load for the wall. How can a minimum load be used in a design?This paper also attempts to clarify some contended points in Rankine's Theory: (1) It is claimed by Prof. Terzaghi that Rankine's Theory is only a fallacy because of the yield of wall and that of the soil mass on its bed. This charge is unjust as it can be compared with Coulomb's Theory in the same respect. (2) Some books declare that Rankine's Theory is good only for walls with vertical back, but it is proved in this paper that this is not so. (3) It is also generally believed that Rankine's Theory is applicable only to wall surfaces with no friction. This is likewise taken by this paper as unfounded and illustration is given whereby, in this regard, Rankine's Theory is even better than Coulomb's, because it contains no contradiction, as does Coulomb's.

    本文從力學觀點對庫隆理論提出下列問題:(1)在解算力學問題時,每個力有三個因素都該同時考慮,但庫隆對土楔滑動面上土反力的施力點竟置之不理,因而才能對擋土墙上土壓力的傾斜角作一硬性假定,使它等於墙和土間的摩阻角,然而施力點是不能不管的,因而土壓力的傾斜角是不能離開平衡條件而被隨意指定的。(2)如果考慮了土反力的施力點,則土楔祇能在滑動面上,或在墙面上,有滑動的趨勢,而不能同時在兩個面上都有滑動的趨勢,因而庫隆的基本概念“滑動土楔”就站不住了。(3)問題關鍵在滑動面的形狀;如要使土楔在滑動面和墙面上同時有滑動趨勢,則滑動面必須是曲形面,然而庫隆採用了平直形的滑動面。(4)庫隆的土楔滑動面是從墙上最大的土壓力求出的(指主動壓力),這裏所謂“最大”是指適應各個滑動面的各個土壓力而言,但對適應墙在側傾時土壓力應有的變化來說,這個最大土壓力却正是墙上極限壓力的最小值。一般工程書籍,以為這土壓力既名為最大,就拿它來用作設計擋土墙的荷載,荷載如何能用最小的極限值呢?本文對朗金理論中的下列問題作了一些解釋:(1)朗金理論在擋土墙的位移問題上所受的限制,是和庫隆理論一樣的,竇薩基教授曾就此問題認為朗金理論是幻想,似乎是無根據的。...

    本文從力學觀點對庫隆理論提出下列問題:(1)在解算力學問題時,每個力有三個因素都該同時考慮,但庫隆對土楔滑動面上土反力的施力點竟置之不理,因而才能對擋土墙上土壓力的傾斜角作一硬性假定,使它等於墙和土間的摩阻角,然而施力點是不能不管的,因而土壓力的傾斜角是不能離開平衡條件而被隨意指定的。(2)如果考慮了土反力的施力點,則土楔祇能在滑動面上,或在墙面上,有滑動的趨勢,而不能同時在兩個面上都有滑動的趨勢,因而庫隆的基本概念“滑動土楔”就站不住了。(3)問題關鍵在滑動面的形狀;如要使土楔在滑動面和墙面上同時有滑動趨勢,則滑動面必須是曲形面,然而庫隆採用了平直形的滑動面。(4)庫隆的土楔滑動面是從墙上最大的土壓力求出的(指主動壓力),這裏所謂“最大”是指適應各個滑動面的各個土壓力而言,但對適應墙在側傾時土壓力應有的變化來說,這個最大土壓力却正是墙上極限壓力的最小值。一般工程書籍,以為這土壓力既名為最大,就拿它來用作設計擋土墙的荷載,荷載如何能用最小的極限值呢?本文對朗金理論中的下列問題作了一些解釋:(1)朗金理論在擋土墙的位移問題上所受的限制,是和庫隆理論一樣的,竇薩基教授曾就此問題認為朗金理論是幻想,似乎是無根據的。(2)有些工程書中認為朗金理論是專為垂直的墙?

    The present paper reports on the results of some preliminary observationson the insect parasites of the pine caterpillar, carried out in the Nanking dis-trict during 1936-37. (1) The following insect parasites were reared from various stages of thepine caterpillar: Egg parasites: Trichogramma evanescens Westwood, Telenomus dendrolimusiChu, Anastatus gastropachae Ashmead. Larva parasites: Casinaria dendrolimi Uchida, Rhogas spectabilis (Matsumura),Stenaraeoides octocinctus (Ashmead), Itoplectis nigribasalis Uchida,...

    The present paper reports on the results of some preliminary observationson the insect parasites of the pine caterpillar, carried out in the Nanking dis-trict during 1936-37. (1) The following insect parasites were reared from various stages of thepine caterpillar: Egg parasites: Trichogramma evanescens Westwood, Telenomus dendrolimusiChu, Anastatus gastropachae Ashmead. Larva parasites: Casinaria dendrolimi Uchida, Rhogas spectabilis (Matsumura),Stenaraeoides octocinctus (Ashmead), Itoplectis nigribasalis Uchida, Tricholygasorbillans Wied., Sturmia sp., Carcelia sp. Pupal parasites: Xanthopimpla japonica Krieger, Pimpla disparis Viereck,Brachymaria obscurata (Walker), Brachymeria fiskei Crawford. Hyperparasites: Phygadeuon latipatiolator Uchida, Monodontomerus dentipes(Boheman), Brachymeria obscurata (Walker), Brachymeria fishei Crawford, Eury-toma sp. (2) The egg parasites played an important part in the natural control ofthe pine caterpillar. The percentage of parasitism reached 61% in the materialcollected at Tang-shan, 1936. Telenomus dendrolimusi and Anastatus gastropachaewere observed to be more important than Trichogramma evanescens. (3) As high as 26% of the early-instar larvae could be killed by the para-sites. The percentage of larval parasitism and the relative value of the severalparasites varied with the time at which host material was collected. A differ-ence of a few days would give entirely different results. (4) The late-instar larvae were attacked by three species of dipterousparasites. The highest percentage of parasitism observed was 42%. (5) 38.4% of the pine caterpillar were killed during their pre-papal andpupal stage chiefly by Sturmia sp. and Xanthopimpla japonica Krieger. (6) The percentage of parasitism whether in the egg, larva or pupa stagewere observed to be always higher in the second generation than in the first,a fact suggests that hibernation may have an important bearing upon thepopulation of the parasites. (7) The time of appearance of the more important parasites and theirhabits were discussed. (8) Some of the factors, such as hyperparasitism, non-synchronization ofthe life cycles of the host and parasite, over-restriction in host selection, andthe influence of certain control measures, which have adverse effects on theparasite populations, were discussed. (9) As the percentage of parasitisn fluctuated greatly with year and season,it, is, therefore, suggested that a study of the factors which are responsible forthese fluctuations is of primary importance. Based on the results of suchstudies, measures may be adopted to increase the efficiency of the parasites.

    1936—37年在南京地区观察松毛虫寄生天敌所得的初步结果可简述如下: (一)南京地区业经发现的松毛虫天敌有卵寄生蜂3种:赤眼卵蜂、松毛虫长腹卵蜂、平腹小蜂;幼虫寄生蜂4种:松毛虫瘦姬蜂、松与虫红头小茧蜂、花胸姬蜂、黑基瘤姬蜂;幼虫寄生蝇3种:家蚕寄生蝇、大寄生蝇、小寄生蝇;蛹寄生蜂4种;日本黑点姬蜂、黑瘤姬蜂、大腿蜂、费氏大腿蜂;另重寄生8种。 (二)卵寄生蜂在防治松毛虫上起了适当大的作用,有时减低寄主虫口达61.24%。3种寄生蜂中以松与虫长腹卵蜂及平腹小峰为较重要。 (三)松毛虫初龄幼虫寄生率最高时可达26%。寄生率的高低及各种天敌的比较重要性与采集寄主材料的时期有密切的关系,往往数日之差,寄生率可截然不同。 (四)松与虫的后龄幼虫遭3种寄生蝇的寄生。寄生率最高可达42%。 (五)松毛虫茧期的寄生率可达38.4%,天敌中以大寄生蝇及日本黑点姬蜂为 最主要。 (六)无论在卵期、幼虫期或蛹期,第2化松毛虫的寄生率均比第1化的为高。此点似说明越冬问题是松毛虫天敌繁殖中的一个关系问题。 (七)几种比较重要的寄生天敌的发生时期和生活习性,本文中根据观察所及,加以记载。 (八)本文中将几个影响松毛虫寄生天敌虫口的因...

    1936—37年在南京地区观察松毛虫寄生天敌所得的初步结果可简述如下: (一)南京地区业经发现的松毛虫天敌有卵寄生蜂3种:赤眼卵蜂、松毛虫长腹卵蜂、平腹小蜂;幼虫寄生蜂4种:松毛虫瘦姬蜂、松与虫红头小茧蜂、花胸姬蜂、黑基瘤姬蜂;幼虫寄生蝇3种:家蚕寄生蝇、大寄生蝇、小寄生蝇;蛹寄生蜂4种;日本黑点姬蜂、黑瘤姬蜂、大腿蜂、费氏大腿蜂;另重寄生8种。 (二)卵寄生蜂在防治松毛虫上起了适当大的作用,有时减低寄主虫口达61.24%。3种寄生蜂中以松与虫长腹卵蜂及平腹小峰为较重要。 (三)松毛虫初龄幼虫寄生率最高时可达26%。寄生率的高低及各种天敌的比较重要性与采集寄主材料的时期有密切的关系,往往数日之差,寄生率可截然不同。 (四)松与虫的后龄幼虫遭3种寄生蝇的寄生。寄生率最高可达42%。 (五)松毛虫茧期的寄生率可达38.4%,天敌中以大寄生蝇及日本黑点姬蜂为 最主要。 (六)无论在卵期、幼虫期或蛹期,第2化松毛虫的寄生率均比第1化的为高。此点似说明越冬问题是松毛虫天敌繁殖中的一个关系问题。 (七)几种比较重要的寄生天敌的发生时期和生活习性,本文中根据观察所及,加以记载。 (八)本文中将几个影响松毛虫寄生天敌虫口的因子提出讨论,这些因子包括;重寄生的严重、天敌发生时期与寄主生活史的不相

     
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