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evidence
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  “evidence”译为未确定词的双语例句
    ③The levels of CD8+CD28+ expression on peripheral blood lymphocytes in patients with lymph node metastasis were in evidence lower than that of the patients without the metastasis(P<0.01).
    (3)胃癌患者淋巴结转移组CD8+CD28-细胞明显低于未转移组(P<0.01)。
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    Objective:To investigate the color Doppler flow spectrum features of the small mammary tumor(diameter≤2cm),for providing effective evidence,for clinical diagnosis and treatment.
    目的:探讨良恶性乳腺小肿块(直径≤2cm)的彩色多普勒血流频谱形态特征,为临床诊断与治疗提供有效依据。
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    The mechanism,which wasn't dependent on COX-2 expression,may provide the experimental evidence for nimesulide used for the prevention and treatment of the metastatic breast cancer.
    结论:nimesulide以剂量依赖性方式下调MDA-MB-231、MCF-7乳腺癌细胞株MMP-2、MMP-9mRNA的表达,而MDA-MB-231细胞对nimesulide更敏感,这种作用是COX-2非依赖性途径,为nimesulide用于转移乳腺癌的治疗与预防提供了实验依据。
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    Results:7 of 68 patients (10.3%) had evidence of ureteral abnormality on frozen section, 1 of 7 was mild atypia, other 6 was carcinoma in situ involving the distal ureter.
    结果:68例患者中,7例(10.3%)术中冷冻切片证实有一侧输尿管残端异常,其中6例为恶性肿瘤细胞侵润,1例为移行上皮不典型增生。
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    Conclusion The positive rate of PCNA is related with the positive or negative expression of ER,PR in breast cancer. Associating PCNA with ER,PR detection can provide the ancillary evidence to predict the prognosis and to formulate the treatment plan of endocrinetherapy after breast cancer operation.
    结论PCNA阳性表达率与ER、PR阳性或阴性结果有关,PCNA与ER、PR联合检测,可为乳腺癌术后内分泌治疗方案的制定和预测预后提供辅助依据。
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  evidence
We give strong evidence that the analog of finite propagation for the wave equation does not hold because of inconsistent scaling behavior in space and time.
      
We also review spherical wavelet analyses that independently provide evidence for dark energy, an exotic component of our Universe of which we know very little currently.
      
aureus provides scientific evidence for use in skin diseases and toothaches.
      
These findings provide compelling evidence that DNA is the ultimate target of these drugs that act on the human genome.
      
We present a new algorithm, with computational evidence to suggest an expected run-time growth rate belowO(n3).
      
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Nine pathologically verified cases of double primary carcinomas of the esophagus and stomach are analyzed. All of the patients are males over the ages of 50. Barium meal roentgenography showed evidence of a lesion in the esophagus preope-ratively in each case. Pathological examination of the resected specimens revealed that there was another cancer in either the cardia or esophagus apart from the already discovered one. The cancer in the esophagus are in the main squmous cell carcinomas in the advanced...

Nine pathologically verified cases of double primary carcinomas of the esophagus and stomach are analyzed. All of the patients are males over the ages of 50. Barium meal roentgenography showed evidence of a lesion in the esophagus preope-ratively in each case. Pathological examination of the resected specimens revealed that there was another cancer in either the cardia or esophagus apart from the already discovered one. The cancer in the esophagus are in the main squmous cell carcinomas in the advanced stage. Among those in the cardia, 8 are adenocarcino-mas or adenosqumous carcinomas ( 3 are early adenocarcinomas ), where as in one case the double primary squmous cell carcinomas are located in the esophagus and cardia. The shortest distance between the double cancers is 2 cm. While the longest distance is 7 cm. Among 7 patients that have been followed up, 2 surived more than ten years. A brief review of the literature regarding carcinogenesis of double primaries in the esophagus and stomach is made. Field canceri/ation theory as advocated by slaughter in 1953 has been given attention. It seems that close observations have shown that cancer areses from a wide field rather than one point. It is assumed that the same carcinogenic agent may exert its effect over a wide field in the organs involved so that the carcinomatous changes in the neighbouring organs such as the esophagus and stomach can take place. They may either be simultaneous or occur one after the other. The material in this series may speak in favour of this theory. The author holds that the detailed examination of the neighbouring organs should be emphasized during the diagnosis of an esophageal cancer.

本文报告9例食管与胃的双原发癌。术前X线钡餐造影仅发现食管癌,术后病理检查,在贲门部又发现有另一个原发癌。其中食管病变均为鳞状细胞癌,且为晚期病变。贲门部病变中,8例为腺癌或腺鳞癌,1例为食管与贲门的双原发鳞状细胞癌。双原发癌间的距离为2~7厘米。在7例已经随访的病例中,2例术后10年健在。作者简要地复习了有关食管、胃双原发癌的文献,认为生癌野(Field Cancerization)学说值得重视;并提出在食管癌诊断与处理的过程中,必须注意相邻器官另一个原发癌存在的可能性。

Thirteen cases of early gastric cancer are reported. The diagnosis first made by gastrofiberscopic and histologic examinations are further verified, and studied in detail by serial llock sections of the resected specimens. There are 7 mucosal and 5 submucosal carcinomas. In the remaining 1, as the very small initial lesion had been totally removed with the biopsy forceps, the resected stomach showed no further evidence of malignancy after thorough search. The tumors are located at the greater curvature...

Thirteen cases of early gastric cancer are reported. The diagnosis first made by gastrofiberscopic and histologic examinations are further verified, and studied in detail by serial llock sections of the resected specimens. There are 7 mucosal and 5 submucosal carcinomas. In the remaining 1, as the very small initial lesion had been totally removed with the biopsy forceps, the resected stomach showed no further evidence of malignancy after thorough search. The tumors are located at the greater curvature in 3 cases, and at lesser curvature in,10 cases. Except 2 cases in the cardiac region, all the rest are in the pylorus, antrum and their nearby regions. Histologically they are: 1 papillary adenocarcinoma; 5 well differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas; 6 poorly differentiated tubular adenocarcinomas of which 1 showed signet ring cells in part. Metastases to regional lymph nodes are present in 3 cases.The diagnosis of early gastric cancer is succeeded by the intimate collaboration of clinic roentgenologic, endoscopic and histopathologic examinations. During the gastrofiberscopic examination, apart from thorough inspection of all accessible areas of the gastric mucosa, special attention should be paid on the pylorus and antrum regions (the locations being more biable to the development of cancer). Biopsied specimens should be taken from the sides around the center of the lesion as well as from the center itself. No less than 4 pieces must be taken. The possibility of malignant change in the lesion of patients with prolonged history of chronic gastric ulcer should arouse our great attention.

本文报告早期胃癌病例13例,均经胃切除标本连续取块切片检查证实,其中粘膜癌7例,粘膜下癌5例,1例因于活检时已将癌灶全部切净,故切除标本中未再见到癌。癌组织位大弯侧者3例,小弯侧者10例,除2例在贲门部外其余均在幽门、胃窦及其邻近部。组织学检查呈乳头状腺癌1例、管状腺癌5例、管状腺癌合并局部低分化或未分化癌5例,低分化腺癌合并局部印戒细胞癌1例。局部淋巴结见转移癌者3例。 早期胃癌的诊断是以临床、X线、纤维胃镜及病理等多方面的检查密切协作来完成的。作纤维胃镜检查时应多注意观察胃幽门区及窦部这些好发胃癌的部位。活检应自病变四周及中心部取材,不应少于4块。对有长期慢性胃溃疡史的患者应十分警惕其发生恶变。

111 cases of Cushing's syndrome were analysed in which 101 cases were pathologically proved and 10 were clinically diagnosed. The choice of treatment according to the different pathological types was discussed. In cases of bilateral hyperplastic type without evidence of pituitary tumor (52 cases), bilateral subtotal adrenalectomy followed by pituitary irradiation was preferred. In cases of hyperplastic type with apparent evidence of pituitary tumor (11 cases including one case of Nelson's syndrome),...

111 cases of Cushing's syndrome were analysed in which 101 cases were pathologically proved and 10 were clinically diagnosed. The choice of treatment according to the different pathological types was discussed. In cases of bilateral hyperplastic type without evidence of pituitary tumor (52 cases), bilateral subtotal adrenalectomy followed by pituitary irradiation was preferred. In cases of hyperplastic type with apparent evidence of pituitary tumor (11 cases including one case of Nelson's syndrome), operation on pituitary gland should be performed first irrespective of absence of compression syndrome and 3-6 months later followed by subtotal adrenolectomy if necessary, o,p'-DDD and adrenal blockers were used in some of these patients or just pre-operatively. In cases of adrenal cortical adenoma (29 cases), simple unilateral adrenolectomy would produce satisfactory results. Adenocarcinomas of adrenal cortex (8 cases) should receive radical operation while in late inoperable cases, o,p'-DDD was the drug of choice. In one case of ectopic ACTH syndrome, hypercortisolism remitted after an effective treatment of the primary lesion.

本文结合111例皮质醇增多症的临床分析,根据其不同病理类型,对治疗方案的选择进行了讨论。增生型无明确垂体瘸者主张肾上腺次全切除加垂体放疗;有明显垂体瘤者,不论有无压迫症状均主张先行垂体手术,3~6月后皮质醇增多症症状未缓解者,再行肾上腺次全切除术。肾上腺腺瘤手术疗效满意。腺癌应手术根治,晚期不能手术者可用二氯苯二氯乙烷治疗。异位ACTH综合征根治原发病灶后皮质醇增多症可期缓解。

 
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