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geography
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  地理
     A Study of the Theory Problem of the Geography Instruction
     地理教学理论问题研究
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     Research on Commercial Geography of Shaanxi Province During Ming-Qing Dynasty
     明清陕西商业地理研究
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     Fundamental Theory on GeoSmarter-One General Platform for Geography Education
     GeoSmarter通用地理教育平台的支撑理论的研究
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     Study of the Issues of Geography Teachers' Knowledge Structure and Development at the Background of New Curriculum
     新课程背景下地理教师知识结构及发展问题研究
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     Study on Environmental Education of Geography Curriculum in Middle School
     中学地理课程中的环境教育研究
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  地理学
     NEW STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT IN CHEMICAL GEOGRAPHY
     化学地理学发展新阶段
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     GEOGRAPHY AND MAN-EARTH RELATIONSHIP
     地理学与人地关系
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     THE MAIN TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY OF CHINA IN RECENT YEARS
     近年来我国历史地理学发展的主要趋势
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     GEOGRAPHY AND FUZZY MATHEMATICS
     地理学与模糊数学
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     Geography and Modern Scientific Methodology
     地理学与现代科学方法论
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  地理学的
     Spatial distribution of cultural industry belongs to the research field of cultural geography and economic geography.
     文化产业空间分布是从空间的角度发现、解释文化产业的空间分布规律,属于文化地理学和经济地理学的研究范畴。
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     Two S" technology integration and geography development──An elementary introduction to RS and GIS' combination
     “二S”技术一体化与地理学的发展──谈RS与GIS的结合
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     Influences on 21st Century Geography of Digital Earth and Geographic Information System
     数字地球与地理信息系统对21世纪地理学的影响
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     Digital Earth and its Influences on 21-st Century Geography
     数字地球及其对21世纪地理学的影响
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     A REVIEW OF THE HUMAN GEOGRAPHY RFOM 1900 TO 1970 IN CHINA
     1900—1970年中国人文地理学的发展与回顾
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  “geography”译为未确定词的双语例句
     THE STUDY OF URBAN HISTORICAL GEOGRAPHY AND CITY PLANNING
     城市历史地理的研究与城市规划
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     PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS IN THE GEOGRAPHY OF WOODY FLORA IN JIANGXI
     江西木本植物区系地理的初步分析
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     Dictionary of Human Geography Location Theory Spatial AnaLysis
     人文地理辞典 区位理论 空间分析
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     General Construction of the Basic Database System of the Geography Information--GIS--dB3
     地学信息基础数据库系统—GIS-dB3的基本结构
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     Dissipative Structure Theory and Geography system
     耗散结构理论与地理系统论
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  geography
The digital elevation model (DEM), an important source of information, is usually used to express a topographic surface in three dimensions and to imitate essential natural geography.
      
DEM has been applied to physical geography, hydrology, ecology, and biology.
      
First, ecological water requirements in a basin scale indicate not only the coupling of hydrological and ecological systems, but also the exchange of matter and energy between each ecological type through all kinds of physical geography processes.
      
The Geography of the Stationary Gene Migration Rate in the Human Population of Northern Eurasia
      
This paper summarizes a series of studies on chromosomal geography of the common shrew Sorex araneusL.
      
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The so-called "landscape horizon" in this paper is viewed from the fact that the landscape acts as an objective and independent substance of matters on the surface of the earth Along a given line in any unit of regions the landscape may be sectioned crossly Landscape is a component part on the land of the landscape sphere, which envelopes the earth, so that its basic components are also .solid, gas, liquid, and organic matters. The science of the landscape may be therefore considered as regional geography....

The so-called "landscape horizon" in this paper is viewed from the fact that the landscape acts as an objective and independent substance of matters on the surface of the earth Along a given line in any unit of regions the landscape may be sectioned crossly Landscape is a component part on the land of the landscape sphere, which envelopes the earth, so that its basic components are also .solid, gas, liquid, and organic matters. The science of the landscape may be therefore considered as regional geography. All the evidences concerning the completion of major types of the landscape, the floral and faunal extinction and new species—production, and especially the apperance of man prove thai the history of the landscape can only date back to the begining of the Quaternary Era, so that palaeogeography may be restricted in this scope. According to time, the landscape includes naturally the weathering crust as its bass, and its upper end should be coincided with the top of air near the ground, or of the highest trees. Thus its thickness is all the same in standard to any reginal unit Obviously, the extent of the landscape do not exceed the continental slopes in the sea. Judging from the statements mentioned above, a horizon of four dimensions has to logically occur in any unit of regions. It is the "landscape horizon", in which vertical and horizontal differentiations have continuously proceeded. Controlled by some geographic processes, the "landscape horizon" has been vertically differentiated into three sub—horizons: the sub—horizon of weathering crust, of soils, and of biotic community and air, They altogether revealed the morphological structure in types of the landscape. The horizontal differentiations conditioned by some other gcogra phic processes indicate the relationships of the landscape in areal continuity. The diagrams of the "landscape horizon" must be based on field works. Here are two examples, one, for the "landscape horizon" of steppe, and the other, of desert (figures 1 and 2). These diagrams can be used to (1) point out the structural and ecological features, in other words, the typological characteristics of the landscape, (2) determine the boundaries of regions and provide a basis for the plan of agriculture, and (3) help to study some theoritical problems of regional divisions. The author believes that the concept of the "landscape horizon" may be nseful in practical as well as in theoritical works.

本文所谓“景观层”是出之于景观是地球表面上起作用的一种客观的独立的物质实体的看法。在区域任一单元的一定线上景观能用剖面体现出来。景观是环围地球的景观壳在陆地上的一个组成部分,因之它的基本组成要素也是固体,气体、液体、和有机质。以此之故景观学可以认为是区域地理学。所有景观主要类型之完成,动植物之死亡和新种之产生,和特別是人类之出现的证据都证明景观历史仅能回溯至第四纪之始。古地理学因此应当限于这个范畴之內。根据时间,景观的下限自然包有风化壳,而其上限则与近地面空气层或最高乔木顶部相一致。显然,它的广度不超过大陆斜坡。由上可知一种具有四度空间的层必见于任何区域单元之內。这就是“景观层”。其中垂直和水平分异作用不断进行着。为一些地理过程所规定,“景观层”在垂直方向上被分异为风化壳,土壤、和生物与空气三个亚层。它们共同揭示了景观类型的形态构造。而受制于另一些地理过程的水平分异则表明景观在空间连续性上的相互关系。“景观层”图解根据野外工作制出。这里举出二例:一为草原“景观层”图解,另一则属于荒漠(图1和2)。这种图解可用以(1)指出景观的构造和生态特征,换言之,郎其类型特点;(2)确定区域的界限并为农业规划提供基础,和(...

本文所谓“景观层”是出之于景观是地球表面上起作用的一种客观的独立的物质实体的看法。在区域任一单元的一定线上景观能用剖面体现出来。景观是环围地球的景观壳在陆地上的一个组成部分,因之它的基本组成要素也是固体,气体、液体、和有机质。以此之故景观学可以认为是区域地理学。所有景观主要类型之完成,动植物之死亡和新种之产生,和特別是人类之出现的证据都证明景观历史仅能回溯至第四纪之始。古地理学因此应当限于这个范畴之內。根据时间,景观的下限自然包有风化壳,而其上限则与近地面空气层或最高乔木顶部相一致。显然,它的广度不超过大陆斜坡。由上可知一种具有四度空间的层必见于任何区域单元之內。这就是“景观层”。其中垂直和水平分异作用不断进行着。为一些地理过程所规定,“景观层”在垂直方向上被分异为风化壳,土壤、和生物与空气三个亚层。它们共同揭示了景观类型的形态构造。而受制于另一些地理过程的水平分异则表明景观在空间连续性上的相互关系。“景观层”图解根据野外工作制出。这里举出二例:一为草原“景观层”图解,另一则属于荒漠(图1和2)。这种图解可用以(1)指出景观的构造和生态特征,换言之,郎其类型特点;(2)确定区域的界限并为农业规划提供基础,和(3)有助于探讨区划的某些理论问題。因之,“景观层”概念在实践和理论工作上是有用的。

The present paper begins with the proposition that researches in physical geography, or the study of geographic environment, should be focussed on what may be termed the zone of activities, delimited approximately by the height of the vegetation and the ver-tical extension of the root system of the plants that may exist in the area concerned. An insight into the genesis, development, and territorial differentiation of the zone of ac-tivities must be substantiated by a sound knowledge of the exchanges of...

The present paper begins with the proposition that researches in physical geography, or the study of geographic environment, should be focussed on what may be termed the zone of activities, delimited approximately by the height of the vegetation and the ver-tical extension of the root system of the plants that may exist in the area concerned. An insight into the genesis, development, and territorial differentiation of the zone of ac-tivities must be substantiated by a sound knowledge of the exchanges of energy and matter both within the zone and between the zone and its outside world. Among the numerous forms of energy and matter taking part in shaping the geographic environment, heat and water play so important a role that their balances deserve priority in investiga-tions in physical geography. As a phase in the realm of heat and water exchanges in the zone of activities, the soil water balance is discussed to illustrate the principles, methods and procedures that may be adopted and the contributions that may be made oy geographers along the suggested line of researches. The discussion is subsequently narrowed down to a few topics, including the estimation of soil water drainage, the de-termination of evapotranspiration by using soil moisture data, and the concept of avail-able soil moisture and field capacity. In this context, the progresses and problems are briefly surveyed, and, together with these, four recent papers by Wilcox on soil water published in 1959-1962 are reviewed critically. Among the findings of Wilcox, the formula,

我写本文原拟评论J.C.威尔科克斯四篇论文。为便于本刊读者,先从自然地理学、热、水平衡谈到土壤水分平衡,再引出威氏文中所提及的几个问题,而在论述这些问题时,又对它们的研究情况作一些说明。因此,篇幅很长,而仍感到话未就完。只好另行撰文申论。

This Paper is a Part of the research on Problems concerning the historical geography of the city of Guang-zhou. As far back as in 300 BC, the city of Guangzhou was first known as the "ancient city of Pan Yu" .The Characteristics of the city at its early stage of development are discussed in this paper.

本文是广州历史地理问题研究的一部分,主要内容是探究广州城市早期、即约在公元前三世纪开始作为古番禺城发展阶段的历史地理特点.《水经注》的《(氵艮)水篇》“水(土冗)陵”全文:“(氵艮)水东别径番禺,《山海经》谓之贲遇(禺)者也.交州治中合浦姚文式问云;何以名番禺?答曰:南海郡,昔治在今州城中,与番禺县连接,今入城东南偏,有水(土冗)陵,城倚其上.闻此郡人名之为番山,县名番禺,傥谓番山之禺也.”(参据《永乐大典》影印本和《水经注疏》影印本)

 
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