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film method
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  film method
In the first approach a seed-film method was applied.
      
The phagostimulant activity of the secretions was quantitatively examined using the polyethylene glycol film method.
      
CdS thin film preparation by the flowed liquid film method
      
Experimental features of the film method in the investigation of absorption spectra of liquids
      
It was possible to get successfully replicas of raindrop by collodion film method.
      
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Ferrifayalite is a Fe~(3+)-rich silicate mineral. It occurs in the Anshan type-like magnetite deposit of Liaoning Province. Ferrifayalites distribute unevenly and aggregate commonly as bands, with a percentage usually lower than that of magnetites, occasionally reaching to 10%. Crystals of ferrifayalite mainly xenomorphic granular, 0.25—0.7mm. to individually 1mm in diameter. Color blackish, luster submetallic with blackish brown streak. Cleavages of (100) distinct, (010) indistinct. Non magnetic but mediumly...

Ferrifayalite is a Fe~(3+)-rich silicate mineral. It occurs in the Anshan type-like magnetite deposit of Liaoning Province. Ferrifayalites distribute unevenly and aggregate commonly as bands, with a percentage usually lower than that of magnetites, occasionally reaching to 10%. Crystals of ferrifayalite mainly xenomorphic granular, 0.25—0.7mm. to individually 1mm in diameter. Color blackish, luster submetallic with blackish brown streak. Cleavages of (100) distinct, (010) indistinct. Non magnetic but mediumly electro magnetic. Hardness 5.5—6.5 S. G. 3.967.Opaque. Under reflected polarizing microscope, grey in color, anisotropic and with distinct bireflexicon (reflection-pleochroism). Indices of refraction were calculated from reflectivities : ∥ cleavage, N_(546)=2.03±0.04, N_(589)=2.01±0.04;⊥cleavage, N_(546)=2.04±0.04, N_(589)=2.03±0.04. Biref. △_(546)=0.01; △_(589)=0.02.Chemical composition of ferrifayalite rather simple and stable Pe_2O_3 content high, occasionally reaching to 45.1%. Th crystallochemical formula is Fe~(2+)Fe~(3+)(SiO_4)_2.Monoclinic in system. Space group C_(2h)~5-P2_1/b.a=4.808, b=10.171, c=5.824, α=90°.X-ray powder strong lines: 3.488(10), 2.774(9), 2.521(10), 2.405(7), 2.246(7), 1.745(8) etc., some with scattering phenomena.In the curve of D. T. A., there is one heatemitting peak at 700℃.In the infrared absorption spectrograph there are SiO_4 deformation vibration at 840—1120 frequency region.In single crystal structure analysis uses were made with equi-inclination weissenberg multiple film method according to olivine orientation. We had collected seven sets of diffraction photographs of 0kl-2kl, hk0-kh2, hOl, totally 246 independent diffraction spots. The photographs show V_h-D_(2h)-mmm laue symmetry, and on account of the crystal possessing neither gliding plane n nor symmetrical plane m of the spacegroup of olivine D_(2h)~(16)-Pbnm, it is thus determined the sole space group to be C_(2h)~5-P2_1/b. The parameters of the coordinates of every kind atom are determined after crystallochemistry principle and Patterson projection pattern. R_(oxt)=0.23, R_(hko)=0.21.The crystal structure analysis shows that ferrifayalite is an independent mineral with ordered vacant lattice position olivine type structure. It shares some features in common with that of olivine structure type, including a similar orientation of the tetrahedron, but it is different from olivine structure type in consisting of the edgesharing octahedral linear chains instead of the zigzag chains. Fe~(2+) situate at the center of symmetry of olivine, but it is vacant in this mineral at (0, 0, 1/2) and (1/2, 1/2, 1/2) symmetrical centers. Thus the structure becomes an ordered vacant lat- tice position structure.The cleavages, hardness optical properties etc. can all be properly explained with structure.After comparing the chemical composition, physical properties and size of unit cell of this mineral with that of MnO_2-bearing ferrifayalite informed by I. W. Ginsburg, the authors of present paper believe that these wo minerals possibly belong to the same kind of mineral, but the structure as they thought is quite different to ours.

高铁铁橄榄石(ferrifayalite)是富含Fe~(3+)的硅酸盐矿物,产于我国辽宁省似鞍山式磁铁矿矿床中。它在矿石中分布不均匀,多呈条带状产出,含量一般低于磁铁矿,有时含量可高达10%,晶体主要呈他形粒状,粒径0.25—0.7毫米,个别达1毫米。黑色,半金属光泽,条痕为黑褐色,(100)解理清楚,(010)解理不清楚。有中等磁性,具中等电磁性,硬度5.5—6.5,比重3.967。在偏光镜下不透明,反射光下为灰色,非均质,双反射清楚,折射率是由反射率换算的,在‖解理时N_(546)=2.03±0.04,N_(589)=2.01±0.04;⊥解理时,N_(546)=2.04±0.04,N_(589)=2.03±0.04;重屈折△_(546)=0.01,△_(589)=0.02。化学成分简单,较稳定,Fe_2O_3含量高,可达45.1%,结晶化学式为Fe~(3+)Fe_2~(3+)[SiO_4]_2。该矿物属单斜晶系,空间群为C_(2h)~5—P2_1/b。a=4.808,b=10.171,c=5.824,α=90°。粉晶强谱线有:3.488(10),2.774(9),2.521(10),2.405(7),2...

高铁铁橄榄石(ferrifayalite)是富含Fe~(3+)的硅酸盐矿物,产于我国辽宁省似鞍山式磁铁矿矿床中。它在矿石中分布不均匀,多呈条带状产出,含量一般低于磁铁矿,有时含量可高达10%,晶体主要呈他形粒状,粒径0.25—0.7毫米,个别达1毫米。黑色,半金属光泽,条痕为黑褐色,(100)解理清楚,(010)解理不清楚。有中等磁性,具中等电磁性,硬度5.5—6.5,比重3.967。在偏光镜下不透明,反射光下为灰色,非均质,双反射清楚,折射率是由反射率换算的,在‖解理时N_(546)=2.03±0.04,N_(589)=2.01±0.04;⊥解理时,N_(546)=2.04±0.04,N_(589)=2.03±0.04;重屈折△_(546)=0.01,△_(589)=0.02。化学成分简单,较稳定,Fe_2O_3含量高,可达45.1%,结晶化学式为Fe~(3+)Fe_2~(3+)[SiO_4]_2。该矿物属单斜晶系,空间群为C_(2h)~5—P2_1/b。a=4.808,b=10.171,c=5.824,α=90°。粉晶强谱线有:3.488(10),2.774(9),2.521(10),2.405(7),2.246(7),1745(8)等,线条有弥散现象。差热分析曲线上700℃处有一放热峰。红外光谱在460—620频率段为SiO_4为变形振动,840—1120频率段为SiO_4的伸缩振动。单晶结构分析系用等倾斜魏森堡多重胶片法按橄榄石定向,共收集了0kl—2kl,hk0—hk2,h0l七套照片,246个非零独立衍射点。照片上显示出V_h—D_(2h)—mmm劳埃对称,因为在[010]方向的魏森堡图上见到约40%的h+l=2n+1弱衍射点以及在P(VW)原子间向量投影图上没有P(OW)的哈格峰,这就证明晶体中不存在橄榄石空间群D_(2h)~(16)—Pbnm中的n滑移面和m对称面。所以确定唯一空间群C_(2h)~5—P2_1/b。各种原子的坐标参数是根据结晶化学原理和原子间向量投影图确定的R_(okl)=0.23,R_(hko)=0.21。晶体结构分析表明,高铁铁橄榄石是一具有序缺席橄榄石结构型的独立矿物,在结构上具有橄榄石结构的某些相同特征,包括一个相同的四面体方位,但所不同的是以公用稜连结的八面体直链代替了锯齿状链。Fe~(2+)位于对称中心1上。但本矿物在(0,0,1/2)及(1/2,1/2,1/2)对称中心位置上Fe~(2+)作有序空缺席来实现。矿物的解理、硬度、光性等物性在结构上都得到合理的解释。作者对高铁铁橄榄石结构分析时发现该矿物与铁橄榄石之间存在一个Fe~(3+)代替Fe~(2+)的异价类质同象系列的问题。Fe~(2+)被Fe~(3+)按其xFe~(2+)换2/3xFe~(3+)的方式所代替,因此在一些等值结构位置上形成空缺,当空缺位置由无序缺席代替变为有序缺席代替时,其结果必然导致晶体结构由高对称变为低对称。高铁铁橄榄石就是这种量变到质变的产物。它属于不完全的类质同象系列。按元素周期表对角线发展的类质同象代替规律,作者认为也适用于过渡元素的异价离子间的置换,从高铁铁橄榄石这一事实与在其他硅酸盐矿物中所观察到的情况是一致的。根据矿物的化学成分、物理性质及晶胞大小与I. W.金兹堡等人所报道的含MnO_2Ferrifayalite比较,本文作者认为二者可能属于同类矿物,但他们认为该矿物是由锰铁橄榄石+Fe_2O3、+SiO_2三个物相所组成的非独立矿物,他们推测该矿物的结构与本文显然是不相同的。

Seven samples of human blood were exposed to 60Coγ-rays in vitro, after which the blood was cultured. 3H-TdE and 14C-UR incorporation was used in this experiment in order to reflect the abilities of DNA and RNA synthesis. By employing the filter film method, the cells were harvested. The double-labelled samples were counted by the liquid scintillation counter. It was shown that the 60Coγ-rays had a definite effect on DNA and RNA synthesis. With increasing radiation dosage, the radioactivity of 3H and 14C...

Seven samples of human blood were exposed to 60Coγ-rays in vitro, after which the blood was cultured. 3H-TdE and 14C-UR incorporation was used in this experiment in order to reflect the abilities of DNA and RNA synthesis. By employing the filter film method, the cells were harvested. The double-labelled samples were counted by the liquid scintillation counter. It was shown that the 60Coγ-rays had a definite effect on DNA and RNA synthesis. With increasing radiation dosage, the radioactivity of 3H and 14C incorporation decreased exponentially. By statistical analysis, the linear regression equations expressing the relationship between the radiation dosage and the logarithm of the radioactivity count for 3H-TdR and 14C-UR incorporations were obtained respectively. Irradiation with 10 rad induced decrease of radioactivity count of 3H-TdR and 14C-UR incorporation significantly. Synthesis of RNA rather than DNA was depressed apparently.

T例人血在体外接受~(60)Coγ-_线照射后进行培养,用~3H-胸腺嘧啶核苷(~3H-TdR)和~(14)C-尿嘧啶核苷(~(14)C-UR)作掺入实验,以反映DNA和RNA的合成能力。应用滤膜法收获细胞,液体闪烁计数器测定双标记样品,发现γ-线对DNA和RNA合成的影响有一定规律,即随照射剂量的增加,~3H和~(14)C掺入的放射性呈指数下降。经统计处理分别得到照射剂量和~3H-TdR、~(14)C-UR掺入的放射性计数的对数值两变量间的直线迥归方程。10拉德的照射导致~3H—TdR和~(14)C-UR掺入的放射性计数显著性减少,RNA比DNA合成受抑更明显。

Human blood were exposed to 60Co r-rays in vitro,and then the blood was incubated for 70 hours at 37C.Sixteen hours before the cells were harvested and each of the cultures were incorporated with double-labelled compound: in the first group,3H-TdR 0.6uCi and 14C-valine 1uCi was added,while in the second group,3H-leucine 3uCi and 14C-UR 0.15uCi was added.At the end of the culture period,by employing the filter film method,the cells were harvested.The double-labelled samples were counted by the liquid scintillation...

Human blood were exposed to 60Co r-rays in vitro,and then the blood was incubated for 70 hours at 37C.Sixteen hours before the cells were harvested and each of the cultures were incorporated with double-labelled compound: in the first group,3H-TdR 0.6uCi and 14C-valine 1uCi was added,while in the second group,3H-leucine 3uCi and 14C-UR 0.15uCi was added.At the end of the culture period,by employing the filter film method,the cells were harvested.The double-labelled samples were counted by the liquid scintillation counter (type FJ-353 China).Radioactivity of incorporation reflected the abilities of DNA,RNA and protein synthesis respectively.It was shown that the y-rays had a definite effect on DNA,RNA and protein synthesis in the cell.With increasing radiation dosage,the radioactivity of the four labelled compound incorporation decreased exponentially.By statistical analysis,the four linear regression equations that express the relationship between the radiation dosage and the logarithm of the radioactivity count for 3H-TdR,14C-UR,3H-leucine and 14C-valine incorporations,were obtained respectively.Irradiation with 10 rad induced decrease of radioactivity count of 3H-TdR and 14C-UR incorporation significantly,but radioactivity of 3H-leucine and "C-valine incorporation showed no apparent fall.With increasing radiation dosage,both the double-labelled groups showed the same inclination of the fall of radioactivity.There is significant difference in the four compound incorporation between the control and the irradiated groups.The results are briefly discussed.

人血在体外受~(60)co γ-线照射后,用~3H-TdR、~(14)C-UR、~(14)C-缬氨酸和~3H-亮氨酸作掺入实验,分别反映DNA、RNA和蛋白质的合成能力。结果说明γ线对三种大分子合成的影响有一定规律性,即随剂量增加,掺入的放射性呈指数下降,10拉德导致~3H-TdR和~(14)C UR掺入放射性显著减少,四种标记化合物掺入下降的趋势基本一致。

 
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