历史查询   



 为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法，我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句，供您参考。 
In the final section the theorem is applied to gradient actions on other homogeneous spaces and we show, that Hilgert's Convexity Theorem for moment maps can be derived from the results.


The final products contain the group CF3, present in Efavirenz, and a pharmacophoric group, oxoindole.


After the crude product is recrystallized from tetrahydrofuran (THF), the final product is obtained with purity above 99%.


The final residue was detected by HPLC, using a UV detector.


The yield of the final product was 78%, and the melting point was 231233°C.

 更多 


 In this paper the general synthesis problem of optimal control systems with the criterion of transient responses as a positive integral functional (3) is discussed.In the first part it is assumed that the motion of controlled object is described by a system of ordinary differential equations and that the final states of the system form a bounded and closed convex region in ndimentional euclidian phase space. A method is proposed for finding all optimal control functions which lead any starting state into... In this paper the general synthesis problem of optimal control systems with the criterion of transient responses as a positive integral functional (3) is discussed.In the first part it is assumed that the motion of controlled object is described by a system of ordinary differential equations and that the final states of the system form a bounded and closed convex region in ndimentional euclidian phase space. A method is proposed for finding all optimal control functions which lead any starting state into the given final region of states. Some conclusions are obtained from the maximum principle by using transversal conditions of optimal trajectories in terminal points, and the particular properties of the stated problem are pointed out. The case of linear differential equations with integral quadratic functional criterion is investigated in detail.Further, in the second part the fundamental properties of isoloss regions, the relations between the isoloss region and optimal control functions are indicated. As a direct result a partial differential equation determining the optimal lossfunction J (x) is found and the connection between function J (x)and optimal vector control function u (x) is also stated. The methods proposed are practically the extension of the methods used by us for designing time optimal control systems as seen in [5, 6 ,7].Finally, an example is illustrated with optimal trajectories shown in phase plane.The necessary numerical data is calculated by an analog computer with high accuracy.  文中研究了具有公式(3)表示的一般正积分泛函的最优控制系统的综合问题.在第一部分中研究了具有控制参数的一阶微分方程组.控制系统的终点状态为n维相空间内的某一逐段光滑边界的闭性区域Ω.文中指出了根据极大值原理和轨道终点的横截条件寻找引到Ω的所有最优轨迹的方法.这里详细地研究了具有二次泛函和被积函数中不明显含有控制参数的质量指标泛函的线性方程情况.在文中第二部分研究了等损耗区的主要特性.指出了等损耗区与最优控制函数之间的关系.导出了求算最优损耗函数J(x)的偏微分方程,以及这一函数与最优控制函数u(x)的关系.上述方法是我们曾在文献[5,6,7]中用过的最优快速系统的综合方法的推广.文章最后举有例证.  Emission and absorption band spectra of sulphur dioxide were studied in the region between 2600 to 2000 A.U. A new system of emission bands (about 150 bands) was found. When these bands were compared with the absorption bands and Mr. Lotmar's fluorescent bands, coincidences were found which amount to 40% and 50% of the total number of absorption and fluorescent bands respectively. These agreements and the very different structure as compared with the SO bands recorded on the same plate made it very probable... Emission and absorption band spectra of sulphur dioxide were studied in the region between 2600 to 2000 A.U. A new system of emission bands (about 150 bands) was found. When these bands were compared with the absorption bands and Mr. Lotmar's fluorescent bands, coincidences were found which amount to 40% and 50% of the total number of absorption and fluorescent bands respectively. These agreements and the very different structure as compared with the SO bands recorded on the same plate made it very probable that SO2, is the emitter of these emission bands. Evidences were also found that these emission bands arc not the known bands of O2, Oa+ and S2 in the same region. As a further support a vibrational level scheme was worked out, using the three fundamental frequencies of the normal SO2, molecule (1150, 525, and 1360 cm1) in the lower state and 750 and 350 cm1 (possible also 1110 cm1) as the frequencies in the upper state. This scheme accounts for 1Q% of the absorption bands, 70% of the emission bands and a small fraction of the fluorescent bands. While the scheme may not be the final due to the complexity of the vibrational formula, one feels fair, as far as the present evidence goes, to conclude that the emission bands observed are actually emitted by the SO2, molecules and that they can be fitted by a vibrational level scheme based on the three known fundamental frequencies of the normal state.  此文目的在报告二氧化硫气体分子之吸收光谱及发射光谱(emission speetrun)之研究光谱区域约在2000A与2600A间有一新组发射光带(band)发现。数约百五十在吸收光带中有百分之四十之光带与此发射光带附合。在Lotmar先生之弗光光谱(fluorescent speetrum)中,有百分之五十之光带与此发射光带附合并此所得之发射光带之结构与SO之光带显有区别,令人设信此发射光带为SO_2分子所发者。在另一方面,找到证据,所得之发射光带亦非0_2,O_2~+及S_2诸分子之光谱为求更进一步之证实,试以SO_2之三基本振动数(fundamental frequency)1150,525及1360cm~(1)为能力阶梯之差而作一常态(normal state)下之能力阶梯。再用750,350cm~(1)(或1110亦用)为分子在激态(excited state)时之振动数,而作一激态下之能力阶梯所得之能力图(energydiagram)可说明吸收光带之70%,发射光带之70%及弗光光带之一小部份,此能力图并不完全,故不能望其为最终者。以三原子分子情形复杂,完全正确之分析,尚有待焉。之 能 力唯协... 此文目的在报告二氧化硫气体分子之吸收光谱及发射光谱(emission speetrun)之研究光谱区域约在2000A与2600A间有一新组发射光带(band)发现。数约百五十在吸收光带中有百分之四十之光带与此发射光带附合。在Lotmar先生之弗光光谱(fluorescent speetrum)中,有百分之五十之光带与此发射光带附合并此所得之发射光带之结构与SO之光带显有区别,令人设信此发射光带为SO_2分子所发者。在另一方面,找到证据,所得之发射光带亦非0_2,O_2~+及S_2诸分子之光谱为求更进一步之证实,试以SO_2之三基本振动数(fundamental frequency)1150,525及1360cm~(1)为能力阶梯之差而作一常态(normal state)下之能力阶梯。再用750,350cm~(1)(或1110亦用)为分子在激态(excited state)时之振动数,而作一激态下之能力阶梯所得之能力图(energydiagram)可说明吸收光带之70%,发射光带之70%及弗光光带之一小部份,此能力图并不完全,故不能望其为最终者。以三原子分子情形复杂,完全正确之分析,尚有待焉。之 能 力唯协所得之能 力 圆 山。。。,。w山。…。。。。\可。Z5t 叫 吸收 几 卅之70九传 时 光排 上 7,％及 比 儿 儿 卅上 一 个 部 份 此 能 力 闲 伙 不 正 全;故个能 望IC iX侦相 许 nt原一户 外 广似形 应 输,完全 正雕之分 析。尚有  The assignment of the fundamental frequencies of C4H2 given by Timm and Mecke is discussed and a new assignment in accord with the selection rules is suggested. Nine force constants for the molecule are calculated according to Timm and Mecke's assignment, while the new assignment gives no reasonable constants for the deformation vibrations. Further study of the Raman spectrum and the infrared absorption is necessary for a final classification of the deformation frequencies.  按Timm Mecke之C_4H_2基本振动率,吾人求得一含有九个常动之势能式中各常数之值。   << 更多相关文摘 
相关查询  



