Based on the characteristics of forest development project, the concept and processes of risk management are firstly introduced. Then, ways of how to apply risk management to forest development project are suggested. And a comprehensive model for risk management of forest development project is presented.
Process models of environmental systems: Simulation of forest development dynamics as an example
Concurrently repeated whole-area dendrometric measurements of all live and dead trees were made together with maps of forest development stages.
Based on available observations, a conceptual model ofmangrove forest development and gap regeneration is proposed.
We conclude the following: (a) The mean of the three tallest trees is not a good estimator of forest development when seasonal or strong disturbances occur since complexity index based in it always overestimates forest structure.
The influence of forest development on soil solution and surface drainage water aluminium chemistry was investigated in Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) plantations in Wales.