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     On the basis of in-depth analysis of AC_BM algorithm, absorbing the idea of QS algorithm, an improved AC_BM algorithm is presented.
     在深入分析AC_BM算法的基础上,吸收QS算法的思想,提出了一种改进的AC_BM算法。
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     Then, in-depth study of the SOA-based software architecture and Web Service technology, this paper raised a model of software architecture to reuse legacy systems -- Extended Service-Oriented Architecture, stutdied the basic realization of the framework based on E-SOA, and focused on one of the key ways -- packaging.
     然后,在深入研究分析SOA软件架构和Web Services技术的基础上,提出了一种适用于重用遗产系统的体系架构模式――扩展面向服务的体系架构(E-SOA , Extended Service-Oriented Architecture),研究了基于E-SOA架构模式的基本实现,并着重研究了实现的关键技术——封装;
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     This paper discusses the technical details and implementation details of XKMS specification and the prospects of XKMS application model on the basis of in-depth researches on XKMS and related protocols.
     本文在深入研究XKMS规范及相关协议规范基础上,探讨了XKMS规范的技术细节、实现细节以及应用前景。
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     On the basis of in-depth study of wireless Ad hoc network routing technologies and QoS routing technologies, this thesis presents a kind of routing protocol (QoS-AODV), which is an improvement of AODV. It adds certain bandwidth requirement, which makes every routing node must meet certain bandwidth requirements when the phase of routing initiation and routing maintenance and enhances the capacity of dealing with the sudden business and real-time business, then provides a more reliable network routing.
     本文在深入研究无线Ad hoc网络路由技术和QoS路由技术的基础上,提出了一种改进的AODV路由协议(QoS-AODV),增加了带宽约束,使得在路由发起和路由维护阶段路由上的各个节点必须满足一定的带宽要求,增强了网络对突发业务和实时业务的处理能力,为网络提供更加可靠的路由。
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     With an in-depth study on automatic mesh generation dividingtechnology of finite element, computer image processing techniques and visual scientific calculation technology, and under thebased on WINDOWS 2000 platform, we work out the foreground programs using Visual Basic 6.0 from Microsoft ,which possesses friendly programming environment and abounding graph function, while the background programs are accomplished using the powerful function of data base and chain table of Delphi 6.0 from Borland.
     在深入研究有限元自动剖分技术、计算机图形处理技术和科学计算可视化技术的基础上,在WINDOWS 2000平台下,采用MICROSOFT公司的VISUAL BASIC 6.0与BORLAND公司的DELPHI 6.0 混合编程,利用VB友好的编程环境和丰富的图形函数来编制前台程序,而后台程序则利用DELPHI强大的数据库功能和链表功能来完成。
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     IN-DEPTH OXYGEN CONTAMINATION PRODUCED IN CW CO_2 LASER ANNEALED Si
     CW CO_2激光退火在硅中产生的氧沾污
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     In-depth Analysis Error of an Ion Microprobe Resulted from Mass Interference and Method of its Elimination
     质量干扰引起的离子微探针深度分析误差及其消除方法
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     Study of Strategy for In-Depth Hospital Reform
     深化医院改革的战略研究
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     IN-DEPTH PROFILE ANALYSIS OF LASER TREATED SAMPLE SURFACE BY GLOW DISCHARGE OPTICAL EMISSION SPECTROSCOPY
     激光处理样品的辉光放电发射光谱表面逐层分析
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     An In-Depth Thinking on China's Tourism Economic Phenomenon
     中国旅游经济现象的深层思考
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Also, the experiments prove that it is feasible to use the method to develop a domain automatic abstracting system, which is valuable for further in-depth study.
      
This paper presents the development of piezoelectric precision driving technology at home and abroad and gives an in-depth analysis.
      
The original nonuniformity of the in-depth distribution of the elements is found to be most of all affected by heating in air at a temperature of 700°C that provides the surface formation of a B2O3 oxide layer containing no nickel.
      
This study is a step towards a more in-depth understanding of the factors affecting the former process.
      
In-depth analysis of the propagation of an acoustic signal excited by a short radio pulse is performed.
      
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A.The Soils Since the goological formation of this mountainous area is quite uniform,a vertical distribution of soils is obviously observed. At the top of the mountain with an elevation of 8,500 feet,the podzolic soil is found. The process of podzolization is clearly shown by the translocation of clays,organic matter, and active aluminum from an upper to lower layer.The gray brown podzolic soil is distributed in areas ranging from 7,000 to 8,500 feet in elevation.It is developed under forest and has a...

A.The Soils Since the goological formation of this mountainous area is quite uniform,a vertical distribution of soils is obviously observed. At the top of the mountain with an elevation of 8,500 feet,the podzolic soil is found. The process of podzolization is clearly shown by the translocation of clays,organic matter, and active aluminum from an upper to lower layer.The gray brown podzolic soil is distributed in areas ranging from 7,000 to 8,500 feet in elevation.It is developed under forest and has a surface covering of leaf litter and a surface soil with high content of organic matter.In places at an elevatin from 3,900 to 7,000 feet the yellow podzolic soil is dominant.At an elevation below 3,000 foot the red podzolic soil and the sketetal soil are fonnd. The analytical data of the soils of this area may be summarized as follows: 1.pH values of the soils:In the whole area,since the parent rock (gneiss) is poor in basic constituents,soils are all acid in reaction.The pH of the different horizons of the soils ranges from 4.0 to 5.5.The A_0 and A_1 horizons are usually less acid than B horizon,the A and B horizons are much more acid than the parent rock.This shows the leaching process of the soils under such a humid atmosphere. 2.Organic Matter of the soils:The organic matter content of the soils in this area is greatlg influenced by the kind of the vegetation cover.At an elevation of 8,500 feet, the soil developed under forest has 38.92% of organic matter in the A_1,while that under grass has only 11.08% of organic matter in the corresponding horizon.However as the vegetation cover is constant,the dopth of the A_1 and its organic matter content are evidently affected by the elevation.At an elevation of 3,000 feet,the A_1 horizon of the red podzolic soil is only 1 cm.in depth,and it has 3.37% of organic matter.At an elevation of 8,500 feet,howerver,the A_1 horizon of the podzolic soil is 7 cm.in depth, and it has 11.08% of organic matter.In addition,deposition of organic matter in the B horizon is clearly found in the podzolic soil,but it has not been seen in soils found at lower elevation. 3.Active aluminum of the soils:All the soils in this area are high in active aluminum. They contain from 20 to 16 p.p.m.of active aluminum.The content of active aluminum in the different horizons of the same profile has a very close relationship with the pH values of the corresponding horizon.The less acid the reaction the smaller is the amount of acitve aluminum.The active aluminum of the soil is usually higher in amount than that of the parent rock from which the soil is derived. 4.Available calcium magnesium,and potassium of the soils:All the soils are general- ly low in available calcium,magnesium,and potassium.The comparatively high content of these elements in the A horizon is derived from the leaves of the vegetation which are grown on that soil. 5.Available phosphorus of the soils:All the soils of this area are low in available phosphorus. 6.Available nitrate:All soils in this area are very low in nitrate. B.The Vegetation 1.The plants growing on soils of this area are most calcifuge species which are acid- loving (Vaughan and Wishe,1937).As far as the chemical analysis of the soil is concer- ned,those species may be assumed as not only acid-loving,buy also active aluminum- loving (Hutchinson,1943). 2.The distribution of the calcifuge plants In this area is apparently affected by the local climate in terms of elevation.Some of them (temperate plants) are confined to high elevation,others(tropical plants) being limited to low elevation,Two groups of the plants may be given as follows.Many of them are of the same species as those found in southwestern China (Hou,1944). (a) Plants mainly ocurring in areas at elevations from 7,000 to 8,500 foot (temperate plants): Pteridophyta: Destaedtia Scabra (Wall.) Moore Diranopteris linearis Under. Hicrioptris glauea Under. Hymenophyllum crispatum Wall. Hymenophyllum exsertum Wall. Lidsaya cultrata Sw. Lycopodium clavatum L. Plagiogyria pyphylla (Kunze) Mett. Pteridium aquilinum Wightianum Trym Pteris aspericaulis Wall. Flowering Plants: Castanopsis tribuloides A.DC. Lindera pulcherrima Bth. Osbeckia crinata Bth. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Rhododendron grande Wight Pieris formosana D.Don Vaccinium refersceda HK. Vaccinium serrasum Wight (b) Plants mainly ocurring in areas at elevation from 1,000 to 3,000 feet (tropical plants): Pteridophyta: Adiantum philippense L. Blechnum orientale L. Aglaoorpha coronaus Copel Lycopodium cernum L. Nephrolepsis cordifolia Presl Tectaria spp. Polypodium ucidum Roxb. Flowering plants: Oxyspora paniculate DC. Themeda arundinacea Ridl.

1945年10月中旬,作者留印三月另一周,曾作三次野外调查,计包括印缅边区、恒河平原及喜马拉雅山东南麓等三区,茲先将大吉岭区调查结果,草成此文。调查区域大吉岭位于喜马拉雅山东南麓,在我国西藏边境,全区是山地,海拔自1000到9000尺不等,主为酸性的片麻岩地层,在拔海6500尺地点,年平均气温为56.3℉.,年雨量为122寸。土壤灰壤——灰棕壤组合:在拔海8500尺左右的山顶,灰壤见于草地上,而灰棕壤则发育在森林之下。灰棕壤——灰化黄壤组合:在拔海7000—8000尺地带,森林下仍是灰棕壤,而草地上则为灰化黄壤。灰化黄壤——粗骨土组合:在拔海1000—3000尺地带,片麻岩生成灰化红壤,酸性砂岩生成砾质土。全区土壤特征可归纳如下: (1)土壤 pH 值:全区因土壤母质为酸性片麻岩,各类土壤剖面亦为酸性反应;pH 值约自4.0至5.5。A_1层之 pH 值恒较 B 层为大,而土壤剖面内之 A 层及 B 层均较母岩之酸度为高。 (2)土壤有机质:从土壤有机质分析结果观之,显示植物种类对于土壤有机质之含量高低,有密切的关系,在拔海8500尺之地带,发育于森林下的灰棕壤,表土含有机质38.92%,而同处草类和蕨类植物...

1945年10月中旬,作者留印三月另一周,曾作三次野外调查,计包括印缅边区、恒河平原及喜马拉雅山东南麓等三区,茲先将大吉岭区调查结果,草成此文。调查区域大吉岭位于喜马拉雅山东南麓,在我国西藏边境,全区是山地,海拔自1000到9000尺不等,主为酸性的片麻岩地层,在拔海6500尺地点,年平均气温为56.3℉.,年雨量为122寸。土壤灰壤——灰棕壤组合:在拔海8500尺左右的山顶,灰壤见于草地上,而灰棕壤则发育在森林之下。灰棕壤——灰化黄壤组合:在拔海7000—8000尺地带,森林下仍是灰棕壤,而草地上则为灰化黄壤。灰化黄壤——粗骨土组合:在拔海1000—3000尺地带,片麻岩生成灰化红壤,酸性砂岩生成砾质土。全区土壤特征可归纳如下: (1)土壤 pH 值:全区因土壤母质为酸性片麻岩,各类土壤剖面亦为酸性反应;pH 值约自4.0至5.5。A_1层之 pH 值恒较 B 层为大,而土壤剖面内之 A 层及 B 层均较母岩之酸度为高。 (2)土壤有机质:从土壤有机质分析结果观之,显示植物种类对于土壤有机质之含量高低,有密切的关系,在拔海8500尺之地带,发育于森林下的灰棕壤,表土含有机质38.92%,而同处草类和蕨类植物发育下的灰壤的表土,仅含有机质11.08%,但在相同的植物环境下,拔海高度或局部气候,也是支配土壤有机质含量的重要因素,例如在拔海3000尺地带,长有草类的灰化红壤,仅有极薄之有机质层,该层有机质含量为3.37%,而在拔海8500尺地带,长有草类的灰壤,则有较厚层有机质,其含量为11.08%。 (3)可溶性铝质:全区土壤含有高量可溶性铝,大约自20至160 p.p.m.,其含量与 pH 值高低相关,土壤 pH 值愈酸,可溶性铝含量就愈高。 (4)可溶性钙镁及钾质:全区土壤之可溶性钙,镁及钾等之含量均较低,但就同一土壤剖面而言,富于有机质的 A。或 A_1层的钙镁和钾质,常较 B 层为高,此点显示此等成份是来自植物遗体,亦即指示土壤中有机质与肥力之关系。 (5)全区土壤有效磷含量均甚低。 (6)全区土壤硝酸态氮之含量均极低,并有下淋现象。植物本文所论植物,仅以作者所采集而经各专家鉴定为限,其中以蕨类植物为主。本区的土壤都是酸性反应,所见的植物是以嫌钙性者为主,这些嫌钙性植物与拔海高度的关系很显著,兹将常见的植物种类,叙述如下: (一)主分布于拔海7000—8500尺地带的植物: 蕨类植物 Dennstaedtia scabra(Wall.)Moore Dicranopteris linearis Under. Hicriopteris glauca Under. Hymenophyllum crispatum Wall. Hymenophyllum exsertum Wall. Lindsaya cultrata Sw. Lycopodium clavatum L. Plagiogyria pycniphylla(Kunze)Mett. Pteridium aquilinum Wightianum Trym. Pteris aspericaulis Wall.种子植物 Castanopsis tribuloides A.DC. Lindera pulcherrima Bth. Osbeckia crinata Bth. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Rhododendron grande Wight Pieris formosana D.Don Vaccinium referesceda HK. Vaccinium Serrasm Wight(二)主分布于1000—3000尺地带的植物: 蕨类植物Adiantum philippense L.Blechnum orientale L.Aglaomorpha coron(?)us copelLycopodium cernuum L.Nephrolepsis cordifolia PresslTectaria spp.Polypodium lucidum Roxb.种子植物Oxysoira paniculata DC.Themedra arundinacea Ridl.

The investigation on the breeding habits of Rana nigromaculata was carried out from March 15 to May 10, 1957 in the suburbs of Nanchang.The investigation was carried out in nine different places.Breeding of R. nigromaculata was usually found in places of clear water, where there is little corruption, amino-acid and CO_2, The value of pH is5.9—6.9.The breeding places show a close relationship with the distribution of animals and plants, existence of water furrows and the tilling of rice fields. Range of temperature...

The investigation on the breeding habits of Rana nigromaculata was carried out from March 15 to May 10, 1957 in the suburbs of Nanchang.The investigation was carried out in nine different places.Breeding of R. nigromaculata was usually found in places of clear water, where there is little corruption, amino-acid and CO_2, The value of pH is5.9—6.9.The breeding places show a close relationship with the distribution of animals and plants, existence of water furrows and the tilling of rice fields. Range of temperature for breeding (6:30—8:30 A.M.) is 11.5—22℃, 11.5--17℃ being found to be most suitable for breeding.Breeding takes place when the temperature drops abruptly after an increase.In suburbs of Nanchang, the breeding of R. nigromaculata takes place from March 26 to April 20, and the breeding occurs most frequently duringApril 3—16.Breeding takes place in water less than 10 cm. in depth in the water furrows and rice fields. It is because: 1) the temperature of water rises rather quickly in shallow water; 2) shallow water contains much oxygen neces-sary for the development of the embryos.The breeding of R. nigromaculata was found to occur in places different from the breeding grounds for Bufo bufo.Number of eggs in one brood is found to vary from 786 to 5114.

1、以青蛙(Rana nigromaculata)为对象,从1957年3月15日到5月10日在南昌近郊进行了产卵习性的调查。 2、调查是以九个不同环境條件的地区作为恆定工作地区來进行的。同時,还逐日作了调查期间內氣温和水温的记载。(以上午6时30分-8时30分为标准。) 3、调查证明:青蛙喜欢产卵於腐植质少、氨基酸与CO_2含量较少的清洁环境內,pH值为5.9-6.9之间,产卵地区与水中动植物的分布、浅水沟的存在和稻田的耕作也有密切的关系。 4、产卵的温度幅度(以上午6时30分-8时30分为标准)为11.5-22℃,而以11.5-17℃最為適宜。 产卵是在温度上升后突然下降(冷的)刺激下进行的。 由此推知:在南昌近郊,青蛙产卵是在清明节前10天到清明节后15天內进行的。而以清明节前后十多天(4月3日到4月16日)內产卵最多。 5、产卵是在水深浅於10厘米的浅水沟和稻田內进行的,这是因为:(1)水浅水温易於上升,(2)水浅可以溶解大量的氧;大量氧的存在才能适应蛙胚发育的需求。 6、青蛙产卵地区与蟾蜍产卵地区截然不同,这可能与成体的生活习性有关。 7、青蛙是一次产卵的,产卵的数目为786-5,114个,这与王希成...

1、以青蛙(Rana nigromaculata)为对象,从1957年3月15日到5月10日在南昌近郊进行了产卵习性的调查。 2、调查是以九个不同环境條件的地区作为恆定工作地区來进行的。同時,还逐日作了调查期间內氣温和水温的记载。(以上午6时30分-8时30分为标准。) 3、调查证明:青蛙喜欢产卵於腐植质少、氨基酸与CO_2含量较少的清洁环境內,pH值为5.9-6.9之间,产卵地区与水中动植物的分布、浅水沟的存在和稻田的耕作也有密切的关系。 4、产卵的温度幅度(以上午6时30分-8时30分为标准)为11.5-22℃,而以11.5-17℃最為適宜。 产卵是在温度上升后突然下降(冷的)刺激下进行的。 由此推知:在南昌近郊,青蛙产卵是在清明节前10天到清明节后15天內进行的。而以清明节前后十多天(4月3日到4月16日)內产卵最多。 5、产卵是在水深浅於10厘米的浅水沟和稻田內进行的,这是因为:(1)水浅水温易於上升,(2)水浅可以溶解大量的氧;大量氧的存在才能适应蛙胚发育的需求。 6、青蛙产卵地区与蟾蜍产卵地区截然不同,这可能与成体的生活习性有关。 7、青蛙是一次产卵的,产卵的数目为786-5,114个,这与王希成先生所报导的有些不同,这可能是因为青蛙产卵数目幅度较大的缘故。

The effects of repetitive cortical stimulation on the evoked potential have been investigated in encépale isolé preparations of cats and in rabbits anesthetized with a mixture of 1% chloralose and 10% urethane solution.The evoked potentials were recorded from the visual or auditory area of the cerebral cortex by an eight-channel electroencephalograph.Repetitive electric stimulation for three seconds was applied to a cortical point close to one of an array of the recording electrodes.Either depression or potentiation...

The effects of repetitive cortical stimulation on the evoked potential have been investigated in encépale isolé preparations of cats and in rabbits anesthetized with a mixture of 1% chloralose and 10% urethane solution.The evoked potentials were recorded from the visual or auditory area of the cerebral cortex by an eight-channel electroencephalograph.Repetitive electric stimulation for three seconds was applied to a cortical point close to one of an array of the recording electrodes.Either depression or potentiation of the evoked potentials could be produced,depending on the depth of anesthesia and the stimulus parameters selected. (1)The spreading depression.On strong stimulation the evoked potential,after a latent period of half a minute,was severely depressed for about two minutes and then began to recover.Before finally returning to the original magnitude the potentials might surpass the control size.The total recovery time lasted for about thirty minutes.The degree of the augmentation of the potential seemed to depend on the level of anesthesia.Changes in stimulus intensity and in depth of anes- thesia,however,showed no effect on the process of depression.The depression propagated in all directions of the cortex at a speed of 2—8 mm per minute.No interhemispheric propagation was manifested.The initiation of the depression wave could be prevented by local application of 10% procaine solution at the stimulating electrodes. (2)The poientiation effect.Under certain conditions,the evoked potential could be greatly potentiated immediately after repetitive electric stimulation.Potentiation seemed to be confined only o the vicinity of the point stimulated and lasted for no more than forty seconds.A prerequisite for the production of the effect of potentiation was the proper frequency of stimuli;the anesthesia,the intensity and the duration of the stimulating pulse were contributory factors. Since the potentiation or depression could be induced separately by appropriate treatment of the preparation and by proper selection of stimulus parameters,it is assumed that the mechanisms un- derlying the two effects are independent of each other.

实验在家兔(用氯醛糖和氨基甲酸乙酯混合液麻醉)和猫(施行“隔离脑”手术)身上进行。用多点记录法在动物皮层的视区或听区引出诱发电位后,即在某一记录点附近给以3秒钟的重复弱电流刺激,可以观察到两种不同的效应:(一)阻抑作用:始于刺激后的半分钟左右,诱发电位迅即被完全阻抑,2至3分钟后电位渐渐增大,并增大到超出刺激前的水平,以后才逐渐恢复正常。全部阻抑过程历时约30分钟。改变刺激强度或麻醉深度对阻抑作用的影响不大。阻抑以每秒2—8毫米的速度向四周扩散,但不向对侧皮层扩散。皮层局部用10%普鲁卡因涂敷后,电刺激就不能引起阻抑扩散。 (二)强化作用:在适当的刺激条件下,刺激后立即出现诱发电位的强化现象,其时程不超出40秒,以后紧随着就出现电位的阻抑作用。越接近刺激点,强化的效应就越大,但强化不向四周扩散。强化作用的出现主要取决于刺激的频率,其他如麻醉深度、刺激波宽和强度等都具有一定的影响。利用巴比妥钠和10%普鲁卡因可以使诱发电位的强化和阻抑现象分别地表现出来。由此推论,强化作用和扩散性阻抑的发生机制是不相同的。

 
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