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rickets
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  佝偻病
     [Results]The congenital rickets positive rate of BLAP was 14.00%,of the blood serum was 1.80%(P<0.01).
     [结果]检测900名新生儿,先天性佝偻病阳性率BALP检测为14.00%,血清生化检测为1.80%(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Frequencies of A and a genotypes were 31.3% and 68.7% in the rickets group and 32.3% and 67.7% in the control group, respectively.
     佝偻病组等位基因A、a分布频率分别为31.3%、68.7%,对照组等位基因A、a分布频率分别为32.3%、67.7%。
短句来源
     Results(Frequencies of) AA, Aa and aa genotypes were 5.0%, 52.5% and 42.5% in the rickets group and 4.4%, 55.9% and 39.7% in the control group, respectively.
     结果佝偻病组AA、Aa、aa基因型分布频率分别为5.0%、52.5%和42.5%。 对照组AA、Aa、aa基因型分布频率分别为4.4%、55.9%、39.7%。
短句来源
     Evaluation of 25(OH)D_3 in Trace Blood and Relevant Indices in Diagnosis of Rickets in Infants.
     微量血25-(OH)D_3及相关指标在婴幼儿佝偻病诊断中的评价
短句来源
     Results <200 U/L one case(normal),200~250 U/L two cases(suspected rickets),>250 U/L 45 cases(clinical rickets);
     ③结果 48 例病儿中 BALP<200 U/L(正常)1例,200~250 U/L(可疑佝偻病)2例,>250 U/L(临床佝偻病)45例;
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  软骨病
     Hypophosphatemic Vitamin D Resistant Rickets and Osteomalacia
     低血磷抗维生素D性佝偻病和软骨病
短句来源
     Results: The X rays were typical of rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.
     结果 本病的典型X线表现在儿童表现为佝偻病 ,在成人表现为软骨病
短句来源
     BACKGROUND: Yishen jiangu granule is one of sheer traditional Chinese drugs, which has good effect of tonifying kidney, strengthening bone, reinforcing the spleen, nourishing qi and improving the body condition, mainly used to prevent the lassitude, rickets, osteomalacia and calcium-deficiency induced by kidney-deficiency.
     背景:益肾健骨冲剂是一种纯中药制剂,具有补肾健骨、补脾益气、增强体质等作用,主要用于预防肾虚引起的体弱无力、佝偻病、软骨病及缺钙等症。
短句来源
  性佝偻病
     Conclusion There is associationbetween vitamin D receptor gene Apal polymorphism and vitamin D deficiency rickets.
     结论 VDR基因Apa Ⅰ位点多态性与维生素D缺乏性佝偻病存在相关性,A等位基因与维生素D缺乏性佝偻病易感性有关;
短句来源
     Objective To detect the association between vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism and vitamin D deficiency rickets.
     目的 通过研究维生素D受体(VDR)基因多态性与维生素D缺乏性佝偻病易感性的相关性,探讨维生素D缺乏性佝偻病的遗传易感因素。
短句来源
     A Study on the Association of the Vitamin D Receptor Gene Polymorphism with Vitamin D Deficiency Rickets
     维生素D受体基因多态性与维生素D缺乏性佝偻病易感性的研究
短句来源
     Conclusion α-D 3 is safe and reliable for the treatment of vitamin D deficiency rickets.
     ④结论 α D3 治疗维生素D缺乏性佝偻病效果可靠、安全
短句来源
     A Study on the Association of the Vitamin D Receptor Gene Start Codon Polymorphism with Vitamin D Deficiency Rickets
     维生素D受体基因多态性与维生素D缺乏性佝偻病易感性的研究
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  “rickets”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Serum Zn in the late rickets group is(11.47±3.67)/μmol/L, serum Fe is(14. 04 ± 5. 72)/μmol/L, lower than that in the healthy group, the difference has very important significance.
     晚佝组血清锌11.47±3.67μmol/L、血清铁14.04±5.72μmol/L,低于健康组,差异有非常显著意义(P<0.01).
短句来源
     Results The frequencies of Bb, bb, AA, Aa and aa genotypes were 14.6%, 85.4%, 5.0%、52.5% and 42.5% in the rickets group, and 19.1%、80.9%、4.4%、
     结果 在病例组中 Bb、bb 基因型的分布频率分别为 14.6%和 85.4%,AA、Aa 、aa 基因型的分布频率分别为 5.0%、52.5%和 42.5%;
短句来源
     EFFECT OF α-D_3 IN THE TREATMENT OF VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY RICKETS
     α-D_3治疗维生素D缺乏性佝偻病的效果
短句来源
     Exploration of 25(OH)D_3 in finger trace blood in diagnosis of rickets in infants
     微量血25(OH)D_3测定对佝偻病的诊断价值初探
短句来源
     Frequencies of T,t alleles were 94.1%、5.9% in the rickets group and 95.2%、4.8% in the control group respectively.
     而正常对照组TT、Tt、tt基因分布频率分别为 90 .4%、9.6%、0 % ,T、t等位基因的分布频率为 95 .2 %、4.8%。
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  rickets
Clinical consequences related to low vitamin D levels include not only osteomalacia, osteoporosis, and rickets, but also neuro-muscular dysfunction and fractures.
      
Apparent Efficacy of Food-Based Calcium Supplementation in Preventing Rickets in Bangladesh
      
Manifestations of bone disease in persons treated with AEDs include rickets, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, and fracture.
      
Inadequate vitamin D status contributes to increased bone turnover, secondary hyperparathyroidism, bone loss, fractures, muscle weakness, osteomalacia, and rickets in children.
      
Rickets was induced and then reversed by administering a single dose ofergocaliferol, 1α,25(OH)2D3, or 24R,25(OH)2D3 and euthanizing the animals after 4, 24, 48, or 72 h.
      
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This is a preliminary report of X-ray diagnosis on osteopetrosis ga-llinarum. Twenty natural cases of the disease were discovered and studied by X-ray examination.Avian skeleton radiography is a useful and practicable aid to the diagnosis of osteopetrosis and is a more reliable method than others to detect lesions of the bones in live chickens.Radiographic signs of the disease are increase in density of bilateral bones, osteosclerosis with thickening of the cortex and stricture or obliteration of the medullary...

This is a preliminary report of X-ray diagnosis on osteopetrosis ga-llinarum. Twenty natural cases of the disease were discovered and studied by X-ray examination.Avian skeleton radiography is a useful and practicable aid to the diagnosis of osteopetrosis and is a more reliable method than others to detect lesions of the bones in live chickens.Radiographic signs of the disease are increase in density of bilateral bones, osteosclerosis with thickening of the cortex and stricture or obliteration of the medullary cavity. Pathologic changes of the skeleton were observed in most bones of the body, but they were most frequently encountered in the long bones of the extremities. The pathologic process affected the tibia first and its incidence was the highest (20/20), while the figures of other bones were, for the femur 12/20, the coracoid 11/20, the ulna 11/20 and the radius 11/20. The lowest incidences were encountered in the metatarsus 6/20 and phalanges 3/20. X-ray presentation of the disease might be divided into the following types. ( a ) fusiform deformity and sclerosis of the long bones in the extremities, especially in the metatarsus; (b)deformity of the long bones of the pelvic extremities with diffuse osteosclerosis; ( c ) difuse osteosclerosis without skeletal deformity; (d) partly proliferation and sclerosis in the endosteum or small focal osteosclerosis, which were ordinarily well-defined in the tibia and were sometimes found in the femur or ulna. The first type of X-ray presentation might only be in young chickens, while other types might generally occur in adult chickens without "bootlike" deformity of the metatarsus.Differential diagnosis of other avian osteopathies, for example, rickets, osteoporosis, periostosis, staphylococcosis, chronic osteomyelitis, osteosarcoma and Paget's disease was discussed. Radiopraphy of a shank is recommended as a means to detect this disease in general survey.

1、本文在国内首次报告了鸡骨质石化病的X线诊断,利用X线检查,共发现了20只本病的自然病鸡。鸡的骨骼X线照相对诊断骨质石化病是有效可行的。在生前检出骨骼的病变较其他方法更为可靠。 2、本病的X线征为双侧骨骼的密度增高和骨质硬化,骨皮质变厚,骨髓腔变窄甚至闭塞。病变可见于多骨,但最常发生在四肢长骨。最先损害的是胫骨,其发生率最高(20/20);股骨其次(12/20);而乌喙骨、尺骨和桡骨再其次,均为11/20;跖骨较低(6/20);趾骨最低,只有3/20发生病变。其X线表现可分为四种类型:(1)四肢长骨(尤其跖骨)梭状畸形与骨质硬化;(2)后肢长骨畸形与泛发性骨质硬化;(3)泛发性骨质硬化但无骨骼畸形;(4)胫骨骨内膜局限性增生硬化或小灶性硬化,有时累及股骨或尺骨。第一种类型的表现可能只发生于仔鸡。没有跖骨“靴样”畸形的其他类型通常见于成年鸡。 3、对其他骨病如佝偻病、骨质疏松、骨膜骨质增生、葡萄球菌病、慢性骨髓炎、成骨肉瘤和佩吉特氏病(Paget’s disease)等的区别诊断作了讨论,并建议在大群检疫时用一侧胫骨的X线照相作为检出该病的方法。

According to the servey of rickets in children under 3 years of agecarried out in Chengdu in the winter of 1977 and spring of 1978 as apart of the investigation in our country, the incidence of rickets ofSichuan children was 27%, while in the other parts of our country itranged from 15-50%. In this series, most of them were in mild form.Characteristic symptoms and signs, blood biochemical changes such asmicromethod for the detection of active metabolite of vitamin D(25-hydroxycholecalciferol-25 OHD),...

According to the servey of rickets in children under 3 years of agecarried out in Chengdu in the winter of 1977 and spring of 1978 as apart of the investigation in our country, the incidence of rickets ofSichuan children was 27%, while in the other parts of our country itranged from 15-50%. In this series, most of them were in mild form.Characteristic symptoms and signs, blood biochemical changes such asmicromethod for the detection of active metabolite of vitamin D(25-hydroxycholecalciferol-25 OHD), and osseous roentgenographic abnor-malities are used in the diagnosis of rickets, but the latter two examinations are not easily available in the county and countryside hospitals. Therefore,on the basis of the clinical data of this servey, a simplified scheme forthe diagnosis and treatment of rickets in children has been proposed. Itconsists of three parts: 1. Predisposing factors and prevention: The authors' and other datarevealed that prematurity, twins, rapid growth, lack of sunshine, artificialfeeding and infant under one year of age were found to be more prone torickets. Preventive doses of vitamin D should be administered to them. 2. Symptoms, signs and diagnosis: In a careful statistical analysisof the clinical manifestaions, biochemical and roentgenographic changesof 378 children with rickets and 233 children without rickets, the authorsfound that: (1) The so-called early symptoms such as increased sweating,muscular irritability and restlessness seemed not to be specific. Fromtherapeutic test, it seemed that muscular irritability was of some diagnosticvalue. (2) The most characteristic osseous changes were craniotabes,alopecia of the occipital region, enlarged anterior fontanel and flaring outof the costal margins. (3) Ricketic rossary, bowlegs and ricketic spinalcurvature seemed to have certain diagnostic value, while other osseouschanges showed no diagnostic value for active rickets. 3. Vitamin D therapy for active rickets: A total dose of 900,000-1,200,000 IU of vitamin D, divided into 2-3 doses intramuscularly onceevery manth, was found to be more effective than smaller doses. This scheme of simplified diagnosis of rickets in children under threeyears of age had been found to be accurate in about 70% as comparedwith the rational methods of diagnosis.

作者通过对普查的2,123名乳幼儿中经临床表现、血清生化及x线腕部摄片三项检查确诊为佝偻病患儿378名及无佝偻病者233名对比分析,探讨了三项检查联合应用的确诊率;单项检查对诊断本病的可靠程度以及用不同剂量维生素D治疗后观察症状体征、血清生化及x线改变等的恢复情况,寻出有效的维生素D治疗量和提出对本病的简易诊治标准,以供参考。

44 cases of hepatolenticular degeneration were admitted to Xinhua Hospital dur-ing the years of 1965-1979. 40 cases were below 15 years of age, 3 were 19-22 years old, and one had his symptoms beginning at the age of 53. 14 families had more than one patient among siblings, including one with patients in two successive generations.The presenting symptoms and early manifestations were multifarious, including various extrapyramidal motor dysfunctions, progressive mental retardation, psychic symptoms,"hepatitis",...

44 cases of hepatolenticular degeneration were admitted to Xinhua Hospital dur-ing the years of 1965-1979. 40 cases were below 15 years of age, 3 were 19-22 years old, and one had his symptoms beginning at the age of 53. 14 families had more than one patient among siblings, including one with patients in two successive generations.The presenting symptoms and early manifestations were multifarious, including various extrapyramidal motor dysfunctions, progressive mental retardation, psychic symptoms,"hepatitis", hepatomegaly, liver cirrhosis, hemolytic anemia, joint pain, renal rickets,"nephritis", bleeding tendency, vitamin A deficiency as well as sexual precocity and growth defect. D-Penicillamine therapy had been proved to be effective. Earlier cases responded better.

本文报道肝豆状核变性44例,并分析其早期症状。除神经精神症状外,肝病是发病的主要形式。其他多见的早期症状是肾炎、关节痛、佝偻病、溶血性贫血、出血倾向、发育落后等。也有以性早熟、维生素A缺乏等为早期症状者。在神经系统症状中,应重视轻微的各种锥体外系运动障碍及精神和智力的改变。国产青霉胺对本病有较好的疗效,但与病程有关.早期治疗极为重要。

 
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