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traditional science
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  传统科学
     Fusion of Chinese Traditional Science and Western Modern Science
     中国传统科学与西方现代科学范式的融合
短句来源
     STS education provides brand-new educational concepts for traditional science education.
     STS教育为传统科学教育提供了全新的教学理念。
短句来源
     On the Ethical Feature and Value of Spirit of Chinese Traditional Science
     试论我国传统科学精神的伦理特征与价值
短句来源
     Joseph Needham's Contribution for the Research about the Pattern of Thinking of Traditional Science in China
     李约瑟对中国传统科学思维方式研究的贡献
短句来源
     Chinese traditional science, called image science, is the knowledge system of rules of phenomena in the relative areas.
     中国传统认识论正是以世界现象层面的规律为把握的目标,作为相关领域现象层面规律知识体系的中国传统科学,可称为“象科学”。
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  传统科技
     On Humanistic Spirit in Chinese Traditional Science and Technology
     论中国传统科技的人文精神
短句来源
     RESOURCES SHARING BRINGS NOVEL EFFECTS FOR TRADITIONAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY INFORMATION SERVICE
     资源共享为传统科技信息服务带来的新效应——浅谈国家科技图书文献中心网络资源利用
短句来源
     Comparing to traditional science and technology culturejocality is a primary character of innovation culture and therefore communication is becoming the foundation of innovation internationalization.
     与传统科技文化相比,局域性是创新文化的最主要特征。
短句来源
     However, different from traditional science and technology in the past, the gene is a kind of material which controls all life movement forms , Gene science and technology regard life entity and mankind itself as the target directly, and it is the mankind who controls himself and the nature ultimately.
     但是,与以往传统科技不同,基因是控制一切生命运动形式的物质,基因科技直接以生命体以及人类自身为对象,是人类控制自身和自然的终极象征。 因此,在我们为之欢呼雀跃的同时,我们也应该深刻地认识到其中潜藏的巨大的风险,基因科技所引发的疑虑远远超过历史上任何一次技术革命带来的困惑。
短句来源
     1.The forming of the theory and method of treatm ent with syndrome differentiation related to the dialectical mode of thought in traditional Chinese culture,the idea of change in zhouyi philosophy,the stre ss on time and unity of time and space in traditional science and technology,and adoption of habit of operation in acupuncture.
     1.辨证理路的形成与中国传统文化以辨证的思维方式,《周易》哲学的变易观念,传统科技重视时间因素以时间统摄空间,以及承袭针灸治疗的操作习惯等有关。
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  传统的科学
     Under the traditional science circumstances, Aristotle always was regarded as an erroneous embodiment.
     在传统的科学语境中 ,亚里士多德似乎总是错误的化身。
短句来源
     This article try to point inquiry-based science teaching's character by analysis traditional science education and the feature of student learning science,and based on which give some suggestions on what our teacher could do in his science education practice.
     文章基于教师的角度,试图从传统的科学教学、学生学习科学以及探究性教学等方面来论述基于探究的科学教学的一些特点,并指出了教师应该努力的方向。
短句来源
  “traditional science”译为未确定词的双语例句
     it has promoted the development of traditional science .
     实现了学科交叉,促进了传统学科的发展。
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     In traditional science of insurance, the representation of insurer is only explanation of obligation.
     在传统的保险法学中对保险人的告知仅提出了说明义务,随着我国保险市场的发展,保险人的说明义务已不能满足现实的要求。
短句来源
     In the past 20~(th)-century, many calligraphers and scholars had been engaged in the query and textual criticism of the cognition and concepts proposed by the traditional science of calligraphy.
     “20世纪中国书学疑古考辨”即指书家、学者在20世纪一百年的书学研究中,对传统书学认知和书法观念提出的质疑和所做的考辨。
短句来源
     With the flourishing progress of Linux, cluster application domain has expanded from the traditional science and engineering computing to e-business and network services.
     随着Linux的蓬勃发展,其应用范围逐渐从科学计算和工程计算等传统领域拓展到商务应用和网络服务等新应用领域。
短句来源
     It is found that the development of internet brings unprecedented opportunity and challenge to traditional science of biology, and also makes researches on biological science internationalized rapidly.
     认为 Internet的发展为传统的生物科学带来前所未有的契机与挑战,也使生物科学研究迅速国际化。
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  traditional science
Family systems theory presents an answer to the riddles of mental disorder and human functioning that stands in marked contrast to other prevailing views based on linearity and traditional science.
      
Increasingly, however, professional contexts are laden with pressure to define any practice-from library work to medical interventions-in the orderly, compact language of traditional science.
      
Integration of in situ traditional science activities with creative new types of applied scientific research on the Moon and Mars is a key ingredient in the US Vision.
      
The World Wide Web (Web) offers many great tools for instructors of both distance and traditional science courses.
      
The results indicated that using writing-to-learn strategies was advantageous for students compared to those students working with more traditional science writing approaches.
      
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Back in the late Ming and early Ching dynasties,traditional science in Chinawas not in a position to realize modernization by itself,and accepting and transp-lanting the results of recent scientific revolution in the west was the only way formodernization in recent time in China.In those days the men studied western sci-ence were individual.The trend of thought from the 186O to the 189O was“RetainingChinese Learning as Substance and Adopting Western Learning for Use”.Togetherwith the westernization movement,it...

Back in the late Ming and early Ching dynasties,traditional science in Chinawas not in a position to realize modernization by itself,and accepting and transp-lanting the results of recent scientific revolution in the west was the only way formodernization in recent time in China.In those days the men studied western sci-ence were individual.The trend of thought from the 186O to the 189O was“RetainingChinese Learning as Substance and Adopting Western Learning for Use”.Togetherwith the westernization movement,it brought about the first high tide of introducingwestern science and technology in recent Chinese history,thus began changing thepattern of science in China and screening the realization of modernization in Ch-ina.Therefore we can not say that,“Retaining Chinese Learning as Substance andAdopting Western Learning for Use”as a whole was wrong.Some of its progressiveeffeet in history should be affirmed.

中国传统科学技术在经过宋元的发展高峰之后,至明代进入了归纳总结时期。明末清初,西方近代科学经耶稣会传教士传到中国。于是开始了中国传统科学向近代化的“哥白尼转换”。但在当时,只有徐光启、李之藻、康熙皇帝等很少的人看到了西方近代科学的某些重要性;学习西方近代科学还只是零星的、个别的事件,没有成为一种社会性的事业。真正构成一种思潮和运动、并取得了“转换”的社会成就,还是在鸦片战争以后、特别是洋务运动中逐步实现的。本文要讨论的正是在洋务运动时期占有特殊地位的“中学为体,西学为用”的思想在中国科学近代化中的意义和作用。

During the 16th and 17th centuries when the modern science began todevelop in the western Europe, there was also some changes taking placein traditional science of China. These changes were mainly expressedin Mr. Xu Guangqi's thought on science, which may be examined in thefollowing aspects: First, Mr. Xu smashed the bonds of traditional narrowempiricism; second, he formed his own scientific thought on the basisof fact experiment and absorbed the advanced achievments in sciencefrom the West...

During the 16th and 17th centuries when the modern science began todevelop in the western Europe, there was also some changes taking placein traditional science of China. These changes were mainly expressedin Mr. Xu Guangqi's thought on science, which may be examined in thefollowing aspects: First, Mr. Xu smashed the bonds of traditional narrowempiricism; second, he formed his own scientific thought on the basisof fact experiment and absorbed the advanced achievments in sciencefrom the West in a bid to surpss them. Mr. Xu Guangqi (1562--1633), born in Shanghai, was an outstandingscientist in the Ming Dynasty, who made great contributions to thedevdlopment of astronomy, calendar calulation, farmihg and water con-servancy. He had translated Euclidean geometry into Chinese and wroteseveral works on science and technology, such as "Water Conservancy inSome Western Countries," "The Theory and Practice of Measurement,"etc. Besides, he was in charge of revising the then calendar, the resultof which was contained in his "The Calendar Book under the Reign ofEmperor Chongzhen." He almost devoted himself to agricultural experi-ments and the compiling of agrioultural reference books, which wereposthumously publshed by Mr. Chen Zilong under the title of "TheComplete Workg of Agricultural Sciehce." All his writings and trans-lations were compiled by Mr. Wang zhongmin in "The Complete Worksof Xu Guangqi." A survey of his works enables us to understand hisscientifie thought which was the representative of his time. He pointedout the demerits of the traditional science and the way of how to catchup with the then modern science, and proved himself to be an outstand-ing person with profound learning in both Chinese classics and naturalscience of the west.

16、17世纪,近代科学在西欧兴起,中国的传统科学也发生了一些变化。这种变化在徐光启的科学思想中表现得十分明显:首先是突破了狭隘经验论的束缚,其次是开始形成以实验事实为根据的科学理论,并在吸收西方科学成果的同时企图超胜于它。

With the change of times it makes great progress for Chinese women's position and role in the development of science and technology.In ancient times,although women made great contributions in productive labour,they were of low status and lacking in education.They hardly took part in the activities of science and technology,so that their of offect was very limited in the development of Chinese traditional science and technology.In the period of introducing and transplanting modern science and technology...

With the change of times it makes great progress for Chinese women's position and role in the development of science and technology.In ancient times,although women made great contributions in productive labour,they were of low status and lacking in education.They hardly took part in the activities of science and technology,so that their of offect was very limited in the development of Chinese traditional science and technology.In the period of introducing and transplanting modern science and technology from the West into China,females stepped into the fields of medicine and other sciences successively.Around the May Fourth Movement,because women could receive higher education and study abroad,some of them won certain achievements in teaching and research.They contributed their share for the foundation and development of modern science and technology in China,and the improvement of women's status.Since 1950s,more and more women have thrown themselves into science and technology,and their outstanding contributions have obviously improved women's position in the development of science and thchnology. However, there are still great disparity between Chinese women and men in promoting the development of science and technology.

中国妇女在科技发展中的地位和作用,随着时代的发展而有很大的进步。古代妇女虽然在长期生产劳动中做出了伟大贡献,但由于地位低下和缺乏教育,极少能够参与科技活动,对我国传统科技的发展作用相当有限。在我国引进和移植西方近代科学技术的阶段,女性最先投身于医学领域。五四前后,妇女开始能够接受高等教育和出国深造,后来她们之中的一些人以教学和研究中的业绩,为近代科技在我国奠基和初步发展贡献了力量,并争取了妇女地位的改善。本世纪50年代以来,女科技人员日益增多,她们在各个领域作出的出色贡献,明显提高了妇女在我国现代科学技术发展中的地位。然而,在推动我国科技进步方面,妇女与男子的作用还存在差距。

 
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