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desert near oasis     
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  临近绿洲的荒漠
     The characteristics of specific humidity profile of atmosphere over desert near oasis, observed in HEIFE, are given.
     用HEIFE实验观测资料,给出了临近绿洲的荒漠大气比湿廓线的一些特性。
短句来源
  绿洲附近的沙漠
     The new scheme has successfully simulated appearing the inverse humidity phenomenon in desert near oasis. The simulated result is coincident with the observed ones, so that the new scheme of land-surface process parameterization is feasible.
     该新方案成功地模拟出了发生在绿洲附近的沙漠上的逆湿现象,模拟结果与实际观测的结果相互吻合,这表明所建立的新的陆面过程参数化方案是可行的。
短句来源
  绿洲附近荒漠
     FIELD EXPERIMENT AND NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF INVERSE HUMIDITY OF ATMOSPHERE OVER DESERT NEAR OASIS
     绿洲附近荒漠大气逆湿的外场观测和数值模拟
短句来源
  绿洲附近的沙漠上
     The new scheme has successfully simulated appearing the inverse humidity phenomenon in desert near oasis. The simulated result is coincident with the observed ones, so that the new scheme of land-surface process parameterization is feasible.
     该新方案成功地模拟出了发生在绿洲附近的沙漠上的逆湿现象,模拟结果与实际观测的结果相互吻合,这表明所建立的新的陆面过程参数化方案是可行的。
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    he survey for the HEIFE (Atmosphere-Land Surface Processes Experiment at Heihe River Basin. Western China) is given in this paper. Some basic subjects for land-surface processes in arid area are studied. They are: (i) The general characteristics about the energy budget on ground suface in arid area are analysed. The results show that the sensible heat flux on the surface energy budget is in majority. the latent heat flux may be neglected. (ii)The parameterizations of the land surface processes are studied. The...

    he survey for the HEIFE (Atmosphere-Land Surface Processes Experiment at Heihe River Basin. Western China) is given in this paper. Some basic subjects for land-surface processes in arid area are studied. They are: (i) The general characteristics about the energy budget on ground suface in arid area are analysed. The results show that the sensible heat flux on the surface energy budget is in majority. the latent heat flux may be neglected. (ii)The parameterizations of the land surface processes are studied. The influence of atmospheric stratification stability on the turbulent transfer of energy and matter must be considered in parameterizations of land surface processes in arid area. (iii) The interaction, which is a special phenomenon in arid area, between oasis and its desert circumstance is studied. The "coldisland effect" phenomenon in oasis and the "inverse humidity" phenomenon in desert near oasis are a result of the interaction between them. The results should improve the understanding of processes at the land surface in arid area.

    综合介绍“黑河地区地气相互作用野外观测实验研究(HEIFE)”的概况。系统分析干旱地区陆面过程的一些基本问题,它们是:(1)干旱地区地表面热量平衡的基本特征:干旱地区蒸发量很小,地表热量平衡中以感热为主.潜热可以忽略不计。(2)干旱地区陆面过程参数化问题:干旱地区能量和物质湍流输送的参数化必须考虑层结影响,否则将造成严重误差。(3)干旱地区一种特殊现象──绿洲与沙漠环境的相互作用:绿洲的“冷岛效应”和临近绿洲沙漠或戈壁的“逆湿现象”是这种相互作用的结果。这些研究结果将加深我们对干旱地区陆面过程的认识。

    The characteristics of specific humidity profile of atmosphere over desert near oasis, observed in HEIFE, are given. And the structure of specific humidity profiles of atmosphereover oasis and desert near it is simulated by a developed mesoscale numerical model of edplant-atmosphere continuum. In the simulation, inverse humidity of atmosphere over desertnear oasis is shown numerically, patterns of three kinds of typical specific humidity profileand law of presence of them are obtained,...

    The characteristics of specific humidity profile of atmosphere over desert near oasis, observed in HEIFE, are given. And the structure of specific humidity profiles of atmosphereover oasis and desert near it is simulated by a developed mesoscale numerical model of edplant-atmosphere continuum. In the simulation, inverse humidity of atmosphere over desertnear oasis is shown numerically, patterns of three kinds of typical specific humidity profileand law of presence of them are obtained, and the mechanism and physical process, formingthe inverse humidity of atmosphere, are explained.

    用HEIFE实验观测资料,给出了临近绿洲的荒漠大气比湿廓线的一些特性。并且用发展的二维中尺度土壤一植被一大气连续体数值模式模拟了绿洲及其临近荒漠大气的湿度廓线结构,再现了荒漠大气的逆湿,得到了荒漠大气比湿廓线几种典型形式及其表现规律,初步解释了荒漠大气逆湿形成的物理过程和机制。

    According to the common natures of oases in the world, scientific conception of oasis is given out. Based on a lot of the previous research results, the distribution regions of oasis, the objective conditions forming oasis, the hydrological environment of oasis, oasis vegetation types, oasis soil types and other geographical features of oasis are induced systematically. In the same time, the cold island structure of oasis, the cold island effect of oasis, the humid island structure of oasis, the humidity inverse...

    According to the common natures of oases in the world, scientific conception of oasis is given out. Based on a lot of the previous research results, the distribution regions of oasis, the objective conditions forming oasis, the hydrological environment of oasis, oasis vegetation types, oasis soil types and other geographical features of oasis are induced systematically. In the same time, the cold island structure of oasis, the cold island effect of oasis, the humid island structure of oasis, the humidity inverse of atmospheric surface layer over desert near oasis, surface high utilizable energy (or net radiation), wind barrier effect, dynamic effects, thermodynamic effects, effect of enhancing rain and other climatic effects are summarized comprehensively. And from the geographic features and climatic effects of oases in the world, the essential properties, such as systematization, dependence on water, high contrast, proper scale extent, high efficiency, frailty and gradual evolution, which is of all oases, are pointed out. Finally, the effects of human action on oasis are discussed, and the problems and suggestions on oasis research are inquired into.

    根据绿洲的一些共性给出了绿洲的科学定义。并且根据以往大量研究成果 ,系统地归纳了世界上绿洲分布的区域类型、形成的客观条件、需要的水文环境、植被和土壤类型及其分类等地理特征 ,全面总结了绿洲“冷岛”结构、“冷岛”效应、“湿岛”结构、临近荒漠逆湿、高额可利用能量、风屏作用、动力和热力效应、增雨作用等主要气候效应。在此基础上 ,提出了绿洲具有系统性、对水的依赖性、高比照性、尺度性、高效性、脆弱性、演化性等本质特性。最后还讨论了人类活动对绿洲的作用和影响

     
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