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solar radiation energy     
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  太阳辐射能
     The ECE of total energy input (including solar and supplementaty energies)converted into total energy output of fish is 0.19, 0.24 and 0.31%, and that of solar radiation energy converted into gross or net primary productivity is 0.76, 0.90 and 0.96% or 0.61, 0.72 and 0.77% respectively.
     总投入能(太阳辐射能+辅助能)转移到鱼的总产出能转换率分别为0.19、0.24、0.31%; 太阳辐射能转移到毛和净初级生产力的能量转换率分别为0.76、0.90、0.96%和0.61、0.72、0.77%;
短句来源
     The actual sunshine time was 72.4% of the total year, and was the main period of time to obtain solar radiation energy.
     极昼期的实际日照占全年的72.4%,是该地区获取太阳辐射能的主要时段。
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     The results indicated that the total solar radiation energy input was 1854.4MJ·m~(-2).
     结果表明,实验期间所接受的总太阳辐射能为1 854.4MJ. m-2。
短句来源
     1.In the regions where there are no observed solar radiation data,the sources of the solar radiation energy are ctaculated by means of theory.
     乔化砧苹果栽植的合理密度,究其根本就是最充分地利用太阳光能。 1.在没有太阳辐射观测资料的地区,太阳辐射能的资源可通过理论计算取得。
短句来源
     3.Utilizing the data of the surface total radiation and reflection in China during 1958-1960 and the atmospheric absorption energy computed in this paper we have discussed the distribution of planetary albedo in China and the budget of solar radiation energy of the Earth and the atmosphere.
     (3)利用1958—1960年中国地区的一些地面总辐射和反射率观测资料,以及本文计算的大气中各种吸牧能量,讨论了中国地区行星反射率的分布和地球大气系统中各种太阳辐射能的收支。
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  太阳辐射能量
     The distribution of solar radiation energy in a snow layer depends on the Lambert's law.
     雪层内太阳辐射能量的分布遵循朗伯定律。
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  太阳光辐射能
     Solar energy in photovoltaic system is a mode of electric power generation directly which use solar cell of electronic device of semiconductor to generate power by absorbing solar radiation energy effectively and make it to change electrical energy,it is a principal way of dealing with energy shortage and protecting the environment against pollution to exploit and make use of solar energy which is regenerative and clean to generate electrical energy.
     太阳能光伏发电是利用太阳能电池这种半导体电子器件有效地吸收太阳光辐射能,并使之转换成电能的直接发电方式。 开发利用太阳能这种可再生的清洁能源发电是解决能源短缺、保护环境的重要途径。
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  辐射能的光能
     The utilization efficiency of total solar radiation energy was about 0.77% during growth seasons and the utilization efficiency of photosynthetic active radiation energy was estimitated at 1.94%. This photosynthesis efficiency in not very high in Chaihe area of Heilongjiang Province.
     在生长季节内总辐射能的光能利用率为0.77%,光合有效辐射能的光能利用率为1.94%,在本地区内这样的光能利用率是不高的。
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      solar radiation energy
    Evaluation of maize productivity under different climatic conditions was made by determination of the amount of the incident solar radiation energy in the PAR range, which can be potentially used by plants for photosynthesis.
          
    Phytoplankton in the small central Finnish lake, Vasikkalampi, was studied over a two-year period by weekly sampling simultaneously with monitoring of physical and chemical properties of water, solar radiation energy and zooplankton.
          
    In such a scenario over 98% of solar radiation energy is absorbed in the top 4 metres of the water column.
          
    For the annual mean and for the Earth as a whole, the incoming solar radiation energy is balanced approximately by the outgoing terrestrial radiation.
          


    This paper is the first part of research concerning the budget of the atmospheric radiation energy over Eastern Asia. We have discussed following three problems:1.From the experimental values for each band of the absorption spectra of water vapor a formula (6) suitable for hand computation of the absorption of solar radiation, is obtained. It is compared with Mugge-Moller formula.2.By formula (6), the absorption energy of solar radiation and heating rate from the surface to 100 mb were computed for January and...

    This paper is the first part of research concerning the budget of the atmospheric radiation energy over Eastern Asia. We have discussed following three problems:1.From the experimental values for each band of the absorption spectra of water vapor a formula (6) suitable for hand computation of the absorption of solar radiation, is obtained. It is compared with Mugge-Moller formula.2.By formula (6), the absorption energy of solar radiation and heating rate from the surface to 100 mb were computed for January and July for 39 station over Eastern Asia. By considering the cloud correction, the absorption of the surface reflection of the radiation by the atmosphere, the distribution of absorption energy of the tropospheric atmosphere over Eastern Asia was obtained.3.Utilizing the data of the surface total radiation and reflection in China during 1958-1960 and the atmospheric absorption energy computed in this paper we have discussed the distribution of planetary albedo in China and the budget of solar radiation energy of the Earth and the atmosphere.

    本文是讨论东亚地区大气辐射能收支研究工作的第一部分,讨论了以下三个问题: (1)本文利用文献[1]的水汽各吸收带的吸收光谱实验资料,求得了一个适合于手算的水汽对太阳辐射的总吸收能量公式(公式(6))。并把式(6)与Mugge—Moller公式进行了比较。 (2)利用公式(6),计算了东亚地区39个测站1,7月自地面到100毫巴各气层对太阳辐射的吸收能量,及其对大气的加温率。本文还进一步考虑了云的订正、大气对地面反射辐射的吸收,而求得了东亚地区对流层大气吸收能量的分布。 (3)利用1958—1960年中国地区的一些地面总辐射和反射率观测资料,以及本文计算的大气中各种吸牧能量,讨论了中国地区行星反射率的分布和地球大气系统中各种太阳辐射能的收支。

    1.In the regions where there are no observed solar radiation data,the sources of the solar radiation energy are ctaculated by means of theory. 2.The utilization Rate of the solar light energy of experiment density of 4 kinds(i.e.spacing is as follows:1×2m;1×3m;1×4m;and2×4m) is that 2×4m is maximum,and 1×4m is minimum. 3.The rational spacing formulas are: N=R+ctgh·H (1) of wihich N is the rational spacing,H is the planned tree trunk height, R is the planned maximum crown radium and H is the...

    1.In the regions where there are no observed solar radiation data,the sources of the solar radiation energy are ctaculated by means of theory. 2.The utilization Rate of the solar light energy of experiment density of 4 kinds(i.e.spacing is as follows:1×2m;1×3m;1×4m;and2×4m) is that 2×4m is maximum,and 1×4m is minimum. 3.The rational spacing formulas are: N=R+ctgh·H (1) of wihich N is the rational spacing,H is the planned tree trunk height, R is the planned maximum crown radium and H is the sun height angle at noon. N=2R+Ctgh·Z (2) of whch Z is the plaaned maximum crown radium of height,and the rest are the same in formula(1).

    乔化砧苹果栽植的合理密度,究其根本就是最充分地利用太阳光能。1.在没有太阳辐射观测资料的地区,太阳辐射能的资源可通过理论计算取得。2.西北农学院果园四种试验密度(即株行距(米)为1×2,1×3,1×4和2×4)的光能利用率以2×4(米)最高,1×4(米)最低。3.合理行距公式:N=R+ctgh·H (1)其中,N 为合理行距,H 是计划树的总高度,R 为计划最大冠半径,h 是当地正午太阳高度角。N=2R+ctgh·Z (2)其中,Z 为计划最大冠半径处的外缘高度,其他同(1)式。当 R+ctgh·Zctgh·H 时,用(2)式确定之。合理的株距公式为:n=4/3 R式中,n 为株距,R 为计划最大冠半径。乔化砧苹果栽植的合理密度,究其根本,就是在现有的生产条件下,最大限度地、充分合理利用太阳辐射能。众所周知,过稀过密都不能充分合理地利用太阳辐射能。本文试图通过太阳辐射能理论值的计算,结合西北农学院乔化砧苹果密度试验园,根据1981年4至7月的照度观测资料,分析太阳光能的利用情况,进而提出合理密度的计算公式。

    This thesis adopts the formula, Qi= ai+biQoifi, according to the datawhich measure substantially and extract the coefficients-the values of aand b from January to December in all stations by the calculation of the related regression analysis. We divide the whole of Sichuan into six districts according to the similar principles of geographic features; adopting the coefficients of corresponding insolation stations , we calculate month by month the total solar radiation of one hundred and ninety-four stations and...

    This thesis adopts the formula, Qi= ai+biQoifi, according to the datawhich measure substantially and extract the coefficients-the values of aand b from January to December in all stations by the calculation of the related regression analysis. We divide the whole of Sichuan into six districts according to the similar principles of geographic features; adopting the coefficients of corresponding insolation stations , we calculate month by month the total solar radiation of one hundred and ninety-four stations and points in Sichuan; then we proceed to analyse the distribution of the solar radiation energy in term of time and space in Sichuan.

    本文根据省内六个日射站的实测数据,采用Q_i=a_i+b_iQ_(oi)f_i公式,经过相关回归分析计算,求出了各站1—12月的系数a、b值。按照地理特征相似原则把全省分成六个区,分别采用相应日射站的系数,计算了全省194个站点逐月太阳总辐射量。进而对全省太阳辐射能的时空分布进行了分析。

     
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