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   rat ( 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.415秒
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    Rat
    鼠(美国电影故事)
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    Wistar系大鼠;
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Nine Marchi series of albino rats in which various points of the retina were destroyed by the method of thermocautery have been carefully studied. The courses and the terminations of the degenerated optic fibers have been determined. The results are summarized by a composite diagram (fig. 9). It shows:(1) that the fibers issuing from the upper quadrant of the retina are lying in the lateral of the optic nerve, crossed in the lower level of the chiasma passed along the medial part of the crossed optic tract...

Nine Marchi series of albino rats in which various points of the retina were destroyed by the method of thermocautery have been carefully studied. The courses and the terminations of the degenerated optic fibers have been determined. The results are summarized by a composite diagram (fig. 9). It shows:(1) that the fibers issuing from the upper quadrant of the retina are lying in the lateral of the optic nerve, crossed in the lower level of the chiasma passed along the medial part of the crossed optic tract and terminated partly in the ventral of the posterior half of the lateral geniculate body and partly in the caudolateral part of the superior colliculus;(2) that those from the lower retina are lying in the lower part of the nerve, crossed in the higher level of the chiasma, passed along the lateral border of the crossed tract, and terminated partly in the dorsal part of the anterior half of the lateral geniculate body and partly in the medio-oral part of the superior colliculus;(3) that those from the temporal retina are lying in the lateral part of the nerve, crossed in the lower level of the chiasma, passing through the inner part of the tract and terminated partly in the medial part of the lateral geniculate body and partly in the lateral part of the superior colliculus;(4) that those from the nasal retina are lying in the medial of the nerve, crossed in the higher level of the chiasma, passing through the outer border of the tract and terminated partly in the lateral part HSIANG-TUNG CHANGof the anterior half of the geniculate body and partly in the medial part of the superior colliculus;(5) that those from the peripheral margin of the temporal retina are lying in the lateral half of the nerve, uncrossed in the chiasma, passing through the upper half of the tract, terminated in the central part of the geniculate body and never reached the superior colliculus; and(6) that the anterior and posterior accessory optic tracts composed probably of the collaterals of the crossed optic neurons are traced to the corpus Luysii and the nucleus opticus tegmenti respectively.(7) that the optic fibers also terminate in the pretectal nucleus of the thaIamus.

本實驗曾將九隻白鼠之視網膜的各處用電燒法加以毁壞,然後用马基氏染色法(Marchi's method)製成連續切片,详加研究,以斷定其枯萎的神经纖维所经之路徑及终止之點。 實驗结果如下: (一) 自網膜上部發出之神经纖維,位於視神经之外侧,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,又经對邊視神经通路之内側部,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后腹部,一部终止於上叠體之外侧部。 (二) 自網膜下部發出之纖維,位於視神经之下侧,由視神经叉之近首段跨越於對邊,再沿對邊視神经通路之外侧進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前背部,一部终止於上叠體之前内側部。 (三) 自網膜外侧部發出之纖维,位於視神经之外侧部,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,再沿對邊視神经通路之内側部進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后内側部,一部终止於上叠體之外側部。 (四) 自網膜内側部發出之纖维,位於视神经之内側,由视神经叉之近首叚跨越於對面,再经對邊視神经通路之外邊,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前外側部,一部终止於上叠體之内側部。 (五) 自網膜之外側邊緣部發出之纖维,位於视神经之外側,不到對邊,经本邊視神经通路之下半部而终止於背外侧膝體之中央。無及於上叠體者。 (六) 前副視神经...

本實驗曾將九隻白鼠之視網膜的各處用電燒法加以毁壞,然後用马基氏染色法(Marchi's method)製成連續切片,详加研究,以斷定其枯萎的神经纖维所经之路徑及终止之點。 實驗结果如下: (一) 自網膜上部發出之神经纖維,位於視神经之外侧,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,又经對邊視神经通路之内側部,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后腹部,一部终止於上叠體之外侧部。 (二) 自網膜下部發出之纖維,位於視神经之下侧,由視神经叉之近首段跨越於對邊,再沿對邊視神经通路之外侧進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前背部,一部终止於上叠體之前内側部。 (三) 自網膜外侧部發出之纖维,位於視神经之外侧部,由視神经叉之近尾段跨越於對面,再沿對邊視神经通路之内側部進行,而一部终止於背外側膝體之后内側部,一部终止於上叠體之外側部。 (四) 自網膜内側部發出之纖维,位於视神经之内側,由视神经叉之近首叚跨越於對面,再经對邊視神经通路之外邊,而一部终止於背外側膝體之前外側部,一部终止於上叠體之内側部。 (五) 自網膜之外側邊緣部發出之纖维,位於视神经之外側,不到對邊,经本邊視神经通路之下半部而终止於背外侧膝體之中央。無及於上叠體者。 (六) 前副視神经通路,终止於路易斯氏體(Corpus Luysii),而后副视神经通路則终止於视底巢(

The distribution of chingger mites is world-wide. Hatori, 1919 first reported the occurrenceof the scrub-typhus and its vector, Trombicula akamushi, in Taiwan Province. It.is predicted thatthe chigger mites must be widely distributed in this country. The writer made a preliminary survey-of the chigger mites in Nanking area in the summer andautumn months of 1955. Out of thirty six different kinds of wild and domestice animals examined,including rats, chickens, etc.,twenty were found to be parasitized by...

The distribution of chingger mites is world-wide. Hatori, 1919 first reported the occurrenceof the scrub-typhus and its vector, Trombicula akamushi, in Taiwan Province. It.is predicted thatthe chigger mites must be widely distributed in this country. The writer made a preliminary survey-of the chigger mites in Nanking area in the summer andautumn months of 1955. Out of thirty six different kinds of wild and domestice animals examined,including rats, chickens, etc.,twenty were found to be parasitized by the chigger mites. Specimenscollected were mounted on slides with Puri's fluid. Altogether seven species of the chigger mites were found on the animals examined. They are:Walchia sp., Trombicula sp. 1, T. sp. 2, T. sp. 3, Acomatacarus sp. 1, A. sp. 2, and Neoschon-gastia gallinarum. The latter species has the highest percentage of infection ranging from71.4-97.1% and causes severe damages on domestic fowls.

1.本文报告1955年夏秋在南京地区所作恙螨的初步调查,共采得恙螨4属7种。计阿康恙螨属2种,华溪恙螨属1种,Trombicula属3种,新勋恙螨属1种。南京地区恙螨的存在尚系首次记录。 2.从初步结果看来南京地区所见的恙螨因这次调查季节较晚故与恙虫病的关系尚待证实。而鸡新勋恙螨对家禽危害之烈致引起雏鸡死亡之严重性;阿康恙螨宿主种类的广,能造成人类恙螨性皮炎的可能性极大,必须重视。 3.在19种哺乳类,14种鸟英,1种两栖类,2种爬行类,共36种动物中查见恙螨 寄生的有20种,计哺乳类9种,鸟类10种,爬行类1种。阿康恙螨以家猫、家鼠、及家兔的感受率最高在32.6%至85.7%间。鸡新勋恙螨以家鸡、环颈雉感染率最高在71.4%至97.1%间。 4.在家犬、家鼠、褐家鼠、家猪、山羊、家免、安哥拉种家免、多疣壁虎体查见阿康恙螨。在家鼠体查见华溪恙螨。在家鼠、家猫、长江野兔体查见恙螨属之三种。在家鸡(包括萨塞克斯鸡、来克亨鸡、罗得岛红鸡、芦花鸡、澳洲黑鸡)、家鹅、家鸭、环颈雉、麻雀体查见鸡新勋恙螨的寄生。 其中家犬、家猪、山羊、家兔、安哥拉种家兔、多疣壁虎、长江野兔、家猫可为阿康恙螨及恙螨属的自然宿主是国内之首次的...

1.本文报告1955年夏秋在南京地区所作恙螨的初步调查,共采得恙螨4属7种。计阿康恙螨属2种,华溪恙螨属1种,Trombicula属3种,新勋恙螨属1种。南京地区恙螨的存在尚系首次记录。 2.从初步结果看来南京地区所见的恙螨因这次调查季节较晚故与恙虫病的关系尚待证实。而鸡新勋恙螨对家禽危害之烈致引起雏鸡死亡之严重性;阿康恙螨宿主种类的广,能造成人类恙螨性皮炎的可能性极大,必须重视。 3.在19种哺乳类,14种鸟英,1种两栖类,2种爬行类,共36种动物中查见恙螨 寄生的有20种,计哺乳类9种,鸟类10种,爬行类1种。阿康恙螨以家猫、家鼠、及家兔的感受率最高在32.6%至85.7%间。鸡新勋恙螨以家鸡、环颈雉感染率最高在71.4%至97.1%间。 4.在家犬、家鼠、褐家鼠、家猪、山羊、家免、安哥拉种家免、多疣壁虎体查见阿康恙螨。在家鼠体查见华溪恙螨。在家鼠、家猫、长江野兔体查见恙螨属之三种。在家鸡(包括萨塞克斯鸡、来克亨鸡、罗得岛红鸡、芦花鸡、澳洲黑鸡)、家鹅、家鸭、环颈雉、麻雀体查见鸡新勋恙螨的寄生。 其中家犬、家猪、山羊、家兔、安哥拉种家兔、多疣壁虎、长江野兔、家猫可为阿康恙螨及恙螨属的自然宿主是国内之首次的报告,而家鸭、家鹅、环颈雉及麻雀可为鸡新勋恙螨之自然宿主,及家鸭、家鹅体有恙螨的

It has been found, that the extracts of different tissues (liver, spleen, muscles, kidney), made according to Filatov, are capable of stimulating adrenal cortex as judged by their ability to cause a decline in adrenal ascorbic acid after intraperitoneal administration into albino rats. But this adrenocorticotropic action requires the presence of an intact pituitary gland, that is to say, all the tissue extracts examined, contain an ACTH releasing factor, which stimulates the release of ACTH from anterior...

It has been found, that the extracts of different tissues (liver, spleen, muscles, kidney), made according to Filatov, are capable of stimulating adrenal cortex as judged by their ability to cause a decline in adrenal ascorbic acid after intraperitoneal administration into albino rats. But this adrenocorticotropic action requires the presence of an intact pituitary gland, that is to say, all the tissue extracts examined, contain an ACTH releasing factor, which stimulates the release of ACTH from anterior pituitary. It has been found, that the ACTH releasing factor is ultrafiltrable. The possible role of this factor in the regulation of anterior pituitary secretion of ACTH in stress and in clinical tissue-therapy is discussed.

以腎上腺抗壞血酸降低法證明不同的組織浸液(肝、脾、腎、肌)均具有興奮腎上腺皮質的作用,但此作用是通過腦垂體前葉ACTH的分泌而發揮的,在割出腦垂體的動物組織浸液即不再呈現作用。由於此組織浸液所含有的有效成份可以透過超瀘膜,故其可能為小分子的代謝產物。最後並將此實驗的結果聯系腦垂體前葉ACTH的分泌機制及組織療法的功效加以討論。

 
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