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in the open
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  开腹
    And the data of the 54 patients (Laparoscopic Group) were compared with those from other 48 patients (Open Group) who had undergone open pull-thro ugh surgery before August 1999. Results The operation time was longer in the Laparoscopic Group(169±59 min) than in the Open Group(138±43 mi n)(t=2.903,P=0.005).
    结果手术时间腹腔镜组为(168±59)min,明显长于开腹手术组(138±43)min,(t=2·903,P=0·005);
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    In the Laparoscopic Group, the rate of anorectal reflex recover y was 55.6%, the anorectal angle was 83.4°±10.4°, and the incidence of abnorm al defecation, 11.1% (constipation and faecal contamination respectively account ed for 50%), all of which were similar to those in the Open Group.
    腹腔镜组直肠肛管反射恢复率55·6%,直肠肛管角为83·4°±10·4°,排便功能异常发生率为11·1%,便秘和污粪各占50%,与开腹组相近。
短句来源
    Results The operations in the Laparoscopic Group were smoothly completed. The operative time for one side of hernia was significantly shorter in the Laparoscopic Group(33.4±9.6 min) than in the Open Group(38.0±7.6 min)(t=-7.596,P=0.000).
    结果腹腔镜组手术顺利,单侧手术时间(33.4±9.6 m in)显著少于开腹组(38.0±7.6 m in)(t=-7.596,P=0.000)。
短句来源
    Complications happened in 1 case in the Laparoscopic Group(incisional hernia) and in 4 cases in the Open Group(1 case of acute hepatic failure,1 case of incision rupture,and 2 cases of wound infection),the incidence of complications being not significant(χ~2=0.395,P=0.530).
    腹腔镜组术后切口疝1例; 开腹组急性肝衰竭、伤口裂开各1例,伤口感染2例,两组早期并发症发生率无显著性差异(2χ=0.395,P=0.530)。
短句来源
    Follow-up observations at 4 postoperative month found the jaundice had subsided in 13 cases in the Laparoscopic Group(50%) and in 18 cases in the Open Group(53%).
    术后4个月时随访,腹腔镜组13例(占50%)患儿退黄; 开腹组18例(53%)患儿退黄。
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  “in the open”译为未确定词的双语例句
    In the open field test, the scores were 10.3±2.7,4.6±2.7,12.0±3.8, respectively.
    旷场试验得分分别为 :10 .3± 2 .7、4.6± 2 .7、12 .0± 3 .8;
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    7 hips got excellent clinical results and 4 hips good results in the open reduction of 11 hips.
    11个手术的髋关节中,临床效果优者7髋、良者4髋;
短句来源
    By summarizing the anesthetic experience in 32pediatrics with the congenital heart disease undergoing open heart surgery during cardiopul monary bypass,the chapter elaborated that better clinical effects migh t be acquired if preanesthetic medication,not by traditional intramuscular but by oral,was applied in the open heart surg ery.
    本文通过对32例小儿先天性心脏病体外循环下心脏直视手术麻醉的总结,阐述了将传统的麻醉前给药方式—肌肉注射改为口服,应用于小儿先天性心脏病体外循环下心脏直视手术,取得较好的临床效果。
短句来源
    Method Adopt Multinomial Regression Logistic Analysis on the withdrawal of Topiramate therapy in 55 cases upon investigation on 213 children receiving the treatment in the open label experiment conducted in our hospital.
    方法 通过对我院开放性临床实验中妥泰 (TPM )抗癫痫治疗的2 13例患儿进行调查 ,并利用多元Logistic回归分析对 5 5例最后放弃服用妥泰的患者进行退出原因分析。
短句来源
    Methods:Adopt Multinomial Regression Logistic Analysis on the withdrawal of Depakine Chrono therapy in34cases upon investigation on87children reˉceiving the treatment in the open label experiment conducted in our hospital.
    方法 :通过对我院开放性临床实验中德巴金缓释片(DK)抗癫痫治疗的87例患儿进行调查,并利用多元Logistic回归分析对34例最后放弃服用德巴金缓释片的患儿进行退出原因分析。
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  in the open
The starting material used abroad is expensive and the yield is low (16%-28%); furthermore, to our best knowledge, no characterization of Compound A is available in the open literature.
      
Criteria defining the sign of entropy variation in the open system were considered.
      
The behavior of mice of two inbred strains (C57BL/6J and CBA) and their F1 hybrids was evaluated in the open field test after intraperitoneal administration of 3-methylindole (skatole) disrupting epithelium of the main olfactory system.
      
The principal significance of organic matter oxidation in near-bottom water for the phytoplankton and its respiratory expenditures was demonstrated both in the open system of the near-bottom layer and in the closed tank system.
      
Using DNA-protein cross-linking induced by formaldehyde, it was demonstrated that each RNA polymerase formed a unique pattern of contacts with DNA in the open promoter complex.
      
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By summarizing the anesthetic experience in 32pediatrics with the congenital heart disease undergoing open heart surgery during cardiopul monary bypass,the chapter elaborated that better clinical effects migh t be acquired if preanesthetic medication,not by traditional intramuscular but by oral,was applied in the open heart surg ery.The chapter also emphasized that combin ed anesthetic medication could make the induction and maintenance of anesthesia steadier and intensive monitoring d uring the operation...

By summarizing the anesthetic experience in 32pediatrics with the congenital heart disease undergoing open heart surgery during cardiopul monary bypass,the chapter elaborated that better clinical effects migh t be acquired if preanesthetic medication,not by traditional intramuscular but by oral,was applied in the open heart surg ery.The chapter also emphasized that combin ed anesthetic medication could make the induction and maintenance of anesthesia steadier and intensive monitoring d uring the operation appear more important.

本文通过对32例小儿先天性心脏病体外循环下心脏直视手术麻醉的总结,阐述了将传统的麻醉前给药方式—肌肉注射改为口服,应用于小儿先天性心脏病体外循环下心脏直视手术,取得较好的临床效果。文章强调复合用药可使麻醉诱导与维持更趋平稳,术中加强监测在小儿心脏直视手术期间尤为重要。

Objective To explore the causes of withdrawal of the Topiramate(TPM) therapy for treating pediatric epilepsy.Method Adopt Multinomial Regression Logistic Analysis on the withdrawal of Topiramate therapy in 55 cases upon investigation on 213 children receiving the treatment in the open label experiment conducted in our hospital.Result (1)Those children who chose to withdraw account for 25.82% of the total(55/213).While 74.18% of them keep on receiving the treatment.(2)The common ill effect includes...

Objective To explore the causes of withdrawal of the Topiramate(TPM) therapy for treating pediatric epilepsy.Method Adopt Multinomial Regression Logistic Analysis on the withdrawal of Topiramate therapy in 55 cases upon investigation on 213 children receiving the treatment in the open label experiment conducted in our hospital.Result (1)Those children who chose to withdraw account for 25.82% of the total(55/213).While 74.18% of them keep on receiving the treatment.(2)The common ill effect includes absence of sweat,descent of body weight and behavior disorder.(3)It′s found that the withdrawal of TPM relates with some factors including sex,rural population(OR=2.564)and unsatisfying effect(OR=140.193).(4)The withdrawal is more frequently found among those children with infantile Spasms and Myoclonic Seizure(OR=3.196 and 3.903 respectively).Conclusion The diagnosis and typing on pediatric epilepsy should be as accurate as possible.For preventing the patients from withdrawing, to fully control the TPM treatment and communicate with the patients before treating as well as conduct timely follow up can be regarded as the effective measures at present.

目的 探讨妥泰抗癫痫治疗中脱落原因及对策。方法 通过对我院开放性临床实验中妥泰 (TPM )抗癫痫治疗的2 13例患儿进行调查 ,并利用多元Logistic回归分析对 5 5例最后放弃服用妥泰的患者进行退出原因分析。结果  (1)退出患者占全部入组患者的 2 5 .82 % (5 5 / 2 13 ) ;继续用药患者为 74 .18% (15 8/ 2 13 )。 (2 )较常见的副作用为 :无汗、体重下降及精神行为异常等。 (3 )患儿退出原因与性别、农村人口 (OR值 2 .5 64)、疗效不好 (OR值 14 0 .193 )有关 ;(4)在发作类型中婴儿痉挛症、肌阵挛发作者更易出现脱落 ,OR值分别为 3 .196和 3 .90 3。结论 对儿童癫痫的诊断、分型应尽可能准确 ,掌握好妥泰治疗的指针 ;用药前充分与患儿家长沟通 ,取得其对妥泰的了解并加强用药期间各种形式的随访是目前减少治疗脱落的有效措施

Objective Febrile seizure is a very common emergency in children Although researchers home and abroad constantly pay close attention to studies on brain damage and lesion possibly caused by febrile seizure, studies of effects on motor, behavior, spatial learning and memory are relatively seldom In our study, Spraque Dawley rats were utilized for the purpose of the exploration of effects of febrile seizures on their motor, behavior, spatial learning and memory Methods Sixty 21 day old male Sprague ...

Objective Febrile seizure is a very common emergency in children Although researchers home and abroad constantly pay close attention to studies on brain damage and lesion possibly caused by febrile seizure, studies of effects on motor, behavior, spatial learning and memory are relatively seldom In our study, Spraque Dawley rats were utilized for the purpose of the exploration of effects of febrile seizures on their motor, behavior, spatial learning and memory Methods Sixty 21 day old male Sprague Dawley rats, weighing (50±5)g were divided randomly and equally into febrile seizure group (FS), febrile control group (FG) and normal control group (NG) Febrile seizure animal model was induced by hyperthermal bath with 45℃ water Febrile seizure was induced twice a day, thus ten times within five days in FS group Rats of FG group were immersed in the same hyperthermal water for 2 minutes Nothing special was performed on NG group The abilities of motor and behavior of every rat in these 3 groups were tested in inclined plane test (IPT), overhanging test (OHT) and open field test (OFT) to show their varieties Furthermore, Morris water maze was applied to evaluate the effects by febrile seizure on spatial learning and memory in rats during the place navigation test and spatial probe test Results In the present experiments, febrile seizures were altogether induced 192 times with the mean latency being (4 25 ±0 98) minutes and the mean duration being (1 06±0 59) minutes The experiments confirmed that multiple febrile seizures could lead to decreases of abilities in all tests in which analysis of variance indicated that there were significant differences between febrile seizure group and the other two ( P <0 01) In inclined plane test, the turning ability of the rats was weakened The mean turning time was (9 1±2 6) seconds for FS, (5 3±2 1) seconds for FG and (5 3±2 0) seconds for NG In overhanging test, the overhanging time was shortened: (33 4±18 1) seconds for FS, (50 1±20 3) seconds for FG and (59 0±20 7) seconds for NG In the open field test, the rats became less active with the scores (5 1±2 0) for FS, (10 4±3 0) for FG and (13 2±2 3) for NG Meanwhile, the authors discovered the decreases of the abilities of spatial learning and memory in rats caused by febrile seizures many times Detailedly, in the place navigation test, the mean escape latency for the rats′ looking for hidden platform prolonged; the efficiency of their search strategy decreased; the swimming time the animals spent in platform region decreased [(44 02±5 25) seconds for FS, (51 75±5 28) seconds for FG and (57 07±5 36) seconds for NG; analysis of variance, P <0 01 ]; the number of times they crossed the platform area decreased [(6 07±1 77) times for FS, (9 25±2 07) times for FG and (11 34±2 37) times for NG; analysis of variance, P <0 01]; the percentage of their swimming time fell (36 68% for FS, 43 13% for FG and 47 56% for NG) Conclusion The experiments confirmed that multiple febrile seizures could result in damage and lesion of motor, behavior, spatial learning and memory in rats

目的 探讨热性惊厥对大鼠行为运动及空间学习记忆能力的影响。方法  6 0只雄性SD大鼠随机均分为热性惊厥组 (FS) ,发热对照组 (FG)及正常对照组 (NG)。动态观察各组大鼠在斜板试验、悬吊试验、旷场活动试验中行为运动的变化以及在Morris水迷宫中空间学习记忆能力的改变。结果 在斜板试验中 ,大鼠转体时间为FS组 (9 1± 2 6 )s ,FG组 (5 3± 2 1)s,NG组 (5 3± 2 0 )s,FS组和其他两组比较差异存在显著性 (P <0 0 1) ;悬吊试验中 ,大鼠的悬吊时间分别为FS组 (33 4±18 1)s,FG组 (5 0 1± 2 0 3)s,NG组 (5 9 0± 2 0 7)s,FS组和其他两组比较差异有显著性 (P <0 0 1) ;旷场活动试验中 ,大鼠得分分别为FS组 (5 1± 2 0 )分 ,FG组 (10 4± 3 0 )分 ,NG组 (13 2± 2 3)分 ,FS组和其他两组比较差异有显著性 (P <0 0 1) ;在Morris水迷宫实验中 ,同其他两组相比 ,FS组逃逸潜伏期延长 ,搜寻策略变差 ,平台所在区域内的游泳时...

目的 探讨热性惊厥对大鼠行为运动及空间学习记忆能力的影响。方法  6 0只雄性SD大鼠随机均分为热性惊厥组 (FS) ,发热对照组 (FG)及正常对照组 (NG)。动态观察各组大鼠在斜板试验、悬吊试验、旷场活动试验中行为运动的变化以及在Morris水迷宫中空间学习记忆能力的改变。结果 在斜板试验中 ,大鼠转体时间为FS组 (9 1± 2 6 )s ,FG组 (5 3± 2 1)s,NG组 (5 3± 2 0 )s,FS组和其他两组比较差异存在显著性 (P <0 0 1) ;悬吊试验中 ,大鼠的悬吊时间分别为FS组 (33 4±18 1)s,FG组 (5 0 1± 2 0 3)s,NG组 (5 9 0± 2 0 7)s,FS组和其他两组比较差异有显著性 (P <0 0 1) ;旷场活动试验中 ,大鼠得分分别为FS组 (5 1± 2 0 )分 ,FG组 (10 4± 3 0 )分 ,NG组 (13 2± 2 3)分 ,FS组和其他两组比较差异有显著性 (P <0 0 1) ;在Morris水迷宫实验中 ,同其他两组相比 ,FS组逃逸潜伏期延长 ,搜寻策略变差 ,平台所在区域内的游泳时间百分比降低 ,穿过平台的次数减少。结论 多次热性惊厥发作可使大鼠的行为运动能力和空间学习记忆能力受损

 
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