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the central bank
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  中央银行
     Changeover and adjustable mechanism of the currency policy of the central bank
     论我国中央银行货币政策嬗变的轨迹与调适机制的转换
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     5.the central bank monetary policy;
     (5)中央银行的货币政策;
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     Thirdly, establish the independency of the central bank and promote market-based interest rate reform to consummate the monetary policy system.
     三、确立中央银行货币政策运作的独立性,中央银行综合运用货币政策工具,稳步推进利率市场化,以完善货币政策体系。
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     Study on the Central Bank Intervention in Foreign Exchange Markets
     中央银行外汇市场干预研究
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     The Practice of Interest Rate Policy of the European Central Bank and the Central Bank of the U. S. , Effect Evaluation and Analysis
     欧洲中央银行与美联储利率政策实践及效果评价与分析
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  了中央银行
     Ever since the late Qing dynasty (1884~1911) to Beiyang governance (1911~1927) and then to Guomingdang governance (1927~1949), there has been continuous theoretical discussions on Chinese central bank, concerning the necessity of setting up a central bank system, the central bank property and organizational structure, central bank independence and functions etc. Many suggestions are put forward to facilitate the establishment and development of central bank system in modern China.
     从清末(1884~1911年)、北洋政府(1911~1927 年)到国民政府时期(1927~1949年),社会各界对于中国建立中央银行制度的必要性、中央银行的产权结构与组织形式、中央银行的独立性、中央银行的职能作用等问题,进行了长期不懈的理论探讨,提出了许多设想和建议,推动了中央银行制度在近代中国的建立与发展。
短句来源
     At present stage, due to the imperfection of the law of disposing the crisis in financial institutions, it is an essential task to study how to deal with crisis properly as the last line of defense in financial supervision and management of the central bank.
     现阶段由于我国对金融机构危机处理的立法尚不完善,因此如何妥善处理金融机构的危机,切实解决好作为金融监管的最后一道防线的危机处理机制这一问题,成为了中央银行加强监管工作的一项重要课题。
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     It induced the central bank' s monetary policy function.
     它引申出了中央银行的货币政策功能。
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     First, the gradual reform shapes the core role of the central bank.
     第一,渐进改革中货币调控的特殊地位逐步确立了中央银行在金融宏观调控和稳定中的主导核心作用;
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     All controversies were related to the whole system of monetary policy of the central bank,including the final target,intermediate target,operational target,operational instrument and the transmission mechanism of the monetary policy.
     这些争论几乎涉及了中央银行货币政策的整个体系 ,包括货币政策的最终目标、中介目标、操作目标、操作工具以及货币政策的传导机制。
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  “the central bank”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Policy guide: Creating "the third way" of financing in real estate ——Analysis of the effect of No. 121 document from the central bank on financing in real estate
     政策导向:开辟房地产融资的“第三条道路”——深入分析央行121号文件对房地产融资的影响
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     Guidance and Intervention: a Behavior Analysis of the Central Bank in Different Exchange Systems
     引导与干预:不同汇率制度中的央行行为分析
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     On June ,5, 2003, the central bank put out "notify for strengthen credit loan management of real estate "-121 document. For the sake of control the risk of credit loan.
     2003年6月5日,中国人民银行发布《关于进一步加强房地产信贷业务管理的通知》,即“121号文件”,以控制房地产信贷风险,这使银行不良资产的风险转嫁给了房地产开发商,使房地产融资渠道单一的窘境雪上加霜。
短句来源
     The conclusion is: Through buying in money market excessively many fluidity,the central bank monetary policy got up the suppression real estate price excessively quickly rise effect.
     结论是:通过吸纳金融市场过多流动性,央行货币政策起到了抑制房地产价格过快上涨的效果,但不能消除房地产过热。
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     It gives two cases in which the central bank acted as the lender of last resort, and then it carries on the analysis and summarizes some important enlightenment.
     文章接下来对几个主要发达国家的最后贷款人制度进行了简述,并对最近两起近年来出现的最后贷款人援助重要案例进行了分析,进而总结出来一些对于完善我国最后贷款人制度有用的启示。
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  the central bank
This is largely attributable to the Central Bank's policy of adjusting the ceiling in line with market trends.
      
This study estimates the impact on commercial banks' interest-rate behavior of the more pervasive regulatory measures adopted by the Central Bank of Barbados.
      
This would assist the Central Bank in making decisions on monetary intervention.
      
Specifically, the degree of transparency conditions inflation expectations, hence the central bank's scope for stabilization.
      
The conclusion shows that merely imposing legal independence on the central bank may be ineffective or even counterproductive.
      
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With a view on the specific problems in the reforms of China's economic system,the present work provides a review of the function of macroscopic control to be exe-rcised by the mechanism of the central bank, focusing on the following points: 1. The mechanism of the central bank as the dominant mechanism for indirectmacroscopic control; 2. The control over money supply as the key measure by which the mechanismof the central bank could exercise macroscopic control; 3. Means by which the central...

With a view on the specific problems in the reforms of China's economic system,the present work provides a review of the function of macroscopic control to be exe-rcised by the mechanism of the central bank, focusing on the following points: 1. The mechanism of the central bank as the dominant mechanism for indirectmacroscopic control; 2. The control over money supply as the key measure by which the mechanismof the central bank could exercise macroscopic control; 3. Means by which the central bank could control money supply; and 4. Prereguisites for the mechanism of the central bank to exercise macroscopiccontrol. Recognizing the central bank as the ultimate regulator between the total demandand total supply of the society, the author emphasizes the central bank's superioity tothe state's financial administrations in the controlling function. He concludes his ar- ticle with an argument that the control bank's independence protected by law and thespecial banks administrated as businesses instead of bureaucratic bodies are the precon-ditions for its efficient functioning as the regulator.

本文结合我国经济体制改革的具体情况,从四个方面论述了中央银行机制的宏观控制功能:第一,中央银行机制是间接宏观控制的主导机制;第二,中央银行机制发挥宏观控制功能的关键是控制货币供应量;第三,中央银行控制货币供应量的方式;第四,中央银行机制发挥宏观控制功能的条件。作者认为,中央银行是社会总需求与总供给关系的最关键调节者,并具有优于国家财政的控制作用。作者最后指出,要发挥中央银行的控制功能,其自身要具有法律保证的独立性,并且,专业银必须企业化。

It is one of the major tasks in the economic field at present to curb inflation. Whether inflation can be effectively curbed or not is a key link concerning the reform and development as a whole. Based on this view, the article proposed the following policies to withdraw currency from circulation and control inflation:To push forward the reform of housing system and readjust the consuming structure; to practise the share system, develop stock market, promote the rational flow of funds and guide the turn of consumer...

It is one of the major tasks in the economic field at present to curb inflation. Whether inflation can be effectively curbed or not is a key link concerning the reform and development as a whole. Based on this view, the article proposed the following policies to withdraw currency from circulation and control inflation:To push forward the reform of housing system and readjust the consuming structure; to practise the share system, develop stock market, promote the rational flow of funds and guide the turn of consumer funds to production funds; to auction part of the small state-run enterprises with a view to improving the industrial structure and withdrawing currency from circulation; to enhance the central bank's macro-control and promote the liveliness within the banking system; to tighten the monetary policy, strengthen control over taxes, increase investments in agriculture and readjust the prices of major agricultural produce for stabilizing the production; to strengthen the macro-control over foreign trade and improve the composition of imports and exports; to increase the production of daily necessities that suits the market and to improve the efficient supply in the market, etc.

抑制通货膨胀是当前经济工作的主要任务之一,能不能有效地抑制通货膨胀,关系到改革和发展的全局,据此本文指出:必须推进住房制度改革,调整消费结构,推行股份制,培育股票市场,促进资金的合理流动,引导消费基金向生产基金转化,拍卖部分国营小企业,优化产业结构,回笼部分货币;加强中央银行的宏观控制,促进银行系统微观搞活;紧缩财政,加强税收管理,增加农业投资,调整主要农产品价格,稳定农业生产;加强对外贸的宏观控制,优化进出口结构;增加适销对路的日用消费品生产,改善市场的有效供给。以达到回笼货币、治理通货膨胀的目的。

The sphere of liberty for monetary policy can be surveyed both according to the direct controlling power of central bank on the basic money and its indirect regulatory power on money supply. Under China's present system, the sphere of liberty for monetary policy is not wide, and the central bank can not control the valve of money supply at will. The funda- mental approach to remould the mechanism of money supply is to deepen reform, overhaul the debtor and creditor relationship between central bank...

The sphere of liberty for monetary policy can be surveyed both according to the direct controlling power of central bank on the basic money and its indirect regulatory power on money supply. Under China's present system, the sphere of liberty for monetary policy is not wide, and the central bank can not control the valve of money supply at will. The funda- mental approach to remould the mechanism of money supply is to deepen reform, overhaul the debtor and creditor relationship between central bank and public finance, specialized banks and enterprises.

货币政策的自由度可以从中央银行对基础货币的直接控制能力和对货币供给的间接调节能力两方面加以考察。在我国目前的体制下,货币政策自由度不高,中央银行难以自如操纵货币供给笼头。再造货币供给机制,根本在于深化改革,理顺中央银行同财政、专业银行和企业之间的债权债务关系。

 
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