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independent living
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  独立生活
     Recently,a national sampling survey has been conducted among 1,786 in-service young people from 12 cities to study the social adaptability of the first generation of single children in urban areas in China in terms of career, love, marriage, interpersonal relation, independent life and self-cognition. The results reveal that,except the slight difference in the aspect of independent living,the unmarried single children are not obviously different from other ordinary children in their adaptability to different aspects of the society.
     依据对全国12个城市1 786名在职青年的抽样调查资料,从工作、恋爱婚姻、人际关系、独立生活、自我认知等方面考察中国第一代独生子女的社会适应状况,结果表明:除了未婚独生子女与非独生子女在独立生活方面存在一定差别外,两类青年在社会适应的各个方面都不存在明显差别。
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     On the premise of treatment with antipsychotic drugs, patients in the training group received training according to the training-course in Social Skills of Independent Living edited by Liberman and the training contents were: ①Obtaining the knowledge of drug treatment with antipsychotics.
     在抗精神病药物治疗不变的前提下,对训练组按照Liberman编写的《社会独立生活技能》训练程式进行训练,训练内容:①获得抗精神病药物治疗的知识。
短句来源
     The present review focuses on the new progresses in MS treatment of self-management and neurorehabilitation which will improve quality of life and ability of independent living of MS patients.
     本文拟从这两方面探讨目前MS治疗的新进展,以提高MS患者的生活质量和独立生活的能力。
短句来源
     Conclusion It can improve the independent living and return to sports ground earlier for the athletes after the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction utilizing grafr of middle 1/3 patellar tender taken by arthroscope and the education of rehabilitation procedure.
     结论 利用膑腱中1/3作移植物行关节镜下前交叉韧带重建手术并按照康复程度训练,有利于运动员早期独立生活,重返运动场.
  独立
     9 cases complete independent living;
     生活处理完全独立 9例 ;
短句来源
     3 cases almost independent living;
     生活自理大部分独立 3例 ;
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     A study of preventing recurrence through social and independent living skill in patients with schizophrenia
     社区独立技能训练预防精神分裂症复发的研究
短句来源
     The present review focuses on the new progresses in MS treatment of self-management and neurorehabilitation which will improve quality of life and ability of independent living of MS patients.
     本文拟从这两方面探讨目前MS治疗的新进展,以提高MS患者的生活质量和独立生活的能力。
短句来源
     Conclusion It can improve the independent living and return to sports ground earlier for the athletes after the anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction utilizing grafr of middle 1/3 patellar tender taken by arthroscope and the education of rehabilitation procedure.
     结论 利用膑腱中1/3作移植物行关节镜下前交叉韧带重建手术并按照康复程度训练,有利于运动员早期独立生活,重返运动场.
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  “independent living”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Fugl Meyer Movement assessment(FMA) and Barthel Index (BI) were used to measure improvement of motor functions and independent living.
     治疗前后用Fugl Meyer量表 (FMA)评定运动功能 ,用Barthel指数 (BI)评定生活自理能力。
短句来源
     Pearson correlation coefficient found that there was negative correlation between starting time of rehabilitation post stroke and improvement of motor functions, eating and bathing (P= 0.013 - 0.025 ), and positive correlation was found between recovery of motor function and enhancement of independent living (P 0.001 - 0.003 ).
     Pearson相关性检验发现不同时间内开始康复治疗与运动功能的改善、进食、洗澡呈负相关 (P =0 .0 13~ 0 .0 2 5 ) ,肢体运动功能的改善与生活自理能力的提高呈正相关 (P =0 .0 13~0 .0 2 5 )。
短句来源
     Objective: To observe the effect of acupuncturing the point "Tian-Shu" (ST25) on ability of independent living of thepatient' s with heraiplegia due to apoplexy.
     目的:观察针刺天枢穴对中风偏瘫患者自主生活能力的影响。 方法:63例中风偏瘫患者随机分为甲组—针刺天枢穴组(33例),乙组—常规针刺组(30例)进行临床观察。
短句来源
     Most of the children benefited greatly from visual and educational rehabilitation, 80percent of the vision impaired children can go to ordinary schools to study along with normal vision children,and the entrance rate was improved from 57. 9%to 90%. The visual and educational rehabilitation could increase the independent living ability of the blind and low vision children, benefit these children' s psychophysical development and lighten the social burden.
     视觉康复促进了教育康复,视残儿童的入学率由原来的57.9%提高到90%,而且80%的视残儿童可以进入普通学校“随班就读”,这样有利于视残儿童身心健康地发育成长,学习潜能和聪明才智得到了发挥,教育作为一种康复措施使视残儿童由家庭社会的负担变为社会发展的动力创造了条件。
短句来源
     Japan has taken measures to help them and has made good progress in curing them of their "psychological banters" and building up the facilities for their independent living, social interaction and traveling.
     日本采取措施,消除“心理障碍”,加强残疾人社会自立、生活和住行环境的基础,促进其就学、就业,收到较好的效果。
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  independent living
The authors conclude that providing support for clients that increases housing stability reduces their need for treatment and that independent living arrangements may be a more costeffective policy choice.
      
One hundred and twelve clients of the Massachusetts Department of Mental Health, living in psychiatric shelters, were randomly assigned to one of two housing types: Evolving Consumer Households or Independent Living apartments.
      
A multivariate model predicting the independent living status of 650 mental health consumers 6 months following psychiatric rehabilitation was tested.
      
Generally, the results suggested strong support for behaviors that facilitate the independent living of both adult children and their frail older parents.
      
A written questionnaire was sent to a national sample of women with disabilities and their non-disabled woman friends recruited through independent living centers and announcements in the media.
      
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Ginger(Zingiber officinale Rose.)is one of the major tuber crops in China,and it is of great importauce bearing on the daily life of people.In practices the cultivation of ginger according to it’s growth and development is a outstanding experience of our ginger growers. The aim of this experiment is to investigate systematically the re- gularity of growth and development of ginger on the basis of the experience of ginger growers,so that to find out the theoretical ba- ses for improving its cultural practices,thus...

Ginger(Zingiber officinale Rose.)is one of the major tuber crops in China,and it is of great importauce bearing on the daily life of people.In practices the cultivation of ginger according to it’s growth and development is a outstanding experience of our ginger growers. The aim of this experiment is to investigate systematically the re- gularity of growth and development of ginger on the basis of the experience of ginger growers,so that to find out the theoretical ba- ses for improving its cultural practices,thus to raise its yields and qualities still further. In this experiment,we selected“Lai-wu”ginger as studying mate- rial.The morphological characters,increment and growing trends of organs were observed measured. Based upon the experience of ginger growers and the results of our experiment,it was Shown the entire process of growth and develop- ment of ginger from planting to harvesting may be divided into four stages. 1.The sprouting stage—from emergence of the buds to the first leaf spread.The growth of the buds depends mainly on the nutrition of the seed piece,since there is no dormancy in ginger,during this stage,it is only necessary to furnish favourable conditions mainly the higher temperature for sprouting. 2.The seedling stage—from the first leaf spread to the plant with two or three branch stems.At the beginning of this stage,the pho- tosynthesis starts on and the seedling begin to make it’s independent living.But the increment of dry matter of the seedling is less. During this stage,it is necessary to step up the development of the root system of ginger and to strengthen the seedling with intensive c- ultivation. 3.The thriving growth stage—from the plant with two or three br- anch stems to the harvest of new tubers.The branch stem,leaf and the tuber all grow with great speed.The increment of dry matter of the plant is highest.During this stage,it is necessary to give some su- itable conditions for the expanding of the tubers. 4.The dormancy stage.After hervest,the tubers are stored and go into rest.During this stage,in order to protect the tubers of ginger from the cold and dry up,we must furnish suitable temperature and moisture.

本试验是在调查总结农民经验的基础上,系统地研究生姜各个不同生长时期植株各器官的发生、建成和生长动态。试验结果看出:生姜的生长过程有明显的阶段性,可以顺序地分为发芽、幼苗,旺盛生长和休眠四个时期,并根据生姜各个生长时期的生育特点,提出了相应的栽培管理的基本原则。

297 cases of blind and low vision children who aged 6 to 14 years old were presented optical visual aids in our low vision clinic in the past seven years. 234 cases (78. 8% )were provided with visual aids for distance, 206 cases (69. 4% ) for near and 143 cases for both distance and near. Most of the children benefited greatly from visual and educational rehabilitation, 80percent of the vision impaired children can go to ordinary schools to study along with normal vision children,and the entrance rate was improved...

297 cases of blind and low vision children who aged 6 to 14 years old were presented optical visual aids in our low vision clinic in the past seven years. 234 cases (78. 8% )were provided with visual aids for distance, 206 cases (69. 4% ) for near and 143 cases for both distance and near. Most of the children benefited greatly from visual and educational rehabilitation, 80percent of the vision impaired children can go to ordinary schools to study along with normal vision children,and the entrance rate was improved from 57. 9%to 90%. The visual and educational rehabilitation could increase the independent living ability of the blind and low vision children, benefit these children' s psychophysical development and lighten the social burden.

作者7年来为低视力门诊297例6~14岁盲及低视力地重配戴了光学助视器,配远用助视器的234例(占78.8%),配近用助视器的2O6例(占69.4%),其中143例同时选择了远近两种助视器,使广大视残儿童视觉得到了较好的康复,脱盲率达80.2%,脱残率达67.8%。视觉康复促进了教育康复,视残儿童的入学率由原来的57.9%提高到90%,而且80%的视残儿童可以进入普通学校“随班就读”,这样有利于视残儿童身心健康地发育成长,学习潜能和聪明才智得到了发挥,教育作为一种康复措施使视残儿童由家庭社会的负担变为社会发展的动力创造了条件。

This paper aims to estimate the impact of chronic conditions on disability of the elderly. The analysis yields these key results: (1)As the number of chronic conditions increases, disability tends to rise rapidly; (2) Chronic conditions in the circulatory system and those in the locomotor system are the conditions which most affect disability of the elderly;and (3) Chronic conditions predict physical limitation better than disability in personal care (ADL) and household management (IADL). This suggests that...

This paper aims to estimate the impact of chronic conditions on disability of the elderly. The analysis yields these key results: (1)As the number of chronic conditions increases, disability tends to rise rapidly; (2) Chronic conditions in the circulatory system and those in the locomotor system are the conditions which most affect disability of the elderly;and (3) Chronic conditions predict physical limitation better than disability in personal care (ADL) and household management (IADL). This suggests that disability in ADL and IADL should be regarded as a relationship between a person and his/her environment and that improving living environment is important to maintain the independent living ability of the elderly.

本文初步分析了老年人患有慢性病伤对日常生活功能的影响,主要研究结果如下:(1)随着慢性病伤数目的增加,老年人的自理能力、操持家务能力和躯体活动能力的丧失均呈快速上升趋势;(2)引起老年人群功能障碍的慢性病伤主要为循环系统和运动系统病伤;(3)与自理和操持家务能力相比,躯体活动能力较容易受到慢性病伤的影响,在理论上,这一结果在一定程度上反映了自理和操持家务能力是人和他所处的生活环境共同作用的结果,在实践上,提示改善生活环境在维持老年人独立生活能力中的重要性。

 
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