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of storage
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  贮藏
     Application of intermittent warming of 24 h at(15±0.5)℃ every 5 days to Pomegranate fruit stored under the conditions of pH 4.0,(5.0±0.5)℃ and 5.0%CO2+8.0%O2+87.0%N2 gas component delayed browning,with the browning index being 0.15 after 120 days of storage.
     石榴在pH 4.0、(5.0±0.5)℃、5.0%CO2+8.0%O2+87.0%N2的气体成分条件下贮藏,每隔5 d在(15±0.5)℃下间歇升温处理24 h,贮藏120 d褐变指数仅为0.15。
短句来源
     with 1%CaCl 2 and 1% CaCl 2+15mg/L6 BA treatments, the flesh firmness was increased 1.5kg/cm 2 and 2.1kg/cm 2 separatively ,fresh rate was improved 17.8% and 11.7% at the last stage of storage.
     1% Ca Cl2 +15 m g/L 6 - BA处理可使赞皇大枣和胜利枣贮藏末期的果肉硬度分别增加 1.5 kg/ cm2和 2 .1kg/ cm2 ,好果率增加 17.8%和 11.7%。
短句来源
     Flesh firmness was maintained over 12 Ib/cm~2 and rate of wastage was 2-5% after 6 months of storage.
     贮藏元帅系苹果6个月,果肉硬度可保持在12Ib/cm~2以上,损耗率为2-50%。
短句来源
     Under the condition of storage temperature at 5±1℃, the ethylene concentrations in CK treatment was 8.87,5.32, 6.22 times higher than that in the treatment of controlledatmosphere (CA)storage 2,3, and 6 days after harvesting.
     贮藏温度5±1℃,对照在采收后2,3,6d乙烯释放量分别为处理的8.87,5.32,6.22倍;
短句来源
     Effect of Storage on Enzyme Activity and Respiratory Rate of Avocado Fruits
     不同贮藏方式对油梨果实完熟有关酶活性及呼吸速率的影响
短句来源
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  存储
     Implementation of Storage Scheme of ATP Log Files under the Circumstance of μC/OS-Ⅱ
     在μC/OS-Ⅱ环境下ATP记录文件存储方案的实现
短句来源
     Study of Storage Models in Native XML Databases
     Native XML数据库存储模型研究
短句来源
     Research of Storage Pressure Gauge Based on Serial E~2PROM
     基于串行E~2PROM存储式压力计研究
短句来源
     The curve of storage time will be abnormal after the Si_3N_4 film of 70nm is deposited at vacuum pressure of 60.71Pa,but the storage time of MOS capacitor can reach over 400s after annealed by 40min in the oxygen atmosphere at 900℃.
     在60.71 Pa真空压力下,淀积70 nm厚Si3N4薄膜后,MOS电容器存储时间曲线不正常,经900℃O2气氛退火40 min,曲线恢复正常,MOS电容器存储时间达到400 s以上。
短句来源
     From SCSI to SSA:Development and Comparison of Storage Interface Technology
     从SCSI到SSA:存储接口技术的发展与比较
短句来源
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  贮存
     Simulating Calculation of Storage Reliable Life of Rubber Sealings by Monte-Carlo Method
     橡胶密封件贮存寿命的Monte-Carlo仿真计算
短句来源
     and 2) the appropriate duration of storage for S04-98 and S01-98B were 12-24 months, for S05-98, Z05-98, and S01-98A were 18-30 months.
     云南S0 1- 98A和S0 1- 98B烟片的最佳醇化期均为 2 1个月 ,适宜贮存时间分别为 18~ 30个月和12~ 2 4个月
短句来源
     The variation of resistance for Li electrode,carbon electrode and cell in the process of storage,before and after discharge of Li/SOCl_2 cell had been studied by AC impedance method.
     用交流阻抗方法研究了Li/SOCl2电池贮存过程中和放电前后锂电极、碳电极和电池的阻抗变化。
短句来源
     The Study of Storage Stability of UV- Curing Colour Coatings
     UV固化彩色涂料贮存稳定性的研究
短句来源
     Preparation of storage stable LDPE/SBS Blend- modified Asphalt
     贮存稳定的LDPE/SBS共混物改性沥青的制备
短句来源
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  “of storage”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Experimental Study of Storage Methods of Bio-Derived Bone Scaffold Materials
     生物衍生骨支架材料保存方法的研究
短句来源
     Effects of Storage Load on Short-term Memory
     储存负荷量对短时记忆效果的影响——一个心理学工作者的自身实验
短句来源
     CHANGES OF STORAGE PROTEIN IN SOYBEAN SEEDS DURING GERMINATION
     萌发过程中大豆(G.max)种子蛋白组分变化的研究
短句来源
     The Elastic Analysis of Liquid-Solid Coupling Water of Storage Tank with Consideration of Tank Roof Mass
     考虑罐顶质量的储罐液固耦合水性弹分析
短句来源
     Welding Equipment and Technology for Valve Body of Storage Liquid Tank
     贮液罐阀体焊接设备与工艺
短句来源
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  of storage
The titers of viable bacteria in the preparations remained 60-70% of the initial level after 12 months of storage.
      
Influence of the Duration and Conditions of Storage on the Composition of the Essential Oil from Coriander Seeds
      
A number of biochemical parameters were found that undergo significant monotonic changes in the course of storage, correlating with organoleptic scores.
      
The inhibitory effect of the preparation under study depended on its concentration, duration of storage, and growth characteristics of pure cultures of the phytopathogens.
      
This method of storage is adequate for preserving cell viability in the majority of obligate anaerobes.
      
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Following a series of experiments conducted in East China Agricultural Re-search Institute (Nanking) during the past years,the "red arsenic",a well-knownraw-drug (containing approximately 90% of As_2O_3,9% of AS_2S_2 and 1% of mis-cellaneous substances),is found to be acceptable as seed disinfectant for the controlof cereal smuts.This raw-drug is not only excellent in effectiveness,but alsoeasily obtainable in this country. Incidence of infection of wheat bunt in the plots receiving 3 different treatments,namely,red...

Following a series of experiments conducted in East China Agricultural Re-search Institute (Nanking) during the past years,the "red arsenic",a well-knownraw-drug (containing approximately 90% of As_2O_3,9% of AS_2S_2 and 1% of mis-cellaneous substances),is found to be acceptable as seed disinfectant for the controlof cereal smuts.This raw-drug is not only excellent in effectiveness,but alsoeasily obtainable in this country. Incidence of infection of wheat bunt in the plots receiving 3 different treatments,namely,red arsenic (inoculated seed grains dusted at the rate of 0.05 % by weight),copper carbonate (0.3%),ethyl mercury phosphate (0.05%),during the last 4years,averaged 0.2%,1.4% and 2.7%,respectively against 44.8% in the control.The corresponding figures for the flag smut of wheat were respectively 3.1%,0.8%,5.0% against 20.5%; for the covered smut of barley,0.9%,1.1%,0.9% against1.6%; for the kernel smut of oats,6.8%,3.1%,0.5% against 41.4%.The resultsmake us believe that this native raw-drug is not inferior,in some cases even su-perior,to other fungicides now extensively manufactured and considered efficientin preventing the various cereal smuts.But in the control of the covered smut ofbarley,as we have already shown elsewhere,another native raw-drag,sulphur ismore effective.In the last 3 years,field experiments were carried out to studywhether arsenic gives beneficial effect on the germination of seed and on the yieldof grain.Arsenic was applied as dust to the clean seed wheat following thestandard hot water treatment.Data showed that the number of seedlings in asingle 12-ft.row ranged 368-400 from treated seed as compared with 362-386 fromuntreated seed.Yield of grain also increased 4.7 to 23.6 per cent.It is,there-fore,evident that this fungicidal dust,when properly used,is at least not injuriousto seed wheat.The following points,however,must be borne in mind when thearsenic treatment is put into practice: (1) The dosage should not be higher than0.05 per cent and lower than 0.005 per cent by weight of seed grain.Otherwise, ??it would be either injurious to seed germination or ineffective for disease control.(2) Arsenic can be applied only to thoroughly dried seed grain. Seed wheat con-taining 24% of moisture when treatment was made, lost its vitality in a very fewdays, while that with less than 12% moisture can be stored for one month withoutspoilage. (3) Arsenic reduced germination of seed grain after storage at the highertemperatures. Under laboratory conditions, seeds, treated during hot summer whenthe air temperature ranged between 31 and 35℃, largely lost their germinativecapacity within half a month, but seeds, treated in cooler season when air tempera-ture dropped below 22℃, germinated as untreated ones after being stored for 3months or longer. (4) The relative humidity during storage played the most im-portant role in causing arsenic injury to the seeds. Seeds of wheat containingproper moisture (around 12%) dusted with arsenic at correct rate (0.05% byweight), failed to germinate after being stored for 5 days at temperatures above30℃ under 100% r.b.; but there was little or no injury after a storage period ofover 7 months at 37℃ under 18% r.h. (5) The length of storage period is alsoa factor in causing arsenic injury, and at the same time affecting the efficiency ofthe treatment. Seeds dusted with arsenic at a dosage of 0.05% during mid-summer(July of 1953) retained their germinative capacity within 0.5 month, but no seedsgerminated after 2.5 months' storage. On the other hand, almost complete controlof disease was obtained from thoroughly infested seed grain dusted with 0.0125%of arsenic and stored for 60 days, but similarly treated seeds which were sownimmediately, gave 45.15% infection as compared with 72.77% in the check plot.Consequently, the proper method of using arsenic against cereal smuts is to dustthoroughly dried seed grain at the rate of 0.05-0.0125% by weight and to storetreated seeds under cool (below 25℃) and rather dry (around 80% of r.h.) con-ditions for a period of about one month. According to the results obtained from experiments conducted under bothlaboratory and field conditions, it is found that there is no synergism nor antago-nism between arsenic and such filling materials as ashes, slake lime, talc, charcoalpowder, and calcium phosphate; and that neither soil temperature nor soil moistureact as factors influencing the germination of treated seeds.

(一)用紅砒粉末作為種子消毒處理藥劑,對於幼苗感染性的小麥腥黑穗、小麥稈黑穗及燕麥堅黑穗等,有極良好的防治效果。但對大麥堅黑穗及條斑病,則不見功。(二)紅砒使用得法,對於麥種絕對無害;而且對於大麥、小麥的清潔種子,有積極的增產作用;惟對於燕麥還未能肯定。(三)紅砒粉末的拌種用量,當以種子重的0.025—0.05%為準簧僦?.005%,仍有殺菌效果。(四)為了增大藥物的容積,使得微量的紅砒粉末能够均勻週到地沾着每一麥粒,可用滑石粉、木灰末、甚至消石灰、草木灰或過磷酸鈣來稀释。(五)麥種拌砒後,須經一定期間的貯藏後播種,方顯出其强大的殺菌防病效果珉S拌隨種,則效果较少。至貯藏期間的久暫,則當因季節和用量等等而異。大致可以一個月為度。(六)紅砒使用不得其法,易起藥害。而藥害有無的關键,主耍在於拌砒後貯藏中的濕度,其次才是温度。如充分乾燥,在酷暑的氣候條件(37℃)下,貯藏7個月,尚??無妨礙。至於播種時的地温土濕,則關係極微。(七)紅砒的藥害與麥種處理當時的含水量有密切關係.含水量多,極為蝛U;含水量在12%以下,即安全無礙。(八)在自然狀况下用紅砒處理麥種,應當避去炎夏季節。又麥種拌砒前,必須充分晒乾。拌砒後...

(一)用紅砒粉末作為種子消毒處理藥劑,對於幼苗感染性的小麥腥黑穗、小麥稈黑穗及燕麥堅黑穗等,有極良好的防治效果。但對大麥堅黑穗及條斑病,則不見功。(二)紅砒使用得法,對於麥種絕對無害;而且對於大麥、小麥的清潔種子,有積極的增產作用;惟對於燕麥還未能肯定。(三)紅砒粉末的拌種用量,當以種子重的0.025—0.05%為準簧僦?.005%,仍有殺菌效果。(四)為了增大藥物的容積,使得微量的紅砒粉末能够均勻週到地沾着每一麥粒,可用滑石粉、木灰末、甚至消石灰、草木灰或過磷酸鈣來稀释。(五)麥種拌砒後,須經一定期間的貯藏後播種,方顯出其强大的殺菌防病效果珉S拌隨種,則效果较少。至貯藏期間的久暫,則當因季節和用量等等而異。大致可以一個月為度。(六)紅砒使用不得其法,易起藥害。而藥害有無的關键,主耍在於拌砒後貯藏中的濕度,其次才是温度。如充分乾燥,在酷暑的氣候條件(37℃)下,貯藏7個月,尚??無妨礙。至於播種時的地温土濕,則關係極微。(七)紅砒的藥害與麥種處理當時的含水量有密切關係.含水量多,極為蝛U;含水量在12%以下,即安全無礙。(八)在自然狀况下用紅砒處理麥種,應當避去炎夏季節。又麥種拌砒前,必須充分晒乾。拌砒後,必須貯置高燥處所。

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South Laoning area in the Spring of 1955 has Leen named"Hoo-pee" By the apple growers. A Study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease, the early-picked fruits de eloping more abundantly and more severely than...

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South Laoning area in the Spring of 1955 has Leen named"Hoo-pee" By the apple growers. A Study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease, the early-picked fruits de eloping more abundantly and more severely than the latepicked fruits.The effect of delaying the har est on the reduction of the diseaseproducing rate is that: (1)the packing treatment with paraffin oil paper is found to be more pronounced than other treatments including the consrol; (2) low temperature ranging from 0—3℃ is more pronounced than high temperature raving from 3—6℃ in the latter period of storage. 2.Taking alsolute value for consideration, Truits are more susceptible to the dicease at higher temperature than at lower temperature in the latter period of Storage, the stimulating effect of high temperature on the disease beingmore pronounced for the lare-picked fruits than for the early-picked ones, and the control being likely to be more pronounced than the other treatments. 3.Among the packing treatments, paraffin oil paper packing treatment is found to cause the least infection.Its effect on reducing the disease for the late-picked fruits is more pronounced than for the early-picked ones, and high temperature is more pronounced than on low temperature The castor oil paper packing turns out to Le almost of no effect, moreover, it has the tendency of stimulating the decelopment of the disease.The rice hull packing treatment causes in part slighter infection and in part heavier than the Control in the first year, whereas in the second year, it is generally slighter than the control; in the latter season hewever, the reducing rate tends to be more pronounced at low temperature than at high temperature,and the same is true for the latepicked fruits than for the early-picked ones.The effect of the ordinary paper wrapping treatment is found to lesimilar to tlat of rice hull packing treatment. 4.In the former period of storage the alove mentloned treatments cause very shight and almost no sign of disease, whereas, in the latter period, the di(?)ease is found to develop rapidly, the transition time leing approximately on the first decade of Marcl for the eary-pcled fruit, and at the end of the same month for the late-picked ones. 5.Storing in fluctuating room temperatures at relatively low relative humidity, the results turn out to be different from those mentioned above.In the first year at comparatively high temperature,fluctuating between 10—23℃ every day, the disease is almost absent for the early-picked fruits up to the end of February, while in the seconl year,when the temperature is comparatively low, fluctuating letween 2—10℃ every day, quite an amount of fruits infected with the disease on the middle of March particularly for the early-piced fruits. Hovever, the final and total disease-producing rate is low as compared with the ordinary storage temperatures. 6.Transfering suddenly from cold storagee to the orbinary room temperature,the rate of disease occurence swiftly increases.After several days for the earlypicked fruits and a little more than ten days for the late-picked fruits, the results far outgo those of the cold storage as well as of those of the room temperatures. 7.Exposing the fruits to such volatile materials as ethyl acetate, amyl acetate an acetaldehyde and continuing in the storage before and after treatment, the results are rather irregular, altho the disease-developing rate of some treated fruits is lower than the control, This may be due to lack of materials for.experiments and uneven ripening of the fruits 8.Observations show that the striking effect of the coloration of the fruits on the disease is established but the size of the fruits does not show any appreciable difference in infection. 9.The tentative results lead to a conclution that the"Hoo-pee" of Ralls apples is truely the Scald, but the results of treatments with rice hull and paper wrappings do not correlate with the explanations given by some workers concerning the causes of scald since there is a condition of poor aeration in these treatments.

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光蘋果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。 2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在封照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。 3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。 4.上列各种处理的蘋果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。 5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的蘋果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天在10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每...

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光蘋果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。 2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在封照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。 3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。 4.上列各种处理的蘋果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。 5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的蘋果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天在10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每天在2—10℃之间变动)到3月中已有相当数量的病果,特别是早采收的;但最后的总发病率却比贮藏后期高温的甚至比低温的还要低。 6.蘋果从贮藏室骤然移入室温中,发病率急速上升,数日内(早采果)至10余日内(晚采果)便远远超过冷藏或室温贮藏的同类果实。 7.应用某些挥发性物质处理蘋果,找不到什么有规则的结果,很多处理组的发病率甚至比对照组还要低,这可能是试验的果实太少及果实成熟度不很一致所致。 8.观察和计算肯定了着色程度同病变的关系。果实大小同病变的关系不显著。 9.从试验结果可以确定国光蘋果的虎皮病就是果皮褐变,但稻壳和包纸处理的结果与某些学者对果皮褐变原因的见介不相符合,因为这些处理的通气情况是不好的。

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South L(?)aoning area in the Spring of 1955 has been named“Hoo-pee”by the apple growers. A study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease,the early-plcked fruits developing more abundantly and more severely...

A disease which caused heavy losses in the stored Ralls apples in the South L(?)aoning area in the Spring of 1955 has been named“Hoo-pee”by the apple growers. A study was made from 1955 to 1957 to determine the affected factors and to find out the controlling methods.The results are summarized as follows: 1.The accumulated data of the two years experiments indicate that the date of harvest has much to do with the development of the disease,the early-plcked fruits developing more abundantly and more severely than the late- picked fruits.The effect of delaying the harvest on the reduction of the disease- producing rate is that: (1)the packing treatment with paraffin oil paper is found to be more pronounced than other treatments including the control; (2)low temperature ranging from 0—3℃ is more pronounced than high temperature ranging from 3—6℃ in the latter period of storage. 2.Taking absolute value for consideration,fruits are more susceptible to the disease at higher temperature than at lower temperature in the latter period of storage,the stimulating effect of high temperature on the disease being more pronounced for the late-picked fruits than for the early-picked ones,and the control being likely to be more pronounced than the other treatments. 3.Among the packing treatments,paraffin oil paper packing treatment is found to cause the least infection,its effect on reducing the disease for the late-picked fruits is more pronounced than for the early-picked ones,and high temperature is more pronounced than on low temperature.The castor oil paper packing turns out to be almost of no effect,moreover,it has the tendency of stimulating the development of the disease.The rice hull packing treatment causes in part slighter infection and in part heavier than the control in the first year,whereas in the second year,it is generally slighter than the control; in the latter season however,the reducing rate tends to be more pronounced at low temperature than at high temperature,and the same is true for the late- picked fruits than for the early-picked ones.The effect of the ordinary paper wrapping treatment in found to be similar to that of rice hull packing treatment. 4.In the former period of storage the above mentioned treatments cause very slight and almost no sign of disease,whereas,in the latter period,the disease is found to develop rapidly,the transition time being approximately on the first decade of March for the early-picked fruit,and at the end of the same month for the late-picked ones. 5.Storing in fluctuating room temperatures at relatively low relative humidity,the results turn out to be different from those mentioned above.In the first year at comparatively high temperature,fluctuating between 10—23℃ every day,the disease is almost absent for the early-picked fruits up to the end of February;while in the second year,when the temperature is comparatively low,fluctuating between 2—10℃ every day,quite an amount of fruits infected with the disease on the middle of March particularly for the early-picked fruits. However,the final and total disease-producing rate is low as compared with the ordinary storage temperatures. 6.Transfering suddenly from cold storage to the orbinary room temperature, the rate of disease occurence swiftly increases.After several days for the early- picked fruits and a little more than ten days for the late-picked fruits,the results far outgo those of the cold storage as well as of those of the room temperatures. 7.Exposing the fruits to such volatile materials as ethyl acetate,amyl acetate and acetaldehyde and continuing in the storage before and after treat- ment,the results are rather irregular,altho the disease-developing rate of some treated fruits is lower than the control.This may be due to lack of materials for experiments and uneven ripening of the fruits. 8.Observations show that the striking effect of the coloration of the fruits on the disease is established,but the size of the fruits does not show any appreciable difference in infection. 9.The tentative results lead to a conclusion that the“Hoo-pee”of Ralls apples is freely the Scald,but the results of treatments with rice hull and paper wrappings do not correlate with the explanations given by some workers concerning the causes of scald since there is a condition of poor aeration in these treatments.

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光苹果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在对照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。4、上列各种处理的苹果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的苹果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天程10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每天在2—...

1.两年的试验一致显示采收期对国光苹果虎皮病有非常显著的影响,早采收的远比晚采收的发病既多且重。延迟采收对降低发病率的效果在不同包装处理及不同后期贮藏温度之间有些不同,在石腊油纸处理比其他包装处理及对照更显著,贮藏后期温度低的(0—3℃)比温度高的(3—6℃)显著。2.贮藏后期温度升高,发病率也就增加。温度升高对促进发病率的影响程度,在晚采果比早采果显著,在对照组似乎比其他包装处理为显著。3.在各种包装处理中,以石腊油纸处理的发病最低。石腊油纸降低发病率的功效在晚期果比早期果显著,在后期贮藏高温比低温显著。蓖麻油纸处理似乎无效甚至还有促进发病的趋势。稻壳填箱处理的发病率在第一年有的比对照高,有的比对照低;第二年一致低于对照组,并且其发病率降低的程度在晚采果比早采果显著,在贮藏后期低温比高温显著。果实包纸处理的结果基本上与稻壳处理相仿。4、上列各种处理的苹果在贮藏前期很少发病或不发病,贮藏后期则急速增加。这种转变期在早采果大约为3月上旬,晚采果要更延迟些。5.贮藏在不断变动的室温中(相对湿度较低)的苹果与上述情况不同,第一年(温度较高,每天程10—23℃之间变动)早采果到2月底尚无病;第二年(温度较低每天在2—10℃之间变动)到3月中已有相当数量的病果,特别是早采收的;但最后的总发病率却比贮藏后期高温的甚至比低温的还要低。6.苹果从贮藏室骤然移入室温中,发病率急速上升,数日内(早采果)至10余日内(晚采果)便远远超过冷藏或室温贮藏的同类果实。7.应用某些挥发性物质处理苹果,找不到什么有规则的结果,很多处理组的发病率甚至比对照组还要低,这可能是试验的果实太少及果实成熟度不很一致所致。8.观察和计算肯定了着色程度同病变的关系。果实大小同病变的关系不显著。9.从试验结果可以确定国光苹果的虎皮病就是果皮褐变(Загарилигорение,scald),但稻壳和包纸处理的结果与某些学者对果皮褐变原因的见介不相符合,因为这些处理的通气情况是不好的。

 
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