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general council
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  总理事会
     This article discusses the specific stipulations of TRIPS, Doha Declarations, Decision of the General Council to find the right way that solves the conflict and reconsiders the benefit balance principle from the legal principle theory in order to propose rebuilt this principle again.
     本文重点探讨TRIPS协议、《多哈宣言》和《总理事会决议》关于解决发展中国家公共健康和药品获得的具体规定,对其法律意义和局限性加以分析,探寻现有法律框架下解决冲突的具体途径,并从法理的角度反思专利制度中的利益平衡原则的失衡,提出重构这一原则的思路。
短句来源
     On August 30, 2003, The WTO General Council adopted The Decision on Implementation of Paragraph 6 of Doha Declaration on TRIPS Agreement and Public Health to allow the developing countries to import cheap and imitative drugs to address the public health problem and reconciling the conflicts between public health security and international intellectual protection.
     WTO总理事会通过的《关于实施多哈宣言第6条款的理事会决议》赋予了发展中国家为维护公共健康安全而进口廉价仿制药品的权利,协调了公共健康安全与国际知识产权保护的利益冲突。
短句来源
     The WTO rules need interpreting, and the Ministerial council, the general council, the experts for Dispute Settlement Organization and the appellate body are all legal subjects which have the authority to interpret relevant WTO regulations.
     WTO规则需要解释,WTO的部长级会议、总理事会以及争端解决机构中的专家组和上诉机构均是WTO规则的法定解释主体,享有法定解释权。
短句来源
     The WTO General Council successively adopted "Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement Public Health"、"Implementation of Paragraph 6 of the Doha on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health"、 "Proposal for a Decision on an Amendment to the TRIPS Agreement" to clarify the provisions relating public health in the TRIPS Agreement , which allow the developing countries and the least-developed countries procure the essential medicines to address the Public Health problems.
     WTO总理事会先后通过了《TRIPS协议与公共健康多哈宣言》、《执行第六段的决定》、《TRIPS协议修正案的草案》,就TRIPS协议中有关公共健康的条文做了澄清,赋予了发展中成员和最不发达成员为维护公共健康而取得必需药品的权利。
短句来源
     Furthermore, the Member request the WTO commissions to examine trade related electronic commerce issues under the guidance of the general council and nurse the hopes that measures will be found by this research to solve the problems which e-commerce had brought to WTO rules.
     会上,各成员还要求WTO的货物、服务、与贸易有关的知识产权及贸易发展委员会在总理事会的领导下对与贸易有关的电子商务问题进行审查,希望通过这些研究,寻求办法以调整电子商务与WTO的关系,进而解决电子商务给WTO贸易规则带来的新难题。
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  “general council”译为未确定词的双语例句
     In July 2004, the WTO General Council reached a decision on Frameworks to continue with the multilateral trade negotiations under the Doha Development Agenda.
     2004年7月,“多哈议程”达成了农业谈判框架协议。
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  相似匹配句对
     In general,L.
     L.
短句来源
     general;
     (2)总论;
短句来源
     General Introduction of the 37th IALA Council Meeting
     国际航标协会(IALA)第37届理事会议概况
短句来源
     The Impression of 72~(nd) IFLA General Conference and Council
     第72届IFLA大会感受
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     The Council of Representatives
     《关税及贸易总协定》机构介绍 代表理事会
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  general council
World Book and Copyright Day was established by a resolution of the 28th General Council of UNESCO in 1995.
      
A method to characterise the durability of the cement-stabilised compressed earth blocks which TC 164-EBM is committed to developing is described in a report [1] presented at the 49th Technical Session of the RILEM General Council.
      
Technical Session of the 47th Meeting of RILEM General Council
      
This will be debated at the next General Council Meeting and surely will lead to another successful period in RILEM's history.
      
This mapping of RILEM work traces the situation at a given time-the occasion of the 38th meeting of RILEM General Council held in Tsukuba (Japan) in October 1984.
      
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The WTO rules need interpreting, and the Ministerial council, the general council, the experts for Dispute Settlement Organization and the appellate body are all legal subjects which have the authority to interpret relevant WTO regulations. Under the provisions bearing relations to the WTO and the substantive practice concerning the Dispute Settlement Organs, the ways to the judicial interpretations upon the WTO rules fall generally into subsequent four interpretations in terms of its semantic sense, systematic...

The WTO rules need interpreting, and the Ministerial council, the general council, the experts for Dispute Settlement Organization and the appellate body are all legal subjects which have the authority to interpret relevant WTO regulations. Under the provisions bearing relations to the WTO and the substantive practice concerning the Dispute Settlement Organs, the ways to the judicial interpretations upon the WTO rules fall generally into subsequent four interpretations in terms of its semantic sense, systematic structure, motive orientation as well as jurisprudential standpoint.

WTO规则需要解释,WTO的部长级会议、总理事会以及争端解决机构中的专家组和上诉机构均是WTO规则的法定解释主体,享有法定解释权。根据WTO有关协定的规定和争端解决机构的具体实践,WTO规则的法律解释方法主要有文义解释、体系解释、目的解释和法意解释等四种。

One of the fundamental differences between the GATT and the WTO is the dispute settlement mechanism. In the GATT scenario, the adoption of a decision made by the panels may be blocked by the losing party under the positive consensus mechanism. However, this situation has been reversed under the WTO dispute settlement mechanism, which uses the negative consensus mechanism. In other words, there is no possibility for the losing party to block the adoption of the decision made by WTO panels or the appellate body.There...

One of the fundamental differences between the GATT and the WTO is the dispute settlement mechanism. In the GATT scenario, the adoption of a decision made by the panels may be blocked by the losing party under the positive consensus mechanism. However, this situation has been reversed under the WTO dispute settlement mechanism, which uses the negative consensus mechanism. In other words, there is no possibility for the losing party to block the adoption of the decision made by WTO panels or the appellate body.There are two alternatives for the WTO members to resolve their trade disputes. They can do it either by consultation or through the Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) which is the WTO General Council in its another capacity. The DSB, in a strict sense, is only a quasi judicial body as the decision made by the appellate body needs to be approved by the WTO members. Notwithstanding that, the DSB has a set of complete procedural requirements. The first trade dispute that China encountered after its accession to the World Trade Organization derives from the fact that a high import tax was levied on the Chinese steel products in the United States. After the two sides failed to resolve their dispute through consultation, China requested the WTO to establish a panel in May 2002, wishing to resolve its dispute with the United States through the WTO dispute settlement mechanism. However, the Chinese media, while reporting this case, misinterpreted the word "panel" with another expression "expert (review) group". To get the advice from experts is only a selective choice for the panelists and the appellate body members when they are drafting their recommendations or rulings. This practice is different from the panel review, which is an indispensable part of the WTO dispute settlement process.This incident of misinterpretation reflects the urgency on the part of China to familiarize itself with the WTO rules and dispute settle mechanism. To accede to the WTO is important for China, while what is more important is to use the WTO rules and dispute settlement mechanism correctly and efficiently. Otherwise, the Chinese enterprises will pay high cost in the severe competition of international trade.

根据《争端解决谅解协议》规定 ,世贸组织成员之间若发生贸易纠纷 ,有关各方既可以自行协商解决 ,也可以通过世贸组织争端解决机构来解决。该机构的职能由世贸组织总理事会行使 .从严格意义上讲 ,世贸组织争端解决机构只是一个准司法机构 ,因为上诉机构所作的裁决 ,最终还得由总理事会表决通过。尽管如此 ,争端解决机构在处理贸易纠纷时 ,具有一套严格的程序规定。中国在加入世贸组织之后遭遇的第一场贸易纠纷就是中国的钢铁产品在美国被征收高额关税。在双方协商未果的情况下 ,中国政府于 2 0 0 2年 5月正式向世贸组织提出建立“评审团”的请求 ,希望通过世贸组织争端解决机构来解决双方的纠纷。但是 ,国内媒体在报道中美钢铁贸易纠纷时 ,将“评审团”误译成“专家组” ,这涉及一个概念错误。因为前者是世贸组织争端解决机制中一个不可缺少的程序 ,而后者只是评审团和上诉机构在审理案件时一个任意选择的程序

According to the provisions of the WTO law, the ministerial conference and general council have exclusive power to adopt interpretations on the WTO Agreement and covered agreements, but the panel and the appellate body can also make interpretations of the covered agreements in resolving of specific disputes. The interpretations by the panel/appellate body contained in the dispute settlement reports are binding upon the parties to the dispute. However, because there does not exist a rule of precedent in...

According to the provisions of the WTO law, the ministerial conference and general council have exclusive power to adopt interpretations on the WTO Agreement and covered agreements, but the panel and the appellate body can also make interpretations of the covered agreements in resolving of specific disputes. The interpretations by the panel/appellate body contained in the dispute settlement reports are binding upon the parties to the dispute. However, because there does not exist a rule of precedent in WTO system, the legal interpretations made by the DSB has no effect of precedents in law, but has such effect in fact. This effect of precedent in fact gives rise to issues of "law-making" by the DSB. Therefore, it's necessary to take measures to prevent the DSB from exceeding its power when making legal interpretations.

根据WTO的规定,部长会议和总理事会拥有对WTO协定和多边贸易协议进行解释的专有权力;而专家组与上诉机构也可以在解决具体争端过程对WTO涵盖协议进行解释。作为争端解决报告的一部分,专家组与上诉机构的法律解释对争端当事方具有约束力。但由于WTO不存在严格的"遵循先例"原则,因此争端解决机构在特定案件中作出的法律解释在法律上也不具有先例效力;然而却具有事实上的先例效果。由于争端解决报告在事实上的先例效力,引发了关于争端解决机构"造法"的问题,有必要采取措施防止争端解决机构超越权限进行法律解释。

 
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