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the new
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    Discuss the Historical Sediment and the Developement in the New Times of Applied Writing
    论应用写作的历史沉淀和在时期的发展
短句来源
    After entry into the new period,the study of Cantonese has become a very active field of research and the study of its word order is a hot spot.
    进入时期,粤语研究成为非常活跃的研究领域,粤语语序研究又是其中的热点。
短句来源
    The experiments show that the number of person names extracted from the Chinese Treebank increased by 14.3% after using the new patterns.
    试验显示使用规则后从Chinese Treebank中抽取到的人名数增加了14.3%。
    On the New Loan Word forms in Modern Chinese
    试论现代汉语“借形词”
短句来源
    The new function of rhetoric:dispelling the meaning of emotional evaluation
    修辞的功能:消解感情评价意义——当代小说对修辞传统功能的反叛与突破
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  新型
    Finally, The article points out that these are the new dialect islands, and brings forward a new name for these mandarin dialects "Ming and Qing common speech" .
    最后在综合比较研究之后指出这是一种新型的方言岛,在方言岛研究方面具有类型学上的意义,同时给予这几种方言“明清普通话”的新提法。
短句来源
    This paper analyses the advantage and disadvantage of the existent teaching materials through some latest study results, such as the formbuilding of Chinesetheory character in linguistics, cognitive psychology and systematology in computer science, and puts forward some tentative ideas on the compilatory principle, content and vehicle of the new teaching material of Chinese character.
    本文借助语言学的“汉字构形学理论”、心理学的“认知心理学理论”、计算机科学的“系统论”等最新研究成果 ,就现存教材的利弊进行分析、评价 ,并在此基础上对新型汉字教材的编写原则、内容、媒介诸方面提出设想
短句来源
    And a new concept of translation "Quality Translation" and "Artistic Translation" is therefore put forward in order that our translation practice can be properly standardized both in content and in form from the new angle of view. 
    从而大胆地提出了"质译"与"艺译"这一新型的翻译概念,以求用全新的理论视角就内容和形式两大方面去重新规范我们的翻译实践。 [作者简介]刘浩(1966-),男,安徽全椒人,副教授,文学硕士,研究方向:英美文学与翻译。
短句来源
    Teaching of oral speaking is always one of the weak points in higher education. With the aim of cultivating the new type talent with the all-round development of listening,speaking,reading and writing,exploring the theory and way of the oral examination,making the oral examination as the scientific and fair test for students oral communicative ability,and developing the Chinese teaching in the minorities is the needs of the times.
    口语教学一直是高校汉语教学中最薄弱的环节 ,为培养听说读写全面发展的新型汉语人才 ,探讨口语测试理论及方法 ,使口语测试能科学公正地测试学生的口语交际能力 ,改革少数民族汉语教学是时代的要求和需要。
短句来源
    As social development and progression, the traditional teaching rationality on writing is also changing with it into the new type rationality of realizing man's variegation and personification, and grow into the unity of scietific spirit and humanistic spirit.
    随着社会的发展与进步,传统的写作教学理念也随之发生着重大的变化,向着实现人的多样化和个性化发展的新型理念转变,向着科学精神与人文精神相统一的方向发展。
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    Discuss the Historical Sediment and the Developement in the New Times of Applied Writing
    论应用写作的历史沉淀和在时期的发展
短句来源
    After entry into the new period,the study of Cantonese has become a very active field of research and the study of its word order is a hot spot.
    进入时期,粤语研究成为非常活跃的研究领域,粤语语序研究又是其中的热点。
短句来源
    The experiments show that the number of person names extracted from the Chinese Treebank increased by 14.3% after using the new patterns.
    试验显示使用规则后从Chinese Treebank中抽取到的人名数增加了14.3%。
    On the New Loan Word forms in Modern Chinese
    试论现代汉语“借形词”
短句来源
    The new function of rhetoric:dispelling the meaning of emotional evaluation
    修辞的功能:消解感情评价意义——当代小说对修辞传统功能的反叛与突破
短句来源
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  “the new”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Development of Modern Linguistics and the New Field of Library and Information Study
    试论现代语言学的发展与图书情报研究的新领域
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    On the Translation of the New Meanings of “Surf”
    谈谈“surf”一词新义的翻译
短句来源
    IImpressions and Com ments on the New ISO/DIS704 Terminology Work Principles and Methods
    《术语工作 原则与方法》新版本读后感
短句来源
    The Proofreading Notes On ZU TANG JI(祖堂集)the New Edition in Hai Yin Temple of Korea
    高丽海印寺海东新开印版《祖堂集》校读札记
短句来源
    Ponderations on the New Works and New Meanings in Chinese Vocabulary Teaching for National Minority
    关于少数民族汉语词汇教学中新词新义的思考
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  the new
The new interpretation makes transparent for GLn (and conceivable for other classical groups) a certain invariance of Jantzen's sum formula under "Howe duality" in the sense of Adamovich and Rybnikov.
      
We show that for the new Legendre transform variants of Poisson's formula and inversion theorems hold.
      
The new wavelets used in [23] were designed from the Loop scheme by using ideas and methods of [26, 27], where orthogonal wavelets with exponential decay and pre-wavelets with compact support were constructed.
      
Since wavelet bases are not available for this general setting, the new idea used here is to apply the discrete Calderón-type reproducing formula associated to para-accretive functions developed in [14].
      
The new Haar transforms allow us to detect the underlying ergodic structures on a class of Cantor-type sets or languages.
      
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In 1928 Curt demonstrated that non-human schistosome cercariae are capable of producing dermatitis in man. Since then many species of avian and mammalian schistosomes have been shown to produce similar disease in different parts of the world. In 1958 a kind of schistosome dermatitis locally known as 'Ya-Mu-Lan' (meaning duck-saliva-disease) was discovered in Foochow, Fukien Province. The infection occurred among farmers who waded in canals and ditches, while taking care of ducks in their natural environment....

In 1928 Curt demonstrated that non-human schistosome cercariae are capable of producing dermatitis in man. Since then many species of avian and mammalian schistosomes have been shown to produce similar disease in different parts of the world. In 1958 a kind of schistosome dermatitis locally known as 'Ya-Mu-Lan' (meaning duck-saliva-disease) was discovered in Foochow, Fukien Province. The infection occurred among farmers who waded in canals and ditches, while taking care of ducks in their natural environment. The same dermatitis was reported from Yung-siao district bordering Kwangtung. In Szechwan a similar disease was reported by T. C. Pap (1957) where it was known as 'Ya-Si-Feng' (meaning duck-feces-disease). From the endemic area in Foochow, 10, 145 snails belong to the species Lymnaea (Radix) plicatula Benson were examined and a kind of ocellated fork-tailed cercaria was discovered. Another closely related snail, Lymnaea (Fossaria) ollula Gould was also found infected but the incidence of infection was somewhat lower. Experiments were conducted to infect laboratory reared ducklings and full grown ducks, the feces of which were examined to be free from schistosome eggs. Ten to twelve days later edult worms were recovered in the mesenteric and portal veins and a few specimens were found in the lungs and heart. Lymnaea (Radix) plicatula were also experimentally infected with miracidia hatching out from eggs secured from the infected duck.Studies on the morphology of both the adult worms and the developmental larval stages were made and the details are reported in the present communication.Our observation indicates that the worm belongs to a species of Trichobilharzia different from any other known species. The name Trichobilharzia paoi sp. nov. is proposed after Prof. T. C. Pap of Chungking Medical College, Szechwan.Description of the adult worm:Male: Body slender, total length 5.35-7.31mm. width 0.076-0.095mm. Oral sucker measures 0.051-0.060ram×0.043-0.060mm in diameter. Ventral sucker, the surface of which is armed with small spines, measures 0.051-0.060mm in diameter. Oesophagus. bifurcates anterior to the ventral sucker at a distance about anterior two-thirds between oral sucker and acetabulum. Intestinal caeca iun posteriorly on two sides and reunite behind the gynaecophoric canal, which is a longitudinal slit 0.237-0.380mm in length and 0.123-0.152mm in width. Gynaecophoric canal is foimed by inward folding of two lateral sides of the body bearing numerous spines. Testes round, 70-90 in number arranged in a single longitudinal row. Their diameter ranges 0.051-0.064mm. Seminal vesicle occupies an area from a level immediately posterior to the ventral sucker to the fore margin of gyneacophoric canal. It measures 0.172-0.447mm in length and 0.038-0.055mm in width.Female: More delicate than male, length 3.38-4.89mm, greatest width 0.076-0.114mm. Oral sucker terminal with mouth openning on its ventral aspect, diameter 0.051-0.056mm×0.038-0.051mm. Ventral sucker, a small solid organ, measures 0.030-0.040mm×0.035-0.043mm in diameter. Oesophagus bifurcates at some distance before the acetabulum. Intestinal ceaca reunite behind the ovary, forming a single caecum passing to near the posterior end of body. Ovary spiral in shape with a length 0.253-0.352mm and a width 0.021-0.025mm. Seminal receptacle elongated in form, is connected to the ovary on its posterior aspect. A Laurer's canal is present. It originates from Seminal receptacle and opens to the exterior. The oviduct starts from the ovary, runs parallel with the vitalline duct to the anterior of ovary, where they unite together forming the ootype, surrounded on all sides by a cluster of unicellular Mehlis glands. The uterus is short and contains only one egg. Female genital pore is immediately postacetabular. Egg is spindle or elongate oval in shape with a sharp curved spine at one end. Egg measures 0.236-0.316mm×0.068-0.112mm. Avian schistosomes parasitising domestic and wild ducks and other birds belong to the subfamily Bilharziellinae Price, 1929, and family Schistosomatidae Looss, 1899. They were formerly considered to belong to two genera, namely Pseudobilharxiella Eismont, 1929 and Trichobilharzia Skrjabin and Zkharow, 1920. Yamaguti (1958) consideted Pseudobilharziella to be the synonym of Trichobilharzia and listed 22 species in his "Systema helminthum". Recent additions of some new species made up the total of about 25 species. In comparing the structure, it is found that the Chinese species belongs to those duck schistosomes with spindle-shaped eggs. Among them the most closely related is T. yokogawai (Oiso, 1927), from which it differs in several important aspects, such as the size of the worm, the extent of gynaecophoric canal, number of testes and size of eggs. Their different characters are tabulated as follows:T. yokogawai T. paoi n. sp. Male Body length 2.0-2.75mm 5.35-7.31mm (Foochow specimen)average 2.336mm 4.0-10.3mm (Chungking specimen) Position of immediately behind 0.371-0.495mm behind gynaecophoric Acetabulum acetabulum (Foochow specimen) canal 0.35-0.57mm behindacetabulum (Chungking specimen) T. yokogawai T. paoi n. spLength of 0.2mm 0.247-038mm (Foochow specimen)gynaecophoric 0.35-0.41mm (Chungking specimen)canalNumber of 50-70 70-90 (Foochow specimen)testes 50-85 (Chungking specimen)Size of eggs Length 0.204-0.238mm 0.236-0.316mmWidth 0.051-0.068mm 0.068-0.112mm (Foochow specimen)0.215mm0.075mm (Chungking specimen)From the above table it can be noticed that these two species can be distinguished by these essential differences.T. paoi is, furthermore, differentiated from T. physellae, another closely related species by the number of testes, which is about 210-240 in the latter and are arranged in two to three rows. Tanaka (1960) reported another duck schistosome from Oki Island, which he identified as T. physellae. According to this auther, the male has only 52-78 testes, the seminal vesicle is much shorter reaching only about half distance between gyaaecophoric canal and the acetabulum. Another striking difference is that the intestinal ceaca of T. physellae from Oki Island reunite at the region anterior to the seminal vesicle, while in T. paoi they reunite behind the Seminal receptacle at the level anterior to the gynaecophoric canal.Macfarlane (1944, 1949) and Olivier (1949) have shown that the dermatitis produced by avian schistosomes is a sensitization phenomenon. They have demonstrated striking differences in the reaction of skin of infected animals to the penetration of cercariae in the initial and subsequent infections, and presented evidence for the ideathat human cases also become increasingly allergic to the protein of invading schistosome cercariae. In order to make further inquiries on this problem and to investigate whether Chinese species of Trichobilharzia will induce similar reactions in the mammalean host, experiments were conducted to infect laboratory-reared white mice and biopsies made of the skin in the first and also after a series of repeated infections It is with the purpese to observe the behavior of the cercariae after having penetrated into the body of an abnormal host, and to trace the course of their migration and destiny.1. Tissue reaction in primary infection: Histological sections were made on biopsies on various intervals after infection, one and half hour, 3 hours, 5 hours, 8 hours, 21 hours etc. At one and half to three hours after exposure, the cercariae already penetrated the epidermis. Some of them were in the hair follicles. A few arrived at the corium. Those just penetrated Corneum stratum were found lying there horizontally, and usually there was a small tunnel or cavity, formed among the epithelial cells, surrounding each cercaria. Such phenomenon is similar to that as observed by Gordon and Griffiths (1951) on the behavior of the cercaria of Schistosoma mansoni. Olivier and Weinstein (1953) also observed the same in Trichobilharzia ocellata. During early hours of invasion there was apparently very little cellular response to the cercariae. Those, which invaded the corium, were surrounded by a small number of leucocytes. Apparently the cercariae were still in good condition. They were probably living at the time of biopsy as indicated by their intact cell structure being well stained, 21 hours after infection, the tissue shows more infiltration of white cells and histiocytes. More of them gathered around the cercariae, some of which appeared as having signs of histolysis, while others seem still quite normal. Observations made on tissues fixed at later hours after infection indicated that even in the primary exposure, great majority of the invading cercariae were already arrested and immobilized in the epidermis and not able to invade further into the body.A small part of the cercariae, however, were found to migrate to the lung tissue. They were evidently being carried by the blood stream to the new site, where they produced considerable tissue damage and hemmorrhage. In our experiments with mice infected 20 hours previously, petechial hemorrhages were present on the surface of the lung. Infection experiments were conducted on 19 mice, each of which was infected with 80 to 250 cercariae. Dissections of the animals were made at various intervals from one day to about a month since exposure. The largest number of worms and hemorrhagic spots were found on the lung tissue during the second and third day after infection. Of the 19 mice, 15 were found to show pulmonary lesions. The number for each mouse ranges from one to 86. From eleven of them, worms were recovered from the tissue and from each mouse from one to 15 worms were counted. When the dissections were made during the first three days, the worms were still living. As time elasped, only formation of nodules were found. Sectioned nodules contained worms which were either dead or moribund.2. Tissue reaction in repeated infecti

1.在福建省各地流行着一种称为“鸭姆涎”的血吸虫皮肤疹,特別在鸭群放牧的地区,农民下水,手足发痒。这种皮肤疹的病原,经調查系一种寄生于家鴨体內的新种血吸虫,定名为包氏血吸虫。Trichobilharzia paoi Sp. Nov. 2.本虫的雄虫及雌虫經詳細叙述。其寄居的位置也經确定以門靜脉为最多,其次为腸系膜靜脉,并在肺部及心脏也有寄居。3.本虫的中間宿主为两种椎实螺Lymnaea(Radix)plicatula Benson及Lymnaea(Fossaria)ollula Gould。4.发育各期均在实驗室內詳經現察,包括卵、毛蚴、母胞蚴、子胞蚴和尾蚴,及成虫名阶段的发育。各期的构造經詳細的叙述。尾蚴的习性也經观察和叙述。5.本虫的分类問题經詳細討論。6.尾蚴侵入实驗动物——小白鼠后所引起的組织反应,經详细研究。实驗曾經举行比較初次感染和重复感染后组织对于侵入的虫体所引起的不同程度的反应。实驗証明初次感染的,幼虫能侵入表皮、皮层及真皮,白血球浸潤的現象较为微弱,虫体在一两天內尚是存活?啻胃腥镜慕M織內反应较为强烈,白血球以及組織吞噬細胞包圍虫体的更多?嫣宓妮喞炔幻飨员硐植皇谴婊畹那榭觥N豺是秩胄“资筇迥...

1.在福建省各地流行着一种称为“鸭姆涎”的血吸虫皮肤疹,特別在鸭群放牧的地区,农民下水,手足发痒。这种皮肤疹的病原,经調查系一种寄生于家鴨体內的新种血吸虫,定名为包氏血吸虫。Trichobilharzia paoi Sp. Nov. 2.本虫的雄虫及雌虫經詳細叙述。其寄居的位置也經确定以門靜脉为最多,其次为腸系膜靜脉,并在肺部及心脏也有寄居。3.本虫的中間宿主为两种椎实螺Lymnaea(Radix)plicatula Benson及Lymnaea(Fossaria)ollula Gould。4.发育各期均在实驗室內詳經現察,包括卵、毛蚴、母胞蚴、子胞蚴和尾蚴,及成虫名阶段的发育。各期的构造經詳細的叙述。尾蚴的习性也經观察和叙述。5.本虫的分类問题經詳細討論。6.尾蚴侵入实驗动物——小白鼠后所引起的組织反应,經详细研究。实驗曾經举行比較初次感染和重复感染后组织对于侵入的虫体所引起的不同程度的反应。实驗証明初次感染的,幼虫能侵入表皮、皮层及真皮,白血球浸潤的現象较为微弱,虫体在一两天內尚是存活?啻胃腥镜慕M織內反应较为强烈,白血球以及組織吞噬細胞包圍虫体的更多?嫣宓妮喞炔幻飨员硐植皇谴婊畹那榭觥N豺是秩胄“资筇迥?有一部分能侵入肺部,产生出血斑点及結节。結节內有虫体凋炘^明首次感染的小白鼠侵入肺部的虫体,出血斑点及結节均更多,重复感染的逐次減少。多次重复感染后肺部找不到虫体或找到极少数的虫体和出血斑点。7.本文就实验的結果进行討論。

This paper gives a brief account of English Corpus research work, expoounds the importance of computer corpora in promoting the modernization of language research, makes pubicized the new achievements in computer corpus research, and also elaborates opn the direction for future work.This paper is based on Professor G. Leech's thesis, Recent Development of the Use of Computer Corpora in English Language Research, translated and reorganized.

本文简述了英语素材研究工作的情况,分析了电脑素材对促进语言研究工作现代化所起的重要作用,介绍了近年来在电脑素材的研究与应用方面所获得的新成果,提出了未来的研究方向。本文根据G. Leech教授论文《电脑素料应用于英语语言研究中所取得的进展》编译。

In this article An addendum is set up for the new Criterion of suoercon ductivity of Eiements

本文对元素超导电性新判据作了补充。

 
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