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living and
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  “living and”译为未确定词的双语例句
     When in the presence of Zn~(2+), low concentration Cd~(2+) was in the J101 strain cell. Living and free strain J101 can absorb 83.73% Cd~(2+).
     阳离子Zn2+存在时进入菌体中的Cd2+明显减少,活菌体J101能够吸附83.73%Cd2+.
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     This paper reports 6 cases of superior hypopharyngeal carcinomas (T_1,2;T_2,1;T_2N_1,1;T_3N_2,1 and T_4 N_2,1)treated by conserva-tive hypopharyngectomy with the laryngeal functions restored completely in 5 cases and partially in 1.Three of them living and well over 5 years(50%,3/6)after operation.
     采用保留喉功能的喉咽上区癌切除术治疗6例喉咽上区癌(T_1 2例,T_21例,T_2N_1 1例,T_3N_2 1例及T_4N_2 1例)。 术后喉全功能恢复5例,部分恢复1例。
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     The result indicate that after the treatment of hydrolyzing acidification, can get the ratio of BOD 5/COD Cr of waste water rise from 0.35 to 0.45, rise about 30%, and improve the capability of living and chemistry of waste water, again come by the treatment of living and chemistry of loving oxygen contact, can get the COD concentration be control within 100 mg/L .
     结果表明 ,经水解酸化处理后废水的 BOD5/ CODcr比值由 0 .35提高到 0 .4 5左右 ,平均增加30 % ,提高了废水的可生化性能 ,再经好氧接触生化处理 ,可使废水 COD值控制在10 0 mg/ L以内
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     The best substrate for living and growing of tissue culture seedling is compound of vermiculite,plant ash and sand(2∶2∶1),and the survival rate reaches 98%.
     蛭石+草炭土+河沙(2∶2∶1)是组培苗成活及生长的最适基质配比,成活率达98%。
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     The effect of peritoneal immunization of BCG-phenol extract (BCG-PE) into mice was studied and compared with the living and heat-killed BCG.
     用卡介苗酚提取物(BCG-PE)腹腔注射免疫小鼠,观察其对小鼠巨噬细胞(Mφ)的激活作用,并与死卡介苗(BCG)和活BCG 免疫小鼠进行了比较。
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     Living E.
     应用电镜细胞化学技术观察 E.
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     Living Surroundings
     生活服务设施
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     Reforming and Living
     改制与生存
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     Living on the Land
     在土地上生活
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  living and
The appearance and preserved forms of the macroalgal holdfasts may provide some data to the study of the living and buried environments of macrobiota.
      
This pattern is propitious for good living and harmonious development of society.
      
melanogasterstrain TT capable of living and propagating at 32°C and the standard Oregon R strain.
      
Examples of quantitative correlations are provided that call for further application of the substance stability principle to living and nonliving hierarchic structures.
      
Changes in the activity of the sympathoadrenal systems of three healthy volunteers during their adaptation to living and working inside an isolated facility were studied.
      
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The examination of shrimps for trematodes has been carried on, but interruptedly, since 1950, and, in addition to the three reported species, Coitocaecum sp., Phyllodistomum lesteri (Wu, 1938)and Microphallus minus (Wu, 1938; Yeh and Wu, 1950), another new trematode was discovered in the ovary of the freshwater shrimps of Shanghai. Through careful morphological studies with both living and stained specimens, it was found that the present trematode is an unencysted metacercaria of the Genus Genarchopsis...

The examination of shrimps for trematodes has been carried on, but interruptedly, since 1950, and, in addition to the three reported species, Coitocaecum sp., Phyllodistomum lesteri (Wu, 1938)and Microphallus minus (Wu, 1938; Yeh and Wu, 1950), another new trematode was discovered in the ovary of the freshwater shrimps of Shanghai. Through careful morphological studies with both living and stained specimens, it was found that the present trematode is an unencysted metacercaria of the Genus Genarchopsis Ozaki, 1925. It shows profound progenesis with its internal structures, especially the fully developed reproductive system. Furthermore, the degree of progenesis is so marked that the worm is filled with light brownish eggs. This makes the third case of the progenetic phenomenon of the fourth trematode larvae parasitic to the freshwater shrimps, Macrobrachium nipponensis (de Haan), obtained from Shanghai.In comparing the morphological characteristics of the present species with those ofother Genarchopsis, i. e., G. goppo Ozaki, 1925, G. anguillae Yamaguti, 1938, and G. chinensis Tang, 1950, it was also discovered that the present species, with the presence of the seminal receptacle and difference in structure of both intestinal caecum and excretory bladder is by no means a duplicate of any of the above stated species. A new name, Genarchopsis shanghaiensis is, therefore, proposed.

本文把上海沼蝦的Genarchopsis shanghaiensis n.sp.作一描述,并与Genarchopsis goppo,Genarchopsis anguillae和Genarchopsis chinensis互予比较。新种主要的特徵:(1)具有受精囊;(2)卵有1长丝;(3)排泄管较长,而在腹吸盤前缘分枝;(4)腸支短,而在腹吸盤前缘合併;(6)睾丸左右相对并列。另外对本蟲早熟现象提出问题,加以讨论。

In a previous study of pathologico-physiological reactions of the rabbits inoculated with cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum in this laboratory, it was found that reactions such as increase of erythrocyte sedimentation rate; plasma fibrinogen content, serum gamma globulin content, etc., occurred usually 4-5 weeks after exposure to the infestation. Investigations have now been made of: (1) the determination of the date of beginning of deposition of eggs in liver of the infected rabbits, (2) the correlation between...

In a previous study of pathologico-physiological reactions of the rabbits inoculated with cercariae of Schistosoma japonicum in this laboratory, it was found that reactions such as increase of erythrocyte sedimentation rate; plasma fibrinogen content, serum gamma globulin content, etc., occurred usually 4-5 weeks after exposure to the infestation. Investigations have now been made of: (1) the determination of the date of beginning of deposition of eggs in liver of the infected rabbits, (2) the correlation between the number of eggs recovered from the whole liver tissue and the severity of the reactions of the infected animal, and (3) the reactions induced by the injection of living and heat-killed schistosome eggs to the portal circulation of the normal rabbits. The earliest date of deposition of eggs of S. japonicum in liver of infected rabbits was found to be the 23rd day after exposure to the cercariae. The eggs were isolated from the liver tissue digested by 10% KOH, then examined and counted under the microscope. However, the pathologico-physiological reactions of the infected animal did not occur until the 32nd day after infestation. The severity of these reactions as observed in the subsequent weeks was found to be exactly parallel to the number of eggs deposited in the liver. It was also shown that the number of eggs recovered from the liver estimated in terms of each female worm per day was approximately 764-1097 eggs. A direct proof that eggs of S. japonicum could indeed induce the reactions of the normal rabbits was made. It was established that only living eggs given to the portal circulation were effective whereas heat-killed eggs did not give any significant effect. In the same experiment, sera of the healthy rabbits taken at the 10th day after a single transfusion of living eggs showed a positive complement fixation test by using egg-polysaccharides as antigen. The latter was discovered and isolated by Lin Hui in this laboratory. In comparison, sera of the infected animal (600 cercariae) taken 35th day after inoculation showed positive complement fixation reaction when either the eggpolysaccharides or the egg extract was used as antigen. From the above findings, we concluded that eggs of S. japonicum are indeed the cause of the pathologico-physiological reactions of the infected animal as judged by our indices. We are also inclined to believe that the severity of reactions of the infected animal depends on the quantity of eggs deposited in the liver but the possibility of toxic substances secreted by eggs during its developing stage can not be excluded.

(一)本文報告了二個實驗:(1)家兔感染日本血吸蟲尾蚴後,定期觀察其機體反應性改变的指標,並自感染後第21天起,分批解剖病兔,以10%氫氧化鉀溶液消化其肝臟法確定蟲卵進入病兔肝臟的日期及肝臟內蟲卵量與病兔機體反應變化的關係。(2)向健康家兔門靜脈內注射大量日本血吸蟲活蟲卵及死蟲卵後,觀察蟲卵對其機體反應的影響。本文實驗證明了血吸蟲蟲卵確能引起家兔機體反應的变化,並肯定了蟲卵為日本血吸蟲病病因学中的主要因素。 (二)家兔經日本血吸蟲尾蚴感染後第23天,其肝臟內開始沉積蟲卵,至感染後第32天,病兔之機體反應開始出現明顯變化,這些變化與其肝臟內血吸蟲蟲卵量有着一定關係,我們認為病兔機體反應的變化是由於病兔肝內的蟲卵在成熟過程中所分泌的化學物質的刺激而發生的。 (三)向健康家兔門靜脈內注射大量日本血吸蟲的活蟲卵後,可以引起与尾蚴感染32天後病兔相似的病理生理反應性的改變,而注射死蟲卵及生理鹽水對照者的此種反應就不明顯。 (四)家兔體內每個日本血吸蟲雌蟲每天所產的卵在家兔肝臟内可發現的數目為764—1097個。 (五)根據感染600條尾蚴的日本血吸蟲病兔血清与蟲卵抗原的補體結合試驗的結果,發現病兔在感染後第25天時,其...

(一)本文報告了二個實驗:(1)家兔感染日本血吸蟲尾蚴後,定期觀察其機體反應性改变的指標,並自感染後第21天起,分批解剖病兔,以10%氫氧化鉀溶液消化其肝臟法確定蟲卵進入病兔肝臟的日期及肝臟內蟲卵量與病兔機體反應變化的關係。(2)向健康家兔門靜脈內注射大量日本血吸蟲活蟲卵及死蟲卵後,觀察蟲卵對其機體反應的影響。本文實驗證明了血吸蟲蟲卵確能引起家兔機體反應的变化,並肯定了蟲卵為日本血吸蟲病病因学中的主要因素。 (二)家兔經日本血吸蟲尾蚴感染後第23天,其肝臟內開始沉積蟲卵,至感染後第32天,病兔之機體反應開始出現明顯變化,這些變化與其肝臟內血吸蟲蟲卵量有着一定關係,我們認為病兔機體反應的變化是由於病兔肝內的蟲卵在成熟過程中所分泌的化學物質的刺激而發生的。 (三)向健康家兔門靜脈內注射大量日本血吸蟲的活蟲卵後,可以引起与尾蚴感染32天後病兔相似的病理生理反應性的改變,而注射死蟲卵及生理鹽水對照者的此種反應就不明顯。 (四)家兔體內每個日本血吸蟲雌蟲每天所產的卵在家兔肝臟内可發現的數目為764—1097個。 (五)根據感染600條尾蚴的日本血吸蟲病兔血清与蟲卵抗原的補體結合試驗的結果,發現病兔在感染後第25天時,其血清對碎蟲卵浸液開始出現陽性,至感染後第35天,則全部呈陽性反應;而對蟲卵多醣則在感染後第35天才出現陽性,至感染後第49天,全部呈陽性反應。向健康家兔門靜脈內注射血吸蟲活蟲卵第10天後,其血清對蟲卵多醣出現陽性反應。

Eight new species of conifers described in the present paper belong to Brachy-phyllum Brongn.,Suturovagina(gen.nov.),Manica Watson and Frenelopsis Schenkrespectively.They share the following common characteristics: 1.Fleshy flattened twigs scarcely or sparsely branched;2.Leaf loosely spirally arranged,decurrent,partly covered or incompletely tocompletely encircling the stem,with numerous longitudinal striations on their abaxialsurface;3.Leaf thick in substance,hypostomatic;4.Stomata arranged in longitudinal...

Eight new species of conifers described in the present paper belong to Brachy-phyllum Brongn.,Suturovagina(gen.nov.),Manica Watson and Frenelopsis Schenkrespectively.They share the following common characteristics: 1.Fleshy flattened twigs scarcely or sparsely branched;2.Leaf loosely spirally arranged,decurrent,partly covered or incompletely tocompletely encircling the stem,with numerous longitudinal striations on their abaxialsurface;3.Leaf thick in substance,hypostomatic;4.Stomata arranged in longitudinal rows,a single stoma wide,haplocheilic,monocyclic to amphicyclic(most incompletely),with subsidiary cells similar to oneanother,the surface wall of them more or less strongly cutinized,often united to forma raised ring around the outer aperture of the epistomatal chamber;5.Subsidiary cells of adjacent stomata in a row sometimes in contact,but not incommon;6.Stomatal apertures mostly obliquely or transversely orientated.They differ,however,in the shape of leaf.In two species of Brachyphyllum,theleaf is scale-like,with rhomboidal leaf-base cushion.In Suturovagina,the leaf isjoined laterally below with a suture line to form a more or less complete‘sheath’.In species of Manica,the leaf is also sheath-like below,but not interrupted by a sutureline.The morphology and systematic position of Frenelopsis have long been a matterof dispute among paleobotanists.The present evidence shows that Frenelopsis andthe genera of Cupressaceae are taxonomically remote.Schenk's genus is more closelyrelated to Manica than any living and fossil conifer genus.It differs from Manicaonly in the leaf which has three apices and looks like arranged in whorl.It is of interest to note that the morphology of leaf shows a series of transitionstages,ranging from Brachyphyllum,Suturovagina,Manica to Frenelopsis(see text-fig.6).It seems possible that the four genera(except species of Brachyphyllumreferred to Araucariaceae and of uncertain affinity)are phylogenetically relatedwith each other and all fall into a natural group.There is no recent counterpart,so far as is known,with a combination of charac-ters common to the species here described.Agathis(Araucariaceae)bears some impor-tant resemblances to the present forms in epidermal structure,but differs considerablyin the shape of leaf.Among fossil conifers,Hirmerelloideae(or Cheirolepidiaceae)is the nearest group.In phyllotaxis and cuticular features,the present forms arenot easily distinguished from those referred to the extinct subfamily(or family).Theevidence in favor of such an affinity is further supported by the occurrence of a conein connection with Manica papillosa,which is very similar to the male cone describedby Barnard.Similar male cones,as informed by Dr.J.Watson,are also found tobe attached to Manica parceramosa and Frenelopsis alata.Indeed,of special significance is the discovery of Hirmerelloidaceous conifers whichtestify to the successive development of leaf from spiral toward whorled or decussatearrangement.

本文记述了我国东部白垩纪8种新的松柏类化石,它们分别属于短叶杉、缝鞘杉(新属)、袖套杉和节柏4个属,其中袖套杉属包括袖套杉和长岭杉(新亚属)二亚属。本文对这些化石的形态特征和表皮构造进行了详细的研究,研究结果说明它们彼此有着系统演化上的联系,应属于同一个自然类群,并提出它们的分类位置应属于伏脂杉科的希默杉亚科的新意见。

 
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