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state-operated post offices
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  国营邮局
     Competition and Monopolization: A Research of Modern Postal Industry in China——A Case of the Relations Between Pixin-agencies and State-operated Post Offices in Fujian (1928-1949)
     竞争与垄断:近代中国邮政业研究——以福建批信局与国营邮局关系为例(1928—1949)
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     国家的后现代转向
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Based on the case of the relations between Pixin-agencies and state-operated post offices in Fujian from 1928 to 1949, the paper makes clear how the relations changed of the issues of postage, licences, fili-ales, and the letter-sending and etc, then argues that the monopolization was significantly characteristic of administrative regulation, for its being attempted with the foeceful and lawful methods and the post offices being a regulator, which resulted from the state-triggered modernization....

Based on the case of the relations between Pixin-agencies and state-operated post offices in Fujian from 1928 to 1949, the paper makes clear how the relations changed of the issues of postage, licences, fili-ales, and the letter-sending and etc, then argues that the monopolization was significantly characteristic of administrative regulation, for its being attempted with the foeceful and lawful methods and the post offices being a regulator, which resulted from the state-triggered modernization.

近代邮政体系建立之前,中国存在官方邮驿和民间邮政两套服务体系。前者18世纪末逐渐衰落,后者则在18世纪中叶快速发展,势力遍布大江南北。中国近代邮政垄断地位的确立与国家支持分不开,以福建批信局为例,国营邮局以管理者和经营者的双重身份,采取各种法律和行政手段,提高邮资、颁布执照并严格管理,限制分号设立和信件自带,严厉打击走私,逐渐掌控批信局及其业务,最终确立了国营邮局在侨批寄递市场的垄断地位,具有浓厚的行政垄断特征。

 
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