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stand-in
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  “stand-in”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Design and Implementation of Stand-in Honeypot
     替身型网络诱捕系统的设计与实现
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     3. With the method of tissue engineering, producing the stand-in of Composite chitosan artificial dermis, and obtaining composite chitosan artificial skin.
     2.用高敏度小张力膜状生物材料力学性能检测仪分别检测培养15天未冻存的组织工程皮肤(A组)及从-20℃(B组)、-75℃(C组)、-196℃(D组)解冻的组织工程皮肤,每组均为6张,测量其抗张强度。
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     Film - makers, cinema - goers, and context of seeing a movie co - construct the narrative system of a movie, and audience becomes a role in this course, and a "hypothesized stand - in into whom we may sneak to "peep at the contents of a movie.
     电影观众便成为一个由电影的制作者、观看者与观看情境共同建构的电影叙事体系中的角色,一个我们可以潜入其中“窥视”影片内容的“假想替身”。
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  相似匹配句对
     Lamp Stand
     跽坐人漆绘灯(英文)
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     Ligeti's Stand
     我的立场
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     In the former stand, it failed;
     作为前者,它失败了;
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     X-MEN The Last Stand
     X战警(3)
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     Stand in Aweof Laws?
     敬畏法律?
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为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  stand-in
Neodymium oxalate was chosen as a stand-in element representing americium, curium and lanthanides.
      


(1) In studying the quantum efficiencies of photophosphorylation and of the Hill reaction, it was found that at low light intensities the quantum efficiencies of photophosphorylation(either"cyclic" with PMS or vitamin K as cofactors or coupled with Fe(CN)_6≡reduction) were abnormally low, whereas that of the simultaneously measured Hill reaction remains constant(Tab. 1). This unusual"light intensity effect" is evidently not related to the election transport chain, but is only concerned with the mechanism of...

(1) In studying the quantum efficiencies of photophosphorylation and of the Hill reaction, it was found that at low light intensities the quantum efficiencies of photophosphorylation(either"cyclic" with PMS or vitamin K as cofactors or coupled with Fe(CN)_6≡reduction) were abnormally low, whereas that of the simultaneously measured Hill reaction remains constant(Tab. 1). This unusual"light intensity effect" is evidently not related to the election transport chain, but is only concerned with the mechanism of ATP production.The addition of large amounts of non-radioactive ATP to the reaction mixture(Tab. 2) or the previous formation of some AT~(32)P by preillumination(Tab. 3) does not attenuate this"light intensity effect". It is therefore not due to the decomposition of the final reaction product, ATP, nor an artifact introduced by the use of the radioactive method of AT~(32)P determination, and consequently must be concerned with the intermediate steps of phosphorylation.(2) By increasing the intensity of illumination, this unusual"light intensity effect" gradually disappears and the rate of photophosphorylation becomes proportional to light energy(Tab. 4). At a lower temperature(5℃), it is less pronounced. When weak light is given in short flashes interposed with dark intervals instead of continuously, the production of ATP is greatly lowered or completely obliterated(Tab. 5). All these results serve to show that the"light intensity effect" is due to a dark, thermal reaction by which some intermediate(s) in the phosphorylation path is destroyed or side-tracked.The reaction is probably enzymic in nature as evidenced by its rate order and its response to temperature. That the"light intensity effect" becomes insignificant at higher light intensities, indicates that the amount of the enzyme is limited and easily saturated so as to be negligible when the concentration of the photophosphorylation intermediate(s) is high, i.e., under strong illumination. That flashing light with short dark periods can completely abolish ATP formation means that this enzyme has a high affinity for the intermediate.(3) By illuminating chloroplasts with Mg~(++) and PMS then adding immediately to Pi and ADP in the dark, ATP can still be formed. But if the illuminated suspension is allowed to stand in darkness for 5 seconds before adding Pi and ADP, no ATP can be detected(Tab. 7). There is, therefore, an intermediate(Z~*) formed in light which can react with Pi and ADP in darkness (Fig. 1). At saturating intensities, this intermediate shows a concentration of 20-40 mμmole/μmole chlorophyll, i.e., in molecular rates of 1:25-50. At room temperature, this intermediate quickly dissipates(Tab. 7 and Tab. 8), but it becomes more stable as the incubating temperature is lowered to 5℃(Tab. 8).(4) By illuminating a similar suspension in presence of Pi and letting it stand in darkness for 5 sec. before adding ADP, the ATP formed is about 1/2 of that obtained by the immediate addition of ADP (Tab. 7). This shows that a second intermediate is formed with P/ (Z~P) and subsequently reacts with ADP. Apparently, in the chloroplast, the second intermediate is more stable than the first one(Z~*).(5) From the above results, it is concluded that the"light intensity effect" of photophosphorylation is probably due to the destruction or removal of intermediates in the phosphorylation mechanism. At least 2 such intermediates are indicated, the one before the participation of Pi is less stable, and it(or its precursor) is therefore mainly responsible for the said effect. The relation of the proposed scheme to the results of other workers and in comparison with oxidative phosphorylation is discussed.

(1)在不同光强度下研究叶綠体的光合磷酸化作用和希尔反应,发现当光弱到一定程度后,光合磷酸化的效率,不论是“循环”或是“偶联”的都显著降低,而同时测定的希尔反应的效率则不变。因此,这个“光强效应”为光合磷酸化所特有,显然不是发生在“电子传递系统”或氧化还原部分。(2)在作用液中加入非放射性的ATP或预先照光形成一些AT~32P,再进行实验,这个“光强效应”仍同样出现,证明这个效应不是由于最终产物(ATP)的分解,亦不是由于应用放射性~(32)P测定方法所造成的假象。(3)这个“光强效应”在光强增加到一定程度以上时,即逐渐消失;在较低的温度下则减轻;在闪光条件下则比在连续光下更加显著。这些结果指出,“光强效应”是由于中间产物的破坏或转向其他代谢途径。此作用是一个暗反应,可能是酶促的。酶量少,容易达到饱和,弱光下中间产物少,被它作用的比重就大,强光下中间产物多,被它作用的比重就小,所以“光强效应”只在弱光下显著。(4) 叶綠体加Mg~(++)及PMS照以饱和强光,然后立即(<0.1秒)在暗中加入Pi及ADP,仍有很多ATP形成,但如在暗中过5秒钟后再加Pi及ADP,则几乎完全没有ATP形成。这指出叶綠体照光后产生...

(1)在不同光强度下研究叶綠体的光合磷酸化作用和希尔反应,发现当光弱到一定程度后,光合磷酸化的效率,不论是“循环”或是“偶联”的都显著降低,而同时测定的希尔反应的效率则不变。因此,这个“光强效应”为光合磷酸化所特有,显然不是发生在“电子传递系统”或氧化还原部分。(2)在作用液中加入非放射性的ATP或预先照光形成一些AT~32P,再进行实验,这个“光强效应”仍同样出现,证明这个效应不是由于最终产物(ATP)的分解,亦不是由于应用放射性~(32)P测定方法所造成的假象。(3)这个“光强效应”在光强增加到一定程度以上时,即逐渐消失;在较低的温度下则减轻;在闪光条件下则比在连续光下更加显著。这些结果指出,“光强效应”是由于中间产物的破坏或转向其他代谢途径。此作用是一个暗反应,可能是酶促的。酶量少,容易达到饱和,弱光下中间产物少,被它作用的比重就大,强光下中间产物多,被它作用的比重就小,所以“光强效应”只在弱光下显著。(4) 叶綠体加Mg~(++)及PMS照以饱和强光,然后立即(<0.1秒)在暗中加入Pi及ADP,仍有很多ATP形成,但如在暗中过5秒钟后再加Pi及ADP,则几乎完全没有ATP形成。这指出叶綠体照光后产生能与Pi结合的中间产物(Z~*),其饱和量约为20—40mμmole/μmole叶綠素。它在室温(20—25度)迅速破坏或转向其他代谢途径,5秒后已不存在,在低温(5度)则可维持数秒。(5) 同样制剂加Pi再照光,然后暗5秒再加ADP,则ATP的产量,比立即加ADP者只减少一半。指出上述的中间产物(Z~*)与Pi结合后形成第二个中间产物(Z~P)在叶綠体内比较稳定。“光强效应”可能主要是Z~*或以前的中间产物被破坏或转向其他用途所引起。

This investigation of the vertical and horizontal distribution of the paddy borer,Tryporyza incertulas (Wak.), in Hunan Province was undertaken by the authors in1962--1963. The conclusion reached on the vertical distribution is as follows: althoughthe highest distribution of the rice fields in Hunan Province is at 1060 meters altitude, thevertical distribution of the paddy borer is much varied in the different regions. Thehighest point is limited at 500 meters altitude in the southern part, Dy-pan moutain; at710...

This investigation of the vertical and horizontal distribution of the paddy borer,Tryporyza incertulas (Wak.), in Hunan Province was undertaken by the authors in1962--1963. The conclusion reached on the vertical distribution is as follows: althoughthe highest distribution of the rice fields in Hunan Province is at 1060 meters altitude, thevertical distribution of the paddy borer is much varied in the different regions. Thehighest point is limited at 500 meters altitude in the southern part, Dy-pan moutain; at710 meters altitude in the central part, Xen-shan mountain; at 900 meters altitude in thecentral-western parts, Xue-feng mountain; at 1025 meters altitude in the south-easternpart, Yu-ling mountain, and at 520 meters altitude in the eastern part, Lian-yun moun-tain. However, they were limited below 800 meters altitude in all the regions investi-gated. In analyzing the environmental conditions, influencing the vertical distribution of thepaddy borer, we found that the climate was the key factor. With an increase in altitude,the air temperature decreased in order and the monthly preciptation in July or in Augustincreased in order. According to this investigation, in regions above 300 meters an in-crease in altitude brought about a corresponding decrease in the developmental velocityof the paddy borer. In rice fields situated above 700 meters altitude the paddy borer causes little da-mage, but in fields below 400 meters altitude the paddy borer is a dangerous pest. Based on the reports from many regions and the data of the present investigations,we suggest an demarcation of the horizontal distribution of the paddy borer in Hunaninto following five regions: (1) the constant outbreak region of the third and fourthgeneration, in the eastern part of Hunan; (2) the intermittent outbreak region of thethird and fourth generations, in the northern, southern and central part of this province;(3) the constant outbreak region of the third generation, in portions of the central partof this province; (4) the intermittent outbreak region of the third generation, in thewestern part of this province; (5) the constant weakly injured region, in the other regionsof this province. The cultural system adopted also stands in relation to the horizontaldistribution of the paddy borer. When the cultural system of rice fields is more com-plex, the pest is more dangerous.

1962—1963年,在湘南、湖中、湘东和湘西等山区调查,得知湖南省水稻三化螟垂直分布最高为海拔1,025米。但不同山系的最高分布不一,一般都止于海拔800米以下。气候因素是影响垂直分布的主导因素。 从湖南省三化螟的平面分布看来,它的踪迹遍及全省,但根据它们的发生动态,可划分为五个发生区:(1)第3—4代经常猖獗区:(2)第3—4代间歇猖獗区:(3)第3代经常猖獗区;(4)第3代间歇猖獗区:(5)轻微发生区。我们认为,水稻种植制度和气候条件是左右平面分布猖獗程度的因素。 讨论了三化螟的预测预报和大田防治应有重点,在海拔700米以上地区,不必进行;400—700米的地区,视种植制度复杂与否来决定;400米以下地区,若双季稻或迟熟中稻面积较大,则必须着重进行。猖獗区要注意防治,轻微区要总结原因,找出根治螟害的途径。

The memorial hall stands in Tien An Men Square. Here 28 years ago our great leader Chairman Mao himself raised the first five-star red flag and solemnly proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China. Tien An Men Square is a symbol of the new China. The construction of the memorial hall not only adds more important political significance to the square, but also makes it look grander and more imposing than ever.The memorial hall is located on the central axis of the square, with a distance of 200 metres...

The memorial hall stands in Tien An Men Square. Here 28 years ago our great leader Chairman Mao himself raised the first five-star red flag and solemnly proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China. Tien An Men Square is a symbol of the new China. The construction of the memorial hall not only adds more important political significance to the square, but also makes it look grander and more imposing than ever.The memorial hall is located on the central axis of the square, with a distance of 200 metres from the Monument to the People's Heroes and Chen Yang Men Gate respectively. The combination of the memorial hall with Tien An Men, the Great Hall of the People and the Revolutionary History Museum, forms a unified architectural ensemble.The site is level and covers an area of 5.72 hectares, 260 metres from north to south and 220 metres from east to west. Inside the boundary of the site there are peripheral paved grounds 30 to 70 metres wide for the use of mass rally, which make it possible to enlarge the capacity of Tien An Men Square from 400,000 to 600,000 people. When important political rallies are held in the square, the memorial hall will be encircled by the masses. This is meant to embody the idea of Chairman Mao living forever in our hearts.In deciding the height of the memorial hall, an important consideration of the design is to ensure that the silhouette of the large pitched roof of Chen Yang Men will not emerge from behind the memorial hall when one looks at it standing on the rostrum of Tien An Men. Moreover, from any point of the square, even from a maximum distance of 700 metres, one can see a good perspective of the memorial hall with a horizontal visual angle larger than 6 degrees.Around the memorial hall are roads and greenery. Greenery of the courtyard consists of two sections: the inner peripheral green area 6 metres wide, laid out as lawns dotted with flowers and evergreen shrubs, and the outer peripheral green area 30 metres wide, planted with a large number of pines and cypresses as well as trees of precious species sent from various parts of the country such as camellia, cherry, pomegranate and kumquat trees.Flanking the approaches to the northern and southern entrances are four group sculptures of workers, peasants and soldiers. The contents of the two group sculptures at the northern entrance are based on Chairman Mao's great revolutionary practice in the new democratic revolution period and the socialist revolution period respectively.Parking spaces and bus terminals are placed on the south of Tien An Men Square, and public service facilities are arranged on the east and west of the memorial hall.

为了永远纪念我党我军和我国各族人民的伟大领袖、国际无产阶级和被压迫民族被压迫人民的伟大导师毛泽东主席,以英明领袖华主席为首的党中央,在一举粉碎“四人帮”之后,立即决定在北京建立毛主席纪念堂。今天,庄严宏伟的毛主席纪念堂已巍然矗立在天安门广场上,人民群众将世世代代在这里亲眼瞻仰毛主席的遗容,缅怀毛主席的丰功伟绩,重温毛主席的教导,亲身感受毛主席的教育和鼓舞,实现了八亿中国人民和世界革命人民的共同心愿。以华主席为首的党中央最了解亿万人民的热切要求,决定把毛主席纪念堂建在天安门广场上。从此,天安门广场——毛主席在这里宣告中华人民共和国成立、亲自升起第一面五星红旗和多次检阅群众队伍的地方,更加放射出灿烂的光辉。 以华主席为首的党中央对毛主席纪念堂这项具有伟大意义的工程的设计和施工极为重视,审查了设计方案,作了极其重要的指示:纪念堂要设计得坚固适用,庄严肃穆,美观大方,有中国自己的民族风格,方便群众瞻仰,利于遗体的安全保护;要精心组织,精心施工。这就为纪念堂的设计及建设提出了正确的指导思想和具体要求。 毛主席纪念堂的设计方案,是来自八个省市的老中青设计人员共同进行的。以后由北京市建筑设计院等在京单位的工人、干部和技术人...

为了永远纪念我党我军和我国各族人民的伟大领袖、国际无产阶级和被压迫民族被压迫人民的伟大导师毛泽东主席,以英明领袖华主席为首的党中央,在一举粉碎“四人帮”之后,立即决定在北京建立毛主席纪念堂。今天,庄严宏伟的毛主席纪念堂已巍然矗立在天安门广场上,人民群众将世世代代在这里亲眼瞻仰毛主席的遗容,缅怀毛主席的丰功伟绩,重温毛主席的教导,亲身感受毛主席的教育和鼓舞,实现了八亿中国人民和世界革命人民的共同心愿。以华主席为首的党中央最了解亿万人民的热切要求,决定把毛主席纪念堂建在天安门广场上。从此,天安门广场——毛主席在这里宣告中华人民共和国成立、亲自升起第一面五星红旗和多次检阅群众队伍的地方,更加放射出灿烂的光辉。 以华主席为首的党中央对毛主席纪念堂这项具有伟大意义的工程的设计和施工极为重视,审查了设计方案,作了极其重要的指示:纪念堂要设计得坚固适用,庄严肃穆,美观大方,有中国自己的民族风格,方便群众瞻仰,利于遗体的安全保护;要精心组织,精心施工。这就为纪念堂的设计及建设提出了正确的指导思想和具体要求。 毛主席纪念堂的设计方案,是来自八个省市的老中青设计人员共同进行的。以后由北京市建筑设计院等在京单位的工人、干部和技术人员组成毛主席纪念堂规划设

 
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