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of fruit
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  果实
     Study on Active Constituents of Fruit of Eucalyptus Globules
     蓝桉果实活性成分的研究
短句来源
     Studies on Chemical Constituents of Fruit of Eucalyptus Globules nd Its Quality Control
     蓝桉果实化学成分及质量控制研究
短句来源
     PROBING INTO THE CIASSIFICATION OF FRUIT STORAGE METHOD FROM PEAR AND APPLE STORAGE
     从梨、苹果贮藏试探果实贮藏方法的分类
短句来源
     Agricultural Technical Factors Have Direct Bearing on Quality of Fruit
     与果实品质相关的农业技术因素
短句来源
     A Study on Relations between Abscisic Acid and Absciss of Fruit of Hippophae rhamnoides
     脱落酸与沙棘果实脱落关系研究
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  水果
     Determination of Antioxidant Activity in Several Kinds of Fruit by Fluorimetry with Fluorescein Sodium-Mn~(2+)-H_(2)O_(2) System
     荧光素钠-Mn~(2+)-H_2O_2体系荧光法测定常见水果的抗氧化活性
短句来源
     While the protective factors of esophageal cancer were tea drinking(OR:0.234),drinking pure water(OR:0.142),intake of fruit(OR:0.255) and bean product(OR:0.407).
     常饮茶(OR0.234)、饮用清洁水(OR0.142)、常吃豆制品(OR0.407)、水果(OR0.255)是保护因素。
短句来源
     Study on Organization Form of Fruit Industry
     水果业组织形态研究——以水果猕猴桃为例
短句来源
     Over-intake of fruit(OR 95%CI:0.4463~0.9296)was a protective factor.
     多食水果 (OR 95 %CI为 0 4 4 6 3~ 0 92 96 )为食管癌保护因素。
短句来源
     Ethanolic extracts of fruit powder were prepared using 99.99% ethanol.
     这些水果粉末用99·99%的乙醇进行乙醇提取。
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  对果实
     The order of effects of three kinds of growth regulators on granulation was 6-BA, GA3, 2, 4 -D, and 300mg/L 6- BA,100gm/L GA3, 10mg/L 2, 4- D gave the best results in reducing the index of fruit granulation.
     结果表明,三种生长调节剂对果实粒化指数影响的大小依次为:6-BA、GA3、2,4-D,三种生长调节剂不同浓度组合以6-BA300mg/L、GA3100mg/L、2,4-D10mg/L对减轻果实粒化指数效果最好。
短句来源
     Taking Dong Jujube as experimental material, the weight loss rate, the decomposing rate,the containment change of vitamin C of fruit are studied under high voltage static electric field (HVEF) with 20kV/m, 60kV/m,and 100kV/m.
     以冬枣为材料,研究了20kV/m,60kV/m和100kV/m高压静电场处理对果实质量损失率、腐烂率及果实维生素C含量变化的影响。
短句来源
     Influence of ACC Oxidase 1 Co-suppression on the Expression of Fruit Ripening and Diseases Related Genes
     协同抑制ACC氧化酶1基因对果实成熟和病程相关基因表达的影响
短句来源
     Effects of 1-MCP Treatment on Posthervest Physiology of Fruit
     1-MCP对果实采后生理变化的影响
短句来源
     The bagging effect of inside quality of fruit fruit peel structure,firmness,the contents of sugars,acid,mineral element and hormone.
     套袋对果实内在品质的影响包括:果皮、果肉组织结构,果实的硬度,糖、酸的含量,糖酸比值,矿质元素的含量,芳香物质的含量,激素的变化;
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  “of fruit”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The Market Organization Pattern of Fruit and Vegetable in BeiJing
     北京市果蔬市场组织模式研究
短句来源
     Study on Development and Structure Optimization of Fruit Industry in Shandong
     山东果业发展与结构优化研究
短句来源
     Study on Quality of Fruit Vegetable Seedlings and Physiological Variation Treated with Nutrient Environment
     营养环境对果菜秧苗质量及生理变化影响的研究
短句来源
     A QUEST ON THE HISTORY OF FRUIT GROWING AND DEVELOPMENT IN FUJIAN
     福建果树发展历史初探
短句来源
     STUDIES ON MUTATION BREEDING OF FRUIT TREES IN VITRO——1. Origin and Induction of Adventitious Shoots and Branches in Cultured Embryo of Apple and Pear
     果树试管诱变育种的研究——1.苹果、梨胚培不定梢及分枝的起源与诱导
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  of fruit
Laser photoluminescence microscopy in vapors of fruit extracts and artificial compounds was used to assess the contribution of various substances to natural odor emission of fruits.
      
The relation between the fruit-Fe and soil-extractable-Fe concentrations was examined to explain the Fe uptake of fruit from soil.
      
Preparations with clearly observable chromosomal axial structures can be obtained only at this stage of fruit-body development.
      
To investigate the mutagenic effects of the EE fruit juice, human peripheral lymphocytes were treated with three doses (18, 36, and 72 μl/l) of fruit juice alone for 24 and 48 h.
      
Inhibition of ethylene biosynthesis or its action in these fruits can reduce the production of fruit volatiles.
      
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The present paper reports on two lamellicorn beetles: Adoretus tennuimacu-latus Waterh. and Liocola brevitarsis Lew. The former belongs to the subfamilyRutelinae and the later Cetoniinae. Adoretus tennuimaculatus has two generations per year at Lientang. Thefirst active period of adults mostly occured in June and the second period inAugust. After 7: 30 at night, the adults went out and stayed on various hostplant leaves feeding or copulating and then back into earth at dawn. Larvaewere not strict in selecting...

The present paper reports on two lamellicorn beetles: Adoretus tennuimacu-latus Waterh. and Liocola brevitarsis Lew. The former belongs to the subfamilyRutelinae and the later Cetoniinae. Adoretus tennuimaculatus has two generations per year at Lientang. Thefirst active period of adults mostly occured in June and the second period inAugust. After 7: 30 at night, the adults went out and stayed on various hostplant leaves feeding or copulating and then back into earth at dawn. Larvaewere not strict in selecting the soil but most of them lived in the garden soil,mound soil and. clay landside. Liocola brevitarsis has only one generation per year at Lientang. The adultperiod was from June to September and some of them lengthened out mid-Octo-ber. Adults flied out at day time and sucked the different part of hosts: as theflesh of fruit, the juice of tree and the corn ear, once in a few days. Larvaeselected the soils more strictly. They concentrated in compost and rich humussoil. Controlling methods: (1) To spray 0.5%γ666 or 25% DDT emulsion (250water:1 emulsion) once to the host leaves was effective in protecting against theadults of Adoretus till its last period of activity. (2) To shake the tree to makethe adults of Adoretus fall down and then unroll a piece of white cloth underthe tree to gather the adults. (3) To make a bamboo cylinder, 12-16 in. long,which was filled with rotten fruits and nectar, and trap all the adults of Liocolain this cylinder. (4) To clean out the compost before June in order to kill mostof the larvae and pupae of Liocola.

1.本文所述的两种金龟子,其一为茶色金龟子,属鞘翅目,金龟子科中的Rutelinae亚科,其二为铜色白纹金龟子,属Cetoniinae亚科。 2.茶色金龟子在莲塘一年发生二代。其第1次成虫盛期多在6月。第2次则在8月;铜色白纹金龟子,一年仅发生一代,其成虫出现期为6至9月,少数可延长到10月中旬。 3.茶色金龟子的成虫,为夜出性,傍晚7时半后,即开始出土,停息在多种寄主植物的叶片上,取食或交配,拂晓时飞返土中。铜色白纹金龟子的成虫,为日出性,取食成熟果子,玉米苞穗及多种树木的浆汁,亦喜取食。既钻入后,可连续数日不出。 4.两种金龟子的幼虫,都栖息在土中。茶色金龟子幼虫以在菜园土中、丘陵黄土地及属于粘壤性质的田塍内为多,对于土壤性质选择,较不严格。铜色白纹金龟子幼虫则多集中在腐熟的堆肥及腐殖质极丰富的土中,对于土壤,有比较严格的选择性。 5.关于防治方法:茶色金龟子在成虫期曾试用了0.5%γ体666粉及25%DDT乳剂(1份加水250份〕喷撒,第1种药适用于叶面较粗糙的植物,第2种则可用于叶面较光滑的植物,只要喷撒1次,便能在整个成虫发生期中,避免其飞来取食。铜色白纹金龟子的成虫,则可采用竹筒诱杀,筒高12—1...

1.本文所述的两种金龟子,其一为茶色金龟子,属鞘翅目,金龟子科中的Rutelinae亚科,其二为铜色白纹金龟子,属Cetoniinae亚科。 2.茶色金龟子在莲塘一年发生二代。其第1次成虫盛期多在6月。第2次则在8月;铜色白纹金龟子,一年仅发生一代,其成虫出现期为6至9月,少数可延长到10月中旬。 3.茶色金龟子的成虫,为夜出性,傍晚7时半后,即开始出土,停息在多种寄主植物的叶片上,取食或交配,拂晓时飞返土中。铜色白纹金龟子的成虫,为日出性,取食成熟果子,玉米苞穗及多种树木的浆汁,亦喜取食。既钻入后,可连续数日不出。 4.两种金龟子的幼虫,都栖息在土中。茶色金龟子幼虫以在菜园土中、丘陵黄土地及属于粘壤性质的田塍内为多,对于土壤性质选择,较不严格。铜色白纹金龟子幼虫则多集中在腐熟的堆肥及腐殖质极丰富的土中,对于土壤,有比较严格的选择性。 5.关于防治方法:茶色金龟子在成虫期曾试用了0.5%γ体666粉及25%DDT乳剂(1份加水250份〕喷撒,第1种药适用于叶面较粗糙的植物,第2种则可用于叶面较光滑的植物,只要喷撒1次,便能在整个成虫发生期中,避免其飞来取食。铜色白纹金龟子的成虫,则可采用竹筒诱杀,筒高12—16寸,筒内盛腐熟果子及蜜,贴靠枝杆悬挂,能将圆内所有成虫,全部诱入筒中。此外,前一种成虫,并可利用外出?

Thaumapsylla breviceps Roths. 1907, a fruit-bat flea, is recorded here forthe first time from China. A pair of the flea sent to us for identification wascollected from Feng-I, Yunnan, off a bat which was neither identified norpreserved. A search of literature reveals that there has been no definite recordof the presence of fruit-bats in Yunnan,though Allen did predict their presencein that Province. Hence the present record of the particular flea gives furtherlight on the fauna of Yunnan. A short description...

Thaumapsylla breviceps Roths. 1907, a fruit-bat flea, is recorded here forthe first time from China. A pair of the flea sent to us for identification wascollected from Feng-I, Yunnan, off a bat which was neither identified norpreserved. A search of literature reveals that there has been no definite recordof the presence of fruit-bats in Yunnan,though Allen did predict their presencein that Province. Hence the present record of the particular flea gives furtherlight on the fauna of Yunnan. A short description of the flea is given to facilitate its identification.

本文记录了在云南凤仪采集的蝠蚤是短头怪蝠蚤(Thaumapsylla brevicepsRoths.1907)。虽然宿主未能订名,但因为这是食果蝠类的跳蚤,因此肯定了食果蝠在云南的存在。 因为这是短头怪蝠蚤在我国的第一次记录,所以对其鉴别特点加以技术。

Controlled crosses made between apple×pear(P.communis,P.serotina,P. Bretchneideri,P.ussuriensis),apple×plum,apple×cherry,apple×peach(P.pe- rsica,p.Davidii),apple×apricot,and apple×strawberry from 1953 to 1955 have proved that hybrid seeds can be obtained even between sub-families,except the strawberry.The percentage of fruit setting varied with the remoteness of the phylogenetical relation befween female and male parents,ie.apple×pear higher than apple×stone fruits.For different varieties of apple...

Controlled crosses made between apple×pear(P.communis,P.serotina,P. Bretchneideri,P.ussuriensis),apple×plum,apple×cherry,apple×peach(P.pe- rsica,p.Davidii),apple×apricot,and apple×strawberry from 1953 to 1955 have proved that hybrid seeds can be obtained even between sub-families,except the strawberry.The percentage of fruit setting varied with the remoteness of the phylogenetical relation befween female and male parents,ie.apple×pear higher than apple×stone fruits.For different varieties of apple under different natural and agricultural conditions gave different results,it is suggested that in order to obtain hybrid seeds several maternal varieties should be used in two or three conti- nuous years. Seeds obtained from mixed pollination method(a limited quantity of pollen grains of an apple variety applied to the stigma 4 hours after the proceeding dis- tant cross)were most probably not true hybrid seeds.It seems necessary to length- en the time interval between the two operations of pollination. Pollination with old stigma(6 days after emasculation)reduced the percentage of fruit setting in apple×pear,and it seemed to have some positive effect in app- le×stone fruits.The percentage of fruit setting was greatly increased in appee× pear by using trees which had been prelimiuarily vegetative-approached as maternal parents,as compared with ordinary cross. The seedlings of distant hydrid,especially those individuals with parental or new characteristics,grew very feebly and soon perished with gradual.browing and drying of the root system.

一、用一般的套袋授粉法进行苹果和梨、和核果类桃、李、樱桃、山杏、山毛桃等组合的有性杂交可以获得杂交果实和种子。二、杂交的结实率因父本的种类而不同,苹果和梨(仁果类)杂交结实率、结种子率一般较苹果和桃、李、樱桃等核果类为大。三、母本苹果不同品种不同的自然及栽培条件下成功的可能性不同。因此在进行远缘杂交时应同时选几个品种作为母本,在不同年份连续进行较易获得成功。四、先授以远缘花粉隔四小时后再授以限量近缘花粉的混合授粉法所得结果不可靠。是否用延长间隔时间或采用丧失发芽力的近缘花粉的混合授粉法以促进杂交结实而不致引起差误有待于进一步研究。五、用去雄后6天进行授粉的衰老柱头授粉法,似不宜用于一般杂交结实尚不很困难的苹果和梨之间的杂交,但用于苹果和某些核果类果树之间的杂交似有促进作用。六、以父本种类作砧木对母本进行教养影响的无性渐近杂交法显著地提高了苹果和梨远缘杂交的结实率。七、远缘杂种生活力弱,幼苗甚易夭折,一般从茎的基部或地下部分开始变褐,渐渐全株枯死。杂种部分植株表现父本梨或全新性状,表现这些性状的植株生活力尤为衰弱。如何克服杂种幼苗的夭折尚待继续研究。

 
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