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symptoms of
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  症状
     CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS AND SYMPTOMS OF 211 PERSONS INTOXICATED BY DELTAMETHRIN AND FEN-RALERATE
     农药溴氰菊酯、速灭菊酯中毒211例临床症状与体征分析
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     PREMONITORY SYMPTOMS OF APOPL-EXY: ANALYSIS OF 497 GASES
     中风的先兆症状 附497例分析
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     OBSERVATION ON THE SYMPTOMS OF TWO STRAWBERRY VIRUS DISEASES AND THE MORPHOLOGY OF VIRUS PARTICLES IN SHANGHAI SUBURBS
     上海两个草莓病毒病的症状与病毒粒子形态观察
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     STIDIES ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF SYMPTOMS OF SOYBEAN MOSAIC VIRUS(SMV) DISEASE WITH SOYBEAN VARIETIES,SMV ISOLATES AND ENVIRONTAL CONDITIONS
     大豆花叶病(SMV)症状与大豆品种、病毒毒株及环境条件关系的研究
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     A SLUDY ON THE SYMPTOMS OF MINERAL DEFICIENCY AND THE OPTIMUM pH VALUES OF "741" POPLAR
     741杨缺素症状和最适pH值的研究
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  症状的
     73.79%,48.85%,36.63% of them only knew something about the symptoms of tuberculosis.
     知道结核病症状的为73.97%、48.85%、36.63%。
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     Methods Two hundred and ten patients with typical symptoms of TAO were randomly allocated into four groups: Patients in group A, B, C and D were injected 5 mg dexamethasone(Dex), 5 mg Dex+ 10 mg cyclophosphamide(CTX), 5 mg Dex+10 mg CTX+50 mg cyclosporin A(CyA) and 100 μg Octreotide, respectively.
     方法  2 10例明确诊断的具有典型症状的TAO患者 ,随机分为 4组 :A组给予地塞米松 (Dex)5mg球后注射 ,B组给予Dex 5mg+环磷酰胺 (CTX) 10mg球后注射 ,C组给予Dex 5mg+CTX 10mg+环孢素A(CyA) 5 0mg球后注射 ,D组给予Octreotide 10 0 μg球后注射。
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     3.4 11 5% of them reported the symptoms of depression and 5.9% reported suicide idea.
     抑郁症状的出现率3.4%~11.5%,有自杀观念者5.9%。
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     Conclusion: The occurrence rate of depressive symptoms of drug addicts is very high during compulsory detoxification and rehabilitation period,Which is related to negative life accidence(50.0%), custody reaction (5.6%),protracted withdrawal symptoms(33.3%),and adaptability disorder(11.1%).
     结论··:海洛因依赖者在强制戒毒康复期抑郁症发生率很高 ,产生抑郁症状的原因与负性生活事件 (占50.0 % ) ,拘禁反应 (占5.6 % ) ,稽延性戒断症状 (占33.3 % )以及适应障碍 (占11.1 % )有一定关系
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     Effect of route of administration on the inhibition of the withdrawal symptoms of opiates dependent rats by dynorphin A_(1-13) (Dyn)
     给药途径对强啡肽A_(1-13)抑制吗啡依赖大鼠戒断症状的影响
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     Changes of Plasma Levels of TxB_2 and 6-keto-PGF1α in Patients with Symptoms of Kidney Deficiency
     肾虚证病人血浆T_XB_2、6-keto-PGF1α水平的变化
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     Study on Animal Model of Epidemic Hemorrhagic Fever-Observation of Clinical Symptoms of EHFV Infected Guinea Pig Radiated with ~(60)Co
     流行性出血热实验动物模型研究~(60)Co辐照豚鼠感染EHFV后的临床指征观察
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     Intracanial tumors which experssed symptoms of TIA
     以TIA为表现的颅内肿瘤
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     The Study of Relationship Between EEG and Symptoms of 100 Cases With Post-Traumatic Syndrome
     100例脑外伤后综合征临床与脑电图关系探讨
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     The Study on Risk Factors and Related Symptoms of Apoplexy—The Relationship Between Apoplexy and Hypertension
     中风病高危因素及相关症状学研究——中风病与高血压因机证治的关系
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  symptoms of
ocellatus showed symptoms of loss of appetite, lack of movement, black skin, and weight loss and eventually died.
      
A method is suggested for the estimation of a system of the automatic diagnosis of various symptoms of Parkinson's disease.
      
Changes in the Symptoms of Hypothalamic Diabetes Insipidus after Treatment with Homologous Exogenous DNA
      
Symptoms of Infection Caused by SARS Coronavirus in Laboratory Mice and Guinea Pigs
      
The genetic properties of 45 pseudomonad strains isolated from cereal cultures exhibiting symptoms of basal bacteriosis have been investigated.
      
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In order to determine the practical value of the Bordeaux mixture as acontrol measure for the cotton leafhopper, a field experiment was designedand carried out in 1943 at Shatang, Liuchow, Kwangsi. Three known effective contact poisons, namely, a water suspension ofYam bean seed power (Gross Smith value 1%) (1:1000), a water suspension ofpyrethrum powder (1:600), and a water extract of tobacco (Nicotine content2.35%) (1:100) were applied at the same time with two types of Bordeauxmixture (4-6-50 and 2-4-50)...

In order to determine the practical value of the Bordeaux mixture as acontrol measure for the cotton leafhopper, a field experiment was designedand carried out in 1943 at Shatang, Liuchow, Kwangsi. Three known effective contact poisons, namely, a water suspension ofYam bean seed power (Gross Smith value 1%) (1:1000), a water suspension ofpyrethrum powder (1:600), and a water extract of tobacco (Nicotine content2.35%) (1:100) were applied at the same time with two types of Bordeauxmixture (4-6-50 and 2-4-50) for four applications at a fifteen-day intervalduring the early growth season of cotton from June 15 to July 30. The popula-tion of leafhopper, the degree of infestation, the number of green bolls andthe yield of lint cotton were statistically analyzed and discussed. Population observations showed that the three contact poisons greatlyreduced the leafhopper population on the first day after application. Butthey soon lost their effectiveness three days later, so that the population startedto rebuild up and was practically with no significant difference from that ofhe untreated plots at the end of the fifteen-day interval. While the Bordeaux mixture showed a maximum reduction of population on the third day afterapplication, and maintained its effectiveness for a considerable time; the pop-ulation was constantly checked to such an extent that no serious damage wouldoccur during the spray interval. The degree of infestation as indicated by the symptom of cyrtosis onleaves was 40.83, 47.21, 55.85, 57.66, 62.48, and 60.39 per cent in average for4-6-50 Bordeaux mixture, 2-4-50 Bordeaux mixture, yam bean seed powdersuspension, pyrethrum powder suspension and tobacco water extract and theuntreated check plots respectively. Moreover, the percentage of heavily in-fested plants for the treated and untreated plots in the fore-mentioned orderwas 5.61, 8.24, 21.88, 23.68, 28.88 and 25.27 respectively.It was evident thatin the long run the Bordeaux mixture was the most effective insecticide inreducing the degree of infestation. The number of bolls per plant was 15.27, 13.24, 10.17, 9.53, 8.75 and6.75 in average, and the yield of lint cotton was 19.50, 17.84, 11.69, 10.11and 6.24 catties per mou (1 catty=0.5 kilogram, 1 mou=0.164 acre) for thetwo types of Bordeaux mixture and three kinds of contact poisons and theuntreated check plots respectively. The yield of cotton was generally much lower in 1943 than in 1942 forthe same experimental field. This was apparently due to the poorer soilfertility and heavier leafhopper infestation in 1943. But the ratio of the yieldbetween the Bordeaux mixture treated plots and the check plots was quitedifferent in the two years, i.e. 55.62 to 31 catties per mou in 1942, and 19.50to 6.24 catties per mou in 1943. This revealed a fact that the Bordeauxmixture treatment will he applied more effectively and profitably where thecotton field is not fertile and when the leafhopper outbreak is severe. 4-6-50 Bordeaux mixture and 2-4-50 Bordeaux mixture were in all casesinsignificantly different in their effectiveness. Theiefore a 2-4-50 Bordeauxmixture would be a more economical and practical measure for the cottonleafhopper control.

(一)本试验应用三种防治棉浮(鹿土)子之有效接触剂,烟草、除虫菊、及豆薯种子,与两种配合式之波尔多液;4—6—50式及2—4—50式,同时在棉田内每半月施用一次,自六月半至七月底共施用四次。比较其消减虫口,减轻受害程度及增加产量诸功能,藉以证明波尔多液之特性。 (二)1000倍豆薯种子粉悬液、600倍除虫菊粉悬液、及100倍烟草水,三者不论在消减虫口,减轻受害程度,以及增加产量各方面,其功能均相若,无显著差异。 (三)4—6—50式波尔多液与2—4—50式波尔多液,对于治虫、减害及增产各功能,亦无显著差异。 (四)豆薯种子粉悬液、除虫菊粉悬液、及烟草水三种接触剂经施用后一天之治虫效力,均显较波尔多液为优,惟至第三天,差异便不显著,三天以后,波尔多液之功效反日见优越。此显示波尔多液之持久特性。 (五)棉浮(鹿土)子之虫口发生愈多,则波尔多液之功效愈著。因其效力持久,所抑制之虫口可还较接触剂为低。 (六)波尔多液减轻棉叶之受害程度,因其药效持久,附属牢固,保护力强,故亦较三种接触剂为优。 (七)施用波尔多液后,结铃数显然增加。其功效亦优于三种接触剂。 (八)施用波尔多液后,每亩皮棉产量亦显著增加。本年结果,施用4...

(一)本试验应用三种防治棉浮(鹿土)子之有效接触剂,烟草、除虫菊、及豆薯种子,与两种配合式之波尔多液;4—6—50式及2—4—50式,同时在棉田内每半月施用一次,自六月半至七月底共施用四次。比较其消减虫口,减轻受害程度及增加产量诸功能,藉以证明波尔多液之特性。 (二)1000倍豆薯种子粉悬液、600倍除虫菊粉悬液、及100倍烟草水,三者不论在消减虫口,减轻受害程度,以及增加产量各方面,其功能均相若,无显著差异。 (三)4—6—50式波尔多液与2—4—50式波尔多液,对于治虫、减害及增产各功能,亦无显著差异。 (四)豆薯种子粉悬液、除虫菊粉悬液、及烟草水三种接触剂经施用后一天之治虫效力,均显较波尔多液为优,惟至第三天,差异便不显著,三天以后,波尔多液之功效反日见优越。此显示波尔多液之持久特性。 (五)棉浮(鹿土)子之虫口发生愈多,则波尔多液之功效愈著。因其效力持久,所抑制之虫口可还较接触剂为低。 (六)波尔多液减轻棉叶之受害程度,因其药效持久,附属牢固,保护力强,故亦较三种接触剂为优。 (七)施用波尔多液后,结铃数显然增加。其功效亦优于三种接触剂。 (八)施用波尔多液后,每亩皮棉产量亦显著增加。本年结果,施用4—6—50式波尔多液者,产量较对照区增多3.12倍,2—4—50式波尔多液区较对照区增产2.85倍

Citrus in South China is affected with a highly destructive disease known as"Yellow shoot".The disease is most serious in the Chaoshan and the Yuehchungdistricts of Kwangtung Province and in the Changchow district of Fukien Province.It has been known in the Chaoshan district for over 70 years but has becomeepiphytotic only since about 30 years ago.During this period,millions of Citrustrees have been killed. Citrus trees may be affected in any age.The characteristic symptoms of thedisease are general yellowing...

Citrus in South China is affected with a highly destructive disease known as"Yellow shoot".The disease is most serious in the Chaoshan and the Yuehchungdistricts of Kwangtung Province and in the Changchow district of Fukien Province.It has been known in the Chaoshan district for over 70 years but has becomeepiphytotic only since about 30 years ago.During this period,millions of Citrustrees have been killed. Citrus trees may be affected in any age.The characteristic symptoms of thedisease are general yellowing of some of the nearly mature new shoots put out insummer,autumn,or early winter,dropping of the yellow leaves,and rotting ofrootlets.In addition to these general symptoms in the early stage,fasciculationof branches and malformation of leaves (abnormally large or deformed in variousways) often occur on Ponkan and Chiaokan (C.reticulata) and are particularlycommon on sweet orange.On affected sweet orange trees may also be seenshortening of internodes,resulting in bunchy growth of branches,and downwardas well as upright growth of shoots.In a later stage,the affected tree puts outnew shoots as usual but such shoots generally become chlorotic showing zinc ormanganese deficiency symptoms.The midrib and lateral veins as well as theadjoining tissues of part of the older leaves turn yellow.The midrib and largerveins may also become enlarged and corky and often split on dorsal side,showingnitrogen and boron deficiency symptoms.Affected trees blossom earlier and moreheavily than usual but bear few fruits.On badly affected trees fruits matureearlier but do not color well and are often deformed.Defoliation and root rottingbecome progressively serious as the disease advances.Young trees below 7 yearsof age generally are killed in 1 to 2 years or sooner.Nursery trees are killedeven more quickly.Older trees decline less rapidly but generally become unpro-ductive in about 2 years after the first symptoms appear. Nearly all the species and varieties of Citrus grown in the affected area aresusceptible.The order of degree of susceptibility is as follows: Ponkan,Chiaokan,Chachihkan,Lukan,Tungkan (all (C.reticulata),various varieties of sweet orange(C.sinensis),Hungninmeng (hybrid of C.lemon and C.rcticulata) Nienchu (C.rcticulata),Shangmayu (C.graudis) and Shihchichu (C.mitis). Studies of the cause of the disease will be reported in a later paper.

广东的潮汕区、新会县、番禺縣、广州市郊,福建的龍溪縣、福州市郊,和广西的柳城、融縣、兴業縣、郁林縣的柑桔类,都發生一种毁滅性的病害称为黄梢,或黄龍病。病区各种柑桔类的各品种一般都很易感染。其感病程度的次序大約如下:栟柑、蕉柑、茶枝柑、蘆柑、桶柑、各种甜橙、紅檸檬、年桔、桑麻柚及四季桔。用实生苗繁殖的福州紅桔及廣柑(橙),和福建龍溪的坪山柚及文旦柚,則未見發病。各齡的柑桔樹——自苗木至20齡以上的老樹——都能感染,一般以3—8齡的幼樹受害最烈?静〉闹饕钗跗诓糠中律业囊度烤然苹T谔鸪取薷毯徒陡躺嫌幸徊糠只苹蛘>G色的叶特别肥大或呈各种畸形狀态,有許多新梢簇生或束化。發病的枝条很快落叶。老枝上的叶有一部分亦黄化脫落。根系腐烂。至發病中期,新梢的叶多呈缺鋅或缺锰病狀,老叶呈缺氮及缺硼病狀,落叶及根腐更嚴重,开花早而多,結果少,部分枝条枯死。到后期,全株嚴重雕殘,終而枯死。本病在70—80年前在廣东潮汕区已有發现,但在近30年來始在各地蔓延成灾壳氨静≡诠愣鄙乔V州市郊及新会縣和福建龍溪縣已成为柑枯業發展的限制因素。

The acute and chronic toxicities of parathion, O,O-diethyl O-p-nitrophenyl thiophosphate, in the white mice (Mm rmtseulus albus Bechstein) were investigated by oral administrations. The dosage rate was based on the weight of the mouse; and the calculated volumes of the diluted parathion emulsion in various concentrations were fed to the test animals by means of a needle of the micrometer syringe. The various dosage rates for five groups of mice were as follows:(1) A single oral dose of 20 mg. of parathion per...

The acute and chronic toxicities of parathion, O,O-diethyl O-p-nitrophenyl thiophosphate, in the white mice (Mm rmtseulus albus Bechstein) were investigated by oral administrations. The dosage rate was based on the weight of the mouse; and the calculated volumes of the diluted parathion emulsion in various concentrations were fed to the test animals by means of a needle of the micrometer syringe. The various dosage rates for five groups of mice were as follows:(1) A single oral dose of 20 mg. of parathion per kg. of body weight;(2) A daily dose of 5 mg. of parathion per kg. of body weight;(3) A daily dose of 10 mg. of parathion per kg. of body weight;(4) The mouse recieved a dose of 1 mg. of parathion per kg. of body weight at the 1st day and thereafter the dosage was increased by 1 mg. per kg. of body weight with the increase of days;(5) The mouse recieved 2 mg. of parathion per kg. of body weight at the 1st day and the dosage was increased by 2 mg. per kg. with the increase of days.In the above various daily dosage rates for the different groups of mice, parathion was fed continuously over a period of 12 days except in cases when all the test animals under experiments were dead before that period of time. The experimental results may be summarized as follows.1. The symptoms of parathion poison in the white mice were observed at follows: inaction, slight tremor, followed by omitting, tears, diarrhea, and the intensive convulsion. Finally the mouse with its erected and stiffened tail ran about for a few seconds and died.2. Either in treatments of a single acute oral dose or of daily oral dosages of parathion in succesion, the poisoned mice showed no apparent differences in susceptibilities between males and females or among animals with various body weights.3. It was found that a single dase acute oral LD50 value within 24 hours was between 10 mg. and 20 mg. of parathion per kg. of body weight.4. The average period of time required from the last administrations to the dealh of the animals was about 2 hours in the treatment (1), (3), (4), and (5). The treatment (2) took about 7 hours. In all the treatments, the required time varied from only 16 minutes to 11 hours.5. In the treatment of daily dosage of 5 mg./kg. 6 mice died within 4 days after the beginning of the administration, 9 mice survived to the end of the 12 days, having taken a total dosage of 60 mg./kg.The treatment with a daily dosage of 10 mg./kg. showed that 11 out of the 15 tested mice died before the 3rd day. Of the remaining 4 mice, 2 died suddenly at the 7th day, while the other 2 survived to the end of the 12th day, having taken a total dosage of 120 mg./kg.In those cases, when the mice recieved a dose of 1 mg./kg. at the 1st day, and then dosage increased by 1 mg./kg. at the successive days, some of the mice (so treated) died at the 4th day and the death of the poisoned mice continued to happen till the end of the 12th day. Only 3 out of the 15 mice survived after haying taken a last dose of 12 mg./kg. and total dosage of 78 mg./kg.In those cases, when the mice recieved a dose of 2 mg./kg. at the 1st day and continuously recieved a dosage which increased by 2 mg/kg. at the successive days, all the 15 test mice died before the 8th day, after having taken a total dosage of 72 mg./kg.The results of the four above dosage treatments showed that the daily administration of parathion at sublethal dosages to the mice did not apparently have any accumulative action, while the daily dosages near the acute lethal level did cause some susceptible mice to die. This may be due to the possibility that the poisoned mice could not recover their cholineste-rase level enough to resist the inhibiting effects of the next applications of parathion.

1.小白鼠吞食“E.605”後的中毒症状为:痉挛、呕吐、流泪、不成次地排便,最後痉挛加剧,突然间尾竖直作惊慌状,爬行数秒钟,而倒伏气绝。 2.小白鼠吞食“E.605”致死50%剂量介於10—20毫克/千克。雌雄两性或不同体重的小白鼠对“E.605”的忍受力,未见有显明的差别。 3.小白鼠吞食“E.605”後,中毒死亡距各鼠最後一次吞食药剂的时间:吞食5毫克/千克/每日剂量的,为7小时,吞食10毫克/千克/每日,1毫克/千克/每日递增,或2毫克/千克/每日递增3种剂量的,平均各约为2小时,最快的仅为16分钟,最慢的不超过11小时。 4.小白鼠连日吞食“等剂量”的“E.605”,如吞食剂量远较各该鼠的一次吞食的致死剂量为小时,未见有因连日剂量积累而致中毒死亡的趋势,但个别对药剂忍受力小的鼠只在吞食“E.605”的剂量已接近於各该鼠的一次吞食致死剂量时,也能在再一次或多次接受一定量的“E.605”,而遭致中毒死亡。这点似可以解释为鼠体内胆硷酯酶受抑制後的恢复速度赶不上继续给药的被抑制量的缘故。小白鼠每日吞食的“E.605”剂量如果是逐日递增的,则在某一日或连续几日内的剂量已经增加到接近或达到各该鼠的致死剂量时,便中...

1.小白鼠吞食“E.605”後的中毒症状为:痉挛、呕吐、流泪、不成次地排便,最後痉挛加剧,突然间尾竖直作惊慌状,爬行数秒钟,而倒伏气绝。 2.小白鼠吞食“E.605”致死50%剂量介於10—20毫克/千克。雌雄两性或不同体重的小白鼠对“E.605”的忍受力,未见有显明的差别。 3.小白鼠吞食“E.605”後,中毒死亡距各鼠最後一次吞食药剂的时间:吞食5毫克/千克/每日剂量的,为7小时,吞食10毫克/千克/每日,1毫克/千克/每日递增,或2毫克/千克/每日递增3种剂量的,平均各约为2小时,最快的仅为16分钟,最慢的不超过11小时。 4.小白鼠连日吞食“等剂量”的“E.605”,如吞食剂量远较各该鼠的一次吞食的致死剂量为小时,未见有因连日剂量积累而致中毒死亡的趋势,但个别对药剂忍受力小的鼠只在吞食“E.605”的剂量已接近於各该鼠的一次吞食致死剂量时,也能在再一次或多次接受一定量的“E.605”,而遭致中毒死亡。这点似可以解释为鼠体内胆硷酯酶受抑制後的恢复速度赶不上继续给药的被抑制量的缘故。小白鼠每日吞食的“E.605”剂量如果是逐日递增的,则在某一日或连续几日内的剂量已经增加到接近或达到各该鼠的致死剂量时,便中毒死亡。各该鼠中毒致死前的最後一次所吞食的“E.605”剂量,起了重要的致毒作用。

 
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