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the carcinoma
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  区癌
     METHODS A retrospective studyof 21 cases with the carcinoma of the posteriorhypopharyngeal wall whom were treated from 1997 to2003 was carried out.
     方法回顾性分析于1997~2003年行手术治疗的喉咽后壁区癌21例。
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     Surgical treatment of the carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx
     喉咽后壁区癌手术治疗
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  “the carcinoma”译为未确定词的双语例句
     PATHOLOGICAL STUDIES OF TOTAL CYSTECTOMY SPECIMENS IN 50 CASES OF BLADDER CANCER Ⅳ. THE CARCINOMA IN SITU OF BLADDER
     50例膀胱癌全切标本的病理学研究——Ⅳ、膀胱原位癌
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     DNA CONTENT AND EXPRESSION IN THE CELLS OF LARGE- BOWEL CARCINOMA, MUCOSA ADJACENT TO THE CARCINOMA AND RESECTION MARGIN
     大肠癌细胞、癌旁粘膜与切除缘粘膜上皮细胞DNA含量与CEA表达的研究
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     THE ras ONCOGENE PRODUCTS AND THE CARCINOMA
     ras癌基因产物与肿瘤
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     Study of the Argyrophilic Proteins of Nucleolar Organizer Region and the Carcinoma of Cervix
     宫颈癌核仁组成区相关嗜银蛋白研究
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     Clinical features of the carcinoma of the external and middle ear
     外耳、中耳恶性肿瘤的临床特征
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  相似匹配句对
     Nursing of carcinoma
     肿瘤的护理
     Carcinoma of the Pancreas
     (胰腺癌)(Ⅰ)
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     CARCINOMA OF VULVA
     女阴癌
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     Secretory Carcinoma of the Breast
     分泌型乳腺癌
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  the carcinoma
Primary thyroglossal duct carcinoma should conform to the following criteria: localization of the carcinoma to a clearly demonstrable thyroglossal duct cyst or tract; clinically or histologically confirmed absence of carcinoma of the thyroid gland.
      
The carcinoma tissue has the highest ratio of the intermolecular β-sheet content and the intramolecular β-sheet content.
      
The carcinoma with ≧30% loci microsatellite alterations was defined as replication error(RER) positive tumors.
      
In this case, the carcinoma was seen in magnetic resonance imaging and in contrast enhanced ultrasound as a malperfusion of the left liver lobe.
      
One possible reason of this phenomenon could be that the carcinoma at the time of diagnosis had already advanced very far.
      
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The effects of combined treatment of Sb-71 with some metal salts such as cupric sulfate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, cupric chloride, magnesium chloride and zinc chloride were investigated in mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma. It was found that simultaenous administrations of Sb-71 (15 mg/kg) and cupric sulfate (1.5-3 mg/kg) produced a marked potentiation of inhibition of the growth of the carcinoma, and prolonged significantly the survival time of the mice. The density and the total number of...

The effects of combined treatment of Sb-71 with some metal salts such as cupric sulfate, magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, cupric chloride, magnesium chloride and zinc chloride were investigated in mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma. It was found that simultaenous administrations of Sb-71 (15 mg/kg) and cupric sulfate (1.5-3 mg/kg) produced a marked potentiation of inhibition of the growth of the carcinoma, and prolonged significantly the survival time of the mice. The density and the total number of ascites carcinoma cells were considerably decreased than those in the group treated with Sb-71 alone. Cupric sulfate alone at dosages of 1.5-3 mg/kg/day had no therapeutic effect on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma. Magnesium sulfate, zinc sulfate, cupric chloride and magnesium chloride did not influence the carcinostatic activity of Sb-71, whereas zinc chloride showed some antagonistic action against the therapeutic effect of Sb-71.

本文研究了sb-71与几种金属盐合并治疗小白鼠Ehrlich腹水癌的疗效,結果发現用硫酸銅3毫克/公斤、硫酸鋅20毫克/公斤、硫酸鎂30毫克/公斤、氯化鎂30毫克/公斤及氯化銅2.5毫克/公斤与sb-71 30毫克/公斤合并治疗小白鼠Ehrlich腹水癌时,疗效无明显变化,但硫酸銅与sb-71合并治疗組的动物一般情况較好,腹水出現較晚、腹水量亦少。用上述金属盐与sb-71 15毫克/公斤合并治疗时发現硫酸銅1.5,3毫克/公斤能显著地提高sb-71对小白鼠Ehrlich腹水癌的疗效,动物的生存时間較单用sb-71組延长,腹水量、瘤細胞浓度、瘤細胞总数亦显著減少.硫酸銅本身无治疗作用;亦不影响sb-71的毒性.在sb-71 30毫克/公斤治疗小自鼠Ehrlich腹水癌的同时投給氯化鋅3,6毫克/公斤,后者明显地拮抗Sb-7l的疗效,动物生存时間明显地短于单用sb-71組。

o-[Bis-(2-chloroethyl)-aminomethyl]-phenylalanine dihydrochloride, designed as AT- 581, is a new derivative of nitrogen mustard.In this paper we have studied further the therapeutic effect of the drug on the Brown-Pearce carcinoma and its influence on mitosis of the carcinoma cells. 1.In rabbits, the Brown-Pearce carcinoma was transplanted into the anterior cham- bers of the eye by using the suspension or tumour piece inoculation method, and the treatment with AT-581 was started on the 3rd day after...

o-[Bis-(2-chloroethyl)-aminomethyl]-phenylalanine dihydrochloride, designed as AT- 581, is a new derivative of nitrogen mustard.In this paper we have studied further the therapeutic effect of the drug on the Brown-Pearce carcinoma and its influence on mitosis of the carcinoma cells. 1.In rabbits, the Brown-Pearce carcinoma was transplanted into the anterior cham- bers of the eye by using the suspension or tumour piece inoculation method, and the treatment with AT-581 was started on the 3rd day after the inoculation.It was found that intravenous injections of 0.7 mg/kg could markedly inhibit the tumour growth, the degree of inhibition being about 48-78%. When the drug was injected intraocularly at the dosages of 0.015, 0.03 and 0.06 mg/eye, the therapeutic effect was also significant. 2. When AT-581 was injected intravenously for 3 or 7 days to rabbits bearing the Brown-Pearce carcinoma, the mitotic index (counting 3000 cells) was decreased signifi- cantly and the percentages of all four stages of mitosis were depressed, among them the metaphase being affected most strikingly. Other morphologic changes such as disarrange- ment and pyknosis of the tumour cells, coagulation and fragmentation of the nuclei, and necrosis of the tumour tissue were also noticed. 3.A single intravenous injection of a small dose of AT-581 produced firstly a stimulating action on the growth of tumour cells, and then a remarkable inhibitory effect. Larger doses of the drug caused immediate mitotic inhibition including a decrease of mitosis in all four stages, and a pyknosis of the tumour cells.

邻脂苯芥实验室编号为AT-581,是一个新的氮芥化合物,化学名为:邻双(2-氯乙基)氨甲基-苯丙氨酸二盐酸盐.本工作进一步研究了该药对家免Brown-Pearce癌的疗效和对细胞核分裂及一般形态的影响.获得的结果如下:(1)以Brown-Pearce癌组织匀浆或瘤块接种于家兔眼前房,3天后开始以AT-581治疗.静脉注射0.7毫克/公斤时,肿瘤重量抑制率为48-78%,疗效非常显著.眼内注射0.015,0.03和0.06毫克/每眼时,肿瘤重量抑制率分别为57,61和63%,与对照组比较,差异非常显著。(2)用AT-581 0.7毫克/公斤/天静脉注射3和7天,能使癌细胞核分裂指数减低,对分裂象各期也有抑制作用.其中以注射7天组的作用最明显.癌细胞一般形态的改变包括细胞排列紊乱和体积缩小,核固缩、破裂和出现癌组织的大批坏死.(3)一次静脉注射AT-581,小剂量时先呈现刺激细胞生长的作用,继之出现强烈的抑制效能.大剂量时一开始就出现核分裂抑制,各期分裂象明显下降和细胞体积缩小.

In part Ⅰ and part Ⅱ of this ariticle, 127 cases from 22 kinds of malignant and benign tumors in animals, discovered from 668 cattle,pigs, chicken,dogs,ducks,deer and fishes in Kwangtung,were reported by the authors.In part Ⅲ of this ariticle,The authors report some other neoplasms and precancerous changes, and they are adenoma of stomach (pig), hemangiofibroma of ovary(pig),carcinoma of Fallopian tube(hen), osteo-petrosis(chicken),cholangiocarcinoma (dog), polyps, leukoplakia,atypical hyperplasia, papillary...

In part Ⅰ and part Ⅱ of this ariticle, 127 cases from 22 kinds of malignant and benign tumors in animals, discovered from 668 cattle,pigs, chicken,dogs,ducks,deer and fishes in Kwangtung,were reported by the authors.In part Ⅲ of this ariticle,The authors report some other neoplasms and precancerous changes, and they are adenoma of stomach (pig), hemangiofibroma of ovary(pig),carcinoma of Fallopian tube(hen), osteo-petrosis(chicken),cholangiocarcinoma (dog), polyps, leukoplakia,atypical hyperplasia, papillary hyperplasia and papilloma.There are 18 cases from five kinds of tumors(2 cases from two kinds belonging to benign tumors and 16 cases from three kinds of malignant tumors) . All these cases were discovered in the same 668 animals.145 tumors of 27 kinds from these 668 animals were detected. The incidence rate was 21.7%. Tumor can be found in any age of various species of animals, but frequently much more in older animals, particularly the carcinoma. The sarcoma, leukemia and teratoma were often discovered in middle age or younger animals. Among the 145 neoplasms, there are 11 kinds in pigs(8 kinds malignant and 3 kinds benign tumors) and they are masopharyngeal carcinoma, carcinoma of nasal cavity,car-cimoma of accessary nasal sinus, carcinoma of colon, carcinoma of oral cavity, carcinoma of breast, lymphosarcoma, primary hepatocarcinoma, hemangiofibroma of ovary,adenoma of stomach and Fibroma; 6 kinds in bovines(4 kinds benign and 2 kinds malignant tumors),and they are fibroma, teratoma, lipoma, papilloma of bladder, lymphosarcoma and carcinoma of ovary; 11 kinds of malignant tumors in chicken, and they are primary hepatocarcinoma, fibrosarcoma, carcinona of esophagus, carcinoma of small intestine,carcinoma of kidney,leukosarcoma,lymphocytic leukemia, osteopetrosis, Marek's disease,carcinoma of ovary,carcinoma of fallopian tube; two kinds of malignant tumor-carcinoma of breast and cholangiocarcinoma-in dogs; only one kind of malignant tumor in deer (carcinoma of vulva),ducks (primary hepatocarcinoma)and fish(round cell sarcoma) respectively. On histopathogical types of 145 cases, they are papilloma,adenoma,squamous cell carcinoma in situ,squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma (consisting of papillary adenocarcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, medullary carcinoma, carcinoma simplex and scirrhous carcinoma), undifferential carcinoma, fibroma fibrosarcoma, lipoma and hemangiofibroma, lymphosarcoma, leukemia (consisting of ly-mphocytic leukemia, leukosarcpma and osteopetrosis), teratoma,Marek's disease and round cell sarcoma, Some tumors described in this paper, grew with multiple primary malignant tumors (MPMT) (two and more malignant primary neoplasms grow in an animal) and in group. It is a discovery of great importance,Some tumors such as lymphocytic leukemia, osteopetrosis, carcinoma of accessory nasal sinus, Marsk's disease, carcinoma of ovary and hepatocarcinoma occurted in very large number and have not been discovered in this area until recently. The discovery of some precancerous changes, such as leukoplakia,papillary hyperplasia, atypical hyperplasia and papilloma in animals has a significance for research on tumor's histogenesis.

在本文的第一报和第二报中,作者分别报道了从广东省各地的668个动物中检出了22种肿瘤共107例。这些肿瘤是鼻咽癌、副鼻窦癌、鼻腔癌、食管癌、卵巢癌,淋巴细胞性白血病、白色肉瘸、淋巴肉瘤,外阴癌、纤维肉瘤、原发性肝癌、小肠癌、结肠癌、乳腺癌,圆形细胞肉瘤、纤维瘤、脂肪瘤、马立克氏病、肾癌、畸胎瘤、膀胱乳头状瘤和口腔癌。 第三报中,作者继续报告了从这668个动物中检出的最后一批肿瘤计5种18例,叙述其流行病学、病因学等有关资料和病理形态学特征。这些肿瘤是猪的胃腺瘤和卵巢血管纤维瘤、鸡的输卵管癌、骨石化病和犬的胆管癌。 作者在这668例动物中还检出一批息肉、白斑、上皮不典型增生和乳头状瘤等病变。 本文最后对这批病例的肿瘤检出率、良恶性肿瘤的比率、从各种动物检出肿瘤的类型、年龄分布、以及发生器官部位等概况做了说明,对广东省动物的某些自发性肿瘤的发生特点以及防制问题进行了讨论。

 
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