助手标题  
全文文献 工具书 数字 学术定义 翻译助手 学术趋势 更多
查询帮助
意见反馈
   the evidence 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.011秒
图标索引 在分类学科中查询
所有学科
诉讼法与司法制度
公安
刑法
更多类别查询

图标索引 历史查询
 

the evidence
相关语句
  证据
     There was the evidence that ATRA has the ability to stimulate the genetic transcription of VEGF(Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor)[2].
     有证据表明ATRA具有刺激血管内皮生长因子(Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor,VEGF)基因转录及蛋白表达的作用[2];
短句来源
     The results show the evidence of boron's (in B2O3) K_a X-ray spectrum fine structure with two peaks, at wavelength 67.657 A and 67.536A respectively, which verify the theory of sp~2 hybrid orbit of boron.
     应用这种方法处理B_2O_3中B的K_0X射线谱,从包络线中区分出波长67.657和67.536A的两条谱线,获得该谱线具有精细结构的证据,验证了关于B的sp~2轨道杂化理论。
短句来源
     The crystal profile of the ice core (its length is 4.86 m) located at 74°58.614′N, 160°31.830′W shows the evidence of an ice ridge changed into hummock.
     由位于北冰洋74°58 614′N,160°31 830′W,长4 86m的冰心样的晶体结构分析发现它过去为冰脊,后经融化-冻结改造形成冰丘的证据.
短句来源
     The evidence problems arising from E commerce consist of two aspects:first,admissibility of data message,second,the evidential weight of data message.
     电子商务所引起的证据效力的问题主要包括两方面 ,第一方面是计算机所储存的数据或数据讯息能否在诉讼中被法院采纳为证据证据可采纳性问题 ,第二个方面是数据的证据价值或证据力的问题。
短句来源
     Riding’s cognitive style measurement and the evidence of EEG
     Riding的认知风格测量与EEG证据
短句来源
更多       
  临床证据
     EBM does not repulse clinicians' clinical judgment and individualized care, while EBM emphasizes an utilization of the evidence that is comprehensive, critical, and explicit.
     循证医学强调全面、客观、明确地利用临床证据,同时不排斥医生的临床判断和个体化治疗。
短句来源
     DATA EXTRACTION: The 20 selected articles were classified according to the evidence grade: 5 were Meta analysis as grade one analysis, 6 were RCT as grade two evidence, 9 were reviews.
     资料提炼:将筛选到的20篇文献按临床证据级别分类:其中5篇为Meta分析研究,为Ⅰ级证据; 6篇为RCT研究,为Ⅱ级证据;
短句来源
  “the evidence”译为未确定词的双语例句
     THE EVIDENCE OF DECONFINEMENT PHASE TRANSITION OF SU(2) LATTICE GAUGE MODEL BY MONTE CARLO METHOD
     SU(2)格点规范Monte-Carlo的非禁闭迹象
短句来源
     The evidence for “RNA world” and its suggestion
     RNA生命起源学说的佐证与思考
短句来源
     Results 17 patients (56.7%) had the evidence of CVS confirmed by TCD, 10 of them were nonsymptomatic and 7 were symptomatic.
     结果经TCD证实,本组17例(56.7%)发生CVS,其中10例无症状,7例出现CVS症状。
短句来源
     Conclusion: This study provides the evidence for the involvement of putative tumor suppressor genes related to the sporadic colorectal carcinoma on the short arm of chromosome 1. The tumor suppressor gene(s) might locate on the 1p36.33-36.31.
     结论:在1号染色体短臂上可能存在与结直肠癌发生相关的抑癌基因,位于1p36.33-36.31这个区域。
短句来源
     The increase of the intensity at waveband of 960 cm–1 compared with that of 800 cm–1 in the FTIR spectra is the evidence indicating that cerium was doped successfully.
     红外光谱中,在960cm–1处的谱带强度相对于800cm–1处的增强证明了Ce的成功引入。
短句来源
更多       
查询“the evidence”译词为用户自定义的双语例句

    我想查看译文中含有:的双语例句
例句
为了更好的帮助您理解掌握查询词或其译词在地道英语中的实际用法,我们为您准备了出自英文原文的大量英语例句,供您参考。
  the evidence
Through research on characteristics such as shape, modality and structure of these fossils symbiotic with Punctatus emeiensis, the author found many possible embryo fossils including the evidence of gastrula-stage animal fossils.
      
Oil geologic anomaly in the north edge of the Middle and Lower Yangtze areas based on the evidence weight method
      
The evidence of paleontology, minerals in rocks and geochemistry can help confirm the environment of the lake basin that developed during the Late Cretaceous and Paleocene.
      
The role of secondary glass-formers is analyzed, and the evidence for the existence of a similar effect in glasses with CuCl is obtained.
      
The evidence of the existence of Cu2Zr and Cu5Zr8 phases is obtained, and the regularities of phase transformations in crystalline copper-zirconium alloys are revealed.
      
更多          


Black rot of yam bean has been collected from the market in certain localities of Yunnan Province.The diseased tuber-root is characterized by the black dis- coloration of the interior tissues without conspicuous external symptoms.The evidence at hand indicates that the infection takes place before the digging time, through the dead main tap roots.It is unlikely that it works in the storage. Hundreds of isolations were made from the diseased tuber-roots and one fungus,a species of Pythium,predominated.The...

Black rot of yam bean has been collected from the market in certain localities of Yunnan Province.The diseased tuber-root is characterized by the black dis- coloration of the interior tissues without conspicuous external symptoms.The evidence at hand indicates that the infection takes place before the digging time, through the dead main tap roots.It is unlikely that it works in the storage. Hundreds of isolations were made from the diseased tuber-roots and one fungus,a species of Pythium,predominated.The morphologic and cultural char- acters of this causal fungus closely resemble those of Pythium spinosum,described by Sawada in 1927. Inoculations of yam bean seeds were made by sowing them in soils mixed with pure cultures of the causal fungus.It did not cause preemergence of in- fection several weeks after inoculation.Elongate black lesions were found on the basal stems.The fungus caused neither damping-off nor wilt of young seed- lings. Healthy tuber-roots of yam bean were selected and cleaned.After inserting hyphae and spores beneath the epidermis,they were laid in a moist chamber. Black discoloration of the interior tissues developed in the course of about three weeks.The discolored area enlarged but very slowly.The results of these ino- culation experiments indicate that Pythium spinosum Saw.is very weakly parasitic to yam beans. Occasionally,as might be expected,certain other species of fungi were isolated from the diseased tuber-roots.Among them were found two other species of Pythium,identified respectively as P.irregulare Buisman and P.intermedium de Bary.However,inoculations of tuber-roots of yam bean with these fungi failed to produce the characteristic symptoms. Besides from yam beans,a species of Pythium was isolated from the roots of broad bean(Vicia fabae L.).Despite certain minor morphologic differences,it has been identified as P.spinosum Sawada.However,no cross inoculation ex- periments have been conducted.

(1)在云南昆明的市场上,发现有内部组织变黑、但外表没有显明症状的地瓜块根。这个病害,称为地瓜黑心病。(2)地瓜黑心病的病原菌是一种折倒病菌,定名为 Pytlium spinosum Sawada.(3)这个折倒病菌,侵害地瓜的致病力很弱。它不能使地瓜的种子在未出土前枯死,幼苗折倒和蔫萎。它不能使幼株死亡,仅使块茎的内部组织变色。(4)病菌似乎在大田内经主权或茎端侵入块根,发展很慢,迄今还只在收获的块茎内发现这个病害。

In phosphate buffer the optimal pH for the activity of the particle-bound CoIH cytochrome c reductase system of heart muscle preparation is between pH 7 and 8, whereas in glycylglycine buffer it is pH 8.0. The activity of this enzyme system in the latter buffer is considerably lower than that in the former (Fig. 1). Addition of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid caused considerable stimulation of its activity in glycylglycine buffer, indicating that the lowered activity in the latter buffer is probably due to...

In phosphate buffer the optimal pH for the activity of the particle-bound CoIH cytochrome c reductase system of heart muscle preparation is between pH 7 and 8, whereas in glycylglycine buffer it is pH 8.0. The activity of this enzyme system in the latter buffer is considerably lower than that in the former (Fig. 1). Addition of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid caused considerable stimulation of its activity in glycylglycine buffer, indicating that the lowered activity in the latter buffer is probably due to disturbance in the physical state of the enzyme preparation. The optimal pH for the particle-bound CoIH cytochrome c reductase system of heart muscle preparation, whether in phosphate or in glycylglycine buffer, differs markedly from the value of 8.7 reported by Mahler et al for their soluble CoIH cytochrome e reductase in glycylglycine buffer. It has been found that addition of a relatively large amount of the soluble CoIH cytochrome c reductase to heart muscle preparation does not result in any increase in activity of the CoIH oxidase system. The amount of soluble CoIH cytochrome c reductase added had an activity about 8 times that of the reductase system already present. The addition of this amount of the soluble enzyme also fails to restore to any appreciable extent the CoIH oxidase activity of heart muscle preparations previously treated with 2,3-dimercaptopropanol. It is known that 2, 3-dimercaptopropanol treatment does not affect cytochrome c or cytochrome oxidase. These show that the soluble CoIH cytochrome c reductase of IV[abler et al reacts only with soluble cytochrome c but not with the cytochrome c firmly bound to the particulate matter of enzyme preparations. The cytochrome c reductase activity of the Keilin-Hartree heart muscle preparation can be easily extracted by 9% alcohol at pH 5.4 using the procedure of Mahler et al. However even when the CoIH cytochrome c reductase activity of the heart muscle preparation has been completely destroyed by 2, 3-dimercaptopropanol treatment, the alcohol extract still contains the soluble reductase with an activity comparable to that extracted from an untreated control (Table 5). This seems to indicate that the soluble reductase of Mahler et al is formed during the extraction procedure and is therefore different from the enzyme originally present in the heart muscle preparation. The evidence presented above together with those previously obtained by us and by other workers all point to the conclusion that the soluble reductase of Mahler et al is an artifact.

(一)心肌上的輔酶Ⅰ細胞色素c還原酶系活力的最適pH和水溶性輔酶Ⅰ細胞色素c還原酶活力的最適pH顯著不同,酶系物理狀態對酶活力影響頗大。 (二)水溶性輔酶Ⅰ細胞色素c還原酶不能和心肌製劑顆粒上的細胞色素c作用。心肌製劑在經過[2,3]二氫硫基丙醇處理完全破壞原有輔酶Ⅰ細胞色素c還原酶系活力以後仍能抽提出活力很強的水溶性輔酶Ⅰ細胞色素c還原酶。這些以及我們過去曾經討論過的一些事實都說明Mahler等所獲得的水溶性輔酶Ⅰ细胞色素C還原酶是一個矯作物。 (三)本研究指出根據用人為的方法從複雜酶系中抽出的酶的性質簡單地判斷該酶在整個酶系中的作用不一定是可靠的。

(Consisting of two articles, the first one was published in 1938 in the Singchow Semi-monthly Singapore, the second is a much more detailed one written in 1957. Followingis a general sketch of both the two articles.) Ⅰ. What is the Malayan Stock? In common sense, Malayan stock means the Malayan race or Brown race, which isone of the five human races of the world. The classic method of the classification ofhuman races according to their skin colour gave the Malayans the pseudo-scientific name"Brown race" which...

(Consisting of two articles, the first one was published in 1938 in the Singchow Semi-monthly Singapore, the second is a much more detailed one written in 1957. Followingis a general sketch of both the two articles.) Ⅰ. What is the Malayan Stock? In common sense, Malayan stock means the Malayan race or Brown race, which isone of the five human races of the world. The classic method of the classification ofhuman races according to their skin colour gave the Malayans the pseudo-scientific name"Brown race" which has made the ethnic position of the Malayans as well as the ethnicrelationship between the Malayans and the other related peoples unclear scientifically. Therecent anthropological studies revealed the close ethnic relation between the brown raceand the yellow race, hence the Malayan stock is regarded as one branch of the Mongo-loids and given a new term "Oceanic Mongoloid". The Malayan stock now stands closelywith its two brothers the Northern Mongoloid and the Southern Mongoloid. The term "Malayans" is used here in its broader meaning which includes all thepeoples in Malaysia with a physical characteristics mostly of yellowish-brown colour.brachycephalie (broad) head form, black and straight hair, scanty beard, Malayan eye.medium stature and speaking branches of Malayo-Polynesian language which is agglutina-tive in its nature. Scientifically, both the "proto-Malays" and the "deutero-Malays", orboth the "true Malays" (Orang Malayu) and the other Malayans outside of it are to beconsidered here as the Malayan stock. Generally speaking, largest part of the peoplesliving in Malaya, Indonesia, Philippines and other islands bear this common name inscientific sense. Within the country of Indonesia the term Indonesians is most usuallyused, but in this article, the Indonesians is also included in the term Malayan stockbecause the latter is larger in its scope and more generally used in science. The Malayan stock is not a pure, single race but one of many elements intermixedtogether. The first element is the Oceanic Mongoloid which came from the north, pro-bable Chinese continent, its physical characteristics survived are the black, straight hair,broad head, yellowish-brown colour, medium stature and certain degree of Mongolian eye(narrow eye with Mongolian fold which covers the upper eye-lid). The second elementis the Indonesian stock, (This is used in scientific, narrower meaning instead of thatused in common sense) and early branch of the Caucasian race, originated in westernAsia and migrated eastward to Malaysia through Indo-China; it gives the present people the physical characteristics of Malayan eye, (broad eye without Mongolian fold hence theeye-lashes and a concave line on the eye-lid can be seen clearly) a certain degree of doli-chocephalie (long) head together with the agglutinative Malayo-Polynesian language. Thethird element is the Oceanic Negroid whose part contributed to the Malayans is not solarge that it still has pure descendants in present day viz. the Negritoes and the Papuans;while the fourth element is the Veddas came from India. The third and fourth one arri-ved earliest in probably Palaeolithic age, but played no important role in ethnic composi-tion of the Malayan stock because of their small number in population. The second onereached Malaysia after the above two probably in early period of Neolithic age, while thefirst one arrived latest in later period of Neolithic age. Though later in time, the OceanicMongoloids and Indonesians came in large numbers hence they formed the two principalelements of the Malayan stock. As the outcome of the intermixing of blood there appea-red a great mixed racial stock which looks different from its original elements, conseq-uently the original names are no longer suitable to be used. The term Indonesian is usedhere in its original meaning which is different from that of the so-called "Indonesians"in present day use. The mixed stock is no more called Indonesian but Malayan stock inthis article. Ⅱ. Is there Any Connection Between the Malayan Stock and the Ancient Peoples in Southern China? The cradle of the mix-blooded Malayan stock may be in the meeting point of the twoprincipal elements. Indo-China, a necessary meeting point on their ways, was naturally thecradle of the Malayan stock. From Indo-China floods of racial migration appeared fromtime to time and peopled the islands of Malaysia from west to east. As the Oceanic Mongoloid might be originated in the east Asia continent and mig-rated southward to Indo-China, naturally there must be a time in which they lived insouthern China as well as in Indo-China. Furthermore, the ancient peoples in SouthernChina consisted of various aboriginal tribes different from the Chinese Proper, it seemsnot very unreasonable to suggest that besides the Mongoloids there might existed too acertain primitive branch of Caucasian race or even Negroid race in southern China eventhough in small number before the Chinese Proper migrated southward. Possessing theability of migrating southward by the difficult way of water, why the Indonesians couldor would not proceed further eastward from Indo-China by an easier way of land tosouthern China During or preceding Chow dynasty (before 250 B. C.) in the coastal regions of sout-hern China (Chekiang, Fukien, Kwangtung, Kiangsi, Kwangsi provinces) there existedan ancient aboriginal stock with the name of "Yueh" which was looked by the Chineseproper as a different race because they lived in different way, followed their own queerhabits and customs and spoke in a different tongue. This stock was indeed more strangethan the other aboriginal stocks in southem China. The formation of such a stock mightbe the outcome of blending of the Mongoloids arrived from the north with some other peoples came from the southwest. As there really existed a different people-the In-donesians-migrated from the west and the blending of the two races-the Indonesiansand the Mongoloids-was actually taking place in Indo-China, it is far from impossiblethat such a phenomenon might extend and appear also in southem China. Being theproduct of mixing blood of the two principal races-the Mongoloids and the Indonesians-the Yueh stock might be in the same condition as the Malayan. If the intermixing of the Mongoloids with the Indonesians really took place in sout-hern China, the ancient people Yueh then was the brother of the Malayan stock. At thebeginning they might resemble to each other, but in later days both of them lived indifferent places and mixed with more other peoples, hence appeared also different fromeach other. Since the Chin dynasty (220 B. C.) the Yueh stock began to be assimilatedby the Chinese Proper from the north; the process of assimilation of culture and theblending of blood reached its conclusion in about 6th century. Later on no survivor ofYueh stock with pure blood or tribal name ever appeared in China. Their mix-bloodedoffspring, however, have existed up to present time as the population of the southeastcoastal region viz. Chekiang, Fukien, Kwangtung Provinces. Ⅲ. Three Evidences From the historical and geographical point of view, we get the above hypothesis ofthe ethnical Connection between the Malayan and the Yueh stock in southern China. Ifthis is true there must be, between them, physical and cultural resemblances which aresound enough as the evidence. Three sorts of facts, as I seek, may do this service: (1) Resemblances in Physical Characteristics--Though there is still no enoughamount of prehistoric skeletons of both the Indonesians and the Oceanic Mongoloidsunearthed in Malaysia and southern China for scientific research, the Iiving offsprings ofboth the two ancient races may give us some hints about this question,. It is often observedthat the physical characteristics of the southern Chinese of present day are different insome respects from the northern ones although basically they are of the same type viz.the Chinese type. Among them, the peoples of Kwangtung and Fukien have espicially adifferent appearence: Firstly, the eyes of them are broader and less in degree of Mongolian fold on theupper eye-lid. The eye of this type is the medium form between the Mongolian and theMalayan eye, and may be called Half-Malayan eye. Generally most of the Mongol Properand the northern Chinese have the Mongoian eye, while the Malayans have the Malayaneye. The intermediate eye suggests that the human group possessing it must be the mixedblood of the two kinds of peoples with these two sorts of eyes. Wherefrom did the sout-hern Chinese get the half-Malayan eye? Unless they had as one part of their compositeelement a sort of people with Malayan eyes, it is quite impossible to explain the derivationof this eye form. this eye form, therefore, tells us that the southern Chinese, especiallythat of Kwangtung, Fukien and perhaps Chekiang provinces had as one part of theirancestors a people with Malayan eyes. The Malayans may get their malayan eye from the Indoncsians, because the Indonesians belong to the Caucasian race whose eye is calledEuropean eye which is the same as the Malayan one. In fact, the European eye formappeared on the Malayan face is called Malayan eye. The eyes of the southern Chinesetherefore might he derived from the same way as the Malayans. Secondly, the stature of the southern Chinese especially those of Kwangtung andFukien is generally lower than that of the northern Chinese; while compared with theMalayans, they are nearly the same with each other. Thirdly, some of the faces of the southern Chinese looks different from the northernones but appears resembling the Malayans. The Southerns have a shorter face while thenortherners have a longer one. As the physical characteristics of both the southem Chinese and the Malayans resem-bling each other, it is hardly possible to distinguish some Chinese in Malayan costumesand vice versa. The Chinese new comers in Malaysia are often astonished to find thatthe so-called strangers or foreigners viz. the Malayans, look quite like themselves in theirphysical respect. Sometimes it is not easy too for the Europeans to distinguish betweenthe Chinese and the Malayans, because most of the Chinese immigrated to Malaysiancountries were from the southeastern coastal regions which was the home country of theancient Yueh people. (2) Resemblances in Early Cultural Respects--Of course the cultural life ofthe southern Chinese and the Malayans in present day are different to each other, butthe historical records about the ancient Yueh people reveal that the Yueh stock had intheir material life, social customs and languages some points suggesting the connectionwith the Malayans. These may be enumerated as the following: 1, Hair cutting: The ancient northern Chinese never cut their hair, the Miao stockbound their hair too, only the Yueh people was noted for their hair cutting. The primitivebranches of the present Malayan also cut their hair, the early Malayans probably had thiscustom in ancient times too. 2, Tattooing: The Yueh was also well-known for their tattooing which made themlook quite wonderful to the other Chinese, The Malayans of today still have kept thiscustom in Borneo, Philippines etc. 3, Snake worship: The Yueh worshipped the snakes and those in Fukien even tookthe snake as their totem. The aborigines in Taiwan province, which belong to Malayanstock too, still preserve the remnant of such belief, Snake worship is not unknown tothe Malayans in Malaysia too. 4, Pile-house: At present the pile-houses of the Malayans is quite well-known forits specialty; such form of building, however, was also adopted by the ancient southernChinese because it is recorded that the Yueh lived in nest, and the later southern peopleslived actually in the pile-houses which was called "kan-lan". 5, Naked foot: The Yueh's naked foot custom was also noted in ancient times.while the Malayans in history also kept their feet naked even though they were officersin the kings courts. 6, Agglutinative language: The Yueh spoke in a different and queer tongue fromthe Chinese Proper and even the other peoples in ancient times, the translation of Yuehwords gave the Chinese Proper a hard question; to denote the sound of a Yueh word,one Chinese word is not enough, while two or three words sound too much. Thiscondition suggests that though the Chinese language was isolating in its nature, that ofthe Yueh might belong to agglutinative one, because one agglutinative word usually pro-nounces just like two or more isolating words connected. Heine-Geldern and other scholarealso suggested that the Malayo-Polynesian or Austro-Asiatic language was originated inthe continent. The present south-eastern Chinese still speak in different dialects whichproves that the ancient Yueh language was quite strange to the northern Chinese. Thedifficulty to compare the ancient Yueh language with the Malayan one lies in the factthat both the present tongues used by the modern Malayans and the southern Chinesehave been changed by nearly two thousand years' assimilation with other languages. (3) Resemblances of Prehistoric Remains--Before the prehistoric archaeologicaldiscoveries took place in southern China, the question of the derivation or origin of someprehistoric objects in malaysia and even Polynesia had been very hard to be solved. Poly-nesia is famous for one special type of stone implements viz. the tanged adze or steppedadze, the origin of it was traced to that unearthed in Philippines; the derivation of thestepped adze of Philippines, however, was also very hard to be traced. Since about 1930the prehistoric findings began to take place in southern Chinese continent. the newmaterials enable the old questions easier to be solved. The prehistoric remains are difte-rent to those found in northern China, the latter consists of the painted pottery, blackpottery, thick stone axe, holed stone axe etc., whilc the former consists of the pressedgeometric-designed pettery, the stepped adze, the shouldered axe etc.. Strange to say thatthe southern prehistoric objects of China really resemble those of Malaysia and evenPolynesia. These objects may be pointed as the following: 1, Stepped stone adze: Stepped adze is found in large numbers in the south-easternregions viz. Fukien, Kwangtung, Chekiang, Kiangsi, Kiangsu etc., but appears veryrare in the eastern part of northern China and is entirely unknown in the western partof it. The shape suggests that it was developed in three stages just like that of Phi-lippines and Polynesia. Furthermore, the stepped adze of primary and intermediate stagesappeared more in number in south-eastern China, while that of the higher stage appearedmore in Philippines and Polynesia; such a condition reveals that the stepped adze of Phi-lippines and Polynesia was derived from south-eastern China. The way of transmigrationof the stepped adze is probably through Taiwan, Philippines and other islands. 2, Shouldered stone axe: The shouldered axe appeared in Indo-China. Malay pe-ninsula, Philippines etc., but was not found in the intermediate islands viz Sumatra,Java etc.. It was unearthed in Taiwan and Hainan islands too. In the southern part ofthe Chinese continent it appeared less in number but more will be found in future. Inthe north-eastern China very rare was obtaine(?) too. The shouldered axe might be ori-ginated in Indo-China and then spreaded eastward to the south-eastern coastal region of Chinese continent, therefrom it crossed the sea and arrived in Philippines through Tai-wan island, On the way a northward route led it to the north-eastern region. Anotherroute led it southward to Malay Peninsula. Shouldered axe is also an object of evidenceshowing the relation of the Malayans and the southern Chinese, because the prehistoricpeoples in Indo-China was the Malayans instead of the Annamese etc.. 3, Pressed geometric-designed pottery: In southern, especially south-eastern China,the prehistoric pottery was that with geometric designs pressed with pottery prints, thisis quite different to the painted pottery of north-western China and the black pottery ofnorth-eastern China. In Malaysia and Indo-China the prehistoric potteries found resembleto that of south China, some of the shape of the potteries as well as the pressed designsare quite like each other. Some potteries of this type were actuaily found in Indo-China,Java and Sulawesi, which are comparable with that of south China. This kind of potteryalso suggests the prehistoric connection between Malayans and the southern Chinese. Ⅳ. Conclusions (1) The Malayan stock is a mixed blood of chiefly the Oceanic Mongoloid raceand the Indonesians which is an early branch of the Caucasian race. These two raceshave been blended to such a degree that a new stock appeared which is called the Ma-Jayan stock, and the two elements have no more pure offsprings survived. The presentMalayans show more Mongolian physical features than the Indonesian ones, hencs it istaken as a branch of Mongoloids. (2) The Oceanic Mongoloid came from southern China, hence these should beethnic connection. between the Malayans and the ancient southern Chinese. Moreover,the other two elements of the Malayans, the Indonesians and the Negritoes probablyalso arrived and lived in southern China earlier than the Mongoloids and became partof the ethnical elements of the southern Chinese in later days, therefore the Malayansand the southern Chinese may have the same ethnical element. (3) The present southern Chinese, especially the south-eastern ones have some phy-sical characteristics like the Malayans, their ancestor Yueh stock had some customs andlanguage showing some resemblances to the Malayans, finally, the prehistoric discoveriesalso show the relationship between these two races. (4) The processes of the formation of the Malayan stock might proceeded in Indo-China and southern China. Since Neolithic age the Malayans migrated step by step toMalaysian islands, while those remained in Indo-China and southern China were assimi-lated by the Chinese Proper, Annamese, Siamese and Burmese. The ancient Yueh stockin southern China might have nearly the same ethnic composition as the Malayans, butwas assimilated by the Chinese Proper since two thousand years ago. (5) There might be two routes of southward migration of the Malayans. The firstand principal one was the west route which started from Indo-China, penetrated Suma-tra, Java and Borneo, and finally reached Philippines; the evidences are the pressedgeometric designed pottery and the shouldered axe. The second was the east route whichstarted from the south-eastern coast of Chinese continent, passed Taiwan and other islets,finally reached Philippines, Sulawesi and eastern Borneo. The stepped adze, the shoul-dered axe, and the pressed geometric-designed pottery are the evidences of this

林惠祥同志三十多年来除了对人类学(包括古学、民族学)进行系统的研究,并获得很大的成就和贡献外,他一生对南洋问题的研究,也曾下过工夫,做过不少工作和贡献。“南洋马来族与华南古民族的关系”这篇论文是林惠祥同志关于南洲问题最后的遗著。前篇于一九三八年以“马来人与中国东南方人同源说”为题曾在南洋发表过,后篇是他二十年后对这问题进一步深入研究的成果,提出更丰富、更可靠的有关人类学(包括考古学、民族学)的材料和证据,把我国和南洋民族的历史关系以及将东南亚这一大片地方过去被遗忘的历史补充起来,这是他三十年多年来对南洋研究的重要贡献,也是他一生对南洋问题研究总结的一部份。

 
<< 更多相关文摘    
图标索引 相关查询

 


 
CNKI小工具
在英文学术搜索中查有关the evidence的内容
在知识搜索中查有关the evidence的内容
在数字搜索中查有关the evidence的内容
在概念知识元中查有关the evidence的内容
在学术趋势中查有关the evidence的内容
 
 

CNKI主页设CNKI翻译助手为主页 | 收藏CNKI翻译助手 | 广告服务 | 英文学术搜索
版权图标  2008 CNKI-中国知网
京ICP证040431号 互联网出版许可证 新出网证(京)字008号
北京市公安局海淀分局 备案号:110 1081725
版权图标 2008中国知网(cnki) 中国学术期刊(光盘版)电子杂志社