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the literature on
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     Methods The literature on the structure and the property of molecular biology of NF κB, the relationship between NF κB and apopotosis, malignant tumor and colon cancer were reviewed.
     方法 采用文献回顾的方法对NF κB的结构和分子生物学特性 ,以及与细胞凋亡、恶性肿瘤、大肠癌的关系进行综述。
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     Review of the Literature on Clozapine-induced Leukopenia and Agranulocytosis in China
     国内氯氮平引起白细胞减少和粒细胞缺乏文献回顾
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     DATA SOURCES: A computer-based online search of Pubmed and highwire was undertaken to identify the literature on the gene therapy for rheumatoid arthritis published in English from January 1997 to June 2006 with the key words of "gene therapy, rheumatoid arthritis, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, soluble tumor necrosis factoreceptor".
     资料来源:应用计算机检索Pubmed及highwire1997-01/2006-06有关类风湿关节炎基因治疗的文献,检索词“gene therapy,rheumatoid arthritis,interleukin-1 receptor antagonist,soluble tumor necrosis factoreceptor”,并限定文章语言种类为English。
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     Methods Using the search terms“bladder neoplasm”,“prognosis”,“p16”or“p21”,the literature on the correlation of p16 gene and p21 gene expression abnor- mality with the prognosis of bladder carcinoma were searched from MEDLINE database,PubMed database, CBMdisc and China Academic Periodical database,and were evaluated by Meta-analysis with Dersimonian- Laird model.
     方法以“bladder carcinoma”或“bladder neoplasm”、“prognosis”、“p16”/“p21”和“膀胱癌”、“预后”等为检索词,检索Medline、PubMed、中国生物医学文献及中国学术期刊数据库有关p16基因和p21基因表达异常与膀胱癌预后的文献,应用Meta分析Dersimonian-Laird模型对这些文献进行综合定量评价。
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     Optimization of binary LDPC (Low-Density Parity-Check) codes for application to binary PSK modulation has been demonstrated in the literature, on the basis of Monte-Carlo method proposed by Davey(1998).
     以Davey(1998)提出的Monte-Carlo方法为基础的、适用于二进制PSK调制的二进制LDPC(Low-Density Parity-Check,低密度奇偶校验)码的最优化理论已经在相关文献中得到了验证。
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     The literature on smut ( Ustilago scitaminea Syd.)
     就甘蔗黑穗病 (Ustilago scitaminea Syd.)
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     After analyzing the literature on controlling measurement system itself, we provide a new control chart: variance component control chart.
     在对已有的测量系统控制图构造方法进行总结的基础上,提出一种新的测量系统控制图构造方法:基于方差分量控制的控制图。
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     Literature and Psychoanalysis
     《文学与精神分析学》
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     Literature and Fashion
     文学与时尚
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     On Literature For Science
     理工科专业文学课教学初探
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     Literature and "Ideology"
     文学与“意识形态”
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     Literature is for the people.
     文学是为人民的。
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  the literature on
Data in the literature on plant proteinase inhibitors as multifunctional proteins are reviewed.
      
Data from the literature on the likely physiological functions of these inhibitors in plants are analyzed.
      
Data from the literature on the ability of microorganisms to form plant hormones have been reviewed.
      
This review analyzes the literature on various mechanisms of proteolytic enzyme inhibitors involved in plant defense against attack by phytopathogenic microorganisms.
      
orientalis are closest to each other in SGS composition, which is consistent with data in the literature on the phylogenetic relationship between these two species of medicinal leech.
      
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The infrared spectrometrec analysis of the 18-crown-6, benzo-15-crown-5 and dibenzo-18-crown-6, as well as their complexes with nitrate provide evidence that it is impossible to record real infrared spectra with KBr-pressed-disk technique, but it can be obtained by Nujol Mull technique. As crown ethers are converted to complexes with metal salts, shift of the characteristic frequencies in IR-spectrometry of the complex compounds might be observed. The fact that the IR spectra for complexes of 18CR6 with metal...

The infrared spectrometrec analysis of the 18-crown-6, benzo-15-crown-5 and dibenzo-18-crown-6, as well as their complexes with nitrate provide evidence that it is impossible to record real infrared spectra with KBr-pressed-disk technique, but it can be obtained by Nujol Mull technique. As crown ethers are converted to complexes with metal salts, shift of the characteristic frequencies in IR-spectrometry of the complex compounds might be observed. The fact that the IR spectra for complexes of 18CR6 with metal salts was simpler in comparison with the free 18CR6 and was similar to one another, as observed by R.M. Costes et al. in KBr pellets, is thus explained. Moreover, the reason for the occurence of the absorption peak at 1380cm-1 with the crown ether complexs of metal nitrates embedded in KBr pellets is also described. Our view differs from that in the literature on ascribing the absorption peak in the 1500-1560 cm-1 region of the IR spectra of the crown ether complexes with metal nitrates, and we think these strong absorptions should be ascribed to the absorption of NO3- in the complexes instead of absorption resulting from a large displacement of the scissoring vibration of CH2 of crown ethers.

本文指出,对18-冠-6,苯并-15-冠-5和二苯并-18-冠-6及其与硝酸铀酰、钍盐络合物用KBr压片制样,不能得到真实的红外光谱,用石蜡油制样则可获得真实的红外光谱。文中报道了冠醚与铀酰盐、钍盐形成络合物后,特征基团吸收频率的位移情况,并且解释了文献中用KBr压片制得的光谱简化且相似的原因,讨论了冠醚的硝酸铀酰、钍盐络合物用KBr压片制样时在1380cm~(-1)处出现吸收峰的问题。此外,在冠醚的硝酸铀酰、钍盐络合物中,对1500—1560cm~(-1)范围内的吸收峰的归属,我们的见解与文献中的观点不同。

Eight cases of pregnancy complicating choriocarcinoma were admitted to Capital Hospital from 1949 to 1975.Their main symptoms were hemoptysis or vaginal bleeding. Five cases were misdiagnosed as pulmonary tuberculosis or placenta previa. Surgery combined with chemotherapy have been proved effective. Two patients died and six have survived for 7-14 years without evidence of recurrence.The literatures on this subject are reviewed and the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis are discussed.

本文报道了首都医院从1949—1975年收治的8例宫内妊娠并发绒癌病人。该病主要症状是咳血或阴道出血。5例曾误诊为肺结核或前置胎盘。手术配合化疗证明对该病有效。8例中有2例死亡,其他6例已存活7~14年,至今健在。本文结合国内外文献对该病的诊断、治疗和预后进行了探讨。

The methods of the non-linear oscillations are extensively applied as the complement and developmcnt of the development of the classical dynamics of rigid body to resolve the complicated problems of the dynamics of rigid bodies. The survey of the literatures on the application of the qualitatiVe and approximately analytical methods is made in the present paper, with special omphasis on the perturbation mothod of phase coordinates.

作为经典刚体动力学的补充与发展,非线性振动方法被广泛地用于解决日趋复杂的刚体动力学问题。本文对文献中定性方法和近似解析方法的应用情况作出综述,并着重介绍相坐标摄动方法。

 
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