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the operative field
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  手术区
     The incidence of complication was 1.6%(2/128) in the laparoscopic group being mainly perirenal hematoma and hemorrhage in the operative field.
     术后并发症发生率腹腔镜组为1.6%(2/128),主要为手术区积液及出血等;
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     This paper reports 11 postoperative intracranialhematomas in 9 cases of acut head injury,All ofthe hematomas occurred beyond the scope of previousoperation,3 out of the hematomas near the operativearea,5 far from the operative field and 3 on thecontralateral hemisphere.
     本文报告了经 CT 证实的9例11处颅脑损伤开颅术后发生在非手术区的颅内血肿。 其中邻近型3个,远隔型5个,对侧型3个。
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     The incidence of complication was 4.1% in the laparoscopic group being mainly perirenal hematoma and dropsy in the operative field.
     术后并发症发生率腹腔镜组为 5 .7% (7/12 2 ) ,主要为肾周血肿、手术区积液及感染等 ;
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  “the operative field”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Results:Recurrence occured in the gastric remnant in8cases,in the operative field in6cases and with location unidentified in9cases. Resection was successively carried out in8cases(resection rate,34.8%);
     结果:残胃复发8例、手术野复发6例及部位不明者9例中,共切除8例,切除率为34.8%。
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     These apparatus have been and will be improved with clinical experience. According to the operative field and working requirements,We modulated the arthroscopes of 4 mm 0 ° and 30 ° rigid scopes with the2-150 mm focal distance,5-50mm being the best distance.
     我们将原有直径为4mm的0及30度硬质关节镜调制成景深为2mm-15cm,最佳距离为5mm-5cm,适合面部年青化手术所需视野和景深距离需要;
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     It was easy to define the boundary of the tumors and enable to perform complete tumor excisions and reduce contamination in the operative field.
     术野干净,解剖清晰,肿瘤边界易确定,肿瘤切除完全,肿瘤的术野污染小。
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     Results Delayed intracranianl hematomas occurred near the operative area in 13 cases, far from the operative field in 18 and on the contralateral hemispherein 9. According to the frequence of the hematomas, there were extradural hematoma in 17 cases, intraeerebral in 13, and subduran in 9, intraventricular inl.
     发生在脑内13例,硬膜外17例、硬膜下9例、脑室内1例,17例术后硬膜外血肿有12例可见颅骨骨折,13例脑内血肿12例术前CT扫描发现血肿发生部位有不同程度脑挫裂伤;
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     4、Insecting parts of temporal lobe base is helpful to expose the operative field sufficiently.
     4、术中切除部分颞叶底部,对充分显露术野亦有帮助。
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  相似匹配句对
     Operative therapy of
     高颈段椎管内外哑铃形肿瘤的手术治疗
     OPERATIVE HYSTEROSCOPY
     手术性宫腔镜
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     Operative Obstetrics
     产科手术
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     There were no operative death.
     无手术死亡。
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     Field Hockey
     曲棍球
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  the operative field
There are several potential causes of brain damage during open-heart surgery, including prolonged or severe arterial hypotension, as well as emboli emanating from the cardiopulmonary bypass circuit or the operative field.
      
An initial sample was obtained prior to manipulation or devascularization of the gallbladder, and a second sample was obtained after the removal of the gallbladder from the operative field.
      
Illumination Elements of Medical Light Sources and the Principle of Minimal Heating of the Operative Field
      
Transmission oximetry sites for intraoperative monitoring are frequently difficult to find in burn patients, as standard transmission oximetry sites are often burned or contained within the operative field.
      
Indications for use of VAVD (protocol) were: insufficient venous return by siphon drainage alone, persistent elevation of the central venous pressure (CVP), and, insufficient venous drainage in the operative field.
      
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It has been shown clinically that the analgesic effect of electricalacupuncture anaesthesia (EAA) for cranial operatjons was more effec-tive than that for other parts of the body. Among all cranial opera-tions the analgesic effect of prefrontal craniotomy was the best. Since1975, 43 patients with pituitary adenoma were operated on under EAAand the result was "good to excellent" in 95.3%. In this series thepatients' general condition and mental status were quite similar. Theoperation was carried out as a small...

It has been shown clinically that the analgesic effect of electricalacupuncture anaesthesia (EAA) for cranial operatjons was more effec-tive than that for other parts of the body. Among all cranial opera-tions the analgesic effect of prefrontal craniotomy was the best. Since1975, 43 patients with pituitary adenoma were operated on under EAAand the result was "good to excellent" in 95.3%. In this series thepatients' general condition and mental status were quite similar. Theoperation was carried out as a small osteoplastic flap craniotomy in theright frontal region. All acupuncture points used in these cases wereclose to the branches of sensory nerves around the operative field.According to puncture locations the cases were divided into two groups.In Group A the points were very close to the nerves distributed in thefronta1 operative field, such as, Zanzhu (攒竹),Yuyao (鱼腰), Ermen (耳门)and Shangguan(上关). In Group B the point Chuanliao(颧髎) was locatednear the infraorbibital nerve with another point at the ipsilateral lobeof ear as a coupling point, and both of them were a little fartheraway from the oprative field. The rate of "good to excellent" in GroupA was 96.5%, in Group B 92.8% (statistically insignificant) .Althougha few patients had some complaints or goraned a little, they could stillcooperate till the end of the operation. EAA for such operation usuallyavoided the complications of both general anaesthesia and local anaesthe- sia, such as vomiting and instability of vital signs. Clinically itappeared that the nearer the points to the sensory nerves round theoperative field the better was the analgesia. A test using a G-6805electric pulse stimulator on cat's superficial radia1 nerve proved thatthe conductivity of the nerve was depressed under EAA. It seemed toshow that the EAA effect of the points of Group A was related to themodification of the conductivity of the sensory nerves of the soalp.On the other hand, Chuanliao point of Group B was close to thebranches of infraorbital nerve which was farther away from the opera-tion field. However the analgesic effect was almost as good as that ofGroup A. Here the assumption of depression of conductivity of sensoryuerves in the operative field could not be the adequate explanation.The authors believe that neuroanatomical segmentation is probably connec-ted with the relief of pain, because all points of Group A and B wereclose to the sensory branches of trigeminal nerve, and/or with changesof some neurochemical materials within the central nervous system (e.g.endorphine, 5HT). Whatever mechanism might it be the authors'experience is that points close to the sensory branches nearer to thecentral nervous system have better analgesic effect of EAA.

本文总结在电针麻醉下摘除垂体腺瘤43例的临床经验,临床麻醉效果良好。通过动物实验观察,证明电针对感觉神经有局部阻滞作用,其效果与所用的电流强度、刺激频率及电针与近感觉神经干的距离有关。作者认为采用这种方法经前额剖颅施行垂体腺瘤摘除术,是一较为适宜的麻醉方法。

The preliminary experience in vertical rectus muscle-splitting incision anterior transperitoneal approach for the performance of the complicated renal procedures is described. The advantages inherent in this technique have been shown in 38 patients, 23 with bilateral and 15 with unilateral complicated renal procedures. No urinary leak and intestinal adhesion occured. The operative field is extensive and there is a good exposure of both sides of the kidneys, therefore other complicated renal procedures...

The preliminary experience in vertical rectus muscle-splitting incision anterior transperitoneal approach for the performance of the complicated renal procedures is described. The advantages inherent in this technique have been shown in 38 patients, 23 with bilateral and 15 with unilateral complicated renal procedures. No urinary leak and intestinal adhesion occured. The operative field is extensive and there is a good exposure of both sides of the kidneys, therefore other complicated renal procedures can also be performed.

本文介绍采用经腹直肌切口前腹腔进路行38例复杂性肾手术的经验,其中双侧肾手术23例,单侧肾手术15例。就本切口的优点及手术适应症提出了讨论。

This paper reports 9 cases of incompatible tranfusions. In this series of patients, 3 were female and 2 male. Among these patients, 4 were cured and 1 died of complications. The early symptoms of incompatible transfusion are as follows: (1) Chills and fever may occur suddenly. (2) There is a diffuse bleeding in the operative field. (3) Urine is caffee-colored. This report suggests that hemodialysis and medical managements be carried out in the early course.

本文结合我院在西安地区参与抢救的9例误输不合血病人的临床表现和抢救措施,对其早期诊断和防治原则等作一简要讨论。

 
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