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using above
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  采用上述
     Using above mentioned selected process and the optimized process parameters, the 11-CUA product purity and recovery rate can reach 99.90% and 90.22%, respectively.
     采用上述工艺及工艺条件分离提纯11-CUA,产品纯度达99.90%、收率90.22%。
短句来源
     A brief introduction of the software package of static voltage stability using above method is presented. The computation results using the software package for IEEE 118 buses system and the East China 544 buses power system show that convergence is obtained with fewer iterations and computing time is saved.
     介绍了采用上述方法的一个电力系统静态电压稳定分析软件包,用该软件包对IEEE-118节点系统、544节点华东电网的计算结果表明,该算法有较好的收敛性和较快的计算速度。
短句来源
     Using above control method,independent control between stator active power and reactive power of grid-connected doubly fed generator can be realized the same time,it is shown that a current inner-loop controller with a feed-forward compensating term of back electromotive force will effectively restrain fluctuant grid voltage and improve dynamic response performance for the whole system.
     研究表明,采用上述控制方案,在实现并网型双馈发电机定子端口有功和无功功率独立控制的同时,带反电势前馈补偿的电流内环控制器,能够有效抑制电网电压的波动,并提高整个系统的动态响应性能。
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  “using above”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The results showed that the optimal annealing temperature was 48 to 52 ℃, and the best reaction system of SSR-PCR was: 1.0 mmol/L Mg2+, 0.40 mmol/ L dNTPs,0.5 U Taq polymerase,1.0 ng/μL template DNA,and 0.4 μmol/ L primer in 15 μL reaction system. Using above PCR system, SSR fragments of 12 walnut cultivars were obtained.
     最终确定了引物WGA321的最适退火温度为48~52℃,PCR反应体系的最佳条件为:15μL体系中,Mg2+1.0mmol/L,dNTPs浓度0.40mmol/L,TaqE用量为0.5U,DNA模板1.0ng/μL,引物浓度为0.4μmol/L。
短句来源
     Second, the paper also studied degradation of methyl orange solution using above Fe~(3+)/ TiO_2 film.
     其次,研究了上述Fe~(3+)/TiO_2薄膜光催化氧化降解甲基橙溶液。
短句来源
     Actual samples of 98.0% d-a-tocopherol, 54.0% mixed tocopherols, and 90.5% mixed tocopherols were analyzed using above method, and the results have good repeatability.
     用该方法分析了三种天然生育酚样品,98.0%的d-α-生育酚,54.0%的混合生育酚,90.5%混合生育酚,均得到较好的重复性。
短句来源
     Contents of compound APC tablets were determined by using above tow method. Recovery of Aspirin, Phenacetinand Caffeine were 100.1% and 100.2%, 100.2% and 100.2%, 100.0% and 99.6%, and RSD
     100.2%和100.2%,99.9%和99.6%,RSD分别为1.0%和1.3%,1.0%和1.3%,0.4%和2.3%。
短句来源
     The rate of antibiotics application is 98.34%, among them the rate of using only one antibiotic is 65.20%, the rate of using two antibiotics is 33.04%, the rate of using three antibiotics is 1.17%, the rate of using above three antibiotics is 0.58%.
     抗生素使用率98.34%; 其中65.20%使用了一种抗生素,33.04%使用了两种抗生素,1.17%使用了三种抗生素,0.58%使用了三种以上抗生素。
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     By using of Z.
     利用Z .
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     Using H.P.
     采用 H.P.
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     Base on the works above, using Microsoft .
     经过前面的工作,我们以Microsoft的.
短句来源
     Some examples by using the above column were described.
     叙述了应用上述色谱柱的实例。
短句来源
     Before" and "Above
     “之前”和“之上”论析
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  using above
The theoretical Chromatographic curves predicted by using above two parameters were in a good agreement with the experiment.
      
The impact of light and controlled gas ambient on the electrical characteristics of ZnO:P grown by pulsed laser deposition (PLD) is investigated with temperature-dependent Hall-effect and photo-Hall-effect using above-bandgap light.
      
3-5 μm InSb photovoltaic detector arrays with 8 elements were prepared using above results.
      
Two design examples are presented to illustrate mapping optimization using above transformations.
      
In the present study, inhibition of the Fas-induced apoptosis of peripheral blood mononuclear cells of leprosy patients was investigated using above M.
      
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In the present article, the empirical formula of lattice energies for the non-standard type ionic crystals has been developed into a general expression as follows. Where the first term is treated as the standard type ionic crystal (i, e, pure ionic crystal), in which g=7 for all the univalent anions, g=6 for all the divalent anions, and other symbols have a general meaning; the second term is treated as the "polarization energy", in which △x is the electronnegativity difference, m is the number of metal ion...

In the present article, the empirical formula of lattice energies for the non-standard type ionic crystals has been developed into a general expression as follows. Where the first term is treated as the standard type ionic crystal (i, e, pure ionic crystal), in which g=7 for all the univalent anions, g=6 for all the divalent anions, and other symbols have a general meaning; the second term is treated as the "polarization energy", in which △x is the electronnegativity difference, m is the number of metal ion in the compounds, Z_M is valency of the metal ion, n_d is the number of electron in the outer-shells d orbitals of the metal ions for transition elements (n_d is one half number of electron in the next-outer shells d orbitals for 18+2 electron configuration metal ions), 4.5 is the empirical constant. Using above expression, lattice energies of the 202 non-standard type crystalline compounds are calculated, and results with agreement of the experimental values are obtained.

从离子极化的一般概念出发,建議了“极化能”的近似計算式(3),並由此发展了一个“非标准型”离子晶体晶格能的計算式(4)。利用(4)式,对202个不同类型的化合物的晶格能进行了計算,和实驗値比較,誤差小于±3%的占72.3%,在±3~5%占12.3%,在±5~10%的占12.9%,大于±10%的占2.5%。在202个化合物中,常见的M~ⅠX_2和M~ⅡY型化合物有135个,仅計它們的計算結果,誤差小于±3%的占84.5%,加上誤差在±3~5%的11.9%共达96.4%,沒有誤差大于±10%的。因此所得結果较为滿意,表明(4)式是一个较好的且较方程应用范圍更广的晶格能計算式。根据所得結果,建議可用(3)式去近似量度离子間相互极化作用的大小,从而可加深对离子极化概念的理解,有助于对化合物性質的进一步研究。

Using the motheds of undetermined' boundary value of electrode wall and smooth conjunction with solutions of different regions, the solution of one-dimensional ma-gnetohydrodynamic flow for the homopolar with incomplete electrodes is given. The homopolar with the annular wire electrodes and with complete electrodes are studied as examples. The flow field and induced magnetic field are calculated for some typical parameters, and all results agree with those obtained by finite difference method both in magnitude...

Using the motheds of undetermined' boundary value of electrode wall and smooth conjunction with solutions of different regions, the solution of one-dimensional ma-gnetohydrodynamic flow for the homopolar with incomplete electrodes is given. The homopolar with the annular wire electrodes and with complete electrodes are studied as examples. The flow field and induced magnetic field are calculated for some typical parameters, and all results agree with those obtained by finite difference method both in magnitude and in distribution of the fields. The typical magnetohy-drodynamic phenomena of the effect of current dispersion and the Hartmann boundary layer are analysed with some emphsis, and the flow behavier in homopolar is disscussed by using above concepts. The results show that, the use of electrode of incomplete structure can increase the flow quantity, modify the Hartmann boundary layer, and control the secondary flow. These effects can be utilized in practical applications.

本文提出了用待定电极壁边值并分区衔接的方法,完整地求解了环管中部分电极单极机的磁流体力学一维流动问题.做为两个特例,研究了环线电极和通常的全电极结构的单极机.对一些典型参数下的流场和感应磁场的分布进行了数值计算.与差分计算的结果比较,在数值和分布两方面都相当符合.着重研究了弥散效应及哈特曼边界层这些磁流体力学的特征现象,并用这些概念去讨论单极机的内部流动现象.结果表明,部分电极结构可以增加环管的流量,改善哈特曼边界层,控制二次流的发展.这些作用对具体的单极机应用有一定实用价值.

In the first part of this paper, an elementary proof of the theorem for uniform boundedness of the family 2x2 matrices Gn(k, At) due to (3) is given. Secondly, we have provided some more practical stability criterions. Finally, using above results, we have discussed stability conditions for two classes of difference equations.

本文首先用初等方法直接证明了文(3)给出的二阶矩阵族G~n(k,△t)一致有界的充要条件,并进一步给出了便于应用的新的充要条件。最后,作为新条件的应用,讨论了两类差分方程的稳定性,其中关于梁在张力作用下横振动方程的差分方程的稳定性,得到了比Richtmger进一步的结果。

 
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