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had edema
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  出现水肿
     Results The rats had edema, heavy proteinuria, hypoproteinemia, hypercholesterolemia and typical glomerular segmental sclerosis in pathology in the fourth week.
     结果 模型组大鼠于用药后第 4周时 ,出现水肿、大量蛋白尿、低蛋白血症、高脂血症 ,病理形态上开始出现典型的节段性肾小球硬化 ;
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  “had edema”译为未确定词的双语例句
     RESULTS:The grafted limb of the control group had edema and erythema at(3.43± 0.79) days after transplantation. The average survival time was(7.42± 1.72) days,while there was no obvious signs of rejection in the experimental group.
     结果:对照组移植肢体术后(3.43±0.79)d开始出现皮下水肿、皮色变红,平均存活时间为(7.42±1.72)d,实验组未见明显排斥反应。
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     posterior capsul were ruptured in 41 eyes(19.9%); iris were damaged in 29 eyes(14.01%) and corneal had edema in 81eyes(41.75%).
     后囊膜破裂 4 1眼(19.90 % ) ,虹膜损伤 2 9眼 (14 .0 1% ) ,角膜水肿 86眼 (4 1.75 % )。
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     All the 42 patients had no adverse reaction, except 2 had headache and 3 had edema in ankle joint.
     42例中除2例感头痛,3例踝关节水肿,其余无不良反应。
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     Fundus papilloedema showed light color, among them,21 eyes were quadrant edema,19 eyes showed edema of half optic disc,28 had edema of all optic disc,and 12 had no edema.
     眼底视盘水肿色淡,其中呈象限性水肿21眼,半侧水肿19眼,全视盘水肿28眼,无水肿12眼。
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     Results: The synovium of the knee joint in OA model group had edema, hyperplasia and hypertrophy to varying degrees.
     结果模型组白兔膝关节滑膜均存在不同程度增生、肥厚、水肿;
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     the edema had gone down (P<0.01).
     结果显示:症状明显消退,患侧肢体的水肿消退明显,经统计学分析有显著差异(P<0.01);
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     The gastrocnemius had congestion,edema and rupture after trauma.
     光镜及电镜发现大鼠腓肠肌局部充血、水肿、变性 ,部分肌纤维和肌丝紊乱、断裂。
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     less edema and exudation;
     神经水肿较经,水肿液较少;
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     flavescens had been found.
     flavescens Z. Y.
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     ②the edema endothelium.
     ②水肿角膜内皮。
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  had edema
A 71-year-old woman had edema and venous dilatation of her upper right limb that caused painful functional disability following a shoulder injury.
      
Pitting edema of the hands was present in all except two patients whereas four patients, in addition, had edema of the feet.
      
Thirty-six percent (28/78) of all volunteers had edema-like changes, 26% (20/78) had necrosis-like changes, and 5% (4/78) had cyst-like changes.
      
MR imaging showed edema in the distal clavicle in 17 patients and, of these, eight also had edema in the acromion.
      
All patients had edema also in other cervical spaces.
      
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Many patients with hypothyroidism are complicated with abnormal vestibular function,but with no clinical symptoms.Electro-nystagmograms and cochleograms have been made on 16 patients with the result:33.1% abnormality of semicircularcanals,31.3% edema of labyrinth(-SP is elevated,-SP/AP>0.4);in 3 cases withpericardial effusion 2 had edema of labyrinth;the occurrance of pericardial effusionand edema of labyrinth had no relation with the thyroid function.The cardiac out-put,the weight of the left ventricle,the...

Many patients with hypothyroidism are complicated with abnormal vestibular function,but with no clinical symptoms.Electro-nystagmograms and cochleograms have been made on 16 patients with the result:33.1% abnormality of semicircularcanals,31.3% edema of labyrinth(-SP is elevated,-SP/AP>0.4);in 3 cases withpericardial effusion 2 had edema of labyrinth;the occurrance of pericardial effusionand edema of labyrinth had no relation with the thyroid function.The cardiac out-put,the weight of the left ventricle,the end-diastolic volume of the left ventricle,the mean rate of blood ejection,the stress of left ventricle,the stress of endocar-dium of mid-systolic left ventricle of patients with edema of labyrinth were consi-derably lower than that in patients with no edema of labyrinth,It was consideredthat this phenomenon was related to homoimmunology.

许多甲低患者有前庭功能障碍,但无临床症状。我们对16例患者做眼震图和耳蜗电图检查,发现有33.1%半规管异常,31.3%迷路水肿(—SP升高,—SP/A P>0.4),心包积液的3例中2例有迷路水肿,但两者的发生均与甲状腺功能水平不相关。迷路水肿组中心排血量、左室重量、舒张末左室容积,平均射血速度、左室应力、收缩中期左室内膜应力均显著低于无迷路水肿组。作者认为这种现象与免疫学改变有关。

This paper reports an analysis of pathology and clinical diagnosis for 38 cases of primary glomerulopathy. Among them 16 persons were diagnosed by light microscope(LM) examination as having chronic glomerulonephritis, 7 having mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN),3 minimal changing disease (MCD), 2 membranous proli-ferative glomerulonephritis( MPGN) , 3 focal glomerulosderosis(FGS), and 1 crescentic glomerulonephritis(CGN). There were 8 cases of latent glomerulopathy(LGN), in which 5 were MsPGN,...

This paper reports an analysis of pathology and clinical diagnosis for 38 cases of primary glomerulopathy. Among them 16 persons were diagnosed by light microscope(LM) examination as having chronic glomerulonephritis, 7 having mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN),3 minimal changing disease (MCD), 2 membranous proli-ferative glomerulonephritis( MPGN) , 3 focal glomerulosderosis(FGS), and 1 crescentic glomerulonephritis(CGN). There were 8 cases of latent glomerulopathy(LGN), in which 5 were MsPGN, 1 MCD, 1 FGS, and 1 case was not diagnosed Nepbrotic syndrome was diagnosed clinically in 7 cases, in which 3 were MCD, 1 MsPGN, 1 MPGN.lFGS and 1 end stage contracted kidney (ESCK). Other clinical diagnosis were made in 7 cases, in which 1 MsPGN,! MPGN.1CGN, 1 MCD, 1 ESCK and 2 proliferative endocapillary glomerulonephritis(PEGN).The results mentioned above show that there is no fixed relation between the pathologic diagnosis and the clinical diagnosis, but some relations between them exist. In 8 cases of MCD, 5 had proteinuria, 7 had edema After treatment both proteinuria and edema disappeared None of them had hemoturia. In 14 cases of MsPGN 7 had edema which disappeared after treatment, and 10 had proteinuria which disappeared in 8 cases after treatment I n 7 cases of hemoturia 3 responded well to treatment It is shown that edema and proteinuria of MsPGN respond well to treatment ,but hemoturia did not . Nine cases of MPGN and FGS respondes poor with respect to proteinuria and hemoturia. Edema and proteinuria in one of the 2 cases of CGN disappeared, but the hemoturia remained.

作者报道38例原发性肾小球疾病肾活检病理诊断与临床诊断。38例中慢性肾小球肾炎16例,其光镜病理论断为系膜增殖性肾小球肾炎(MsPGN)7例,微小病变(MCD)3例,膜增殖性肾小球肾炎(MPGN)2例,局灶性肾小球硬化(FGS)3例,新日体性肾小球肾炎(CGN)1例。隐匿性肾小球疾病8例,其中MsPGN 5例,MCD,FGS及不能诊断各1例。肾病综合征7例,其中MCD3例,MsPGN、MPGN、FGS和终未期固缩肾(ESCK)各1例。其他临床诊断共7例,其中毛细血管内增殖性肾炎(PEGN)2例,MCD,CGN,CGN,ESCK,MPGN和MsPGN各1例。上述结果表明,病理诊断同临床诊断无固定性联系,但有倾向性联系。MsPGN共14例,有浮肿7例和蛋白尿10例中的8例经治疗后浮肿和蛋白尿消失,而血尿有7例仅3例消失。MCD共8例,有浮肿7例,蛋白尿5例,经治疗后均消失。由此说明MCD和MsPGN的浮肿及蛋白尿治效好,而MsPGN血尿疗效差。MPGN和FGS共9例,上述3项指标疗效均差。

patients(out-patients and in-patients) with hypertension were curatively observed and diagnosed according to the WHO/ISH criteria. Therapy: after stopping giving all the other decompression drugs, the patients were detected blood pressure 3 times per day as the fundamental pressure, and took Anlodipine 5mg per day. If the patients' blood pressure still did not decrease to normal level, the patients would change to take Anlodipine 10mg per day, it took 8 weeks together. Examinations such as eletrocardiogram(ECG),...

patients(out-patients and in-patients) with hypertension were curatively observed and diagnosed according to the WHO/ISH criteria. Therapy: after stopping giving all the other decompression drugs, the patients were detected blood pressure 3 times per day as the fundamental pressure, and took Anlodipine 5mg per day. If the patients' blood pressure still did not decrease to normal level, the patients would change to take Anlodipine 10mg per day, it took 8 weeks together. Examinations such as eletrocardiogram(ECG), echocardiogram, fundus oculi, liver, renal function, blood sugar, blood lipid, and blood rheology had been done ante and post treatment. Results showed that 23 got distint effectiveness, and 14 got effectiveness, and the total effective rate accounted for 88.1%. And the symptoms such as headache, dizziness, and cardio palmus had been improved as the blood pressure decreasedin 23 patients; and among 18 patients complicated with coronary heart disease, of which 11 patients showed that angina pectoris disappeared, of which the attack times distinctly decreased in 5 patients. The total effective rate of ECG was 66.8%, and the left ventricular ejection time and the decurtate rate of minor axis of left ventricular had obviously been improved; and the blood sugar in 8 patients with diabetes and the increased urea nitrogen in 3 patients all had been decreased. All the 42 patients had no adverse reaction, except 2 had headache and 3 had edema in ankle joint. It is believed that the treatment for hypertension with Anlodipine is convenient and steadable. The 24-hour-blood pressure can be controled if taking drug once per day; one dose fits mild and moderate hypertension, and satisfactory effect an have been got complicating with other drugs for severe hypertension.

对门诊收治和住所老干部42例高血压患者作疗效观察。诊断按WHO/ISH的标准。方法:42例患者均停用其它降压药2周后,每周测血压3次作为基础血压,给氨氯地平5mg/d口服。2周后血压未降至正常者改为10mg/d口服,共服药8周。治疗前后作心电图、超声心动图、眼底、肝、肾功能、血糖、血脂、血液流变学等检查。结果显效23例,有效14例,总有效率88.1%;23例随着血压降低自觉症状如头痛、头昏、心悸等改善;合并冠心病的18例患者11例心绞痛消失,5例发作次数明显减少,心电图总有效率66.8%,左室射血分数及左室短轴缩短率显著改善;8例糖尿病患者血糖及3例尿素氮增高者均有所降低。42例中除2例感头痛,3例踝关节水肿,其余无不良反应。认为氨氯地平用于高血压的治疗,服药方便,作用稳定,每日服药1次便能控制24h血压,单剂适用于轻中度高血压,对重度高血压并用其它药物也可取得满意效果

 
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